Abstract

Controlling the propagation of surface plasmons along a metal-dielectric interface is a key feature for the development of surface plasmon based circuits. We have designed various two-dimensional refractive dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons (SP) and characterized their capacity to route SP, using near- or far-field techniques. We first present basic devices analogous to usual optical components and the associated challenges for SP optics. We then use a metamaterial approach to locally vary the refractive index and fabricate gradient index structures for SP circuitry.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (1)

2009 (4)

2008 (8)

A.-L. Baudrion, F. de Léon-Pérez, O. Mahboub, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. J. García-Vidal, J. Dintinger, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. R. Krenn, “Coupling efficiency of light to surface plasmon polariton for single subwavelength holes in a gold film,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3420–3429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Radko, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Refracting surface plasmon polaritons with nanoparticle arrays,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3924–3930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, J. Grandidier, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Differential method for modeling dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17599–17608 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmons circuitry,” Phys. Today 61(5), 44–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Laluet, A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Generation of surface plasmons at single subwavelength slits: from slit to ridge plasmon,” N. J. Phys. 10(10), 105014 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H. Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(22), 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides: bends and directionnal couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(8), 081111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Laluet, E. Devaux, C. Genet, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Optimization of surface plasmons launching from subwavelength hole arrays: modelling and experiments,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3488–3495 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. L. Stepanov, R. Kiyan, C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, and B. N. Chichkov, “Focusing and directing of surface plasmon polaritons by curved chains of nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16667–16680 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Molecule-Surface Plasmon interactions in hole arrays: enhanced absorption, refractive index changes, and all optical switching,” Adv. Mater. 18(10), 1267–1270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dintinger, I. Robel, P. V. Kamat, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Terahertz all-optical molecule-plasmon modulation,” Adv. Mater. 18(13), 1645–1648 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. Egorov, B. S. Dennis, G. Blumberg, and M. I. Haftel, “Two-dimensional control of surface plasmons and directional beaming from arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. B 70(3), 033404–033408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via microgratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4936–4938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmons polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripe,” Phys. Rev. B 64(4), 045411–045420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides: bends and directionnal couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(8), 081111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmons polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baudrion, A.-L.

A.-L. Baudrion, F. de Léon-Pérez, O. Mahboub, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. J. García-Vidal, J. Dintinger, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. R. Krenn, “Coupling efficiency of light to surface plasmon polariton for single subwavelength holes in a gold film,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3420–3429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blumberg, G.

D. Egorov, B. S. Dennis, G. Blumberg, and M. I. Haftel, “Two-dimensional control of surface plasmons and directional beaming from arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. B 70(3), 033404–033408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boltasseva, A.

Bouhelier, A.

J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, “Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2935–2939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, J. Grandidier, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Differential method for modeling dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17599–17608 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, G. Brucoli, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and A. Boltasseva, “Efficient unidirectional ridge excitation of surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7228–7232 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Radko, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Refracting surface plasmon polaritons with nanoparticle arrays,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3924–3930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmons circuitry,” Phys. Today 61(5), 44–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. L. Stepanov, R. Kiyan, C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, and B. N. Chichkov, “Focusing and directing of surface plasmon polaritons by curved chains of nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16667–16680 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brucoli, G.

Bu, J.

Chichkov, B. N.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Colas des Francs, G.

de Léon-Pérez, F.

Dennis, B. S.

D. Egorov, B. S. Dennis, G. Blumberg, and M. I. Haftel, “Two-dimensional control of surface plasmons and directional beaming from arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. B 70(3), 033404–033408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, “Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2935–2939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, J. Grandidier, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Differential method for modeling dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17599–17608 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Laluet, E. Devaux, C. Genet, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Optimization of surface plasmons launching from subwavelength hole arrays: modelling and experiments,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3488–3495 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via microgratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4936–4938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripe,” Phys. Rev. B 64(4), 045411–045420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

des Francs, G.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

des Francs, G. C.

J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, “Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2935–2939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Laluet, E. Devaux, C. Genet, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Optimization of surface plasmons launching from subwavelength hole arrays: modelling and experiments,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3488–3495 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via microgratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4936–4938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dintinger, J.

A.-L. Baudrion, F. de Léon-Pérez, O. Mahboub, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. J. García-Vidal, J. Dintinger, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. R. Krenn, “Coupling efficiency of light to surface plasmon polariton for single subwavelength holes in a gold film,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3420–3429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Molecule-Surface Plasmon interactions in hole arrays: enhanced absorption, refractive index changes, and all optical switching,” Adv. Mater. 18(10), 1267–1270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dintinger, I. Robel, P. V. Kamat, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Terahertz all-optical molecule-plasmon modulation,” Adv. Mater. 18(13), 1645–1648 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

A.-L. Baudrion, F. de Léon-Pérez, O. Mahboub, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. J. García-Vidal, J. Dintinger, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. R. Krenn, “Coupling efficiency of light to surface plasmon polariton for single subwavelength holes in a gold film,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3420–3429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides: bends and directionnal couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(8), 081111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmons polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

J.-Y. Laluet, A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Generation of surface plasmons at single subwavelength slits: from slit to ridge plasmon,” N. J. Phys. 10(10), 105014 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmons circuitry,” Phys. Today 61(5), 44–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A.-L. Baudrion, F. de Léon-Pérez, O. Mahboub, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. J. García-Vidal, J. Dintinger, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. R. Krenn, “Coupling efficiency of light to surface plasmon polariton for single subwavelength holes in a gold film,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3420–3429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Laluet, A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Generation of surface plasmons at single subwavelength slits: from slit to ridge plasmon,” N. J. Phys. 10(10), 105014 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Laluet, E. Devaux, C. Genet, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Optimization of surface plasmons launching from subwavelength hole arrays: modelling and experiments,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3488–3495 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Molecule-Surface Plasmon interactions in hole arrays: enhanced absorption, refractive index changes, and all optical switching,” Adv. Mater. 18(10), 1267–1270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dintinger, I. Robel, P. V. Kamat, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Terahertz all-optical molecule-plasmon modulation,” Adv. Mater. 18(13), 1645–1648 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via microgratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4936–4938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Egorov, D.

D. Egorov, B. S. Dennis, G. Blumberg, and M. I. Haftel, “Two-dimensional control of surface plasmons and directional beaming from arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. B 70(3), 033404–033408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, S.

Erland, J.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evlyukhin, A. B.

Finot, C.

J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, “Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2935–2939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

Genet, C.

T. W. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmons circuitry,” Phys. Today 61(5), 44–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Laluet, A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Generation of surface plasmons at single subwavelength slits: from slit to ridge plasmon,” N. J. Phys. 10(10), 105014 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Laluet, E. Devaux, C. Genet, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Optimization of surface plasmons launching from subwavelength hole arrays: modelling and experiments,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3488–3495 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dintinger, I. Robel, P. V. Kamat, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Terahertz all-optical molecule-plasmon modulation,” Adv. Mater. 18(13), 1645–1648 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Girard, C.

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gonzalez, M. U.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

González, M.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

González, M. U.

Goudonnet, J. P.

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripe,” Phys. Rev. B 64(4), 045411–045420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grandidier, J.

J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, “Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2935–2939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, J. Grandidier, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Differential method for modeling dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17599–17608 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haftel, M. I.

D. Egorov, B. S. Dennis, G. Blumberg, and M. I. Haftel, “Two-dimensional control of surface plasmons and directional beaming from arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. B 70(3), 033404–033408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

Hvam, J. M.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kamat, P. V.

J. Dintinger, I. Robel, P. V. Kamat, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Terahertz all-optical molecule-plasmon modulation,” Adv. Mater. 18(13), 1645–1648 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. H.

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H. Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kihm, H. W.

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H. Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. S.

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H. Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kiyan, R.

Klein, S.

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Molecule-Surface Plasmon interactions in hole arrays: enhanced absorption, refractive index changes, and all optical switching,” Adv. Mater. 18(10), 1267–1270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

A.-L. Baudrion, F. de Léon-Pérez, O. Mahboub, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. J. García-Vidal, J. Dintinger, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. R. Krenn, “Coupling efficiency of light to surface plasmon polariton for single subwavelength holes in a gold film,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3420–3429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides: bends and directionnal couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(8), 081111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmons polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripe,” Phys. Rev. B 64(4), 045411–045420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lacroute, Y.

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripe,” Phys. Rev. B 64(4), 045411–045420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Laluet, A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Generation of surface plasmons at single subwavelength slits: from slit to ridge plasmon,” N. J. Phys. 10(10), 105014 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Laluet, E. Devaux, C. Genet, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Optimization of surface plasmons launching from subwavelength hole arrays: modelling and experiments,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3488–3495 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamprecht, B.

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripe,” Phys. Rev. B 64(4), 045411–045420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. G.

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H. Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides: bends and directionnal couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(8), 081111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmons polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

López-Tejeira, F.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mahboub, O.

Markey, L.

J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, “Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2935–2939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, J. Grandidier, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Differential method for modeling dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17599–17608 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

A.-L. Baudrion, F. de Léon-Pérez, O. Mahboub, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. J. García-Vidal, J. Dintinger, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. R. Krenn, “Coupling efficiency of light to surface plasmon polariton for single subwavelength holes in a gold film,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3420–3429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

Massenot, S.

J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, “Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2935–2939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, J. Grandidier, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Differential method for modeling dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17599–17608 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mayy, M.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(22), 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mei, T.

Ming, H.

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(22), 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noginova, N.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(22), 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, Q.-H.

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H. Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Passinger, S.

Podolskiy, V. A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(22), 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quidant, R.

S. Randhawa, M. U. González, J. Renger, S. Enoch, and R. Quidant, “Design and properties of dielectric surface plasmon Bragg mirrors,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14496–14510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Radko, I. P.

I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, G. Brucoli, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and A. Boltasseva, “Efficient unidirectional ridge excitation of surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7228–7232 (2009).
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I. P. Radko, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Refracting surface plasmon polaritons with nanoparticle arrays,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3924–3930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Randhawa, S.

Reinhardt, C.

Renger, J.

S. Randhawa, M. U. González, J. Renger, S. Enoch, and R. Quidant, “Design and properties of dielectric surface plasmon Bragg mirrors,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14496–14510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ritzo, B. A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(22), 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robel, I.

J. Dintinger, I. Robel, P. V. Kamat, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Terahertz all-optical molecule-plasmon modulation,” Adv. Mater. 18(13), 1645–1648 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, S. G.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schider, G.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmons polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinberger, B.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides: bends and directionnal couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(8), 081111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. L.

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

Weeber, J.-C.

J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, “Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2935–2939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, J. Grandidier, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Differential method for modeling dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17599–17608 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Laluet, E. Devaux, C. Genet, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Optimization of surface plasmons launching from subwavelength hole arrays: modelling and experiments,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3488–3495 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via microgratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4936–4938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripe,” Phys. Rev. B 64(4), 045411–045420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, G. H.

Yuan, X.-C. L.

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, D. G.

Zhang, X.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. J.

Zhu, G.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(22), 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (2)

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Molecule-Surface Plasmon interactions in hole arrays: enhanced absorption, refractive index changes, and all optical switching,” Adv. Mater. 18(10), 1267–1270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dintinger, I. Robel, P. V. Kamat, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Terahertz all-optical molecule-plasmon modulation,” Adv. Mater. 18(13), 1645–1648 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides: bends and directionnal couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(8), 081111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmons polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(10), 1762–1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Launching and decoupling surface plasmons via microgratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4936–4938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H. Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Phys. (1)

J.-Y. Laluet, A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Generation of surface plasmons at single subwavelength slits: from slit to ridge plasmon,” N. J. Phys. 10(10), 105014 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. Grandidier, G. C. des Francs, S. Massenot, A. Bouhelier, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, C. Finot, and A. Dereux, “Gain-assisted propagation in a plasmonic waveguide at telecom wavelength,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2935–2939 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. Gonzalez, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (8)

J.-Y. Laluet, E. Devaux, C. Genet, T. W. Ebbesen, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Optimization of surface plasmons launching from subwavelength hole arrays: modelling and experiments,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3488–3495 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. L. Stepanov, R. Kiyan, C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, and B. N. Chichkov, “Focusing and directing of surface plasmon polaritons by curved chains of nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16667–16680 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.-L. Baudrion, F. de Léon-Pérez, O. Mahboub, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F. J. García-Vidal, J. Dintinger, T. W. Ebbesen, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. R. Krenn, “Coupling efficiency of light to surface plasmon polariton for single subwavelength holes in a gold film,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3420–3429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Radko, A. B. Evlyukhin, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Refracting surface plasmon polaritons with nanoparticle arrays,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3924–3930 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, J. Grandidier, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Differential method for modeling dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17599–17608 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, G. Brucoli, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and A. Boltasseva, “Efficient unidirectional ridge excitation of surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7228–7232 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Zhang, X.-C. L. Yuan, J. Bu, G. H. Yuan, Q. Wang, J. Lin, X. J. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and T. Mei, “Surface plasmon converging and diverging properties modulated by polymer refractive structures on metal films,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11315–11320 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Randhawa, M. U. González, J. Renger, S. Enoch, and R. Quidant, “Design and properties of dielectric surface plasmon Bragg mirrors,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14496–14510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (5)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Near-field observation of surface plasmon polariton propagation on thin metal stripe,” Phys. Rev. B 64(4), 045411–045420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Egorov, B. S. Dennis, G. Blumberg, and M. I. Haftel, “Two-dimensional control of surface plasmons and directional beaming from arrays of subwavelength apertures,” Phys. Rev. B 70(3), 033404–033408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, A. Dereux, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, C. Girard, M. U. Gonzalez, and A.-L. Baudrion, “Near-field characterization of Bragg mirrors engraved in surface plasmon waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 235406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. González, and R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvam, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(14), 3008–3011 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, B. A. Ritzo, N. Noginova, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(22), 226806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(4), 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface plasmons circuitry,” Phys. Today 61(5), 44–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988)

M. Nevière and E. Popov, Light Propagation in Periodic Media, Differential Theory and Design (Marcel Dekker Inc., New-York, 2003)

Born & Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006)

P. Rai-Choudhury, Handbook of microlithography, micromachining and microfabrication, Volume 1 (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, London, 1997)

E. W. Marchand, Introduction to GRIN Optics (Academic, New York, 1978).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top: scanning electron microscope (SEM) images (tilted at 52°) of the source-probe setup with the dielectric element inbetween: (a) is a plane-parallel PMMA slab (side 10µm, length 30µm, angle 45°) and (b) is a prism (side 30µm, equilateral triangle). Both of them are 200nm thick. Bottom: corresponding far-field optical images (c) for the slab and (d) for the prism. The source array is made of 11x11 holes with periodicity p = 760nm and diameter d = 250nm. It was illuminated from below by a focused laser diode (785nm, spot size 10µm) at normal incidence in order to couple to the ( ± 1,0) modes [2,3]. Observations were made with a 40X objective on a Nikon TE200 microscope coupled to a Princeton Instruments CCD camera. The scale bars in all images correspond to 10 µm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Top: SEM images (tilted at 52°) of the source and dielectric elements: (a) is a plane parallel slab (width 15µm, length 20µm, tilt angle 40°) and (b) is a biconvex lens (radius 5µm, optical pathlength 5µm). Both of them are 60nm thick and the SP source is the same than on Fig. 1. Bottom: Corresponding NFO images centered on the exit of the dielectric elements, for the slab (c) and for the lens (d) (source arrays are out of frame on the left). The scale bars in all images correspond to 5µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

NFO measurements of the SP beam intensity in the case (a) of a freely propagating beam, (b) traveling through a lens (radius 5µm, optical pathlength 5 µm), (c) traveling through a non focusing rectangular device (length 20µm, optical pathlength 10µm) and (d) traveling through a non focusing square device (10x10µm2). The source array (same than in Fig. 1 and 2) is out of frame, on the left and the SP beam is propagating from the left to the right. (e) Beam profiles along cross-cuts represented with white dashed line on (a),(b),(c),(d) for the comparison between: (A) no device, (B) the focusing device, (C) the non-focusing rectangle, and (D) the non-focusing square. The scale bars in all images correspond to 5µm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SP effective index variation as a function of the PMMA dots filling factor. Calculations have been done by the differential method, considering dots of PMMA (height h), deposited on a gold film: black curve for h = 65nm; red curve for h = 105nm; green curve for h = 120nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) SEM image of a slab (15x30µm2) made of discreet PMMA dots and a slit SP launcher (width 250nm, length 20µm). Inset shows a detail of the polymer dots constituting the effective index medium (diameter 90nm, height 106nm, image tilted at 52°). The continuous scale bar corresponds to 10 µm, the dashed one to 1 µm. (b) Dependence of the effective refractive index of the discreet structure on the PMMA filling factor obtained from the LRM images in the Fourier space like the one shown in the inset. Absolute values of kSP can be extracted from radial cross-sections on these images. Note that a slit was used as SP launcher because of its more convenient properties for Fourier space analysis.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) SEM image of the GRIN slab (15x20µm2) and the slit launcher (width 250nm, length 20µm) (the scale bar correspond to 5µm). The red spot shows the position of the laser on the slit, and the arrows the propagation direction of SP. Inset shows a detail of the discreet polymer dots constituting the GRIN medium (diameter and height 60nm). (b) Plot of the effective index variation along the width of the slab. (c) Direct space and Fourier space LRM images of the SP beams propagating away from the slit source. (d) Angular distribution of the SP resonance intensity measured on the left side of the Fourier plane (kx<0, GRIN slab side, blue curve) and on the right side (kx>0, “empty” side, orange curve)

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Effective index variation into the GRIN lens (dimensions 10x10µm2) shown in (b). (b) SEM image of a GRIN lens made of polymer rods (diameter 65nm, height 120nm) colored in red for clarity. (c) LRM image of SP launched by an 11x11 holes array (p = 760nm, d = 250nm) and going through the GRIN lens structure (λ = 785nm). The GRIN lens position is marked by the red square. The scale bars in both images correspond to 10 µm. (d) Beam profiles along cross-cuts represented with white dashed line on (c) at positions A,B,C and D.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Comparison of the cut along the SP beam propagation direction through a continuous PMMA slab (10x30µm2, 120nm thick) and a PMMA slab of the same dimensions and thickness but having its edge discretized on 2µm length in a gradient of PMMA dots. The intensity has been recorded in the far-field. Inset: SEM image of the modified edge. The dashed scale bar corresponds to 1µm.

Equations (1)

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1 f = Δ n ( 2 R + Δ n n e R 2 ) .

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