Abstract

We report on investigation of nonlinear optical phenomena in nanocrystalline diamond prepared by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition. We observed the upconverted photoluminescence, the second and the third harmonic generation and Z-scan signal. The value of the third order nonlinear susceptibility was estimated. Our results show that nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond have many features of the bulk diamond affected to some extent by the presence of grain boundaries.

© 2010 OSA

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2009 (1)

A. Kriele, O. A. Williams, M. Wolfer, D. Brink, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “Tuneable optical lenses from diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 031905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

C. K. Lin, Y. H. Wang, H. C. Chang, M. Hayashi, and S. H. Lin, “One- and two-photon absorption properties of diamond nitrogen-vacancy defect centers: A theoretical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 129(12), 124714 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Zuo, M. K. Yaran, T. A. Grotjohn, D. K. Reinhard, and J. Asmussen, “Investigation of diamond deposition uniformity and quality for freestanding film and substrate applications,” Diamond Related Materials 17(3), 300–305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Faccinetto, S. Mazzucato, D. Pedron, R. Bozio, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Non-resonant z-scan characterization of the third-order nonlinear optical properties of conjugated poly(thiophene azines),” ChemPhysChem 9(14), 2028–2034 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Nebel, B. Rezek, D. Shin, H. Uetsuka, and N. Yang, “Diamond for bio-sensor applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(20), 6443–6466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Liu, C. L. Cheng, C. C. Chang, and J. I. Chao, “Biocompatible and detectable carboxylated nanodiamond on human cell,” Nanotechnology 18(32), 325102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit,” Science 316, 1312–1316 (2007).

2006 (2)

D. Shin, B. Rezek, N. Tokuda, D. Takeuchi, H. Watanabe, T. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto, and C. E. Nebel, “Surface electronic properties of H-terminated diamond in contact with adsorbates and electrolytes,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(13), 3273–3298 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

S. Potocky, A. Kromka, J. Potmesil, Z. Remes, Z. Polackova, and M. Vanecek, “Growth of nanocrystalline diamond films deposited by microwave plasma CVD system at low substrate temperatures,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(12), 3011–3015 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

W. Yang and R. J. Hamers, “Fabrication and characterization of a biologically sensitive field-effect transistor using a nanocrystalline diamond thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(16), 3626–3628 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

A. E. Mora, J. W. Steeds, and J. E. Butler, “Relationship between grain boundaries and broad luminescence peaks in CVD diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials 12(3-7), 310–317 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Nebel, “Electronic properties of CVD diamond,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18(3), S1–S11 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. A 64(6), 061802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

K. Iakoubovskii and G. J. Adriaensens, “Characterization of the broad green band luminescence in CVD and synthetic Ib diamond,” Diamond Related Materials 9(3-6), 1017–1020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Iakoubovskii and G. J. Adriaensens, “Luminescence excitation spectra in diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 10174–10182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacobsohn and U. Banin, “Size Dependence of Second Harmonic Generation in CdSe Nanocrystal Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(1), 1–5 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

D. G. Kim, T. Y. Seong, Y. J. Baik, M. A. Stevens Kalceff, and M. R. Phillips, “Cathodoluminescence of diamond films grown on pretreated Si(001) substrates by microwave plasma chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 8(2-5), 712–716 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Hoffman, M. Petrovic, G. Comtet, A. Hewrtel, L. Hellner, and G. Dujardin, “Photon-stimulated desorption of H+ and H- ions from diamond surfaces: Evidence for direct and indirect processes,” Phys. Rev. B 59(4), 3203–3209 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu. D. Glinka, K.-W. Lin, H.-C. Chang, and S. H. Lin, “Multiphoton-excited luminescence from diamond nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(21), 4251–4263 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Schliesing, G. Eichhorn, X. Jiang, and H. Zacharias, “The Complex Tensor Components of the Nonlinear Susceptibility x(2) of C (100) and of the C/Si (100) Interface,” Surf. Sci. 387(1-3), 279–287 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

A. V. Turukhin, C. H. Liu, A. A. Gorokhovsky, R. R. Alfano, and W. Phillips, “Picosecond photoluminescence decay of Si-doped chemical-vapor-deposited diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 54(23), 16448–16451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Goss, R. Jones, S. J. Breuer, P. R. Briddon, and S. Öberg, “The Twelve-Line 1.682 eV Luminescence Center in Diamond and the Vacancy-Silicon Complex,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 3041–3044 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

S. Preuss and M. Stuke, “Subpicosecond ultraviolet aser ablation of diamond: nonlinear properties at 248 nm and time-resolved characterization of ablation dynamics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(3), 338–340 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Buck and Th. Schaich, “Optical 2nd-harmonic generation on the diamond C(111) surface,” Diamond Related Materials 4(4), 544–547 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Gavrilenko and F. Rebentrost, “Nonlinear optical susceptibility of the surfaces of silicon and diamond,” Surf. Sci. 331–333, 1355–1360 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

H. Sternschulte, K. Thonke, R. Sauer, P. C. Münzinger, and P. Michler, “1.681-eV luminescence center in chemical-vapor-deposited homoepitaxial diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 50(19), 14554–14560 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergman, M. T. McClure, J. T. Glass, and R. J. Nemanich, “The origin of the broadband luminescence and the effect of nitrogen doping on the optical properties of diamond films,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(5), 3020–3027 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

H. Seki, T. Yamada, T. J. Chuang, R. P. Chin, J. Y. Huang,, and Y. R. Shen, “Investigation of diamond C(111) (2 × 1) surface exposed to hydrogen and hydrocarbon species using second-harmonic generation and sum frequency generation,” Diamond Related Materials 2(2-4), 567–572 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. Ruan, K. Kobashi, and W. J. Choyke, “On the band-A emission and boron related luminescence in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(25), 3138–3140 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

M. D. Levenson and N. Bloembergen, “Dispersion of the nonlinear optical susceptibility tensor in centrosymmetric media,” Phys. Rev. B 10(10), 4447–4463 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Adriaensens, G. J.

K. Iakoubovskii and G. J. Adriaensens, “Characterization of the broad green band luminescence in CVD and synthetic Ib diamond,” Diamond Related Materials 9(3-6), 1017–1020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Iakoubovskii and G. J. Adriaensens, “Luminescence excitation spectra in diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 10174–10182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

A. V. Turukhin, C. H. Liu, A. A. Gorokhovsky, R. R. Alfano, and W. Phillips, “Picosecond photoluminescence decay of Si-doped chemical-vapor-deposited diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 54(23), 16448–16451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Asmussen, J.

S. S. Zuo, M. K. Yaran, T. A. Grotjohn, D. K. Reinhard, and J. Asmussen, “Investigation of diamond deposition uniformity and quality for freestanding film and substrate applications,” Diamond Related Materials 17(3), 300–305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Athavale, S.

M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bagla, H.

M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baik, Y. J.

D. G. Kim, T. Y. Seong, Y. J. Baik, M. A. Stevens Kalceff, and M. R. Phillips, “Cathodoluminescence of diamond films grown on pretreated Si(001) substrates by microwave plasma chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 8(2-5), 712–716 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Banin, U.

M. Jacobsohn and U. Banin, “Size Dependence of Second Harmonic Generation in CdSe Nanocrystal Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(1), 1–5 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bello, I.

X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergman, L.

L. Bergman, M. T. McClure, J. T. Glass, and R. J. Nemanich, “The origin of the broadband luminescence and the effect of nitrogen doping on the optical properties of diamond films,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(5), 3020–3027 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Beveratos, A.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. A 64(6), 061802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

M. D. Levenson and N. Bloembergen, “Dispersion of the nonlinear optical susceptibility tensor in centrosymmetric media,” Phys. Rev. B 10(10), 4447–4463 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Blyth, R. I. R.

X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozio, R.

A. Faccinetto, S. Mazzucato, D. Pedron, R. Bozio, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Non-resonant z-scan characterization of the third-order nonlinear optical properties of conjugated poly(thiophene azines),” ChemPhysChem 9(14), 2028–2034 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breuer, S. J.

J. P. Goss, R. Jones, S. J. Breuer, P. R. Briddon, and S. Öberg, “The Twelve-Line 1.682 eV Luminescence Center in Diamond and the Vacancy-Silicon Complex,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 3041–3044 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Briddon, P. R.

J. P. Goss, R. Jones, S. J. Breuer, P. R. Briddon, and S. Öberg, “The Twelve-Line 1.682 eV Luminescence Center in Diamond and the Vacancy-Silicon Complex,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 3041–3044 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brink, D.

A. Kriele, O. A. Williams, M. Wolfer, D. Brink, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “Tuneable optical lenses from diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 031905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brouri, R.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. A 64(6), 061802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Buck, M.

M. Buck and Th. Schaich, “Optical 2nd-harmonic generation on the diamond C(111) surface,” Diamond Related Materials 4(4), 544–547 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Butler, J. E.

A. E. Mora, J. W. Steeds, and J. E. Butler, “Relationship between grain boundaries and broad luminescence peaks in CVD diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials 12(3-7), 310–317 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. C.

K. K. Liu, C. L. Cheng, C. C. Chang, and J. I. Chao, “Biocompatible and detectable carboxylated nanodiamond on human cell,” Nanotechnology 18(32), 325102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H. C.

C. K. Lin, Y. H. Wang, H. C. Chang, M. Hayashi, and S. H. Lin, “One- and two-photon absorption properties of diamond nitrogen-vacancy defect centers: A theoretical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 129(12), 124714 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, H.-C.

T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu. D. Glinka, K.-W. Lin, H.-C. Chang, and S. H. Lin, “Multiphoton-excited luminescence from diamond nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(21), 4251–4263 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chao, J. I.

K. K. Liu, C. L. Cheng, C. C. Chang, and J. I. Chao, “Biocompatible and detectable carboxylated nanodiamond on human cell,” Nanotechnology 18(32), 325102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.-M.

T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, C. L.

K. K. Liu, C. L. Cheng, C. C. Chang, and J. I. Chao, “Biocompatible and detectable carboxylated nanodiamond on human cell,” Nanotechnology 18(32), 325102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit,” Science 316, 1312–1316 (2007).

Chin, R. P.

H. Seki, T. Yamada, T. J. Chuang, R. P. Chin, J. Y. Huang,, and Y. R. Shen, “Investigation of diamond C(111) (2 × 1) surface exposed to hydrogen and hydrocarbon species using second-harmonic generation and sum frequency generation,” Diamond Related Materials 2(2-4), 567–572 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
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J. Ruan, K. Kobashi, and W. J. Choyke, “On the band-A emission and boron related luminescence in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(25), 3138–3140 (1992).
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H. Seki, T. Yamada, T. J. Chuang, R. P. Chin, J. Y. Huang,, and Y. R. Shen, “Investigation of diamond C(111) (2 × 1) surface exposed to hydrogen and hydrocarbon species using second-harmonic generation and sum frequency generation,” Diamond Related Materials 2(2-4), 567–572 (1993).
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A. Hoffman, M. Petrovic, G. Comtet, A. Hewrtel, L. Hellner, and G. Dujardin, “Photon-stimulated desorption of H+ and H- ions from diamond surfaces: Evidence for direct and indirect processes,” Phys. Rev. B 59(4), 3203–3209 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
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Dadap, J. I.

Desai, S.

M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
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A. Faccinetto, S. Mazzucato, D. Pedron, R. Bozio, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Non-resonant z-scan characterization of the third-order nonlinear optical properties of conjugated poly(thiophene azines),” ChemPhysChem 9(14), 2028–2034 (2008).
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Drbohlav, I.

V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
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A. Hoffman, M. Petrovic, G. Comtet, A. Hewrtel, L. Hellner, and G. Dujardin, “Photon-stimulated desorption of H+ and H- ions from diamond surfaces: Evidence for direct and indirect processes,” Phys. Rev. B 59(4), 3203–3209 (1999).
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R. Schliesing, G. Eichhorn, X. Jiang, and H. Zacharias, “The Complex Tensor Components of the Nonlinear Susceptibility x(2) of C (100) and of the C/Si (100) Interface,” Surf. Sci. 387(1-3), 279–287 (1997).
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A. Faccinetto, S. Mazzucato, D. Pedron, R. Bozio, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Non-resonant z-scan characterization of the third-order nonlinear optical properties of conjugated poly(thiophene azines),” ChemPhysChem 9(14), 2028–2034 (2008).
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T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
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Gacoin, T.

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M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
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V. I. Gavrilenko and F. Rebentrost, “Nonlinear optical susceptibility of the surfaces of silicon and diamond,” Surf. Sci. 331–333, 1355–1360 (1995).
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L. Bergman, M. T. McClure, J. T. Glass, and R. J. Nemanich, “The origin of the broadband luminescence and the effect of nitrogen doping on the optical properties of diamond films,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(5), 3020–3027 (1994).
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Yu. D. Glinka, K.-W. Lin, H.-C. Chang, and S. H. Lin, “Multiphoton-excited luminescence from diamond nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(21), 4251–4263 (1999).
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A. V. Turukhin, C. H. Liu, A. A. Gorokhovsky, R. R. Alfano, and W. Phillips, “Picosecond photoluminescence decay of Si-doped chemical-vapor-deposited diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 54(23), 16448–16451 (1996).
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J. P. Goss, R. Jones, S. J. Breuer, P. R. Briddon, and S. Öberg, “The Twelve-Line 1.682 eV Luminescence Center in Diamond and the Vacancy-Silicon Complex,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 3041–3044 (1996).
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A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. A 64(6), 061802 (2001).
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M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
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T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
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C. K. Lin, Y. H. Wang, H. C. Chang, M. Hayashi, and S. H. Lin, “One- and two-photon absorption properties of diamond nitrogen-vacancy defect centers: A theoretical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 129(12), 124714 (2008).
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X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
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A. Hoffman, M. Petrovic, G. Comtet, A. Hewrtel, L. Hellner, and G. Dujardin, “Photon-stimulated desorption of H+ and H- ions from diamond surfaces: Evidence for direct and indirect processes,” Phys. Rev. B 59(4), 3203–3209 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit,” Science 316, 1312–1316 (2007).

Hewrtel, A.

A. Hoffman, M. Petrovic, G. Comtet, A. Hewrtel, L. Hellner, and G. Dujardin, “Photon-stimulated desorption of H+ and H- ions from diamond surfaces: Evidence for direct and indirect processes,” Phys. Rev. B 59(4), 3203–3209 (1999).
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A. Hoffman, M. Petrovic, G. Comtet, A. Hewrtel, L. Hellner, and G. Dujardin, “Photon-stimulated desorption of H+ and H- ions from diamond surfaces: Evidence for direct and indirect processes,” Phys. Rev. B 59(4), 3203–3209 (1999).
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T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang,, J. Y.

H. Seki, T. Yamada, T. J. Chuang, R. P. Chin, J. Y. Huang,, and Y. R. Shen, “Investigation of diamond C(111) (2 × 1) surface exposed to hydrogen and hydrocarbon species using second-harmonic generation and sum frequency generation,” Diamond Related Materials 2(2-4), 567–572 (1993).
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Jiang, L.

M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit,” Science 316, 1312–1316 (2007).

Jiang, X.

R. Schliesing, G. Eichhorn, X. Jiang, and H. Zacharias, “The Complex Tensor Components of the Nonlinear Susceptibility x(2) of C (100) and of the C/Si (100) Interface,” Surf. Sci. 387(1-3), 279–287 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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J. P. Goss, R. Jones, S. J. Breuer, P. R. Briddon, and S. Öberg, “The Twelve-Line 1.682 eV Luminescence Center in Diamond and the Vacancy-Silicon Complex,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 3041–3044 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. G. Kim, T. Y. Seong, Y. J. Baik, M. A. Stevens Kalceff, and M. R. Phillips, “Cathodoluminescence of diamond films grown on pretreated Si(001) substrates by microwave plasma chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 8(2-5), 712–716 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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J. Ruan, K. Kobashi, and W. J. Choyke, “On the band-A emission and boron related luminescence in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(25), 3138–3140 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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A. Kriele, O. A. Williams, M. Wolfer, D. Brink, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “Tuneable optical lenses from diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 031905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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S. Potocky, A. Kromka, J. Potmesil, Z. Remes, Z. Polackova, and M. Vanecek, “Growth of nanocrystalline diamond films deposited by microwave plasma CVD system at low substrate temperatures,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(12), 3011–3015 (2006) (a).
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X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
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C. K. Lin, Y. H. Wang, H. C. Chang, M. Hayashi, and S. H. Lin, “One- and two-photon absorption properties of diamond nitrogen-vacancy defect centers: A theoretical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 129(12), 124714 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, K.-W.

Yu. D. Glinka, K.-W. Lin, H.-C. Chang, and S. H. Lin, “Multiphoton-excited luminescence from diamond nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(21), 4251–4263 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. H.

C. K. Lin, Y. H. Wang, H. C. Chang, M. Hayashi, and S. H. Lin, “One- and two-photon absorption properties of diamond nitrogen-vacancy defect centers: A theoretical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 129(12), 124714 (2008).
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Yu. D. Glinka, K.-W. Lin, H.-C. Chang, and S. H. Lin, “Multiphoton-excited luminescence from diamond nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(21), 4251–4263 (1999).
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A. V. Turukhin, C. H. Liu, A. A. Gorokhovsky, R. R. Alfano, and W. Phillips, “Picosecond photoluminescence decay of Si-doped chemical-vapor-deposited diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 54(23), 16448–16451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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K. K. Liu, C. L. Cheng, C. C. Chang, and J. I. Chao, “Biocompatible and detectable carboxylated nanodiamond on human cell,” Nanotechnology 18(32), 325102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit,” Science 316, 1312–1316 (2007).

Mane, S.

M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit,” Science 316, 1312–1316 (2007).

Mazzucato, S.

A. Faccinetto, S. Mazzucato, D. Pedron, R. Bozio, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Non-resonant z-scan characterization of the third-order nonlinear optical properties of conjugated poly(thiophene azines),” ChemPhysChem 9(14), 2028–2034 (2008).
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L. Bergman, M. T. McClure, J. T. Glass, and R. J. Nemanich, “The origin of the broadband luminescence and the effect of nitrogen doping on the optical properties of diamond films,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(5), 3020–3027 (1994).
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V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mueller-Sebert, W.

A. Kriele, O. A. Williams, M. Wolfer, D. Brink, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “Tuneable optical lenses from diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 031905 (2009).
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Münzinger, P. C.

H. Sternschulte, K. Thonke, R. Sauer, P. C. Münzinger, and P. Michler, “1.681-eV luminescence center in chemical-vapor-deposited homoepitaxial diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 50(19), 14554–14560 (1994).
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M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
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D. Shin, B. Rezek, N. Tokuda, D. Takeuchi, H. Watanabe, T. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto, and C. E. Nebel, “Surface electronic properties of H-terminated diamond in contact with adsorbates and electrolytes,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(13), 3273–3298 (2006) (a).
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A. Kriele, O. A. Williams, M. Wolfer, D. Brink, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “Tuneable optical lenses from diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 031905 (2009).
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J. P. Goss, R. Jones, S. J. Breuer, P. R. Briddon, and S. Öberg, “The Twelve-Line 1.682 eV Luminescence Center in Diamond and the Vacancy-Silicon Complex,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 3041–3044 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panjikar, J.

M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pedron, D.

A. Faccinetto, S. Mazzucato, D. Pedron, R. Bozio, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Non-resonant z-scan characterization of the third-order nonlinear optical properties of conjugated poly(thiophene azines),” ChemPhysChem 9(14), 2028–2034 (2008).
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K. Clays and A. Persoons, “Hyper-Rayleigh scattering in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66(23), 2980–2983 (1991).
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Petrovic, M.

A. Hoffman, M. Petrovic, G. Comtet, A. Hewrtel, L. Hellner, and G. Dujardin, “Photon-stimulated desorption of H+ and H- ions from diamond surfaces: Evidence for direct and indirect processes,” Phys. Rev. B 59(4), 3203–3209 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, M. R.

D. G. Kim, T. Y. Seong, Y. J. Baik, M. A. Stevens Kalceff, and M. R. Phillips, “Cathodoluminescence of diamond films grown on pretreated Si(001) substrates by microwave plasma chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 8(2-5), 712–716 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, W.

A. V. Turukhin, C. H. Liu, A. A. Gorokhovsky, R. R. Alfano, and W. Phillips, “Picosecond photoluminescence decay of Si-doped chemical-vapor-deposited diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 54(23), 16448–16451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. A 64(6), 061802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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S. Potocky, A. Kromka, J. Potmesil, Z. Remes, Z. Polackova, and M. Vanecek, “Growth of nanocrystalline diamond films deposited by microwave plasma CVD system at low substrate temperatures,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(12), 3011–3015 (2006) (a).
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A. Faccinetto, S. Mazzucato, D. Pedron, R. Bozio, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Non-resonant z-scan characterization of the third-order nonlinear optical properties of conjugated poly(thiophene azines),” ChemPhysChem 9(14), 2028–2034 (2008).
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S. Potocky, A. Kromka, J. Potmesil, Z. Remes, Z. Polackova, and M. Vanecek, “Growth of nanocrystalline diamond films deposited by microwave plasma CVD system at low substrate temperatures,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(12), 3011–3015 (2006) (a).
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V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
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S. Potocky, A. Kromka, J. Potmesil, Z. Remes, Z. Polackova, and M. Vanecek, “Growth of nanocrystalline diamond films deposited by microwave plasma CVD system at low substrate temperatures,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(12), 3011–3015 (2006) (a).
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M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rebentrost, F.

V. I. Gavrilenko and F. Rebentrost, “Nonlinear optical susceptibility of the surfaces of silicon and diamond,” Surf. Sci. 331–333, 1355–1360 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Regier, T.

X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reinhard, D. K.

S. S. Zuo, M. K. Yaran, T. A. Grotjohn, D. K. Reinhard, and J. Asmussen, “Investigation of diamond deposition uniformity and quality for freestanding film and substrate applications,” Diamond Related Materials 17(3), 300–305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reitze, D. H.

Remes, Z.

S. Potocky, A. Kromka, J. Potmesil, Z. Remes, Z. Polackova, and M. Vanecek, “Growth of nanocrystalline diamond films deposited by microwave plasma CVD system at low substrate temperatures,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(12), 3011–3015 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

Rezek, B.

C. E. Nebel, B. Rezek, D. Shin, H. Uetsuka, and N. Yang, “Diamond for bio-sensor applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(20), 6443–6466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Shin, B. Rezek, N. Tokuda, D. Takeuchi, H. Watanabe, T. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto, and C. E. Nebel, “Surface electronic properties of H-terminated diamond in contact with adsorbates and electrolytes,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(13), 3273–3298 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

Rosa, J.

V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, J.

J. Ruan, K. Kobashi, and W. J. Choyke, “On the band-A emission and boron related luminescence in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(25), 3138–3140 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sastry, M. D.

M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, R.

H. Sternschulte, K. Thonke, R. Sauer, P. C. Münzinger, and P. Michler, “1.681-eV luminescence center in chemical-vapor-deposited homoepitaxial diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 50(19), 14554–14560 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schaich, Th.

M. Buck and Th. Schaich, “Optical 2nd-harmonic generation on the diamond C(111) surface,” Diamond Related Materials 4(4), 544–547 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schliesing, R.

R. Schliesing, G. Eichhorn, X. Jiang, and H. Zacharias, “The Complex Tensor Components of the Nonlinear Susceptibility x(2) of C (100) and of the C/Si (100) Interface,” Surf. Sci. 387(1-3), 279–287 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seki, H.

H. Seki, T. Yamada, T. J. Chuang, R. P. Chin, J. Y. Huang,, and Y. R. Shen, “Investigation of diamond C(111) (2 × 1) surface exposed to hydrogen and hydrocarbon species using second-harmonic generation and sum frequency generation,” Diamond Related Materials 2(2-4), 567–572 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Seong, T. Y.

D. G. Kim, T. Y. Seong, Y. J. Baik, M. A. Stevens Kalceff, and M. R. Phillips, “Cathodoluminescence of diamond films grown on pretreated Si(001) substrates by microwave plasma chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 8(2-5), 712–716 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sham, T. K.

X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

H. Seki, T. Yamada, T. J. Chuang, R. P. Chin, J. Y. Huang,, and Y. R. Shen, “Investigation of diamond C(111) (2 × 1) surface exposed to hydrogen and hydrocarbon species using second-harmonic generation and sum frequency generation,” Diamond Related Materials 2(2-4), 567–572 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D.

C. E. Nebel, B. Rezek, D. Shin, H. Uetsuka, and N. Yang, “Diamond for bio-sensor applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(20), 6443–6466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Shin, B. Rezek, N. Tokuda, D. Takeuchi, H. Watanabe, T. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto, and C. E. Nebel, “Surface electronic properties of H-terminated diamond in contact with adsorbates and electrolytes,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(13), 3273–3298 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

Steeds, J. W.

A. E. Mora, J. W. Steeds, and J. E. Butler, “Relationship between grain boundaries and broad luminescence peaks in CVD diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials 12(3-7), 310–317 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sternschulte, H.

H. Sternschulte, K. Thonke, R. Sauer, P. C. Münzinger, and P. Michler, “1.681-eV luminescence center in chemical-vapor-deposited homoepitaxial diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 50(19), 14554–14560 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stevens Kalceff, M. A.

D. G. Kim, T. Y. Seong, Y. J. Baik, M. A. Stevens Kalceff, and M. R. Phillips, “Cathodoluminescence of diamond films grown on pretreated Si(001) substrates by microwave plasma chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 8(2-5), 712–716 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stuke, M.

S. Preuss and M. Stuke, “Subpicosecond ultraviolet aser ablation of diamond: nonlinear properties at 248 nm and time-resolved characterization of ablation dynamics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(3), 338–340 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, D.

D. Shin, B. Rezek, N. Tokuda, D. Takeuchi, H. Watanabe, T. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto, and C. E. Nebel, “Surface electronic properties of H-terminated diamond in contact with adsorbates and electrolytes,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(13), 3273–3298 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

Thonke, K.

H. Sternschulte, K. Thonke, R. Sauer, P. C. Münzinger, and P. Michler, “1.681-eV luminescence center in chemical-vapor-deposited homoepitaxial diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 50(19), 14554–14560 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Togan, E.

M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit,” Science 316, 1312–1316 (2007).

Tokuda, N.

D. Shin, B. Rezek, N. Tokuda, D. Takeuchi, H. Watanabe, T. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto, and C. E. Nebel, “Surface electronic properties of H-terminated diamond in contact with adsorbates and electrolytes,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(13), 3273–3298 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

Turukhin, A. V.

A. V. Turukhin, C. H. Liu, A. A. Gorokhovsky, R. R. Alfano, and W. Phillips, “Picosecond photoluminescence decay of Si-doped chemical-vapor-deposited diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 54(23), 16448–16451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tzeng, Y.-K.

T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uetsuka, H.

C. E. Nebel, B. Rezek, D. Shin, H. Uetsuka, and N. Yang, “Diamond for bio-sensor applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(20), 6443–6466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Vanecek, M.

S. Potocky, A. Kromka, J. Potmesil, Z. Remes, Z. Polackova, and M. Vanecek, “Growth of nanocrystalline diamond films deposited by microwave plasma CVD system at low substrate temperatures,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(12), 3011–3015 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vorlicek, V.

V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. H.

C. K. Lin, Y. H. Wang, H. C. Chang, M. Hayashi, and S. H. Lin, “One- and two-photon absorption properties of diamond nitrogen-vacancy defect centers: A theoretical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 129(12), 124714 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, H.

D. Shin, B. Rezek, N. Tokuda, D. Takeuchi, H. Watanabe, T. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto, and C. E. Nebel, “Surface electronic properties of H-terminated diamond in contact with adsorbates and electrolytes,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(13), 3273–3298 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

Wee, T.-L.

T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Williams, O. A.

A. Kriele, O. A. Williams, M. Wolfer, D. Brink, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “Tuneable optical lenses from diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 031905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wolfer, M.

A. Kriele, O. A. Williams, M. Wolfer, D. Brink, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “Tuneable optical lenses from diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 031905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, T.

H. Seki, T. Yamada, T. J. Chuang, R. P. Chin, J. Y. Huang,, and Y. R. Shen, “Investigation of diamond C(111) (2 × 1) surface exposed to hydrogen and hydrocarbon species using second-harmonic generation and sum frequency generation,” Diamond Related Materials 2(2-4), 567–572 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

D. Shin, B. Rezek, N. Tokuda, D. Takeuchi, H. Watanabe, T. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto, and C. E. Nebel, “Surface electronic properties of H-terminated diamond in contact with adsorbates and electrolytes,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(13), 3273–3298 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

Yang, N.

C. E. Nebel, B. Rezek, D. Shin, H. Uetsuka, and N. Yang, “Diamond for bio-sensor applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(20), 6443–6466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

W. Yang and R. J. Hamers, “Fabrication and characterization of a biologically sensitive field-effect transistor using a nanocrystalline diamond thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(16), 3626–3628 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yaran, M. K.

S. S. Zuo, M. K. Yaran, T. A. Grotjohn, D. K. Reinhard, and J. Asmussen, “Investigation of diamond deposition uniformity and quality for freestanding film and substrate applications,” Diamond Related Materials 17(3), 300–305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.-C.

T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zacharias, H.

R. Schliesing, G. Eichhorn, X. Jiang, and H. Zacharias, “The Complex Tensor Components of the Nonlinear Susceptibility x(2) of C (100) and of the C/Si (100) Interface,” Surf. Sci. 387(1-3), 279–287 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit,” Science 316, 1312–1316 (2007).

Zuo, S. S.

S. S. Zuo, M. K. Yaran, T. A. Grotjohn, D. K. Reinhard, and J. Asmussen, “Investigation of diamond deposition uniformity and quality for freestanding film and substrate applications,” Diamond Related Materials 17(3), 300–305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

W. Yang and R. J. Hamers, “Fabrication and characterization of a biologically sensitive field-effect transistor using a nanocrystalline diamond thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(16), 3626–3628 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Kriele, O. A. Williams, M. Wolfer, D. Brink, W. Mueller-Sebert, and C. E. Nebel, “Tuneable optical lenses from diamond thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 031905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Preuss and M. Stuke, “Subpicosecond ultraviolet aser ablation of diamond: nonlinear properties at 248 nm and time-resolved characterization of ablation dynamics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(3), 338–340 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, K. Kobashi, and W. J. Choyke, “On the band-A emission and boron related luminescence in diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(25), 3138–3140 (1992).
[CrossRef]

ChemPhysChem (1)

A. Faccinetto, S. Mazzucato, D. Pedron, R. Bozio, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Non-resonant z-scan characterization of the third-order nonlinear optical properties of conjugated poly(thiophene azines),” ChemPhysChem 9(14), 2028–2034 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diamond Related Materials (8)

A. E. Mora, J. W. Steeds, and J. E. Butler, “Relationship between grain boundaries and broad luminescence peaks in CVD diamond films,” Diamond Related Materials 12(3-7), 310–317 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Iakoubovskii and G. J. Adriaensens, “Characterization of the broad green band luminescence in CVD and synthetic Ib diamond,” Diamond Related Materials 9(3-6), 1017–1020 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Mortet, J. D’Haen, J. Potmesil, R. Kravets, I. Drbohlav, V. Vorlicek, J. Rosa, and M. Vanecek, “Thin nanodiamond membranes and their micro structural, optical and photoelectrical properties,” Diamond Related Materials 14(3-7), 393–397 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Zuo, M. K. Yaran, T. A. Grotjohn, D. K. Reinhard, and J. Asmussen, “Investigation of diamond deposition uniformity and quality for freestanding film and substrate applications,” Diamond Related Materials 17(3), 300–305 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Kim, T. Y. Seong, Y. J. Baik, M. A. Stevens Kalceff, and M. R. Phillips, “Cathodoluminescence of diamond films grown on pretreated Si(001) substrates by microwave plasma chemical vapour deposition,” Diamond Related Materials 8(2-5), 712–716 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Sastry, M. Gaonkar, S. Mane, S. Athavale, K. V. R. Murthy, S. Desai, H. Bagla, J. Panjikar, and K. T. Ramchandran, “Non-linear optical properties of coloured diamonds: Observations of frequency up conversion and “whispering gallery-like” modes in photoluminescence,” Diamond Related Materials 17(7-10), 1288–1291 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Seki, T. Yamada, T. J. Chuang, R. P. Chin, J. Y. Huang,, and Y. R. Shen, “Investigation of diamond C(111) (2 × 1) surface exposed to hydrogen and hydrocarbon species using second-harmonic generation and sum frequency generation,” Diamond Related Materials 2(2-4), 567–572 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Buck and Th. Schaich, “Optical 2nd-harmonic generation on the diamond C(111) surface,” Diamond Related Materials 4(4), 544–547 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, Y. Wu, Y. M. Chong, I. Bello, S. T. Lee, F. Heigl, T. Regier, and R. I. R. Blyth, “X-ray excited optical luminescence from diamond thin films: the contribution of sp2- and H-bonded carbon to the luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(6), 1476–1477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Bergman, M. T. McClure, J. T. Glass, and R. J. Nemanich, “The origin of the broadband luminescence and the effect of nitrogen doping on the optical properties of diamond films,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(5), 3020–3027 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

C. K. Lin, Y. H. Wang, H. C. Chang, M. Hayashi, and S. H. Lin, “One- and two-photon absorption properties of diamond nitrogen-vacancy defect centers: A theoretical study,” J. Chem. Phys. 129(12), 124714 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

T.-L. Wee, Y.-K. Tzeng, C.-C. Han, H.-C. Chang, W. Fann, J.-H. Hsu, K.-M. Chen, and Y.-C. Yu, “Two-photon excited fluorescence of nitrogen-vacancy centers in proton-irradiated type Ib diamond,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(38), 9379–9386 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

Yu. D. Glinka, K.-W. Lin, H.-C. Chang, and S. H. Lin, “Multiphoton-excited luminescence from diamond nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(21), 4251–4263 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacobsohn and U. Banin, “Size Dependence of Second Harmonic Generation in CdSe Nanocrystal Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(1), 1–5 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

C. E. Nebel, B. Rezek, D. Shin, H. Uetsuka, and N. Yang, “Diamond for bio-sensor applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(20), 6443–6466 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

K. K. Liu, C. L. Cheng, C. C. Chang, and J. I. Chao, “Biocompatible and detectable carboxylated nanodiamond on human cell,” Nanotechnology 18(32), 325102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. A 64(6), 061802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (5)

M. D. Levenson and N. Bloembergen, “Dispersion of the nonlinear optical susceptibility tensor in centrosymmetric media,” Phys. Rev. B 10(10), 4447–4463 (1974).
[CrossRef]

K. Iakoubovskii and G. J. Adriaensens, “Luminescence excitation spectra in diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 10174–10182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Hoffman, M. Petrovic, G. Comtet, A. Hewrtel, L. Hellner, and G. Dujardin, “Photon-stimulated desorption of H+ and H- ions from diamond surfaces: Evidence for direct and indirect processes,” Phys. Rev. B 59(4), 3203–3209 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Turukhin, C. H. Liu, A. A. Gorokhovsky, R. R. Alfano, and W. Phillips, “Picosecond photoluminescence decay of Si-doped chemical-vapor-deposited diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 54(23), 16448–16451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Sternschulte, K. Thonke, R. Sauer, P. C. Münzinger, and P. Michler, “1.681-eV luminescence center in chemical-vapor-deposited homoepitaxial diamond films,” Phys. Rev. B 50(19), 14554–14560 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. P. Goss, R. Jones, S. J. Breuer, P. R. Briddon, and S. Öberg, “The Twelve-Line 1.682 eV Luminescence Center in Diamond and the Vacancy-Silicon Complex,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(14), 3041–3044 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Clays and A. Persoons, “Hyper-Rayleigh scattering in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66(23), 2980–2983 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi (2)

S. Potocky, A. Kromka, J. Potmesil, Z. Remes, Z. Polackova, and M. Vanecek, “Growth of nanocrystalline diamond films deposited by microwave plasma CVD system at low substrate temperatures,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(12), 3011–3015 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

D. Shin, B. Rezek, N. Tokuda, D. Takeuchi, H. Watanabe, T. Nakamura, T. Yamamoto, and C. E. Nebel, “Surface electronic properties of H-terminated diamond in contact with adsorbates and electrolytes,” Phys. Status Solidi 203(13), 3273–3298 (2006) (a).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit,” Science 316, 1312–1316 (2007).

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

C. E. Nebel, “Electronic properties of CVD diamond,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18(3), S1–S11 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Sci. (2)

V. I. Gavrilenko and F. Rebentrost, “Nonlinear optical susceptibility of the surfaces of silicon and diamond,” Surf. Sci. 331–333, 1355–1360 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Schliesing, G. Eichhorn, X. Jiang, and H. Zacharias, “The Complex Tensor Components of the Nonlinear Susceptibility x(2) of C (100) and of the C/Si (100) Interface,” Surf. Sci. 387(1-3), 279–287 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

S. Koizumi, C. E. Nebel, and M. Nesladek, Physics and Applications of CVD Diamond, (Wiley-VCH, 2008).

O. Madelung, M. Schulz, and H. Weiss, (Eds), Landolt-Bornstein, series III, vol. 22, (Springer-Verlag, 1987).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, (Academic Press, 2002).

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials, (CRC Press, 2002).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SEM micrograph of NCD membrane; (b) Raman spectrum of NCD membrane.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption and photoluminescence spectra of nanodiamond membrane. Red line –model (see text).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum of upconverted PL of nanodiamond membrane excited by 460 nm femtosecond pulses. Inset (left): PLE spectrum of upconverted PL detected at 360 nm. Inset (right): dependence of PL intensity at 340 nm on excitation intensity at 460 nm. Solid line – the quadratic fit I P L I e x c 2 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Second harmonic signal of labelled incident wavelengths from nanodiamond membrane. Inset: intensity dependence of second harmonics of 460 nm pulse. Solid line – a quadratic fit I S H I 2 .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The third harmonics of the input femtosecond pulses of labelled wavelengths from nanodiamond membrane. Inset: intensity dependence of the third harmonic signal for input pulse at 1055 nm. Solid line – a cubic fit I T H I 3 .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The closed (solid squares) aperture Z-scan data for nanodiamond membrane at wavelength of 580 nm. The red curve is the fit described in the text. Inset: spectral dependence of nonlinear index of refraction (symbols).

Equations (1)

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χ ( 3 ) = 2 ε 0 c n ω 3 n 3 ω λ ω 0 3 π l I ω η .

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