Abstract

The pulse evolution in Bi-doped soliton fiber laser with slow and fast saturable absorber has been studied both experimentally and numerically. Semiconductor saturable absorbers with balanced slow and fast absorption recovery mechanisms exhibit a bi-temporal recovery dynamics which permits both reliable start-up of passive mode-locking and short pulse generation and stabilization. The pulse dynamics within the Bi fiber laser cavity have been investigated.

©2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  15. H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 591–598 (1995).
    [Crossref]
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2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (4)

2004 (1)

O. Okhotnikov and M. Pessa, “Dilute nitride saturable absorber mirrors for optical pulse generation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(31), S3107–S3120 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bigot, L.

Bouwmans, G.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I. A.

Dianov, E. M.

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Fedoruk, M.

Ferin, A. A.

Firstov, S. V.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Golant, K. M.

Gomes, L. A.

Grudinin, A. B.

Guina, M.

S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable modelocked bismuth-doped soliton fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1456–1458 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman soliton source using mode-locked Tm-Ho fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. A. Krylov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, P. G. Kryukov, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1807–1808 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hakulinen, T.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman soliton source using mode-locked Tm-Ho fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

Herda, R.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jouhti, T.

Jung, I.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kholodkov, A. V.

Kivistö, S.

S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable modelocked bismuth-doped soliton fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1456–1458 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman soliton source using mode-locked Tm-Ho fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Krylov, A. A.

Kryukov, P. G.

Mashinsky, V. M.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M. A.

Nelson, L. E.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

Okhotnikov, O.

O. Shtyrina, M. Fedoruk, S. Turitsyn, R. Herda, and O. Okhotnikov, “Evolution and stability of pulse regimes in SESAM-mode-locked femtosecond fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(2), 346–352 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. Okhotnikov and M. Pessa, “Dilute nitride saturable absorber mirrors for optical pulse generation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(31), S3107–S3120 (2004).
[Crossref]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pessa, M.

O. Okhotnikov and M. Pessa, “Dilute nitride saturable absorber mirrors for optical pulse generation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(31), S3107–S3120 (2004).
[Crossref]

Popov, S. V.

Puustinen, J.

S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable modelocked bismuth-doped soliton fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1456–1458 (2008).
[Crossref]

Razdobreev, I.

Rulkov, A. B.

Shtyrina, O.

Shubin, A. V.

Tamura, K.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. R.

Turitsyn, S.

Weingarten, K.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Xiang, N.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, “Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 73(7), 653–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable modelocked bismuth-doped soliton fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1456–1458 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 591–598 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman soliton source using mode-locked Tm-Ho fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

O. Okhotnikov and M. Pessa, “Dilute nitride saturable absorber mirrors for optical pulse generation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16(31), S3107–S3120 (2004).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

M. Guina, P. Tuomisto, O. G. Okhotnikov, S. Marcinkevicius, K. Mizohatad, and J. Keinonen, ”Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled through growth conditions,” SPIE Proc. 6451, 645113–1 - 645113–7 (2007).

V.V. Dvoyrin, V.M. Mashinsky, E.M. Dianov, A.A. Umnikov, M.V. Yashkov, A.N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescent and optical amplification in MCVD Bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in Proc. of 31 ECOC (Glasgow, 2005), 4, 949–950 (2005).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser operating in soliton regime.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Temporal response of saturable absorption (a) for the absorber #1, and (b) for the absorbers #2 and #3.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Measured autocorrelations for the three different absorbers. (b) Corresponding optical spectra. The intra-cavity cavity GVD is ~-0.4 ps2. The autocorrelator scanning range is ~210 ps.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Simulated autocorrelation traces for each absorber and the (b) corresponding pulse spectra. The spectral widths are 0.9 nm, 2.6 nm, 2.6 nm, respectively. The inset shows a simulated time domain pulse shape generated using the Absorber #1 with fiber gain value of 0.45 dB/m.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Simulated autocorrelations for cavity dispersion of −0.65 ps2. The inset shows a time domain pulse shape generated using the absorber #2 and fiber gain value of 0.35 dB/m.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Numerically simulated spectral width (Δλ3dB) and time-bandwidth product (TBP) at different locations of the fiber cavity. Scatters are the experimental measurements.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Measured autocorrelations at different positions of the cavity for the fastest SESAM. Pulse widths according to sech2-fitting are 1.45 ps, 1.67 ps, 1.05 ps, and 0.70 ps for the output 1, 2, 3, and externally compressed 2, respectively. (b) Optical spectra corresponding to the autocorrelations. The spectral widths for the different outputs are 2.9 nm, 2.8 nm, 2.0 nm, respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 SESAM parameters used in numerical simulation

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