Abstract

We report a method based on heterodyne numerical holography associated to photothermal excitation for full field and three-dimensional localisation of metallic nanoparticles. A modulated pump laser (λ = 532 nm) heats several particles, creating local refractive index changes. This modulation is detected using a probe and a local oscillator beam 
(λ = 785 nm), frequency-shifted to create a hologram beating at low frequency. Tens of particles, down to diameters of 10 nm, can be localised simultaneously and selectively in three dimensions with near- diffraction resolution by a numerical reconstruction of a single hologram acquired 
in 5 s.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. Jacobsen, P. Stoller, C. Brunner, V. Vogel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Interferometric optical detection and tracking of very small gold nanoparticles at a water-glass interface,” Opt. Express 14(1), 405–414 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Boyer, P. Tamarat, A. Maali, B. Lounis, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal imaging of nanometer-sized metal particles among scatterers,” Science 297(5584), 1160–1163 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Rosencwaig, J. Opsal, W. L. Smith, and D. L. Willenborg, “Detection of Thermal Waves through Optical Reflectance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(11), 1013–1015 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Poulin, R. B. Weisman, and B. Lounis, “Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1203–1207 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Atlan, M. Gross, P. Desbiolles, E. Absil, G. Tessier, and M. Coppey-Moisan, “Heterodyne holographic microscopy of gold particles,” Opt. Lett. 33(5), 500–502 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. Dubois and P. Grosfils, “Dark-field digital holographic microscopy to investigate objects that are nanosized or smaller than the optical resolution,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2605–2607 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Atlan, M. Gross, and E. Absil, “Accurate phase-shifting digital interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1456–1458 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. F. Bohren, and H. D.R., eds. Absorption and scattering of light by small particles (Wiley, Chichester, UK, 1998).

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Poulin, R. B. Weisman, and B. Lounis, “Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1203–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Atlan, M. Gross, and E. Absil, “Accurate phase-shifting digital interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1456–1458 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

V. Jacobsen, P. Stoller, C. Brunner, V. Vogel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Interferometric optical detection and tracking of very small gold nanoparticles at a water-glass interface,” Opt. Express 14(1), 405–414 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

D. Boyer, P. Tamarat, A. Maali, B. Lounis, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal imaging of nanometer-sized metal particles among scatterers,” Science 297(5584), 1160–1163 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

A. Rosencwaig, J. Opsal, W. L. Smith, and D. L. Willenborg, “Detection of Thermal Waves through Optical Reflectance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(11), 1013–1015 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Absil, E.

Arbouet, A.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arnaud, L.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atlan, M.

Aussenegg, F. R.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Berciaud, S.

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Poulin, R. B. Weisman, and B. Lounis, “Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1203–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Billaud, P.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blab, G. A.

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyer, D.

D. Boyer, P. Tamarat, A. Maali, B. Lounis, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal imaging of nanometer-sized metal particles among scatterers,” Science 297(5584), 1160–1163 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broyer, M.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brunner, C.

Chan, V. Z. H.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Choquet, D.

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christofilos, D.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cognet, L.

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Poulin, R. B. Weisman, and B. Lounis, “Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1203–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coppey-Moisan, M.

Del Fatti, N.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desbiolles, P.

Ditlbacher, H.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, F.

Feldmann, J.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Geier, S.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Groc, L.

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grosfils, P.

Gross, M.

Hecker, N. E.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Heine, M.

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huntzinger, J. R.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobsen, V.

Krenn, J. R.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lamprecht, B.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lasne, D.

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lippitz, M.

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lounis, B.

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Poulin, R. B. Weisman, and B. Lounis, “Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1203–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Boyer, P. Tamarat, A. Maali, B. Lounis, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal imaging of nanometer-sized metal particles among scatterers,” Science 297(5584), 1160–1163 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maali, A.

D. Boyer, P. Tamarat, A. Maali, B. Lounis, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal imaging of nanometer-sized metal particles among scatterers,” Science 297(5584), 1160–1163 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moller, M.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opsal, J.

A. Rosencwaig, J. Opsal, W. L. Smith, and D. L. Willenborg, “Detection of Thermal Waves through Optical Reflectance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(11), 1013–1015 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Orrit, M.

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Boyer, P. Tamarat, A. Maali, B. Lounis, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal imaging of nanometer-sized metal particles among scatterers,” Science 297(5584), 1160–1163 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poulin, P.

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Poulin, R. B. Weisman, and B. Lounis, “Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1203–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosencwaig, A.

A. Rosencwaig, J. Opsal, W. L. Smith, and D. L. Willenborg, “Detection of Thermal Waves through Optical Reflectance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(11), 1013–1015 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

Smith, W. L.

A. Rosencwaig, J. Opsal, W. L. Smith, and D. L. Willenborg, “Detection of Thermal Waves through Optical Reflectance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(11), 1013–1015 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sönnichsen, C.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spatz, J. P.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stoller, P.

Tamarat, P.

D. Boyer, P. Tamarat, A. Maali, B. Lounis, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal imaging of nanometer-sized metal particles among scatterers,” Science 297(5584), 1160–1163 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tchebotareva, A. L.

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tessier, G.

Vallée, F.

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Dijk, M. A.

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogel, V.

von Plessen, G.

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weisman, R. B.

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Poulin, R. B. Weisman, and B. Lounis, “Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1203–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Willenborg, D. L.

A. Rosencwaig, J. Opsal, W. L. Smith, and D. L. Willenborg, “Detection of Thermal Waves through Optical Reflectance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(11), 1013–1015 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Sönnichsen, S. Geier, N. E. Hecker, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, H. Ditlbacher, B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, F. R. Aussenegg, V. Z. H. Chan, J. P. Spatz, and M. Moller, “Spectroscopy of single metallic nanoparticles using total internal reflection microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(19), 2949–2951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Rosencwaig, J. Opsal, W. L. Smith, and D. L. Willenborg, “Detection of Thermal Waves through Optical Reflectance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(11), 1013–1015 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J. (1)

D. Lasne, G. A. Blab, S. Berciaud, M. Heine, L. Groc, D. Choquet, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Single nanoparticle photothermal tracking (SNaPT) of 5-nm gold beads in live cells,” Biophys. J. 91(12), 4598–4604 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (1)

S. Berciaud, L. Cognet, P. Poulin, R. B. Weisman, and B. Lounis, “Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1203–1207 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. A. van Dijk, A. L. Tchebotareva, M. Orrit, M. Lippitz, S. Berciaud, D. Lasne, L. Cognet, and B. Lounis, “Absorption and scattering microscopy of single metal nanoparticles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(30), 3486–3495 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Arbouet, D. Christofilos, N. Del Fatti, F. Vallée, J. R. Huntzinger, L. Arnaud, P. Billaud, and M. Broyer, “Direct measurement of the single-metal-cluster optical absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 127401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. Boyer, P. Tamarat, A. Maali, B. Lounis, and M. Orrit, “Photothermal imaging of nanometer-sized metal particles among scatterers,” Science 297(5584), 1160–1163 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

C. F. Bohren, and H. D.R., eds. Absorption and scattering of light by small particles (Wiley, Chichester, UK, 1998).

Supplementary Material (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. AOM: Acousto-Optical Modulators. ND: Neutral Density filters. PBS and BS: Polarizing (resp. non-Polarizing) Beam Splitter. M: Mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Holographic intensity image (|ES.ER*|2, arb. units) of 50 nm gold particles embedded in PVA, 512 x 512 pixels. (b) photothermal reconstructed hologram (512 x 210 pixels) of the same sample heated up by a λ = 532 nm, 210 mW average power laser modulated at 5 kHz (dashed circle). (c) Central region of the same image (67x67 pixels, interpolated to 670x670 pixels for clarity). The dashes represent the plane of (d): reconstruction along a plane perpendicular to the sample obtained with the same hologram, 62x62 pixels. The arrows materialize the collection angle of the microscope objective.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power density dependence of the photothermal holographic signal |ES.ER*| (a.u.) from a single 50 nm particle, averaged over pixels located in the vicinity of the particle, for a heating frequency FAOM3 = 5 kHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a): 200x200 pixels photothermal holographic (|ES.ER*|2, arb. units) image of a 10 nm particle heated by a 305 mW beam modulated at 5 kHz and focused o a 5 μm FWHM disc (power density 1.5 MW.cm−2). (b) reconstruction of the same hologram in the (x, z) plane along the same dotted line, 250x125 pixels, showing the 3D shape of the scattered light. (Media 1) shows the reconstruction in different planes, with steps of 1 voxel (156 nm) between images. The arrows materialize the collection angle of the microscope objective. (c) Log scale profiles of the signal obtained by direct (blue) and photothermal (red dotted line) holography on 50 nm particles at the same position, i.e. along the dotted line in Fig. 2c. In green, log profile along the dotted line in 4a) for 10 nm particles. The x axis is centred on the particle under study. One can note that background noise levels are the same for 10 and 50 nm beads photothermal curves.

Equations (2)

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P ( r , t ) = ε 0 Δ χ ( r , t ) n 2 E L ( r , t )
Δ χ ( r , t ) = 2 n n T Δ T ( r , t ) = 2 n n T C a b s P H e a t 4 π κ r [ 1 + e r μ cos ( 2 π F A O M 3 t r μ ) ]

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