Abstract

Ytterbium doped fiber lasers are known to be impacted by the creation of color centers during lasing so called photodarkening. This defect creation was investigated in a spectroscopic point of view, showing the presence of thulium traces (ppb) in the ytterbium doped fiber. Moreover, this contamination exhibit luminescence in the UV range under 976 nm excitation of the ytterbium-doped fiber. In adding more thulium to an ytterbium-doped fiber it was shown that thulium strongly impact the defects creation process, involved in photodarkening.

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2009 (2)

R. Piramidowicz, A. Bok, M. Klimczak, and M. Malinowski, “Uv emission properties of thulium-doped fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(12), 1874–1877 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

P. Jenouvrier, G. Boccardi, J. Fick, A.-M. Jurdyc, and M. Langlet, “Up-conversion emission in rare earth-doped y2ti2o7 sol-gel thin films,” J. Lumin. 113(3-4), 291–300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Guy, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, and W. Meffre, “Excited states Tm spectroscopy in ZBLAN glass for s-band amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 250(4-6), 344–354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karásek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modelling of s-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, N. K. Nikeenko, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kueck, “Optical characterization of Yb,Tm:KYW crystal concerning laser application,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1-2), 124–129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MGO doped LiNBO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970–1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, “Thermal, stress, and thermo-optic effects in high average power double-clad silica fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Huber, E. Heumann, T. Sandrock, and K. Petermann, “Up-conversion processes in laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 1–3 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photoinduced absorption change in germanosilicate preforms: evidence for the color-center model of photosensitivity,” Appl. Opt. 34(18), 3436–3440 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 μm region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, “Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fibre,” Opt. Commun. 111(3-4), 310–316 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

1990 (2)

Aitchison, J. S.

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alexandrovski, A.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MGO doped LiNBO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970–1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J. L.

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, “Upconversion processes in coupled ion systems,” J. Lumin. 45(1-6), 341–345 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Barber, P. R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 μm region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Behrens, E. G.

Bezerra, A. G.

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Blackburn, D. H.

Blanc, W.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karásek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modelling of s-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boccardi, G.

P. Jenouvrier, G. Boccardi, J. Fick, A.-M. Jurdyc, and M. Langlet, “Up-conversion emission in rare earth-doped y2ti2o7 sol-gel thin films,” J. Lumin. 113(3-4), 291–300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bok, A.

R. Piramidowicz, A. Bok, M. Klimczak, and M. Malinowski, “Uv emission properties of thulium-doped fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(12), 1874–1877 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bonar, J. R.

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Broer, M. M.

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, “Thermal, stress, and thermo-optic effects in high average power double-clad silica fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J. E.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carman, R. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 μm region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carter, A.

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cone, R. L.

Dawes, J. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 μm region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Araujo, C. B.

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Demidovich, A. A.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, N. K. Nikeenko, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kueck, “Optical characterization of Yb,Tm:KYW crystal concerning laser application,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1-2), 124–129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Digiovanni, D. J.

Ding, F.

G. Wang, W. Qin, L. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, D. Zhang, and F. Ding, “Enhanced ultraviolet upconversion in YF3:Yb3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 27(2), 330–333 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Doerfel, F.

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Druetta, M.

S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, “Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fibre,” Opt. Commun. 111(3-4), 310–316 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dussardier, B.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karásek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modelling of s-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ehlers, B.

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Engholm, M.

Farroni, J.

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Faure, B.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karásek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modelling of s-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MGO doped LiNBO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970–1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ferdinand, P.

S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, “Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fibre,” Opt. Commun. 111(3-4), 310–316 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fick, J.

P. Jenouvrier, G. Boccardi, J. Fick, A.-M. Jurdyc, and M. Langlet, “Up-conversion emission in rare earth-doped y2ti2o7 sol-gel thin films,” J. Lumin. 113(3-4), 291–300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Foulon, G.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MGO doped LiNBO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970–1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, Y.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MGO doped LiNBO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970–1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goure, J.

S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, “Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fibre,” Opt. Commun. 111(3-4), 310–316 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Guy, S.

S. Guy, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, and W. Meffre, “Excited states Tm spectroscopy in ZBLAN glass for s-band amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 250(4-6), 344–354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 μm region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Heinemann, S.

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

G. Huber, E. Heumann, T. Sandrock, and K. Petermann, “Up-conversion processes in laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 1–3 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, H. J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Measuring photodarkening from single-mode ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11539–11544 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, “Thermal, stress, and thermo-optic effects in high average power double-clad silica fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

G. Huber, E. Heumann, T. Sandrock, and K. Petermann, “Up-conversion processes in laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 1–3 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jacquier, B.

S. Guy, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, and W. Meffre, “Excited states Tm spectroscopy in ZBLAN glass for s-band amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 250(4-6), 344–354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jenouvrier, P.

P. Jenouvrier, G. Boccardi, J. Fick, A.-M. Jurdyc, and M. Langlet, “Up-conversion emission in rare earth-doped y2ti2o7 sol-gel thin films,” J. Lumin. 113(3-4), 291–300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jetschke, S.

Jurdyc, A.-M.

S. Guy, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, and W. Meffre, “Excited states Tm spectroscopy in ZBLAN glass for s-band amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 250(4-6), 344–354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Jenouvrier, G. Boccardi, J. Fick, A.-M. Jurdyc, and M. Langlet, “Up-conversion emission in rare earth-doped y2ti2o7 sol-gel thin films,” J. Lumin. 113(3-4), 291–300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Karásek, M.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karásek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modelling of s-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kirchhof, J.

Kitamura, K.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MGO doped LiNBO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970–1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Klimczak, M.

R. Piramidowicz, A. Bok, M. Klimczak, and M. Malinowski, “Uv emission properties of thulium-doped fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(12), 1874–1877 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koplow, J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koponen, J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koponen, J. J.

Krol, D. M.

Kueck, S.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, N. K. Nikeenko, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kueck, “Optical characterization of Yb,Tm:KYW crystal concerning laser application,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1-2), 124–129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmin, A. N.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, N. K. Nikeenko, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kueck, “Optical characterization of Yb,Tm:KYW crystal concerning laser application,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1-2), 124–129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Langlet, M.

P. Jenouvrier, G. Boccardi, J. Fick, A.-M. Jurdyc, and M. Langlet, “Up-conversion emission in rare earth-doped y2ti2o7 sol-gel thin films,” J. Lumin. 113(3-4), 291–300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.-H.

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mackechnie, C. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 μm region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Magne, S.

S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, “Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fibre,” Opt. Commun. 111(3-4), 310–316 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, M.

R. Piramidowicz, A. Bok, M. Klimczak, and M. Malinowski, “Uv emission properties of thulium-doped fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(12), 1874–1877 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marques, P. V. S.

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Martins-Filho, J. F.

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McLaughlin, A. J.

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meffre, W.

S. Guy, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, and W. Meffre, “Excited states Tm spectroscopy in ZBLAN glass for s-band amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 250(4-6), 344–354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mond, M.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, N. K. Nikeenko, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kueck, “Optical characterization of Yb,Tm:KYW crystal concerning laser application,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1-2), 124–129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Monnom, G.

S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, “Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fibre,” Opt. Commun. 111(3-4), 310–316 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nikeenko, N. K.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, N. K. Nikeenko, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kueck, “Optical characterization of Yb,Tm:KYW crystal concerning laser application,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1-2), 124–129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Norin, L.

Ouerdane, Y.

S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, “Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fibre,” Opt. Commun. 111(3-4), 310–316 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 μm region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Peterka, P.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karásek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modelling of s-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

G. Huber, E. Heumann, T. Sandrock, and K. Petermann, “Up-conversion processes in laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 1–3 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Piramidowicz, R.

R. Piramidowicz, A. Bok, M. Klimczak, and M. Malinowski, “Uv emission properties of thulium-doped fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(12), 1874–1877 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Powell, R. C.

Qin, W.

G. Wang, W. Qin, L. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, D. Zhang, and F. Ding, “Enhanced ultraviolet upconversion in YF3:Yb3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 27(2), 330–333 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rao, K. D.

Reekie, L.

Röpke, U.

Route, R. K.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MGO doped LiNBO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970–1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

Sandrock, T.

G. Huber, E. Heumann, T. Sandrock, and K. Petermann, “Up-conversion processes in laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 1–3 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, K. K.

Simpson, J. R.

Söderlund, M.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Söderlund, M. J.

Tammela, S. K. T.

Tankala, K.

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Titov, A. N.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, N. K. Nikeenko, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kueck, “Optical characterization of Yb,Tm:KYW crystal concerning laser application,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1-2), 124–129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 μm region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Unger, S.

Vermelho, M. V. D.

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

G. Wang, W. Qin, L. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, D. Zhang, and F. Ding, “Enhanced ultraviolet upconversion in YF3:Yb3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 27(2), 330–333 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

G. Wang, W. Qin, L. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, D. Zhang, and F. Ding, “Enhanced ultraviolet upconversion in YF3:Yb3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 27(2), 330–333 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wei, G.

G. Wang, W. Qin, L. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, D. Zhang, and F. Ding, “Enhanced ultraviolet upconversion in YF3:Yb3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 27(2), 330–333 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

G. Wang, W. Qin, L. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, D. Zhang, and F. Ding, “Enhanced ultraviolet upconversion in YF3:Yb3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 27(2), 330–333 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, P.

G. Wang, W. Qin, L. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, D. Zhang, and F. Ding, “Enhanced ultraviolet upconversion in YF3:Yb3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 27(2), 330–333 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MGO doped LiNBO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970–1972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C.-H. Liu, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, J. Farroni, and A. Galvanauskas, “810 W continuous-wave and single-transverse-mode fibre laser using 20 µm core Yb-doped double-clad fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40(23), 1471–1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, “Thermal, stress, and thermo-optic effects in high average power double-clad silica fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1-1.2 μm region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, N. K. Nikeenko, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kueck, “Optical characterization of Yb,Tm:KYW crystal concerning laser application,” J. Alloy. Comp. 341(1-2), 124–129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (4)

F. Auzel, “Upconversion processes in coupled ion systems,” J. Lumin. 45(1-6), 341–345 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. Huber, E. Heumann, T. Sandrock, and K. Petermann, “Up-conversion processes in laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 72–74, 1–3 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Piramidowicz, A. Bok, M. Klimczak, and M. Malinowski, “Uv emission properties of thulium-doped fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(12), 1874–1877 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Jenouvrier, G. Boccardi, J. Fick, A.-M. Jurdyc, and M. Langlet, “Up-conversion emission in rare earth-doped y2ti2o7 sol-gel thin films,” J. Lumin. 113(3-4), 291–300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Rare Earths (1)

G. Wang, W. Qin, L. Wang, G. Wei, P. Zhu, D. Zhang, and F. Ding, “Enhanced ultraviolet upconversion in YF3:Yb3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals,” J. Rare Earths 27(2), 330–333 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

BUSINESS-NEWS, “Market growth, laser ear surgery, and more,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, “Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fibre,” Opt. Commun. 111(3-4), 310–316 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. J. McLaughlin, P. V. S. Marques, J. S. Aitchison, J. F. Martins-Filho, A. G. Bezerra, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araujo, “Blue light emission in thulium doped silica-on-silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 141(3-4), 137–140 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Guy, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, and W. Meffre, “Excited states Tm spectroscopy in ZBLAN glass for s-band amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 250(4-6), 344–354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karásek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modelling of s-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, and J. Koplow, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6453, 64531E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, E. Gagnon, C. Hovington, J.-P. Martin, and J.-P. de Sandro, Low photodarkening single cladding ytterbium fibre amplifier, SPIE 6453, PROC (2007).

A. L. Sauze, C. Simonneau, A. Pastouret, D. Gicquel, L. Bigot, S. Choblet, A. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, D. Bayart, and L. Gasca, “Nanoparticle doping process: towards a better control of erbium incorporation in mcvd fibers for optical amplifiers,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper WC5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

UV and visible normalized emissions of the ytterbium doped sample as black doted lines and ytterbium-thulium codoped sample as red solid lines (200mW cw excitation at 976 nm)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of up conversion processes in the ytterbium-thulium doped sample: The Yb emission [21] and Tm UV [19] and the visible - infrared [20] energy level diagram are depicted together with the luminescence transitions of Fig. 1 represented by green arrows.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photo-induced absorption as function of time at 440 nm when excited with a 10W.m−2 power density laser at 976 nm (●: ytterbium doped sample and ▲ for ytterbium-thulium codoped sample). Inset: detail of the absorption evolution from 0 to 50 minutes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of the host absorption spectrum (grey-shaded area) and the (normalized) up-conversion emission bands of ytterbium doped sample (black line).

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