Abstract

We present experimental results for a high-power diode pumped hydrocarbon-free rubidium laser with a scalable architecture. The laser consists of a liquid cooled, copper waveguide which serves to both guide the pump light and to provide a thermally conductive surface near the gain volume to remove heat. A laser diode stack, with a linewidth narrowed to ~0.35 nm with volume bragg gratings, is used to pump the cell. We have achieved 24W average power output using 4 atmospheres of naturally occurring helium (4He) as the buffer gas and 28W using 2.8 atmospheres of 3He.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. F. Krupke, Diode pumped alkali laser, US Patent No. 6,643,311 B2.
  2. W. F. Krupke, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, and S. A. Payne, “Resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser,” Opt. Lett. 28(23), 2336–2338 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. J. Beach, W. F. Krupke, V. K. Kanz, S. A. Payne, A. Dubinskii, and L. O. Merkle, “End-pumped continuous-wave alkali vapor lasers: experiment, model, and power scaling,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(12), 2151–2163 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. H. Page, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, and W. F. Krupke, “Multimode-diode-pumped gas (alkali-vapor) laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(3), 353–355 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Diode-pumped 10 W continuous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2167–2169 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44(9), 582 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. F. Krupke, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, S. A. Payne, and J. T. Early, “New class of cw high-power diode-pumped alkali lasers (DPALs),” Proc. SPIE 5448, 156 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. S. Hrycyshyn and L. Krause, “Inelastic collisions between excited alkali atoms and molecules. VII. Sensitized fluorescence and quenching in mixtures of rubidium with H2, HD, D2, N2. CH4, CD4, C2H4, and C2H6,” Can. J. Phys. 48, 2761–2768 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. V. Zhdanov, A. Stooke, G. Boyadjian, A. Voci, and R. J. Knize, “Laser diode array pumped continuous wave rubidium vapor laser,” Opt. Express 16(2), 748 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. V. Zhadanov and R. J. Knize, “Hydrocarbon-free potassium laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1024 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. S. Q. Wu, T. F. Soules, R. H. Page, S. C. Mitchell, V. K. Kanz, and R. J. Beach, “Hydrocarbon-free resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2423–2425 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. S. Q. Wu, T. F. Soules, R. H. Page, S. C. Mitchell, V. K. Kanz, and R. J. Beach, “Resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser using 3He buffer gas,” Opt. Commun. 281(5), 1222–1225 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Zweiback, G. Hager, and W. F. Krupke, “High efficiency hydrocarbon-free resonance transition potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1871–1873 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Gallagher, “Rubidium and Cesium Excitation Transfer in nearly adiabatic collisions with inert gases,” Phys. Rev. 172(1), 88–96 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, S. B. Sutton, S. A. Payne, P. V. Avizonis, R. S. Monroe, and D. G. Harris, “High-power dual-rod Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(11), 805–807 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2009

J. Zweiback, G. Hager, and W. F. Krupke, “High efficiency hydrocarbon-free resonance transition potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1871–1873 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44(9), 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Q. Wu, T. F. Soules, R. H. Page, S. C. Mitchell, V. K. Kanz, and R. J. Beach, “Resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser using 3He buffer gas,” Opt. Commun. 281(5), 1222–1225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, A. Stooke, G. Boyadjian, A. Voci, and R. J. Knize, “Laser diode array pumped continuous wave rubidium vapor laser,” Opt. Express 16(2), 748 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Diode-pumped 10 W continuous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2167–2169 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. S. Q. Wu, T. F. Soules, R. H. Page, S. C. Mitchell, V. K. Kanz, and R. J. Beach, “Hydrocarbon-free resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2423–2425 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhadanov and R. J. Knize, “Hydrocarbon-free potassium laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1024 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, and W. F. Krupke, “Multimode-diode-pumped gas (alkali-vapor) laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(3), 353–355 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

R. J. Beach, W. F. Krupke, V. K. Kanz, S. A. Payne, A. Dubinskii, and L. O. Merkle, “End-pumped continuous-wave alkali vapor lasers: experiment, model, and power scaling,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(12), 2151–2163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Krupke, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, S. A. Payne, and J. T. Early, “New class of cw high-power diode-pumped alkali lasers (DPALs),” Proc. SPIE 5448, 156 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2000

1970

E. S. Hrycyshyn and L. Krause, “Inelastic collisions between excited alkali atoms and molecules. VII. Sensitized fluorescence and quenching in mixtures of rubidium with H2, HD, D2, N2. CH4, CD4, C2H4, and C2H6,” Can. J. Phys. 48, 2761–2768 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1968

A. Gallagher, “Rubidium and Cesium Excitation Transfer in nearly adiabatic collisions with inert gases,” Phys. Rev. 172(1), 88–96 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Avizonis, P. V.

Beach, R. J.

Boyadjian, G.

Dubinskii, A.

Early, J. T.

W. F. Krupke, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, S. A. Payne, and J. T. Early, “New class of cw high-power diode-pumped alkali lasers (DPALs),” Proc. SPIE 5448, 156 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ehrenreich, T.

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Emanuel, M. A.

Flusche, B.

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fukuoka, H.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, A.

A. Gallagher, “Rubidium and Cesium Excitation Transfer in nearly adiabatic collisions with inert gases,” Phys. Rev. 172(1), 88–96 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Hager, G.

J. Zweiback, G. Hager, and W. F. Krupke, “High efficiency hydrocarbon-free resonance transition potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1871–1873 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Harris, D. G.

Havko, A.

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hiruma, T.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Honea, E. C.

Hrycyshyn, E. S.

E. S. Hrycyshyn and L. Krause, “Inelastic collisions between excited alkali atoms and molecules. VII. Sensitized fluorescence and quenching in mixtures of rubidium with H2, HD, D2, N2. CH4, CD4, C2H4, and C2H6,” Can. J. Phys. 48, 2761–2768 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kan, H.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kanz, V. K.

Kasamatsu, T.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knize, R. J.

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44(9), 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, A. Stooke, G. Boyadjian, A. Voci, and R. J. Knize, “Laser diode array pumped continuous wave rubidium vapor laser,” Opt. Express 16(2), 748 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. V. Zhadanov and R. J. Knize, “Hydrocarbon-free potassium laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1024 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Diode-pumped 10 W continuous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2167–2169 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koval, N.

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krause, L.

E. S. Hrycyshyn and L. Krause, “Inelastic collisions between excited alkali atoms and molecules. VII. Sensitized fluorescence and quenching in mixtures of rubidium with H2, HD, D2, N2. CH4, CD4, C2H4, and C2H6,” Can. J. Phys. 48, 2761–2768 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

Kubomura, H.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maes, C.

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, S.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meeker, T.

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Merkle, L. O.

Mitchell, S. C.

Miyajima, H.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Monroe, R. S.

Niigaki, M.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Page, R. H.

Payne, S. A.

Sell, J.

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44(9), 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Skidmore, J. A.

Soules, T. F.

S. S. Q. Wu, T. F. Soules, R. H. Page, S. C. Mitchell, V. K. Kanz, and R. J. Beach, “Resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser using 3He buffer gas,” Opt. Commun. 281(5), 1222–1225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Q. Wu, T. F. Soules, R. H. Page, S. C. Mitchell, V. K. Kanz, and R. J. Beach, “Hydrocarbon-free resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2423–2425 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stooke, A.

Sutton, S. B.

Voci, A.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Worker, B.

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. S. Q.

S. S. Q. Wu, T. F. Soules, R. H. Page, S. C. Mitchell, V. K. Kanz, and R. J. Beach, “Resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser using 3He buffer gas,” Opt. Commun. 281(5), 1222–1225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Q. Wu, T. F. Soules, R. H. Page, S. C. Mitchell, V. K. Kanz, and R. J. Beach, “Hydrocarbon-free resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2423–2425 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhadanov, B. V.

B. V. Zhadanov and R. J. Knize, “Hydrocarbon-free potassium laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1024 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhdanov, B. V.

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44(9), 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, A. Stooke, G. Boyadjian, A. Voci, and R. J. Knize, “Laser diode array pumped continuous wave rubidium vapor laser,” Opt. Express 16(2), 748 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Diode-pumped 10 W continuous wave cesium laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2167–2169 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zweiback, J.

J. Zweiback, G. Hager, and W. F. Krupke, “High efficiency hydrocarbon-free resonance transition potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1871–1873 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Wang, T. Kasamatsu, Y. Zheng, H. Miyajima, H. Fukuoka, S. Matsuoka, M. Niigaki, H. Kubomura, T. Hiruma, and H. Kan, “Cesium vapor laser pumped by a volume-Bragg-grating coupled quasi-continuous-wave laser-diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys.

E. S. Hrycyshyn and L. Krause, “Inelastic collisions between excited alkali atoms and molecules. VII. Sensitized fluorescence and quenching in mixtures of rubidium with H2, HD, D2, N2. CH4, CD4, C2H4, and C2H6,” Can. J. Phys. 48, 2761–2768 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

B. V. Zhdanov, J. Sell, and R. J. Knize, “Multiple laser diode array pumped Cs laser with 48W output power,” Electron. Lett. 44(9), 582 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhadanov and R. J. Knize, “Hydrocarbon-free potassium laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1024 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

S. S. Q. Wu, T. F. Soules, R. H. Page, S. C. Mitchell, V. K. Kanz, and R. J. Beach, “Resonance transition 795-nm rubidium laser using 3He buffer gas,” Opt. Commun. 281(5), 1222–1225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. V. Zhdanov, C. Maes, T. Ehrenreich, A. Havko, N. Koval, T. Meeker, B. Worker, B. Flusche, and R. J. Knize, “Optically pumped potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 270(2), 353–355 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zweiback, G. Hager, and W. F. Krupke, “High efficiency hydrocarbon-free resonance transition potassium laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(9), 1871–1873 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

A. Gallagher, “Rubidium and Cesium Excitation Transfer in nearly adiabatic collisions with inert gases,” Phys. Rev. 172(1), 88–96 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

W. F. Krupke, R. J. Beach, V. K. Kanz, S. A. Payne, and J. T. Early, “New class of cw high-power diode-pumped alkali lasers (DPALs),” Proc. SPIE 5448, 156 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. F. Krupke, Diode pumped alkali laser, US Patent No. 6,643,311 B2.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

. Experimental setup (left). Laser head detail (right)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectrum of VBG narrowed pump diodes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power as a function of time for DPAL with 4 atm 4He. At 20 seconds the laser was switched off.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

CW output power as a function of buffer gas pressure using diode pump array.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulsed output energy as a function of gas species and pressure. Input energy was 4 mJ using alexandrite laser pump.

Metrics