Abstract

This work addresses the need for a fully-retarded theoretical model for surface plasmons on metal nanoparticle chains and arrays embedded in a multilayered medium. The proposed method uses dyadic layered medium Green’s functions not only to obtain the electric field created by an oscillating electric dipole but also to modify the polarizability of nanoparticles in a multilayered medium appropriately. Theoretically calculated resonance frequencies show a very good agreement with the experimental results found in the literature. Theoretical results suggest that surface plasmon propagation lengths of 1 μm are possible using silver or gold nanoparticles embedded in a multilayered medium.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (1)

E. Simsek, "On the surface plasmon resonance modes of metal nanoparticle chains and arrays," Plasmonics 4, 223-230 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (7)

2007 (6)

E. J. Smythe, E. Cubukcu, and F. Capasso, "Optical properties of surface plasmon resonances of coupled metallic nanorods," Opt. Express 15, 7439-7447 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Crozier, E. Togan, E. Simsek, and T. Yang, "Experimental measurement of the dispersion relations of the surface plasmon modes of metal nanoparticle chains," Opt. Express 15, 17482-17493 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M . Danckwerts and L . Novotny, "Optical frequency mixing at coupled gold nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Noguez, "Surface plasmons on metal nanoparticles: The infuence of shape and physical environment," J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 3806-3819 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Koenderink, R. de Waele, J. C. Prangsma, and A. Polman, "Experimental evidence for large dynamic effects on the plasmon dispersion of subwavelength metal nanoparticle waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 76, 201403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (8)

S. Zou and G. C. Schatz, "Theoretical studies of plasmon resonances in one-dimensional nanoparticle chains: narrow lineshapes with tunable widths," Nanotechnology 17, 2813-2820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Koenderink and A. Polman, "Complex response and polariton-like dispersion splitting in periodic metal nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 74, 033402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface Plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Mo-erner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced raman scattering with au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced raman excitation spectroscopy," Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Guillon, "Field enhancement in a chain of optically bound dipoles," Opt. Express 14, 3045-3055 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Simsek, Q. H. Liu, and B. Wei, "Singularity subtraction for evaluation of green's functions for multilayer media," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.  54, 216-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

J. Grand, M. L. de la Chapelle, J.-L. Bijeon, P.-M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Zou and G. C. Schatz, "Silver nanoparticle array structures that produce giant enhancements in electromagnetic fields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 62-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, "Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nan-otriangles," Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Simovski, A. J. Viitanen, and S. A. Tretyakov, "Resonator mode in chains of silver spheres and its possible application," Phys. Rev. E 72, 066606 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (7)

W. H. Weber and G. W. Ford, "Propagation of optical excitations by dipolar interactions in metal nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 70, 125429 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, "Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers," J.Chem. Phys. 120, 357-366 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Park and D. Stroud, "Surface-plasmon dispersion relations in chains of metallic nanoparticles: An exact quasistatic calculation," Phys. Rev. B 69, 125418 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Quidant, C. Girard, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, "Tailoring the transmittance of integrated optical waveguides with short metallic nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 69, 085407 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Pettinger, B. Ren, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, and G. Ertl, "Nanoscale probing of adsorbed species by tip-enhanced raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 096101 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Felidj, S. L. Truong, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced raman scat-tering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

45. S . Zou and G. C . Schatz, "Narrow plasmonic/photonic extinction and scattering line shapes for one and two dimensional silver nanoparticle arrays," J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12606-12612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (6)

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. V. Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, "Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The in°uence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," J Phys Chem B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Crozier, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and C. F. Quate, "Optical antennas: Resonators for local field enhancement," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 4632-4642 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Maier, P. Kik, and H. Atwater, "Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: Estimation of waveguide loss," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Surface-enhanced raman scattering and biophysics," J. Phys. Cond. Matter 14, R597-R624 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Nanosphere lithography: Erect of substrate on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectrum of silver nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Paulus and O. J. F. Martin, "Light propagation and scattering in stratified media: a Green-Ostensor approach," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 854-861 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

M. Paulus, P. Gay-Balmaz, and O. J. F. Martin, "Accurate and effcient computation of the Green's tensor for stratified media," Phys. Rev. E 62, 5797-5807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, "Electromagnetic energy transfer and switching in nanoparticle chain arrays below the di®raction limit," Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356-R16359 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metal nanoparticle gratings: Influence of dipolar particle interaction on the Plasmon resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721-4724 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, and R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. D. Rakic, A. B . Djuri·sic, J. M . Elazar, and M. L . Majewski, "Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices," Appl. Opt.  37, -5283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 23, 1331-1333 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced raman scattering (sers)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667- 1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Guiding of a one-dimensional optical beam with nanometer diameter," Opt. Lett. 22, 475477 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

G. Dural and M. I. Aksun, "Closed form green's functions for general sources and stratified media," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 1545 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

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J. Grand, M. L. de la Chapelle, J.-L. Bijeon, P.-M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005).
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Aizpurua, J.

Aksun, M. I.

G. Dural and M. I. Aksun, "Closed form green's functions for general sources and stratified media," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 1545 (1995).
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Atwater, H.

S. Maier, P. Kik, and H. Atwater, "Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: Estimation of waveguide loss," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
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Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408 (2002).
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M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, "Electromagnetic energy transfer and switching in nanoparticle chain arrays below the di®raction limit," Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356-R16359 (2000).
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Aubard, J.

G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
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N. Felidj, S. L. Truong, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced raman scat-tering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
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N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
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B. Auguie and W. L. Barnes, "Collective resonances in gold nanoparticle arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143902 (2008).
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Aussenegg, F.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Felidj, S. L. Truong, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced raman scat-tering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
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G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
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N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
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B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metal nanoparticle gratings: Influence of dipolar particle interaction on the Plasmon resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721-4724 (2000).
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M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 23, 1331-1333 (1998).
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Bae, E.

Barnes, W. L.

B. Auguie and W. L. Barnes, "Collective resonances in gold nanoparticle arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 143902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bijeon, J.-L.

J. Grand, M. L. de la Chapelle, J.-L. Bijeon, P.-M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005).
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Boreman, G.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
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Brehm, M.

Brongersma, M. L.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, "Electromagnetic energy transfer and switching in nanoparticle chain arrays below the di®raction limit," Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356-R16359 (2000).
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Capasso, F.

Catchpole, K. R.

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, "Plasmonic solar cells," Opt. Express 16, 21793-21800 (2008).
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S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
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Y. Chu, E. Schonbrun, T. Yang, and K. B. Crozier, "Experimental observation of narrow surface plasmon resonances in gold nanoparticle arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181108 (2008).
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Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The in°uence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," J Phys Chem B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Crozier, K.

Crozier, K. B.

T. Yang and K. B. Crozier, "Dispersion and extinction of surface plasmons in an array of gold nanoparticle chains: influence of the air/glass interface," Opt. Express 16, 8570-8580 (2008).
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Y. Chu, E. Schonbrun, T. Yang, and K. B. Crozier, "Experimental observation of narrow surface plasmon resonances in gold nanoparticle arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181108 (2008).
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T. Yang and K. B. Crozier, "Surface plasmon coupling in periodic metallic nanoparticle structures: a semi-analytical model," Opt. Express 16, 13070-13079 (2008).
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E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
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A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, "Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nan-otriangles," Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Crozier, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and C. F. Quate, "Optical antennas: Resonators for local field enhancement," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 4632-4642 (2003).
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Cubukcu, E.

Danckwerts, M

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K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Surface-enhanced raman scattering and biophysics," J. Phys. Cond. Matter 14, R597-R624 (2002).
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K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced raman scattering (sers)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667- 1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

de Abajo, F. J. G.

de la Chapelle, M. L.

J. Grand, M. L. de la Chapelle, J.-L. Bijeon, P.-M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Waele, R.

A. F. Koenderink, R. de Waele, J. C. Prangsma, and A. Polman, "Experimental evidence for large dynamic effects on the plasmon dispersion of subwavelength metal nanoparticle waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 76, 201403 (2007).
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Deckert, V.

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, and R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
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Dereux, A.

R. Quidant, C. Girard, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, "Tailoring the transmittance of integrated optical waveguides with short metallic nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 69, 085407 (2004).
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Ditlbacher, H.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metal nanoparticle gratings: Influence of dipolar particle interaction on the Plasmon resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721-4724 (2000).
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Djuri·sic, A. B

A. D. Rakic, A. B . Djuri·sic, J. M . Elazar, and M. L . Majewski, "Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices," Appl. Opt.  37, -5283 (1998).
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Dural, G.

G. Dural and M. I. Aksun, "Closed form green's functions for general sources and stratified media," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 1545 (1995).
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Durant, S.

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced raman excitation spectroscopy," Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
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Duyne, R. P. V.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. V. Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, "Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Nanosphere lithography: Erect of substrate on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectrum of silver nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
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Elazar, J. M

A. D. Rakic, A. B . Djuri·sic, J. M . Elazar, and M. L . Majewski, "Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices," Appl. Opt.  37, -5283 (1998).
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Ertl, G.

B. Pettinger, B. Ren, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, and G. Ertl, "Nanoscale probing of adsorbed species by tip-enhanced raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 096101 (2004).
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Feld, M. S.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Surface-enhanced raman scattering and biophysics," J. Phys. Cond. Matter 14, R597-R624 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced raman scattering (sers)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667- 1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Felidj, N.

G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Felidj, S. L. Truong, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced raman scat-tering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. W.

W. H. Weber and G. W. Ford, "Propagation of optical excitations by dipolar interactions in metal nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 70, 125429 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fromm, D. P.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Mo-erner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced raman scattering with au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, "Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nan-otriangles," Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gay-Balmaz, P.

M. Paulus, P. Gay-Balmaz, and O. J. F. Martin, "Accurate and effcient computation of the Green's tensor for stratified media," Phys. Rev. E 62, 5797-5807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Girard, C.

R. Quidant, C. Girard, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, "Tailoring the transmittance of integrated optical waveguides with short metallic nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 69, 085407 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grand, J.

J. Grand, M. L. de la Chapelle, J.-L. Bijeon, P.-M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Green, M. A.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guillon, M.

Gunnarsson, L.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. V. Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, "Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hao, E.

E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, "Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers," J.Chem. Phys. 120, 357-366 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartman, J. W.

M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, "Electromagnetic energy transfer and switching in nanoparticle chain arrays below the di®raction limit," Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356-R16359 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Haynes, C. L.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. V. Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, "Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hillenbrand, R.

Hirleman, E. D.

Hohenau, A.

G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Felidj, S. L. Truong, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced raman scat-tering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Itzkan, I.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Surface-enhanced raman scattering and biophysics," J. Phys. Cond. Matter 14, R597-R624 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced raman scattering (sers)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667- 1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jin, R.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface Plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kall, M.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. V. Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, "Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kasemo, B.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. V. Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, "Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The in°uence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," J Phys Chem B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Nanosphere lithography: Erect of substrate on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectrum of silver nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kik, P.

S. Maier, P. Kik, and H. Atwater, "Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes in au nanoparticle chain waveguides of different lengths: Estimation of waveguide loss," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1714-1716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kinkhabwala, A.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Mo-erner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced raman scattering with au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G. S.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Mo-erner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced raman scattering with au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, "Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nan-otriangles," Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Crozier, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and C. F. Quate, "Optical antennas: Resonators for local field enhancement," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 4632-4642 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kneipp, H.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Surface-enhanced raman scattering and biophysics," J. Phys. Cond. Matter 14, R597-R624 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced raman scattering (sers)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667- 1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kneipp, K.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Surface-enhanced raman scattering and biophysics," J. Phys. Cond. Matter 14, R597-R624 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced raman scattering (sers)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667- 1670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Guiding of a one-dimensional optical beam with nanometer diameter," Opt. Lett. 22, 475477 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koenderink, A. F.

A. F. Koenderink, R. de Waele, J. C. Prangsma, and A. Polman, "Experimental evidence for large dynamic effects on the plasmon dispersion of subwavelength metal nanoparticle waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 76, 201403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Koenderink and A. Polman, "Complex response and polariton-like dispersion splitting in periodic metal nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 74, 033402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kort, E. A.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Felidj, S. L. Truong, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced raman scat-tering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
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N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
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B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metal nanoparticle gratings: Influence of dipolar particle interaction on the Plasmon resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721-4724 (2000).
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M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 23, 1331-1333 (1998).
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Lamprecht, B.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
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N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
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B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metal nanoparticle gratings: Influence of dipolar particle interaction on the Plasmon resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721-4724 (2000).
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G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
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B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metal nanoparticle gratings: Influence of dipolar particle interaction on the Plasmon resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721-4724 (2000).
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G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
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N. Felidj, S. L. Truong, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced raman scat-tering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
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W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
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B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metal nanoparticle gratings: Influence of dipolar particle interaction on the Plasmon resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721-4724 (2000).
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M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 23, 1331-1333 (1998).
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G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
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N. Felidj, S. L. Truong, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced raman scat-tering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
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N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
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K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
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A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, "Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nan-otriangles," Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
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D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Mo-erner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced raman scattering with au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
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G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
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M. Paulus and O. J. F. Martin, "Light propagation and scattering in stratified media: a Green-Ostensor approach," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 854-861 (2001).
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G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
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K. B. Crozier, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and C. F. Quate, "Optical antennas: Resonators for local field enhancement," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 4632-4642 (2003).
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W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
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N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
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G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
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C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. V. Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, "Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
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M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. V. Duyne, "Nanosphere lithography: Erect of substrate on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectrum of silver nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schider, G.

G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
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G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
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N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metal nanoparticle gratings: Influence of dipolar particle interaction on the Plasmon resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721-4724 (2000).
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K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
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B. Pettinger, B. Ren, G. Picardi, R. Schuster, and G. Ertl, "Nanoscale probing of adsorbed species by tip-enhanced raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 096101 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface Plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060 (2006).
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K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
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Steele, J. M.

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S. Y. Park and D. Stroud, "Surface-plasmon dispersion relations in chains of metallic nanoparticles: An exact quasistatic calculation," Phys. Rev. B 69, 125418 (2004).
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K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced raman excitation spectroscopy," Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
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R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, and R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
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D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Mo-erner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced raman scattering with au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, "Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nan-otriangles," Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Crozier, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and C. F. Quate, "Optical antennas: Resonators for local field enhancement," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 4632-4642 (2003).
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J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Guiding of a one-dimensional optical beam with nanometer diameter," Opt. Lett. 22, 475477 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taki, H.

J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Guiding of a one-dimensional optical beam with nanometer diameter," Opt. Lett. 22, 475477 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Togan, E.

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C. R. Simovski, A. J. Viitanen, and S. A. Tretyakov, "Resonator mode in chains of silver spheres and its possible application," Phys. Rev. E 72, 066606 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Truong, S. L.

N. Felidj, S. L. Truong, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced raman scat-tering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
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Trupke, T.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Duyne, R. P.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface Plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vial, A.

J. Grand, M. L. de la Chapelle, J.-L. Bijeon, P.-M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Viitanen, A. J.

C. R. Simovski, A. J. Viitanen, and S. A. Tretyakov, "Resonator mode in chains of silver spheres and its possible application," Phys. Rev. E 72, 066606 (2005).
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K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced raman scattering (sers)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667- 1670 (1997).
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W. H. Weber and G. W. Ford, "Propagation of optical excitations by dipolar interactions in metal nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 70, 125429 (2004).
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R. Quidant, C. Girard, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, "Tailoring the transmittance of integrated optical waveguides with short metallic nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 69, 085407 (2004).
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K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced raman excitation spectroscopy," Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
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J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Guiding of a one-dimensional optical beam with nanometer diameter," Opt. Lett. 22, 475477 (1997).
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Zhang, X.

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced raman excitation spectroscopy," Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
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K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
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C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. V. Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Kall, "Nanoparticle optics: The importance of radiative dipole coupling in two-dimensional nanoparticle arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
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K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The in°uence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," J Phys Chem B 107, 668-677 (2003).
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IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech (1)

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[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
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K. B. Crozier, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and C. F. Quate, "Optical antennas: Resonators for local field enhancement," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 4632-4642 (2003).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

45. S . Zou and G. C . Schatz, "Narrow plasmonic/photonic extinction and scattering line shapes for one and two dimensional silver nanoparticle arrays," J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12606-12612 (2004).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (2)

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface Plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

S. Zou and G. C. Schatz, "Theoretical studies of plasmon resonances in one-dimensional nanoparticle chains: narrow lineshapes with tunable widths," Nanotechnology 17, 2813-2820 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
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Opt. Express (7)

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J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Guiding of a one-dimensional optical beam with nanometer diameter," Opt. Lett. 22, 475477 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Chem B (1)

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced raman excitation spectroscopy," Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (12)

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
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J. Grand, M. L. de la Chapelle, J.-L. Bijeon, P.-M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Levi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
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G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of au and ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
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S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, and H. A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 65, 193408 (2002).
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S. Y. Park and D. Stroud, "Surface-plasmon dispersion relations in chains of metallic nanoparticles: An exact quasistatic calculation," Phys. Rev. B 69, 125418 (2004).
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R. Quidant, C. Girard, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, "Tailoring the transmittance of integrated optical waveguides with short metallic nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 69, 085407 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Weber and G. W. Ford, "Propagation of optical excitations by dipolar interactions in metal nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 70, 125429 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Koenderink and A. Polman, "Complex response and polariton-like dispersion splitting in periodic metal nanoparticle chains," Phys. Rev. B 74, 033402 (2006).
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A. F. Koenderink, R. de Waele, J. C. Prangsma, and A. Polman, "Experimental evidence for large dynamic effects on the plasmon dispersion of subwavelength metal nanoparticle waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 76, 201403 (2007).
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A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier, G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, "Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip au nan-otriangles," Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409 (2005).
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M. L. Brongersma, J. W. Hartman, and H. A. Atwater, "Electromagnetic energy transfer and switching in nanoparticle chain arrays below the di®raction limit," Phys. Rev. B 62, R16356-R16359 (2000).
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C. R. Simovski, A. J. Viitanen, and S. A. Tretyakov, "Resonator mode in chains of silver spheres and its possible application," Phys. Rev. E 72, 066606 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced raman scattering (sers)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667- 1670 (1997).
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M . Danckwerts and L . Novotny, "Optical frequency mixing at coupled gold nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

An A-layer medium with source and field points in layer n and layer m,respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Induced moments (red arrows) inside metal NPs (yellow cylinders) on top of a substrate (blue rectangular cubes): for (a) longitudinal, (b) transverse-1, (c) transverse-2 modes. The inter-particle spacing is d along -axis.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimentally (dark grey circles and squares depict L and T1 modes, respectively) and theoretically calculated dispersion curves. Dark blue solid line and light blue dashed line show the CDA results for the transverse and longitudinal modes, respectively, assuming NPs situated in air; green lines assuming NPs situated in glass, red lines assuming NPs embedded on top of an ITO-coated glass slide. Dashed black lines depict light lines in air and glass.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dispersion curves for (a) longitudinal, (b) first transverse, (c) second transverse excitation modes, respectively, for the gold nanoparticles with heights of 55 nm, diameters of 90 nm, and center-to-center distances of 140 nm along the length of the chain. Nanoparticles are aligned on top an ITO coated glass. The thickness of ITO-coating is 20 nm. Red dots in (a) and (b) are experimental results [40]. Dashed black lines in (a), (b), and (c) depict light lines in air and glass. (d) Propagation lengths derived from the dispersion curves for each mode.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dispersion curves for (a) longitudinal, (b) first transverse, (c) second transverse excitation modes, respectively, for the silver nanoparticles with heights of 55 nm, diameters of 90 nm, and center-to-center distances of 140 nm along the length of the chain. Nanoparticles are aligned on top an ITO coated glass. The thickness of ITO-coating is 20 nm. (d) Propagation lengths derived from the dispersion curves for each mode.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ E x E y E z ] = [ G xx G xy G xz G yx G yy G yz G zx G zy G zz ] . [ p x p y p z ] .
G ˜ xx = k x 2 k ρ 2 G ˜ TM , VI + k y 2 k ρ 2 G ˜ TE , VI , G ˜ yy = k x 2 k ρ 2 G ˜ TE , VI + k y 2 k ρ 2 G ˜ TM , VI , G ˜ zz = k ρ 2 ω 2 ε i ε m G ˜ TM , IV ,
G ηζ ρ z z = 1 2 π 0 G ˜ ηζ k ρ z z J v ( k ρ ρ ) k ρ v + 1 d k ρ
G ηζ = G ηζ prim + G ηζ refl .
p n = G ̄ r n r m [ α x ( ω ) 0 0 0 α y ( ω ) 0 0 0 α z ( ω ) ] p m ,
1 α η ( ω ) n = 1 M 1 G ηη r 0 r n = 0 ,
α η fs = ε r ε b ε b + L η ( ε r ε b ) abc 3 ,
L η = abc 2 s = 0 1 ( s + r η 2 ) [ ( s + a 2 ) ( s + b 2 ) ( s + c 2 ) ] 0.5 ds .
α η mlwa = ( 1 α η fs i 2 3 k 3 k 2 r η ) 1 ,
α η lm = ( 1 α η fs i 2 3 k 3 k 2 r η G η η r e f l r 0 r 0 ) 1 ,

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