Abstract

We demonstrate a terahertz bandwidth silicon nanowire based radio-frequency spectrum analyzer using cross-phase modulation. We show that the device provides accurate characterization of 640Gbaud on-off-keyed data stream and demonstrate its potential for optical time-division multiplexing optimization and optical performance monitoring of ultrahigh speed signals on a silicon chip. We analyze the impact of free carrier effects on our device, and find that the efficiency of the device is not reduced by two-photon or free-carrier absorption, nor its accuracy compromised by free-carrier cross-chirp.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  26. P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, G. Raybon, S. Hunsche, and T. H. Her, “Measurement of residual chromatic dispersion of a 40-Gb/s RZ signal via spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 346–348 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. J. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s Based on Cross-Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 428–430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Rukhlenko, M. Premaratne, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Silicon Photonics: Analytical Tools,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 200–215 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Simultaneous multi-impairment monitoring of 640 Gb/s signals using photonic chip based RF spectrum analyzer,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3938–3945 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, D. Pudo, B. J. Eggleton, T. F. Krauss, D. J. Moss, L. O’Faolain, M. Pelusi, and T. P. White, “Nonlinear loss dynamics in a silicon slow-light photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1073–1075 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløwe, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based transmitter optimization and receiver demultiplexing of a 1.28 Tbit/s OTDM signal,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17252–17261 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

2005

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4629–4637 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2002

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, G. Raybon, S. Hunsche, and T. H. Her, “Measurement of residual chromatic dispersion of a 40-Gb/s RZ signal via spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 346–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Liang, H. K. Tsang, I. E. Day, J. Drake, A. P. Knights, and M. Asghari, “Silicon waveguide two-photon absorption detector at 1.5μm wavelength for autocorrelation measurements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1323–1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of Arbitrary Femtosecond Pulses Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating,” J. Quantum Electron. 29(2), 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986

R. Soref and J. Larenzo, “All-Silicon Active and Passive Guided-Wave Components for λ=1.3 and 1.6μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(6), 873–879 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1968

H. P. Weber, “Generation and Measurement of Ultrashort Light Pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(13), 6041 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Abakoumov, D.

Agrawal, G. P.

Asghari, M.

T. K. Liang, H. K. Tsang, I. E. Day, J. Drake, A. P. Knights, and M. Asghari, “Silicon waveguide two-photon absorption detector at 1.5μm wavelength for autocorrelation measurements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1323–1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Astar, W. B.

J. B. Driscoll, W. B. Astar, X. B. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and J. R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK Data in a Silicon Nanowire via Cross-Phase Modulation: Experiment and Theoretical Investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (accepted).

Baxter, G.

Bolger, J. A.

Bulla, D. A.

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D. A. P.

Carter, G. M.

J. B. Driscoll, W. B. Astar, X. B. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and J. R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK Data in a Silicon Nanowire via Cross-Phase Modulation: Experiment and Theoretical Investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (accepted).

Choi, D. Y.

Claps, R.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A. T.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Corcoran, B.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, D. Pudo, B. J. Eggleton, T. F. Krauss, D. J. Moss, L. O’Faolain, M. Pelusi, and T. P. White, “Nonlinear loss dynamics in a silicon slow-light photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1073–1075 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s Based on Cross-Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 428–430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3713–3718 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Driscoll, W. B. Astar, X. B. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and J. R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK Data in a Silicon Nanowire via Cross-Phase Modulation: Experiment and Theoretical Investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (accepted).

Day, I. E.

T. K. Liang, H. K. Tsang, I. E. Day, J. Drake, A. P. Knights, and M. Asghari, “Silicon waveguide two-photon absorption detector at 1.5μm wavelength for autocorrelation measurements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1323–1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dimitropoulos, D.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dinu, M.

Dorrer, C.

Drake, J.

T. K. Liang, H. K. Tsang, I. E. Day, J. Drake, A. P. Knights, and M. Asghari, “Silicon waveguide two-photon absorption detector at 1.5μm wavelength for autocorrelation measurements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1323–1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Driscoll, J. B.

J. B. Driscoll, W. B. Astar, X. B. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and J. R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK Data in a Silicon Nanowire via Cross-Phase Modulation: Experiment and Theoretical Investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (accepted).

Eggleton, B. J.

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Simultaneous multi-impairment monitoring of 640 Gb/s signals using photonic chip based RF spectrum analyzer,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3938–3945 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s Based on Cross-Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 428–430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, D. Pudo, B. J. Eggleton, T. F. Krauss, D. J. Moss, L. O’Faolain, M. Pelusi, and T. P. White, “Nonlinear loss dynamics in a silicon slow-light photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1073–1075 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløwe, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based transmitter optimization and receiver demultiplexing of a 1.28 Tbit/s OTDM signal,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17252–17261 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. F. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. A. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersion trimming in a reconfigurable wavelength selective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 73–78 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, G. Raybon, S. Hunsche, and T. H. Her, “Measurement of residual chromatic dispersion of a 40-Gb/s RZ signal via spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 346–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, and B. J. Eggleton, ““Accuracy of waveform spectrum analysis for ultra-short optical pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. (accepted).

Espinola, R. L.

Fontaine, N. K.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. J. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Frisken, S.

Fukuda, H.

Gaeta, A. L.

Galili, M.

Geraghty, D. F.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, W. M. J.

J. B. Driscoll, W. B. Astar, X. B. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and J. R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK Data in a Silicon Nanowire via Cross-Phase Modulation: Experiment and Theoretical Investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (accepted).

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hansen Mulvad, H. C.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Her, T. H.

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, G. Raybon, S. Hunsche, and T. H. Her, “Measurement of residual chromatic dispersion of a 40-Gb/s RZ signal via spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 346–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. J. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

Hunsche, S.

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, G. Raybon, S. Hunsche, and T. H. Her, “Measurement of residual chromatic dispersion of a 40-Gb/s RZ signal via spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 346–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

Jalali, B.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jhaveri, R.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of Arbitrary Femtosecond Pulses Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating,” J. Quantum Electron. 29(2), 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kilper, D. C.

Knights, A. P.

T. K. Liang, H. K. Tsang, I. E. Day, J. Drake, A. P. Knights, and M. Asghari, “Silicon waveguide two-photon absorption detector at 1.5μm wavelength for autocorrelation measurements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1323–1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

Lamont, M. R. E.

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Larenzo, J.

R. Soref and J. Larenzo, “All-Silicon Active and Passive Guided-Wave Components for λ=1.3 and 1.6μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(6), 873–879 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Liang, T. K.

T. K. Liang, H. K. Tsang, I. E. Day, J. Drake, A. P. Knights, and M. Asghari, “Silicon waveguide two-photon absorption detector at 1.5μm wavelength for autocorrelation measurements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1323–1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

Liu, X. B.

J. B. Driscoll, W. B. Astar, X. B. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and J. R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK Data in a Silicon Nanowire via Cross-Phase Modulation: Experiment and Theoretical Investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (accepted).

Luan, F.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S. J.

Maywar, D. N.

McNab, S. J.

Monat, C.

Moss, D. J.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O’Faolain, L.

Osgood, J. R. M.

J. B. Driscoll, W. B. Astar, X. B. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and J. R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK Data in a Silicon Nanowire via Cross-Phase Modulation: Experiment and Theoretical Investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (accepted).

Osgood, R. M.

Oxenløwe, L. K.

Painter, O. J.

Palushani, E.

Pelusi, M.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, D. Pudo, B. J. Eggleton, T. F. Krauss, D. J. Moss, L. O’Faolain, M. Pelusi, and T. P. White, “Nonlinear loss dynamics in a silicon slow-light photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1073–1075 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

Poole, S.

Premaratne, M.

I. D. Rukhlenko, M. Premaratne, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Silicon Photonics: Analytical Tools,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 200–215 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pudo, D.

Raybon, G.

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, G. Raybon, S. Hunsche, and T. H. Her, “Measurement of residual chromatic dispersion of a 40-Gb/s RZ signal via spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 346–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roelens, M. A. F.

Rukhlenko, I. D.

I. D. Rukhlenko, M. Premaratne, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Silicon Photonics: Analytical Tools,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 200–215 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schroder, J.

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s Based on Cross-Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 428–430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, J.

Scott, R. P.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. J. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, T.

Soares, F. M.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. J. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.

R. Soref and J. Larenzo, “All-Silicon Active and Passive Guided-Wave Components for λ=1.3 and 1.6μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(6), 873–879 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, H. R.

Takahashi, J.

Takahashi, M.

Tamura, K. R.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of Arbitrary Femtosecond Pulses Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating,” J. Quantum Electron. 29(2), 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

T. K. Liang, H. K. Tsang, I. E. Day, J. Drake, A. P. Knights, and M. Asghari, “Silicon waveguide two-photon absorption detector at 1.5μm wavelength for autocorrelation measurements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1323–1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

Turner, A. C.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vlasov, Y. A.

R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3713–3718 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Driscoll, W. B. Astar, X. B. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and J. R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK Data in a Silicon Nanowire via Cross-Phase Modulation: Experiment and Theoretical Investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (accepted).

Vo, T. D.

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Simultaneous multi-impairment monitoring of 640 Gb/s signals using photonic chip based RF spectrum analyzer,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3938–3945 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s Based on Cross-Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 428–430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløwe, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based transmitter optimization and receiver demultiplexing of a 1.28 Tbit/s OTDM signal,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17252–17261 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, and B. J. Eggleton, ““Accuracy of waveform spectrum analysis for ultra-short optical pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. (accepted).

Watanabe, T.

Weber, H. P.

H. P. Weber, “Generation and Measurement of Ultrashort Light Pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(13), 6041 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, G. Raybon, S. Hunsche, and T. H. Her, “Measurement of residual chromatic dispersion of a 40-Gb/s RZ signal via spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 346–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

White, T. P.

Woo, J. C. S.

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yamada, K.

Yamamoto, T.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yin, L. H.

Yoo, S. J. B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. J. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, L. J.

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. J. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. K. Liang, H. K. Tsang, I. E. Day, J. Drake, A. P. Knights, and M. Asghari, “Silicon waveguide two-photon absorption detector at 1.5μm wavelength for autocorrelation measurements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1323–1325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. C. S. Woo, and B. Jalali, “Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(7), 071115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Soref and J. Larenzo, “All-Silicon Active and Passive Guided-Wave Components for λ=1.3 and 1.6μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(6), 873–879 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

J. B. Driscoll, W. B. Astar, X. B. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and J. R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK Data in a Silicon Nanowire via Cross-Phase Modulation: Experiment and Theoretical Investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (accepted).

I. D. Rukhlenko, M. Premaratne, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Silicon Photonics: Analytical Tools,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 200–215 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Corcoran, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-Impairment Monitoring at 320 Gb/s Based on Cross-Phase Modulation Radio-Frequency Spectrum Analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 428–430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Westbrook, B. J. Eggleton, G. Raybon, S. Hunsche, and T. H. Her, “Measurement of residual chromatic dispersion of a 40-Gb/s RZ signal via spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 346–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

H. P. Weber, “Generation and Measurement of Ultrashort Light Pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(13), 6041 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Quantum Electron.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of Arbitrary Femtosecond Pulses Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating,” J. Quantum Electron. 29(2), 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, L. J. Zhou, F. M. Soares, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Real-time full-field arbitrary optical waveform measurement,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 248–254 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Pelusi, F. Luan, T. D. Vo, M. R. E. Lamont, S. J. Madden, D. A. Bulla, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic-chip-based radio-frequency spectrum analyser with terahertz bandwidth,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 139–143 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3713–3718 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, “Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4629–4637 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Pelusi, T. D. Vo, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Terahertz bandwidth RF spectrum analysis of femtosecond pulses using a chalcogenide chip,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9314–9322 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1904–1908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, F. Luan, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Simultaneous multi-impairment monitoring of 640 Gb/s signals using photonic chip based RF spectrum analyzer,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3938–3945 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: modeling and applications,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløwe, S. J. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based transmitter optimization and receiver demultiplexing of a 1.28 Tbit/s OTDM signal,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17252–17261 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, Amsterdam; Boston, 2008), pp. xix, 613 p.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics, 3rd ed., Optics and photonics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001), pp. xvi, 466 p.

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