Abstract

The present article highlights the lattice-imperfection and compositional origins of the nonlinear optical response in bismuth-substituted iron garnet films. In particular the roles of lattice mismatch strain and micro-strain on second harmonic generation in (Bi,Y)3(Fe,Ga)5O12 films are elucidated based on experimental findings. It is found that lattice mismatch strain drives the second harmonic signal in (Bi,Y)3(Fe,Ga)5O12 films, in agreement with theoretical predictions; however micro-strain was found not to correlate significantly with the second harmonic signal at the micro-strain levels present in these samples. The present study also elaborates on the influence of the film’s constitutive elements and finds the nonlinear response to increase with yttrium concentration.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. Th. Rasing, "Nonlinear magneto-optical probing of magnetic interfaces," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 68, 477-484 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. V. Melnikov, E. D. Mishina, and T. V. Murzina, "Second harmonic generation as a nondestructive readout of optical (photo(electro)chromic and magnetic) memories," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 122-127 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. N. Gridnev, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, "Second harmonic generation in anisotropic magnetic films," Phys. Rev. B 63, 184407 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. A. Aleshkevich, A. V. Melnikov, T. V. Misuryae, T. V. Murzina and V. V. Randoshkin, "Magnetic field induced effects in optical second harmonic generation from iron-garnet Films," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 165,421-423 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Hansteen, O. Hunderi, T. H. Johansen, A. Kirilyuk and T. Rasing, "Selective surface/interface characterization of thin garnet films by magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. B 70, 094408 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, I. L. Lyubchanskii, V. K. Valev and Th. Rasing, "Direct observation of controlled strain-induced second harmonic generation in a Co0.25Pd0.75 thin film on a Pb(ZrTi)O3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. Jahnke, J. Gudde and E. Matthias, "Growth and magnetic ordering of Ni and Co films on Rh(0 0 1) investigated with second-harmonic generation," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 232,27-35 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth substituted gadolinium iron garnet films," Phys. Rev. B 27, 4375-4383 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth- and aluminum- substituted iron garnet films," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 1052-1061 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Y. Chern and J. S. Liaw, "Study of BixY3-xFe5O12 thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1049-1053 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. V. Pisarev, B. B. Krichevtsov, V. N. Gridnev, V. P. Klin, D. Frohlich and Ch. Pahlke-Lerch, "Optical second-harmonic generation in magnetic garnet thin films," J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 5, 8621-8628 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. V. Murzina, E. M. Kim, R. V. Kapra, and A. A. Fedyanin, "Magnetization-induced second- and third-harmonic generation in magnetic thin films and nanoparticles" J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 138-147 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. I. L. Lyubchanskii, J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii and Th. Rasing, "Influence of lattice mismatch on magnetization-induced optical second harmonic generation from a magnetic film on a nonmagnetic substrate," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6794-6796 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, and M. I. Lyubchanskii, "Second-harmonic generation from realistic film-substrate interfaces: the effects of strain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1848-1850 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, I. L. Lyubchanskii and V. N. Varyukhin, "Strain-induced three-photon Effects," Phys. Rev. B. 62, 13455-13463 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Fiebig, V. V. Pavlov and R. V. Pisarev, "Second-harmonic generation as a tool for studying electronic and magnetic structures of crystals: review," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22, 96-118 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Kirilyuk, "Nonlinear optics in application to magnetic surfaces and thin films," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35, R189-R207 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Th. Gerrits, T. J. Silva, and Th. Rasing, "Component-resolved determination of the magnetization by magnetization-induced optical second-harmonic generation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 034704 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Inoue, and V. G. Golubev, "Non-linear magneto-optics in magnetophotonic crystals," J. Magn. Soc. Jpn,  30, 646-651 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, "Magneto-optics spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2eV," Phys. Rev. B. 12, 2777-2788 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  21. G. F. Dionne and G. A. Allen, "Spectral origins of giant Faraday rotation and ellipticity in Bi-substituted magnetic garnets," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 6127-6129 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, "Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization," Phys. Rev. B 64, 174406 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Kahl and A. M. Grishin, "Improved quality factors of magneto-optical imaging calculated for heteroepitaxial iron garnet multilayers," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033501 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy measurements were performed by EVANS Analytical Group.
  25. R.-P. Pan, H. D. Wei, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical second-harmonic generation from magnetized surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1229-1234 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, I. L. Lyubchanskii, V. K. Valev and Th. Rasing, "Direct observation of controlled strain-induced second harmonic generation in a Co0.25Pd0.75 thin film on a Pb(ZrTi)O3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Th. Gerrits, T. J. Silva, and Th. Rasing, "Component-resolved determination of the magnetization by magnetization-induced optical second-harmonic generation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 034704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Inoue, and V. G. Golubev, "Non-linear magneto-optics in magnetophotonic crystals," J. Magn. Soc. Jpn,  30, 646-651 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

M. Fiebig, V. V. Pavlov and R. V. Pisarev, "Second-harmonic generation as a tool for studying electronic and magnetic structures of crystals: review," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22, 96-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Kahl and A. M. Grishin, "Improved quality factors of magneto-optical imaging calculated for heteroepitaxial iron garnet multilayers," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. V. Murzina, E. M. Kim, R. V. Kapra, and A. A. Fedyanin, "Magnetization-induced second- and third-harmonic generation in magnetic thin films and nanoparticles" J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 138-147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. Hansteen, O. Hunderi, T. H. Johansen, A. Kirilyuk and T. Rasing, "Selective surface/interface characterization of thin garnet films by magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. B 70, 094408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Kirilyuk, "Nonlinear optics in application to magnetic surfaces and thin films," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35, R189-R207 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

V. Jahnke, J. Gudde and E. Matthias, "Growth and magnetic ordering of Ni and Co films on Rh(0 0 1) investigated with second-harmonic generation," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 232,27-35 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Gridnev, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, "Second harmonic generation in anisotropic magnetic films," Phys. Rev. B 63, 184407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, "Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization," Phys. Rev. B 64, 174406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

I. L. Lyubchanskii, J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii and Th. Rasing, "Influence of lattice mismatch on magnetization-induced optical second harmonic generation from a magnetic film on a nonmagnetic substrate," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6794-6796 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, and M. I. Lyubchanskii, "Second-harmonic generation from realistic film-substrate interfaces: the effects of strain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1848-1850 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, I. L. Lyubchanskii and V. N. Varyukhin, "Strain-induced three-photon Effects," Phys. Rev. B. 62, 13455-13463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Th. Rasing, "Nonlinear magneto-optical probing of magnetic interfaces," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 68, 477-484 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. V. Melnikov, E. D. Mishina, and T. V. Murzina, "Second harmonic generation as a nondestructive readout of optical (photo(electro)chromic and magnetic) memories," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 122-127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. A. Aleshkevich, A. V. Melnikov, T. V. Misuryae, T. V. Murzina and V. V. Randoshkin, "Magnetic field induced effects in optical second harmonic generation from iron-garnet Films," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 165,421-423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Chern and J. S. Liaw, "Study of BixY3-xFe5O12 thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1049-1053 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

R. V. Pisarev, B. B. Krichevtsov, V. N. Gridnev, V. P. Klin, D. Frohlich and Ch. Pahlke-Lerch, "Optical second-harmonic generation in magnetic garnet thin films," J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 5, 8621-8628 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. F. Dionne and G. A. Allen, "Spectral origins of giant Faraday rotation and ellipticity in Bi-substituted magnetic garnets," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 6127-6129 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

R.-P. Pan, H. D. Wei, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical second-harmonic generation from magnetized surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1229-1234 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth- and aluminum- substituted iron garnet films," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 1052-1061 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth substituted gadolinium iron garnet films," Phys. Rev. B 27, 4375-4383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, "Magneto-optics spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2eV," Phys. Rev. B. 12, 2777-2788 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Aktsipetrov, O. A.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Inoue, and V. G. Golubev, "Non-linear magneto-optics in magnetophotonic crystals," J. Magn. Soc. Jpn,  30, 646-651 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. V. Murzina, E. M. Kim, R. V. Kapra, and A. A. Fedyanin, "Magnetization-induced second- and third-harmonic generation in magnetic thin films and nanoparticles" J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 138-147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. V. Melnikov, E. D. Mishina, and T. V. Murzina, "Second harmonic generation as a nondestructive readout of optical (photo(electro)chromic and magnetic) memories," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 122-127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. A. Aleshkevich, A. V. Melnikov, T. V. Misuryae, T. V. Murzina and V. V. Randoshkin, "Magnetic field induced effects in optical second harmonic generation from iron-garnet Films," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 165,421-423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aleshkevich, V. A.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. A. Aleshkevich, A. V. Melnikov, T. V. Misuryae, T. V. Murzina and V. V. Randoshkin, "Magnetic field induced effects in optical second harmonic generation from iron-garnet Films," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 165,421-423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Allen, G. A.

G. F. Dionne and G. A. Allen, "Spectral origins of giant Faraday rotation and ellipticity in Bi-substituted magnetic garnets," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 6127-6129 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baziljevich, M.

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, "Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization," Phys. Rev. B 64, 174406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bongers, P. F.

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, "Magneto-optics spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2eV," Phys. Rev. B. 12, 2777-2788 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Chern, M. Y.

M. Y. Chern and J. S. Liaw, "Study of BixY3-xFe5O12 thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1049-1053 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dadoenkova, N. N.

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, I. L. Lyubchanskii, V. K. Valev and Th. Rasing, "Direct observation of controlled strain-induced second harmonic generation in a Co0.25Pd0.75 thin film on a Pb(ZrTi)O3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii and Th. Rasing, "Influence of lattice mismatch on magnetization-induced optical second harmonic generation from a magnetic film on a nonmagnetic substrate," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6794-6796 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, and M. I. Lyubchanskii, "Second-harmonic generation from realistic film-substrate interfaces: the effects of strain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1848-1850 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dionne, G. F.

G. F. Dionne and G. A. Allen, "Spectral origins of giant Faraday rotation and ellipticity in Bi-substituted magnetic garnets," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 6127-6129 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fedyanin, A. A.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. V. Murzina, E. M. Kim, R. V. Kapra, and A. A. Fedyanin, "Magnetization-induced second- and third-harmonic generation in magnetic thin films and nanoparticles" J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 138-147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. V. Melnikov, E. D. Mishina, and T. V. Murzina, "Second harmonic generation as a nondestructive readout of optical (photo(electro)chromic and magnetic) memories," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 122-127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fiebig, M.

M. Fiebig, V. V. Pavlov and R. V. Pisarev, "Second-harmonic generation as a tool for studying electronic and magnetic structures of crystals: review," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22, 96-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Frohlich, D.

R. V. Pisarev, B. B. Krichevtsov, V. N. Gridnev, V. P. Klin, D. Frohlich and Ch. Pahlke-Lerch, "Optical second-harmonic generation in magnetic garnet thin films," J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 5, 8621-8628 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gerrits, Th.

Th. Gerrits, T. J. Silva, and Th. Rasing, "Component-resolved determination of the magnetization by magnetization-induced optical second-harmonic generation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 034704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Golubev, V. G.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Inoue, and V. G. Golubev, "Non-linear magneto-optics in magnetophotonic crystals," J. Magn. Soc. Jpn,  30, 646-651 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gridnev, V. N.

V. N. Gridnev, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, "Second harmonic generation in anisotropic magnetic films," Phys. Rev. B 63, 184407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Pisarev, B. B. Krichevtsov, V. N. Gridnev, V. P. Klin, D. Frohlich and Ch. Pahlke-Lerch, "Optical second-harmonic generation in magnetic garnet thin films," J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 5, 8621-8628 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grishin, A. M.

S. Kahl and A. M. Grishin, "Improved quality factors of magneto-optical imaging calculated for heteroepitaxial iron garnet multilayers," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gudde, J.

V. Jahnke, J. Gudde and E. Matthias, "Growth and magnetic ordering of Ni and Co films on Rh(0 0 1) investigated with second-harmonic generation," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 232,27-35 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, P.

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth- and aluminum- substituted iron garnet films," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 1052-1061 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth substituted gadolinium iron garnet films," Phys. Rev. B 27, 4375-4383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, R. W.

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, "Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization," Phys. Rev. B 64, 174406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hansteen, F.

F. Hansteen, O. Hunderi, T. H. Johansen, A. Kirilyuk and T. Rasing, "Selective surface/interface characterization of thin garnet films by magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. B 70, 094408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helseth, L. E.

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, "Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization," Phys. Rev. B 64, 174406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hunderi, O.

F. Hansteen, O. Hunderi, T. H. Johansen, A. Kirilyuk and T. Rasing, "Selective surface/interface characterization of thin garnet films by magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. B 70, 094408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Il’yashenko, E. I.

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, "Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization," Phys. Rev. B 64, 174406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, M.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Inoue, and V. G. Golubev, "Non-linear magneto-optics in magnetophotonic crystals," J. Magn. Soc. Jpn,  30, 646-651 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jahnke, V.

V. Jahnke, J. Gudde and E. Matthias, "Growth and magnetic ordering of Ni and Co films on Rh(0 0 1) investigated with second-harmonic generation," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 232,27-35 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J.-W.

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, I. L. Lyubchanskii, V. K. Valev and Th. Rasing, "Direct observation of controlled strain-induced second harmonic generation in a Co0.25Pd0.75 thin film on a Pb(ZrTi)O3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii and Th. Rasing, "Influence of lattice mismatch on magnetization-induced optical second harmonic generation from a magnetic film on a nonmagnetic substrate," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6794-6796 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, I. L. Lyubchanskii and V. N. Varyukhin, "Strain-induced three-photon Effects," Phys. Rev. B. 62, 13455-13463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Johansen, T. H.

F. Hansteen, O. Hunderi, T. H. Johansen, A. Kirilyuk and T. Rasing, "Selective surface/interface characterization of thin garnet films by magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. B 70, 094408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, "Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization," Phys. Rev. B 64, 174406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kahl, S.

S. Kahl and A. M. Grishin, "Improved quality factors of magneto-optical imaging calculated for heteroepitaxial iron garnet multilayers," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kapra, R. V.

Kim, E. M.

Kirilyuk, A.

F. Hansteen, O. Hunderi, T. H. Johansen, A. Kirilyuk and T. Rasing, "Selective surface/interface characterization of thin garnet films by magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. B 70, 094408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Kirilyuk, "Nonlinear optics in application to magnetic surfaces and thin films," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35, R189-R207 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Gridnev, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, "Second harmonic generation in anisotropic magnetic films," Phys. Rev. B 63, 184407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Klin, V. P.

R. V. Pisarev, B. B. Krichevtsov, V. N. Gridnev, V. P. Klin, D. Frohlich and Ch. Pahlke-Lerch, "Optical second-harmonic generation in magnetic garnet thin films," J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 5, 8621-8628 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Krichevtsov, B. B.

R. V. Pisarev, B. B. Krichevtsov, V. N. Gridnev, V. P. Klin, D. Frohlich and Ch. Pahlke-Lerch, "Optical second-harmonic generation in magnetic garnet thin films," J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 5, 8621-8628 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liaw, J. S.

M. Y. Chern and J. S. Liaw, "Study of BixY3-xFe5O12 thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1049-1053 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lyubchanskii, I. L.

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, I. L. Lyubchanskii, V. K. Valev and Th. Rasing, "Direct observation of controlled strain-induced second harmonic generation in a Co0.25Pd0.75 thin film on a Pb(ZrTi)O3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, I. L. Lyubchanskii and V. N. Varyukhin, "Strain-induced three-photon Effects," Phys. Rev. B. 62, 13455-13463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii and Th. Rasing, "Influence of lattice mismatch on magnetization-induced optical second harmonic generation from a magnetic film on a nonmagnetic substrate," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6794-6796 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, and M. I. Lyubchanskii, "Second-harmonic generation from realistic film-substrate interfaces: the effects of strain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1848-1850 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lyubchanskii, M. I.

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, and M. I. Lyubchanskii, "Second-harmonic generation from realistic film-substrate interfaces: the effects of strain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1848-1850 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii and Th. Rasing, "Influence of lattice mismatch on magnetization-induced optical second harmonic generation from a magnetic film on a nonmagnetic substrate," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6794-6796 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Matthias, E.

V. Jahnke, J. Gudde and E. Matthias, "Growth and magnetic ordering of Ni and Co films on Rh(0 0 1) investigated with second-harmonic generation," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 232,27-35 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Melnikov, A. V.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. V. Melnikov, E. D. Mishina, and T. V. Murzina, "Second harmonic generation as a nondestructive readout of optical (photo(electro)chromic and magnetic) memories," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 122-127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. A. Aleshkevich, A. V. Melnikov, T. V. Misuryae, T. V. Murzina and V. V. Randoshkin, "Magnetic field induced effects in optical second harmonic generation from iron-garnet Films," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 165,421-423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mishina, E. D.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. V. Melnikov, E. D. Mishina, and T. V. Murzina, "Second harmonic generation as a nondestructive readout of optical (photo(electro)chromic and magnetic) memories," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 122-127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Misuryae, T. V.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. A. Aleshkevich, A. V. Melnikov, T. V. Misuryae, T. V. Murzina and V. V. Randoshkin, "Magnetic field induced effects in optical second harmonic generation from iron-garnet Films," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 165,421-423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Murzina, T. V.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. V. Murzina, E. M. Kim, R. V. Kapra, and A. A. Fedyanin, "Magnetization-induced second- and third-harmonic generation in magnetic thin films and nanoparticles" J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 138-147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. V. Melnikov, E. D. Mishina, and T. V. Murzina, "Second harmonic generation as a nondestructive readout of optical (photo(electro)chromic and magnetic) memories," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 122-127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. A. Aleshkevich, A. V. Melnikov, T. V. Misuryae, T. V. Murzina and V. V. Randoshkin, "Magnetic field induced effects in optical second harmonic generation from iron-garnet Films," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 165,421-423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pahlke-Lerch, Ch.

R. V. Pisarev, B. B. Krichevtsov, V. N. Gridnev, V. P. Klin, D. Frohlich and Ch. Pahlke-Lerch, "Optical second-harmonic generation in magnetic garnet thin films," J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 5, 8621-8628 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pan, R.-P.

R.-P. Pan, H. D. Wei, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical second-harmonic generation from magnetized surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1229-1234 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pavlov, V. V.

M. Fiebig, V. V. Pavlov and R. V. Pisarev, "Second-harmonic generation as a tool for studying electronic and magnetic structures of crystals: review," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22, 96-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Gridnev, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, "Second harmonic generation in anisotropic magnetic films," Phys. Rev. B 63, 184407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pisarev, R. V.

M. Fiebig, V. V. Pavlov and R. V. Pisarev, "Second-harmonic generation as a tool for studying electronic and magnetic structures of crystals: review," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22, 96-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Gridnev, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, "Second harmonic generation in anisotropic magnetic films," Phys. Rev. B 63, 184407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Pisarev, B. B. Krichevtsov, V. N. Gridnev, V. P. Klin, D. Frohlich and Ch. Pahlke-Lerch, "Optical second-harmonic generation in magnetic garnet thin films," J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 5, 8621-8628 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Popma, T. J. A.

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, "Magneto-optics spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2eV," Phys. Rev. B. 12, 2777-2788 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Randoshkin, V. V.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. A. Aleshkevich, A. V. Melnikov, T. V. Misuryae, T. V. Murzina and V. V. Randoshkin, "Magnetic field induced effects in optical second harmonic generation from iron-garnet Films," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 165,421-423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rasing, T.

F. Hansteen, O. Hunderi, T. H. Johansen, A. Kirilyuk and T. Rasing, "Selective surface/interface characterization of thin garnet films by magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. B 70, 094408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rasing, Th.

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, I. L. Lyubchanskii, V. K. Valev and Th. Rasing, "Direct observation of controlled strain-induced second harmonic generation in a Co0.25Pd0.75 thin film on a Pb(ZrTi)O3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Th. Gerrits, T. J. Silva, and Th. Rasing, "Component-resolved determination of the magnetization by magnetization-induced optical second-harmonic generation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 034704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Gridnev, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, "Second harmonic generation in anisotropic magnetic films," Phys. Rev. B 63, 184407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii and Th. Rasing, "Influence of lattice mismatch on magnetization-induced optical second harmonic generation from a magnetic film on a nonmagnetic substrate," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6794-6796 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Th. Rasing, "Nonlinear magneto-optical probing of magnetic interfaces," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 68, 477-484 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, J. M.

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, "Magneto-optics spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2eV," Phys. Rev. B. 12, 2777-2788 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

R.-P. Pan, H. D. Wei, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical second-harmonic generation from magnetized surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1229-1234 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shin, S.-C.

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, I. L. Lyubchanskii, V. K. Valev and Th. Rasing, "Direct observation of controlled strain-induced second harmonic generation in a Co0.25Pd0.75 thin film on a Pb(ZrTi)O3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii and Th. Rasing, "Influence of lattice mismatch on magnetization-induced optical second harmonic generation from a magnetic film on a nonmagnetic substrate," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6794-6796 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, I. L. Lyubchanskii and V. N. Varyukhin, "Strain-induced three-photon Effects," Phys. Rev. B. 62, 13455-13463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Silva, T. J.

Th. Gerrits, T. J. Silva, and Th. Rasing, "Component-resolved determination of the magnetization by magnetization-induced optical second-harmonic generation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 034704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tolksdorf, W.

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth- and aluminum- substituted iron garnet films," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 1052-1061 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth substituted gadolinium iron garnet films," Phys. Rev. B 27, 4375-4383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Valev, V. K.

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, I. L. Lyubchanskii, V. K. Valev and Th. Rasing, "Direct observation of controlled strain-induced second harmonic generation in a Co0.25Pd0.75 thin film on a Pb(ZrTi)O3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Varyukhin, V. N.

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, I. L. Lyubchanskii and V. N. Varyukhin, "Strain-induced three-photon Effects," Phys. Rev. B. 62, 13455-13463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wei, H. D.

R.-P. Pan, H. D. Wei, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical second-harmonic generation from magnetized surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1229-1234 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wittekoek, S.

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, "Magneto-optics spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2eV," Phys. Rev. B. 12, 2777-2788 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Witter, K.

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth- and aluminum- substituted iron garnet films," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 1052-1061 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth substituted gadolinium iron garnet films," Phys. Rev. B 27, 4375-4383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. (1)

Th. Rasing, "Nonlinear magneto-optical probing of magnetic interfaces," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 68, 477-484 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, I. L. Lyubchanskii, V. K. Valev and Th. Rasing, "Direct observation of controlled strain-induced second harmonic generation in a Co0.25Pd0.75 thin film on a Pb(ZrTi)O3 substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, and M. I. Lyubchanskii, "Second-harmonic generation from realistic film-substrate interfaces: the effects of strain," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1848-1850 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

I. L. Lyubchanskii, J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii and Th. Rasing, "Influence of lattice mismatch on magnetization-induced optical second harmonic generation from a magnetic film on a nonmagnetic substrate," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6794-6796 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth- and aluminum- substituted iron garnet films," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 1052-1061 (1984).
[CrossRef]

G. F. Dionne and G. A. Allen, "Spectral origins of giant Faraday rotation and ellipticity in Bi-substituted magnetic garnets," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 6127-6129 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Kahl and A. M. Grishin, "Improved quality factors of magneto-optical imaging calculated for heteroepitaxial iron garnet multilayers," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 033501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Magn. Magn. Mater. (2)

V. Jahnke, J. Gudde and E. Matthias, "Growth and magnetic ordering of Ni and Co films on Rh(0 0 1) investigated with second-harmonic generation," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 232,27-35 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. A. Aleshkevich, A. V. Melnikov, T. V. Misuryae, T. V. Murzina and V. V. Randoshkin, "Magnetic field induced effects in optical second harmonic generation from iron-garnet Films," J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 165,421-423 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Magn. Soc. Jpn (1)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Inoue, and V. G. Golubev, "Non-linear magneto-optics in magnetophotonic crystals," J. Magn. Soc. Jpn,  30, 646-651 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

M. Fiebig, V. V. Pavlov and R. V. Pisarev, "Second-harmonic generation as a tool for studying electronic and magnetic structures of crystals: review," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22, 96-118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Kirilyuk, "Nonlinear optics in application to magnetic surfaces and thin films," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35, R189-R207 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. (1)

R. V. Pisarev, B. B. Krichevtsov, V. N. Gridnev, V. P. Klin, D. Frohlich and Ch. Pahlke-Lerch, "Optical second-harmonic generation in magnetic garnet thin films," J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 5, 8621-8628 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. V. Melnikov, E. D. Mishina, and T. V. Murzina, "Second harmonic generation as a nondestructive readout of optical (photo(electro)chromic and magnetic) memories," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 122-127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Chern and J. S. Liaw, "Study of BixY3-xFe5O12 thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1049-1053 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (5)

P. Hansen, K. Witter and W. Tolksdorf, "Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of bismuth substituted gadolinium iron garnet films," Phys. Rev. B 27, 4375-4383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Gridnev, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, "Second harmonic generation in anisotropic magnetic films," Phys. Rev. B 63, 184407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Hansteen, O. Hunderi, T. H. Johansen, A. Kirilyuk and T. Rasing, "Selective surface/interface characterization of thin garnet films by magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. B 70, 094408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R.-P. Pan, H. D. Wei, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical second-harmonic generation from magnetized surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 39, 1229-1234 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, "Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization," Phys. Rev. B 64, 174406 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B. (2)

J.-W. Jeong, S.-C. Shin, I. L. Lyubchanskii and V. N. Varyukhin, "Strain-induced three-photon Effects," Phys. Rev. B. 62, 13455-13463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, "Magneto-optics spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2eV," Phys. Rev. B. 12, 2777-2788 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

Th. Gerrits, T. J. Silva, and Th. Rasing, "Component-resolved determination of the magnetization by magnetization-induced optical second-harmonic generation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 034704 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy measurements were performed by EVANS Analytical Group.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental setup for SHG measurement, (b) Azimuthal angular dependences of the SHG intensity for p-in, p-out (closed circles) and for p-in, s-out (open circles) polarization combinations

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Peak fit of (444) sample peak of a typical sample using symmetrical Pearson VII profiles. The profiles near 50.14° correspond to the film and the one near 51.14° to the substrate. Each profile has two peaks corresponding to XRD Kα1 and Kα2 lines.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(Color online) Depth profiles of elemental concentrations in a typical sample

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Plot of Bi concentration Vs lattice mismatch strain (a), Y concentration Vs lattice mismatch strain (b), Bi concentration Vs micro-strain (c), Y concentration Vs micro-strain (d).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Normalized SHG signal (PP geometry) dependence on the lattice mismatch strain (a), dependence on the micro-strain (b). A second power allometric fit to lattice mismatch dependence is plotted in (a).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Normalized SHG signal (PP geometry) dependence on the Bi concentration (a), dependence on the Y concentration (b).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I. Elemental atomic concentrations and strain values of the Bi:YIG samples

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P ( 2 ω ) = P magn ( 2 ω ) + P cryst ( 2 ω ) .
χ ijk ( 2 ) ( r ) = χ ijk ( 2,0 ) ( r ) + p ijklm u lm ( r ) .
u lm ( r ) = u lm ( 1 ) ( r ) Θ ( h c z ) + u lm ( 2 ) ( r ) θ ( z h c ) .

Metrics