Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated a dual-wavelength independently mode-locked Yb:YAG ceramic laser in a single cavity. Dual-wavelength mode locking at 1033.6 and 1047.6 nm was operated simultaneously in one beam. Each pulse width was measured to be approximately 380 fs using an autocorrelator. The spectral widths were 4.50 nm centered at 1033.6 nm and 3.08 nm centered at 1047.6 nm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first dual-wavelength mode locking achieved in Yb-doped solid-state lasers.

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  1. Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. J. Zhu, J. F. He, and S. C. Wang, “Generation of synchronized femtosecond and picosecond pulses in a dual-wavelength femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 561–563 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Betz, F. Sotier, F. Tauser, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 15(29), 629–631 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Zhang and T. Yagi, “Dual-wavelength synchronous operation of a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser based on self-spectrum splitting,” Opt. Lett. 18(24), 2126–2128 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 916–918 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. M. Evans, D. E. Spence, D. Burns, and W. Sibbett, “Dual-wavelength self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1074–1076 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. R. X. de Barros and P. C. Becker, “Two-color synchronously mode-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 631–633 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. R. Dykaar, S. B. Darack, and W. H. Knox, “Cross-locking dynamics in a two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19(14), 1058–1060 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. R. Dykaar and S. B. Darack, “Sticky pulses: two-color cross-mode-locked femtosecond operation of a single Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 634–636 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Yoshioka, S. Nakamura, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Express 17(11), 8919–8925 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449–451 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 1–4 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Betz, F. Sotier, F. Tauser, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 15(29), 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 1–4 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449–451 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (4)

Becker, P. C.

Betz, M.

M. Betz, F. Sotier, F. Tauser, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 15(29), 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Darack, S. B.

de Barros, M. R. X.

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dykaar, D. R.

Evans, J. M.

Fürst, C.

Hall, J. L.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, J. F.

Holzwarth, R.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 1–4 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Laubereau, A.

M. Betz, F. Sotier, F. Tauser, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 15(29), 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 916–918 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitenstorfer, A.

M. Betz, F. Sotier, F. Tauser, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 15(29), 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 916–918 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H. F.

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449–451 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

Ma, L.-S.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 1–4 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 1–4 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

Novak, D.

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449–451 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, T.

Ogawa, Y.

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449–451 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449–451 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

Ranka, J. K.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, R. K.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 1–4 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Sotier, F.

M. Betz, F. Sotier, F. Tauser, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 15(29), 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. E.

Tang, D. Y.

Tao, X. T.

Tauser, F.

M. Betz, F. Sotier, F. Tauser, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 15(29), 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trumm, S.

M. Betz, F. Sotier, F. Tauser, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 15(29), 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wada, S.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, S. C.

Windeler, R. S.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, G. Q.

Yagi, T.

Ye, J.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 1–4 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshioka, H.

Yu, H. H.

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, Z.

Zhu, C. J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449–451 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (9)

C. J. Zhu, J. F. He, and S. C. Wang, “Generation of synchronized femtosecond and picosecond pulses in a dual-wavelength femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 561–563 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Betz, F. Sotier, F. Tauser, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 15(29), 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang and T. Yagi, “Dual-wavelength synchronous operation of a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser based on self-spectrum splitting,” Opt. Lett. 18(24), 2126–2128 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 916–918 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Evans, D. E. Spence, D. Burns, and W. Sibbett, “Dual-wavelength self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1074–1076 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. X. de Barros and P. C. Becker, “Two-color synchronously mode-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 631–633 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Dykaar, S. B. Darack, and W. H. Knox, “Cross-locking dynamics in a two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19(14), 1058–1060 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Dykaar and S. B. Darack, “Sticky pulses: two-color cross-mode-locked femtosecond operation of a single Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 634–636 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, “Sub-10-femtosecond active synchronization of two passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 1–4 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute Optical Frequency Measurement of the Cesium D1 Line with a Mode-Locked Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5102–5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of mode-locked Yb:YAG ceramic laser. LD: fiber-coupled diode laser. L1, L2: focusing lenses. M1-M3: high-reflectivity mirrors. OC: output couplers. P1-P2: SF10 Brewster prisms. SESAM: semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transverse intensity beam profile at 20 cm from output coupler (OC) when dual-wavelength mode locking was observed. (a) Single-wavelength mode locking at 1033.9 nm and (b) dual-wavelength mode locking at 1033.6 and 1047.6 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured autocorrelation trace and sech2 fitting, and (b) spectrum of mode-locked pulses in beam in Fig. 2 (a).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured autocorrelation trace and sech2 fitting, and (b) spectrum of mode-locked pulses when dual-wavelength mode locking was operated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SH spectrum of mode-locked pulses when dual-wavelength mode locking was operated in beam in Fig. 2 (b).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Expected transform-limited pulses numerically obtained by inverse Fourier transformation of (a) dual wavelength and separated wavelengths at (b) 1033.6 and (c) 1047.6 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Measured autocorrelation trace and sech2 fitting, and (b) spectrum of mode-locked pulses when mode locking at 1033.6 nm was stopped in beam in Fig. 2 (a).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

SH spectrum of mode-locked pulses when mode locking at 1033.6 nm was stopped in beam in Fig. 2 (b).

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