Abstract

For semimetals such as bismuth, ultrafast femtosecond laser-excited coherent phonons at laser fluences below the damage threshold have been studied extensively. In this work, we investigate whether or not coherent phonon oscillations contribute to material’s permanent damage, or can enhance or suppress such damage. We employed temporally-shaped femtosecond pulses to either enhance or cancel coherent phonon oscillations. Our results showed a clear difference in material’s damages caused by femtosecond pulses that enhance and cancel phonon oscillations, demonstrating the possibility of controlling phase changes by coherent control of phonon oscillations.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. K. Cheng, J. Vidal, H. J. Zeiger, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, and E. P. Ippen, “Mechanism for displacive excitation of coherent phonons in Sb, Bi, Te, and Ti2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(16), 1923–1925 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. A. Garrett, T. F. Albrecht, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, “Coherent THz Phonons driven by Light pulses and the Sb problem: What is the mechanism?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(17), 3661–3664 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, and K. Sakai, “Dynamics of coherent phonons in bismuth generated by ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58(9), 5448–5452 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Garl, E. G. Gamaly, D. Boschetto, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rousse, “Birth and decay of coherent optical phonons in femtosecond-laser-excited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 78(13), 134302 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. S. Zijlstra, L. L. Tatarinova, and M. E. Garcia, “Laser-induced phonon-phonon interactions in bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 74(22), 220301 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. A. Kütt, W. Albrecht, and H. Kurz, “Generation of Coherent Phonons in Condensed Media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2434–2444 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. J. Zeiger, J. Vidal, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Theory for displacive excitation of coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(2), 768–778 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. É. D. Murray, D. M. Fritz, J. K. Wahlstrand, S. Fahy, and D. A. Reis, “Effect of lattice anharmonicity on high-amplitude phonon dynamics in photoexcited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 72(6), 060301 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. O. V. Misochko, M. V. Lebedev, H. Schäfer, and T. Dekorsy, “Coherent A1 phonons in Te studied with tailored femtosecond pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(40), 406220 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Q. Wu and X. Xu, “Coupling of ultrafast laser energy to coherent phonons in bismuth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(25), 251111 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Hase, M. Kitajima, S. Nakashima, and K. Mizoguchi, “Forcibly driven coherent soft honons in GeTe with intense THz-rage pump fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4921 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. A. D. Roeser, M. Kandyla, A. Mendioroz, and E. Mazur, “Optical control of coherent lattice vibrations in tellurium,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 212302 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(5), 1929–1960 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. See for example: M. Born, and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, (Pergamon Press, 1980).
  17. J. M. Liu, “Simple technique for measurements of pulsed Gaussian-beam spot sizes,” Opt. Lett. 7(5), 196–198 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

T. Garl, E. G. Gamaly, D. Boschetto, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rousse, “Birth and decay of coherent optical phonons in femtosecond-laser-excited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 78(13), 134302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. V. Misochko, M. V. Lebedev, H. Schäfer, and T. Dekorsy, “Coherent A1 phonons in Te studied with tailored femtosecond pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(40), 406220 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Wu and X. Xu, “Coupling of ultrafast laser energy to coherent phonons in bismuth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(25), 251111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

E. S. Zijlstra, L. L. Tatarinova, and M. E. Garcia, “Laser-induced phonon-phonon interactions in bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 74(22), 220301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

É. D. Murray, D. M. Fritz, J. K. Wahlstrand, S. Fahy, and D. A. Reis, “Effect of lattice anharmonicity on high-amplitude phonon dynamics in photoexcited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 72(6), 060301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. A. D. Roeser, M. Kandyla, A. Mendioroz, and E. Mazur, “Optical control of coherent lattice vibrations in tellurium,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 212302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, S. Nakashima, and K. Mizoguchi, “Forcibly driven coherent soft honons in GeTe with intense THz-rage pump fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4921 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(5), 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, and K. Sakai, “Dynamics of coherent phonons in bismuth generated by ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58(9), 5448–5452 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Garrett, T. F. Albrecht, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, “Coherent THz Phonons driven by Light pulses and the Sb problem: What is the mechanism?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(17), 3661–3664 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

W. A. Kütt, W. Albrecht, and H. Kurz, “Generation of Coherent Phonons in Condensed Media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2434–2444 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zeiger, J. Vidal, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Theory for displacive excitation of coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(2), 768–778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

T. K. Cheng, J. Vidal, H. J. Zeiger, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, and E. P. Ippen, “Mechanism for displacive excitation of coherent phonons in Sb, Bi, Te, and Ti2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(16), 1923–1925 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1982

Adams, B.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akre, R. A.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albrecht, T. F.

G. A. Garrett, T. F. Albrecht, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, “Coherent THz Phonons driven by Light pulses and the Sb problem: What is the mechanism?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(17), 3661–3664 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albrecht, W.

W. A. Kütt, W. Albrecht, and H. Kurz, “Generation of Coherent Phonons in Condensed Media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2434–2444 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Arthur, J.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blome, C.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blums, J.

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boschetto, D.

T. Garl, E. G. Gamaly, D. Boschetto, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rousse, “Birth and decay of coherent optical phonons in femtosecond-laser-excited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 78(13), 134302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cavalieri, A. L.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cavalleri, A.

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, T. K.

H. J. Zeiger, J. Vidal, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Theory for displacive excitation of coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(2), 768–778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. K. Cheng, J. Vidal, H. J. Zeiger, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, and E. P. Ippen, “Mechanism for displacive excitation of coherent phonons in Sb, Bi, Te, and Ti2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(16), 1923–1925 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

O. V. Misochko, M. V. Lebedev, H. Schäfer, and T. Dekorsy, “Coherent A1 phonons in Te studied with tailored femtosecond pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(40), 406220 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dietrich, C.

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dresselhaus, G.

H. J. Zeiger, J. Vidal, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Theory for displacive excitation of coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(2), 768–778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. K. Cheng, J. Vidal, H. J. Zeiger, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, and E. P. Ippen, “Mechanism for displacive excitation of coherent phonons in Sb, Bi, Te, and Ti2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(16), 1923–1925 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dresselhaus, M. S.

H. J. Zeiger, J. Vidal, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Theory for displacive excitation of coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(2), 768–778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. K. Cheng, J. Vidal, H. J. Zeiger, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, and E. P. Ippen, “Mechanism for displacive excitation of coherent phonons in Sb, Bi, Te, and Ti2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(16), 1923–1925 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Engemann, S.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ernstorfer, R.

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fahy, S.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

É. D. Murray, D. M. Fritz, J. K. Wahlstrand, S. Fahy, and D. A. Reis, “Effect of lattice anharmonicity on high-amplitude phonon dynamics in photoexcited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 72(6), 060301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Falcone, R. W.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Förster, E.

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fritz, D. M.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

É. D. Murray, D. M. Fritz, J. K. Wahlstrand, S. Fahy, and D. A. Reis, “Effect of lattice anharmonicity on high-amplitude phonon dynamics in photoexcited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 72(6), 060301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fuoss, P. H.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaffney, K. J.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gamaly, E. G.

T. Garl, E. G. Gamaly, D. Boschetto, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rousse, “Birth and decay of coherent optical phonons in femtosecond-laser-excited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 78(13), 134302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, M. E.

E. S. Zijlstra, L. L. Tatarinova, and M. E. Garcia, “Laser-induced phonon-phonon interactions in bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 74(22), 220301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Garl, T.

T. Garl, E. G. Gamaly, D. Boschetto, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rousse, “Birth and decay of coherent optical phonons in femtosecond-laser-excited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 78(13), 134302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, G. A.

G. A. Garrett, T. F. Albrecht, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, “Coherent THz Phonons driven by Light pulses and the Sb problem: What is the mechanism?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(17), 3661–3664 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, M. J.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hajdu, J.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hangyo, M.

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Harb, M.

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harima, H.

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, and K. Sakai, “Dynamics of coherent phonons in bismuth generated by ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58(9), 5448–5452 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hase, M.

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, S. Nakashima, and K. Mizoguchi, “Forcibly driven coherent soft honons in GeTe with intense THz-rage pump fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4921 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, and K. Sakai, “Dynamics of coherent phonons in bismuth generated by ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58(9), 5448–5452 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hastings, J. B.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hebeisen, C. T.

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heringdorf, F.-J. M.

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hertlein, M. P.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hillyard, P. B.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoegen, M. H.-

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horn-von Hoegen, M.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horn-von-Hoegen, M.

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

H. J. Zeiger, J. Vidal, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Theory for displacive excitation of coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(2), 768–778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. K. Cheng, J. Vidal, H. J. Zeiger, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, and E. P. Ippen, “Mechanism for displacive excitation of coherent phonons in Sb, Bi, Te, and Ti2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(16), 1923–1925 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kammler, M.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kandyla, M.

C. A. D. Roeser, M. Kandyla, A. Mendioroz, and E. Mazur, “Optical control of coherent lattice vibrations in tellurium,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 212302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaspar, J.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitajima, M.

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, S. Nakashima, and K. Mizoguchi, “Forcibly driven coherent soft honons in GeTe with intense THz-rage pump fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4921 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krejcik, P.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kruglik, S. G.

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurz, H.

W. A. Kütt, W. Albrecht, and H. Kurz, “Generation of Coherent Phonons in Condensed Media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2434–2444 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kütt, W. A.

W. A. Kütt, W. Albrecht, and H. Kurz, “Generation of Coherent Phonons in Condensed Media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2434–2444 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lebedev, M. V.

O. V. Misochko, M. V. Lebedev, H. Schäfer, and T. Dekorsy, “Coherent A1 phonons in Te studied with tailored femtosecond pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(40), 406220 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindenberg, A. M.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, J. M.

Luther-Davies, B.

T. Garl, E. G. Gamaly, D. Boschetto, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rousse, “Birth and decay of coherent optical phonons in femtosecond-laser-excited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 78(13), 134302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

C. A. D. Roeser, M. Kandyla, A. Mendioroz, and E. Mazur, “Optical control of coherent lattice vibrations in tellurium,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 212302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McFarland, B.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mendioroz, A.

C. A. D. Roeser, M. Kandyla, A. Mendioroz, and E. Mazur, “Optical control of coherent lattice vibrations in tellurium,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 212302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Merlin, R.

G. A. Garrett, T. F. Albrecht, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, “Coherent THz Phonons driven by Light pulses and the Sb problem: What is the mechanism?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(17), 3661–3664 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyer, D.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, R. J. D.

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Misochko, O. V.

O. V. Misochko, M. V. Lebedev, H. Schäfer, and T. Dekorsy, “Coherent A1 phonons in Te studied with tailored femtosecond pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(40), 406220 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mizoguchi, K.

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, S. Nakashima, and K. Mizoguchi, “Forcibly driven coherent soft honons in GeTe with intense THz-rage pump fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4921 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, and K. Sakai, “Dynamics of coherent phonons in bismuth generated by ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58(9), 5448–5452 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Montagne, T.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murray, É. D.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

É. D. Murray, D. M. Fritz, J. K. Wahlstrand, S. Fahy, and D. A. Reis, “Effect of lattice anharmonicity on high-amplitude phonon dynamics in photoexcited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 72(6), 060301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakashima, S.

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, S. Nakashima, and K. Mizoguchi, “Forcibly driven coherent soft honons in GeTe with intense THz-rage pump fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4921 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, and K. Sakai, “Dynamics of coherent phonons in bismuth generated by ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58(9), 5448–5452 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, A. J.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicoul, M.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pahl, R.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payer, T.

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reis, D. A.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

É. D. Murray, D. M. Fritz, J. K. Wahlstrand, S. Fahy, and D. A. Reis, “Effect of lattice anharmonicity on high-amplitude phonon dynamics in photoexcited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 72(6), 060301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rode, A. V.

T. Garl, E. G. Gamaly, D. Boschetto, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rousse, “Birth and decay of coherent optical phonons in femtosecond-laser-excited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 78(13), 134302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roeser, C. A. D.

C. A. D. Roeser, M. Kandyla, A. Mendioroz, and E. Mazur, “Optical control of coherent lattice vibrations in tellurium,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 212302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rousse, A.

T. Garl, E. G. Gamaly, D. Boschetto, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rousse, “Birth and decay of coherent optical phonons in femtosecond-laser-excited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 78(13), 134302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rudati, J.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakai, K.

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, and K. Sakai, “Dynamics of coherent phonons in bismuth generated by ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58(9), 5448–5452 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schäfer, H.

O. V. Misochko, M. V. Lebedev, H. Schäfer, and T. Dekorsy, “Coherent A1 phonons in Te studied with tailored femtosecond pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(40), 406220 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schlarb, H.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sciaini, G.

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siddons, D. P.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolowski-Tinten, K.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tani, M.

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tarasevitch, A.

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tatarinova, L. L.

E. S. Zijlstra, L. L. Tatarinova, and M. E. Garcia, “Laser-induced phonon-phonon interactions in bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 74(22), 220301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tschentscher, Th.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uschmann, I.

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vidal, J.

H. J. Zeiger, J. Vidal, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Theory for displacive excitation of coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(2), 768–778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. K. Cheng, J. Vidal, H. J. Zeiger, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, and E. P. Ippen, “Mechanism for displacive excitation of coherent phonons in Sb, Bi, Te, and Ti2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(16), 1923–1925 (1991).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wahlstrand, J. K.

É. D. Murray, D. M. Fritz, J. K. Wahlstrand, S. Fahy, and D. A. Reis, “Effect of lattice anharmonicity on high-amplitude phonon dynamics in photoexcited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 72(6), 060301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(5), 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Whitaker, J. F.

G. A. Garrett, T. F. Albrecht, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, “Coherent THz Phonons driven by Light pulses and the Sb problem: What is the mechanism?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(17), 3661–3664 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, A. Q.

A. Q. Wu and X. Xu, “Coupling of ultrafast laser energy to coherent phonons in bismuth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(25), 251111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

A. Q. Wu and X. Xu, “Coupling of ultrafast laser energy to coherent phonons in bismuth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(25), 251111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, M.

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeiger, H. J.

H. J. Zeiger, J. Vidal, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Theory for displacive excitation of coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(2), 768–778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. K. Cheng, J. Vidal, H. J. Zeiger, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, and E. P. Ippen, “Mechanism for displacive excitation of coherent phonons in Sb, Bi, Te, and Ti2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(16), 1923–1925 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zijlstra, E. S.

E. S. Zijlstra, L. L. Tatarinova, and M. E. Garcia, “Laser-induced phonon-phonon interactions in bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 74(22), 220301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. K. Cheng, J. Vidal, H. J. Zeiger, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, and E. P. Ippen, “Mechanism for displacive excitation of coherent phonons in Sb, Bi, Te, and Ti2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(16), 1923–1925 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, M. Tani, K. Sakai, and M. Hangyo, “Optical control of coherent optical phonons in bismuth films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(17), 2474–2476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Wu and X. Xu, “Coupling of ultrafast laser energy to coherent phonons in bismuth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(25), 251111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, S. Nakashima, and K. Mizoguchi, “Forcibly driven coherent soft honons in GeTe with intense THz-rage pump fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(24), 4921 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

W. A. Kütt, W. Albrecht, and H. Kurz, “Generation of Coherent Phonons in Condensed Media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2434–2444 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

O. V. Misochko, M. V. Lebedev, H. Schäfer, and T. Dekorsy, “Coherent A1 phonons in Te studied with tailored femtosecond pulses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(40), 406220 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature

K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. Förster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, “Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit,” Nature 422(6929), 287–289 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sciaini, M. Harb, S. G. Kruglik, T. Payer, C. T. Hebeisen, F.-J. M. Heringdorf, M. Yamaguchi, M. H.- Hoegen, R. Ernstorfer, and R. J. D. Miller, “Electronic acceleration of atomic motions and disordering in bismuth,” Nature 458(7234), 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

É. D. Murray, D. M. Fritz, J. K. Wahlstrand, S. Fahy, and D. A. Reis, “Effect of lattice anharmonicity on high-amplitude phonon dynamics in photoexcited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 72(6), 060301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. A. D. Roeser, M. Kandyla, A. Mendioroz, and E. Mazur, “Optical control of coherent lattice vibrations in tellurium,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 212302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, K. Mizoguchi, H. Harima, S. Nakashima, and K. Sakai, “Dynamics of coherent phonons in bismuth generated by ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58(9), 5448–5452 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Garl, E. G. Gamaly, D. Boschetto, A. V. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, and A. Rousse, “Birth and decay of coherent optical phonons in femtosecond-laser-excited bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 78(13), 134302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Zijlstra, L. L. Tatarinova, and M. E. Garcia, “Laser-induced phonon-phonon interactions in bismuth,” Phys. Rev. B 74(22), 220301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter

H. J. Zeiger, J. Vidal, T. K. Cheng, E. P. Ippen, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Theory for displacive excitation of coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(2), 768–778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

G. A. Garrett, T. F. Albrecht, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, “Coherent THz Phonons driven by Light pulses and the Sb problem: What is the mechanism?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(17), 3661–3664 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(5), 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science

D. M. Fritz, D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, É. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, “Ultrafast bond softening in bismuth: mapping a solid’s interatomic potential with X-rays,” Science 315(5812), 633–636 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

See for example: M. Born, and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, (Pergamon Press, 1980).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Single pulse (a), double-pulse (b),(c) and four-pulse (d),(e) pump-probe measurements of reflectivity in bismuth. Shaped pulses were designed to enhance (b)(d) and cancel (c)(e) coherent phonon oscillations. The total incident fluence used in these measurements was 1.2 mJ/cm2. The arrows along the x-axis show the arrival of the excitation pulses. For the double-pulse excitation, the peak amplitudes normalized to that of the first pulse are 1.0 and 0.5. For the four-pulse excitation, the peak amplitudes normalized to that of the first pulse are 1.0, 0.46, 1.05, and 0.7. The separation times between the consecutive pulses in Fig. 1(d) are δT, 2δT, and δT, and 1.5δT, δT, and 1.5δT in Fig. 1(e), where δT is the phonon oscillation period.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Pump-probe measurements for fluence of 3.1 mJ/cm2 for long and (inset) short delay times. The arrow shows the time when the lowest reflectance or highest temperature is obtained. (b) The minimum reflectivity as a function of laser fluence.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Area of visible damage as a function of the incident pulse fluence for 5,000 (a) double-pulse and (b) four-pulse pulse trains designed to enhance and cancel coherent phonon oscillations. For the double-pulse, the normalized pulse amplitudes were 1.0 and 0.15 with a pulse separation of 406 fs for enhancement and 610 fs for cancellation. For the four pulse measurements the normalized pulse amplitudes were 1.0, 0.15, 1.0 and 0.15. For double-pulse excitation a minimum total fluence of 3.15 mJ/cm2 and 3.85 mJ/cm2 for enhancement and cancellation of phonon oscillations, respectively and for four-pulse excitation a minimum total fluence of 5.86 mJ/cm2 and 6.33 mJ/cm2 for enhancement and cancellation of phonon oscillations, respectively. (c) Optical image of surface damage produced by double-pulses for phonon enhancement (column 1 and 3) and phonon cancellation (column 2 and 4). The total laser fluence is about 7 mJ/cm2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pump-probe measurements for fluences of (a) 11.3 mJ/cm2 and (b) 15.6 mJ/cm2 at excitation wavelength of 400 nm. Although excited at fluences close to and above the single shot damage threshold, rapidly dephasing oscillations are still visible.

Metrics