Abstract

Metallic nanoparticles are of significant interest due to their particular optical and biological applications. Gold nanoparticles are proven to be excellent candidate for in vivo micro-manipulation using Optical Tweezers. This manuscript reports on stable 3-D trapping of 9.5-254nm gold nanospheres using substantially decreased laser power. The lower limit is ∼2 times smaller than previous record. 5.4nm gold nanospheres were trapped for only 2-3 seconds. For the first time, our experimental data verify the volume corrected Rayleigh model for particles smaller than 100nm in diameter. Measuring the maximum applicable force for gold nanoparticles, we have shown that a few tens of milli-Watts of laser power can produce pico-Newton range forces.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  25. S.N.S. Reihani, H.R. Khalesifard, and R. Golestanian, "Measuring lateral efficiency of optical traps: The effect of tube length," Opt. Commun. 259,204-211 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Bosanac, T. Aabo, P. M. Bendix, and L. B. Oddershede, "Efficient optical trapping and visualization of silver nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 8,1486-1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, "Quantitative Optical Trapping of Single Gold Nanorods," Nano. Lett. 8,2998-3003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

T. M. Hansen, S. N. S. Reihani, L. B. Oddershede, and M. A. Sørensen, "Correction between mechanical strength of messenger RNA pseudoknots and ribosomal frame-shifting," PNAS 104,5830-5835 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Gibson, B. P. Khanal, and E. R. Zubarev, "Paclitaxel-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129,11653-11661 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Leong, P. S. Lee, S. G. Mhaisalkar, T. P. Chen, and A. Dodabalapur, "Charging phenomena in pentacenegold nanoparticle memory device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,042906 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. N. S. Reihani and L. B. Oddershede, "Optimizing immersion media refractive index improves optical trapping by compensating spherical aberrations," Opt. Lett. 32,1998-2000 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

S. N. S. Reihani, M. A. Charsooghi, H. R. Khalesifard, and R. Golestanian, "Efficient in-depth trapping with an oil-immersion objective lens," Opt. Lett. 31,766-768 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Zelenina, R. Quidant, G. Badenes, and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, "Tunable optical sorting and manipulation of nanoparticles via plasmon excitation," Opt. Lett. 31,2054-2056 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Seol, A. E. Carpenter, and T. T. Perkins, "Gold nanoparticles: enhanced optical trapping and sensitivity coupled with significant heating," Opt. Lett. 31,2429-2431 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Du, B. Han, Z. Liu, T. Jiang, and Z. Zhang, "Sonochemical formation of single-crystalline gold nanobelts," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45,1116-1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Hansen, I. M. Tolić-Nørrelykke, H. Flyvbjerg, and K. B. Sørensen, "tweezercalib 2.0: Faster version of MatLab package for precise calibration of optical tweezers," Comput. Phys. Commun 174,518-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S.N.S. Reihani, H.R. Khalesifard, and R. Golestanian, "Measuring lateral efficiency of optical traps: The effect of tube length," Opt. Commun. 259,204-211 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. Rohrbach, "Stiffness of Optical Traps: Quantitative Agreement between Experiment and Electromagnetic Theory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,168102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Inasava, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Yamaguchi, "Laser-Induced shape transformation of gold nanoparticles below the melting point: The effect of surface melting," J. Phys. Chem. B. 109,3104-3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Hansen, V. K. Bhatia, N. Harrit, and L. Oddershede, "Expanding the optical trapping range of gold nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 5,1937-1942 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. Berg-Sørensen, H. Flyvbjerg, "Power spectrum analysis for optical tweezers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75,594-612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, "Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics," Nature (London) 421,423-427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. Lin, J. Yu, and S. A. Rice, "Direct measurements of constrained Brownian motion of an isolated sphere between two walls," Phys. Rev. E 62,3909-3919 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1994 (1)

1987 (1)

A. Ashkin, and J. M. Dzeiedzic, "Optical trapping and manipulation of viruses and bacteria," Science 235,1517-1520 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Aabo, T.

L. Bosanac, T. Aabo, P. M. Bendix, and L. B. Oddershede, "Efficient optical trapping and visualization of silver nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 8,1486-1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ansari, D. O.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

Badenes, G.

Bendix, P. M.

L. Bosanac, T. Aabo, P. M. Bendix, and L. B. Oddershede, "Efficient optical trapping and visualization of silver nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 8,1486-1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berg-Sørensen, K.

K. Berg-Sørensen, H. Flyvbjerg, "Power spectrum analysis for optical tweezers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75,594-612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, V. K.

P. M. Hansen, V. K. Bhatia, N. Harrit, and L. Oddershede, "Expanding the optical trapping range of gold nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 5,1937-1942 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Block, S. M.

Borghese, F.

Bosanac, L.

L. Bosanac, T. Aabo, P. M. Bendix, and L. B. Oddershede, "Efficient optical trapping and visualization of silver nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 8,1486-1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bryant, Z.

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, "Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics," Nature (London) 421,423-427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bustamante, C.

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, "Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics," Nature (London) 421,423-427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carpenter, A. E.

Charsooghi, M. A.

Chen, G. Z.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. P.

W. L. Leong, P. S. Lee, S. G. Mhaisalkar, T. P. Chen, and A. Dodabalapur, "Charging phenomena in pentacenegold nanoparticle memory device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,042906 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

Denti, P.

Dodabalapur, A.

W. L. Leong, P. S. Lee, S. G. Mhaisalkar, T. P. Chen, and A. Dodabalapur, "Charging phenomena in pentacenegold nanoparticle memory device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,042906 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Du, J.

J. Zhang, J. Du, B. Han, Z. Liu, T. Jiang, and Z. Zhang, "Sonochemical formation of single-crystalline gold nanobelts," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45,1116-1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dzeiedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, and J. M. Dzeiedzic, "Optical trapping and manipulation of viruses and bacteria," Science 235,1517-1520 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Flyvbjerg, H.

P. M. Hansen, I. M. Tolić-Nørrelykke, H. Flyvbjerg, and K. B. Sørensen, "tweezercalib 2.0: Faster version of MatLab package for precise calibration of optical tweezers," Comput. Phys. Commun 174,518-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Berg-Sørensen, H. Flyvbjerg, "Power spectrum analysis for optical tweezers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75,594-612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, H.

Gibson, J. D.

J. D. Gibson, B. P. Khanal, and E. R. Zubarev, "Paclitaxel-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129,11653-11661 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gittes, F.

Golestanian, R.

S. N. S. Reihani, M. A. Charsooghi, H. R. Khalesifard, and R. Golestanian, "Efficient in-depth trapping with an oil-immersion objective lens," Opt. Lett. 31,766-768 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S.N.S. Reihani, H.R. Khalesifard, and R. Golestanian, "Measuring lateral efficiency of optical traps: The effect of tube length," Opt. Commun. 259,204-211 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, B.

J. Zhang, J. Du, B. Han, Z. Liu, T. Jiang, and Z. Zhang, "Sonochemical formation of single-crystalline gold nanobelts," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45,1116-1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, P. M.

P. M. Hansen, I. M. Tolić-Nørrelykke, H. Flyvbjerg, and K. B. Sørensen, "tweezercalib 2.0: Faster version of MatLab package for precise calibration of optical tweezers," Comput. Phys. Commun 174,518-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Hansen, V. K. Bhatia, N. Harrit, and L. Oddershede, "Expanding the optical trapping range of gold nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 5,1937-1942 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, T. M.

T. M. Hansen, S. N. S. Reihani, L. B. Oddershede, and M. A. Sørensen, "Correction between mechanical strength of messenger RNA pseudoknots and ribosomal frame-shifting," PNAS 104,5830-5835 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harrit, N.

P. M. Hansen, V. K. Bhatia, N. Harrit, and L. Oddershede, "Expanding the optical trapping range of gold nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 5,1937-1942 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iati, M. A.

Inasava, S.

S. Inasava, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Yamaguchi, "Laser-Induced shape transformation of gold nanoparticles below the melting point: The effect of surface melting," J. Phys. Chem. B. 109,3104-3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, T.

J. Zhang, J. Du, B. Han, Z. Liu, T. Jiang, and Z. Zhang, "Sonochemical formation of single-crystalline gold nanobelts," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45,1116-1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khalesifard, H. R.

Khalesifard, H.R.

S.N.S. Reihani, H.R. Khalesifard, and R. Golestanian, "Measuring lateral efficiency of optical traps: The effect of tube length," Opt. Commun. 259,204-211 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khanal, B. P.

J. D. Gibson, B. P. Khanal, and E. R. Zubarev, "Paclitaxel-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129,11653-11661 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, P. S.

W. L. Leong, P. S. Lee, S. G. Mhaisalkar, T. P. Chen, and A. Dodabalapur, "Charging phenomena in pentacenegold nanoparticle memory device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,042906 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leong, W. L.

W. L. Leong, P. S. Lee, S. G. Mhaisalkar, T. P. Chen, and A. Dodabalapur, "Charging phenomena in pentacenegold nanoparticle memory device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,042906 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, B.

B. Lin, J. Yu, and S. A. Rice, "Direct measurements of constrained Brownian motion of an isolated sphere between two walls," Phys. Rev. E 62,3909-3919 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

J. Zhang, J. Du, B. Han, Z. Liu, T. Jiang, and Z. Zhang, "Sonochemical formation of single-crystalline gold nanobelts," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45,1116-1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marago, O. M.

Mhaisalkar, S. G.

W. L. Leong, P. S. Lee, S. G. Mhaisalkar, T. P. Chen, and A. Dodabalapur, "Charging phenomena in pentacenegold nanoparticle memory device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,042906 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nie, S.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

Oddershede, L.

P. M. Hansen, V. K. Bhatia, N. Harrit, and L. Oddershede, "Expanding the optical trapping range of gold nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 5,1937-1942 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oddershede, L. B.

L. Bosanac, T. Aabo, P. M. Bendix, and L. B. Oddershede, "Efficient optical trapping and visualization of silver nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 8,1486-1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, "Quantitative Optical Trapping of Single Gold Nanorods," Nano. Lett. 8,2998-3003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Hansen, S. N. S. Reihani, L. B. Oddershede, and M. A. Sørensen, "Correction between mechanical strength of messenger RNA pseudoknots and ribosomal frame-shifting," PNAS 104,5830-5835 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. N. S. Reihani and L. B. Oddershede, "Optimizing immersion media refractive index improves optical trapping by compensating spherical aberrations," Opt. Lett. 32,1998-2000 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X. H.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perkins, T. T.

Qian, X.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

Reihani, S. N. S.

Reihani, S.N.S.

S.N.S. Reihani, H.R. Khalesifard, and R. Golestanian, "Measuring lateral efficiency of optical traps: The effect of tube length," Opt. Commun. 259,204-211 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rice, S. A.

B. Lin, J. Yu, and S. A. Rice, "Direct measurements of constrained Brownian motion of an isolated sphere between two walls," Phys. Rev. E 62,3909-3919 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rohrbach, A.

A. Rohrbach, "Stiffness of Optical Traps: Quantitative Agreement between Experiment and Electromagnetic Theory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,168102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saija, R.

Schmidt, C. F.

Schubert, O.

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, "Quantitative Optical Trapping of Single Gold Nanorods," Nano. Lett. 8,2998-3003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Selhuber-Unkel, C.

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, "Quantitative Optical Trapping of Single Gold Nanorods," Nano. Lett. 8,2998-3003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seol, Y.

Shin, D. M.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. B.

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, "Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics," Nature (London) 421,423-427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sönnichsen, C.

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, "Quantitative Optical Trapping of Single Gold Nanorods," Nano. Lett. 8,2998-3003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, K. B.

P. M. Hansen, I. M. Tolić-Nørrelykke, H. Flyvbjerg, and K. B. Sørensen, "tweezercalib 2.0: Faster version of MatLab package for precise calibration of optical tweezers," Comput. Phys. Commun 174,518-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, M. A.

T. M. Hansen, S. N. S. Reihani, L. B. Oddershede, and M. A. Sørensen, "Correction between mechanical strength of messenger RNA pseudoknots and ribosomal frame-shifting," PNAS 104,5830-5835 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, M.

S. Inasava, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Yamaguchi, "Laser-Induced shape transformation of gold nanoparticles below the melting point: The effect of surface melting," J. Phys. Chem. B. 109,3104-3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Svoboda, K.

Tolic-Nørrelykke, I. M.

P. M. Hansen, I. M. Tolić-Nørrelykke, H. Flyvbjerg, and K. B. Sørensen, "tweezercalib 2.0: Faster version of MatLab package for precise calibration of optical tweezers," Comput. Phys. Commun 174,518-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M. D.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, I.

Yamaguchi, Y.

S. Inasava, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Yamaguchi, "Laser-Induced shape transformation of gold nanoparticles below the melting point: The effect of surface melting," J. Phys. Chem. B. 109,3104-3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin-Goen, Q.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Young, A. N.

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

B. Lin, J. Yu, and S. A. Rice, "Direct measurements of constrained Brownian motion of an isolated sphere between two walls," Phys. Rev. E 62,3909-3919 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zelenina, A. S.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, J. Du, B. Han, Z. Liu, T. Jiang, and Z. Zhang, "Sonochemical formation of single-crystalline gold nanobelts," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45,1116-1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

J. Zhang, J. Du, B. Han, Z. Liu, T. Jiang, and Z. Zhang, "Sonochemical formation of single-crystalline gold nanobelts," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45,1116-1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zins, I.

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, "Quantitative Optical Trapping of Single Gold Nanorods," Nano. Lett. 8,2998-3003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zubarev, E. R.

J. D. Gibson, B. P. Khanal, and E. R. Zubarev, "Paclitaxel-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129,11653-11661 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

J. Zhang, J. Du, B. Han, Z. Liu, T. Jiang, and Z. Zhang, "Sonochemical formation of single-crystalline gold nanobelts," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45,1116-1119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. L. Leong, P. S. Lee, S. G. Mhaisalkar, T. P. Chen, and A. Dodabalapur, "Charging phenomena in pentacenegold nanoparticle memory device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,042906 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Phys. Commun (1)

P. M. Hansen, I. M. Tolić-Nørrelykke, H. Flyvbjerg, and K. B. Sørensen, "tweezercalib 2.0: Faster version of MatLab package for precise calibration of optical tweezers," Comput. Phys. Commun 174,518-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

J. D. Gibson, B. P. Khanal, and E. R. Zubarev, "Paclitaxel-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129,11653-11661 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B. (1)

S. Inasava, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Yamaguchi, "Laser-Induced shape transformation of gold nanoparticles below the melting point: The effect of surface melting," J. Phys. Chem. B. 109,3104-3111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nano. Lett. (3)

P. M. Hansen, V. K. Bhatia, N. Harrit, and L. Oddershede, "Expanding the optical trapping range of gold nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 5,1937-1942 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Bosanac, T. Aabo, P. M. Bendix, and L. B. Oddershede, "Efficient optical trapping and visualization of silver nanoparticles," Nano. Lett. 8,1486-1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, "Quantitative Optical Trapping of Single Gold Nanorods," Nano. Lett. 8,2998-3003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Biotechnol. (1)

X. Qian, X. H. Peng, D. O. Ansari, Q. Yin-Goen, G. Z. Chen, D. M. Shin, L. Yang, A. N. Young, M. D. Wang, and S. Nie "In vivo tumor targeting and spectroscopic detection with surface-enhanced Raman nanoparticle tags," Nat. Biotechnol. 26,83-90 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, "Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics," Nature (London) 421,423-427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S.N.S. Reihani, H.R. Khalesifard, and R. Golestanian, "Measuring lateral efficiency of optical traps: The effect of tube length," Opt. Commun. 259,204-211 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

B. Lin, J. Yu, and S. A. Rice, "Direct measurements of constrained Brownian motion of an isolated sphere between two walls," Phys. Rev. E 62,3909-3919 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Rohrbach, "Stiffness of Optical Traps: Quantitative Agreement between Experiment and Electromagnetic Theory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,168102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

PNAS (1)

T. M. Hansen, S. N. S. Reihani, L. B. Oddershede, and M. A. Sørensen, "Correction between mechanical strength of messenger RNA pseudoknots and ribosomal frame-shifting," PNAS 104,5830-5835 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

K. Berg-Sørensen, H. Flyvbjerg, "Power spectrum analysis for optical tweezers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75,594-612 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Ashkin, and J. M. Dzeiedzic, "Optical trapping and manipulation of viruses and bacteria," Science 235,1517-1520 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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