Abstract

Broadband amplification of several high power communication channels is demonstrated using a multimode Erbium-Ytterbium doped fiber (EYDF) amplifier. The multimode feature of this amplifier aims at simultaneously enabling wide gain bandwidth and high output power. The amplifier provides a gain bandwidth spanning over the 1535.0 nm-1565.8 nm band. The amplifier also provides a high output power of >30.2 dBm, with ± 2.4 dB natural gain flatness over the bandwidth of interest. The performance of the amplifier is assessed in a 40 Gb/s WDM system, featuring no trace of modal dispersion in the eye diagram and a low power penalty (< 0.4 dB) on the bit error ratio (BER).

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Jaouën, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. Le Flohic, “Generation of four-wave mixing products inside WDM c-band 1 W Er 3+/Yb3+ amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 233–235 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A tunable WDM wavelength converter based on cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersion holey fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 437–439 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Jiao and X. Zhang, “Experimental Investigation of the Role of Four-Wave Mixing in Supercontinuum Generation From a Multimode 975-nm Pumped Fiber Ring Cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(7), 420–422 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Yang, C. Shu, and C. Lin, “Depolarization technique for wavelength conversion using four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13(14), 5409–5415 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-14-5409 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Deiss, C. McIntosh, G. Williams, and J. Delavaux, “Gain flatness of a 30dBm tandem Er-Er/Yb double-clad fiber amplifier for WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, A. Sawchuk, ed., Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WJ6.
  6. A. Sano, Y. Miyamoto, T. Kataoka, and K. Hagimoto, “Long-span repeaterless transmission systems with optical amplifiers using pulse width management,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(6), 977–985 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. X. Ma, H. D. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidson, “240-km repeater spacing in a 5280-km WDM system experiment using 8×2.5 Gb/s NRZ transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 893–895 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Yoshihisa, “Ultra-long Span Repeaterless Transmission System Technologies,” NEC Tech. J. 5, 51–55 (2010).
  9. Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, K. Yonenaga, A. Sano, H. Toba, K. Murata, and O. Mitomi, 320 Gbits/s (8x40) Gbits/s WDM transmission over 367-km zero-dispersion-flattened line with 120-km repeater spacing using carrier-suppressed return-to zeron pulse format,” in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, S. Kinoshita, J. Livas, and G. van den Hoven, eds., Vol. 30 of Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper SN1.
  10. P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, Liang Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and characterization of Yb3+:Er3+ phosphosilicate fibers for lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(11), 1990–2001 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber as a gain medium for L-band amplification and Brillouin fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 20(3), 716–719 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Ultrawide-band La-codoped Bi2O3-based EDFA for L-band DWDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1525–1527 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. B. Soh, C. A. Codemard, and J. Nilsson, “High-power tunable single-frequency single-mode erbium:ytterbium codoped large-core fiber master-oscillator power amplifier source,” Opt. Lett. 30(22), 2997–2999 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Kringlebotn, J. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. Townsend, G. Vienne, and D. Payne, “Efficient low-noise grating-feedback fiber laser doped with Er3+:Yb3+,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1994), paper TuG5.
  19. S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. De Geronimo, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of intensity noise in a codoped erbium–ytterbium glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 66(1), 19–26 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. V. Philippov, C. Codemard, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “High-energy in-fiber pulse amplification for coherent lidar applications,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2590–2592 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, “Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 microm,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1221–1227 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1221 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Nykolak, P. F. Szajowski, J. Jacques, H. M. Presby, G. E. Abate, G. E. Tourgee, and J. J. Auborn, “4×2.5 Gb/s 4.4 km WDM free-space optical link at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,1999, and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. Supplement of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper PD11.
  24. J. Ma, M. Li, L. Tan, Y. Zhou, S. Yu, and Q. Ran, “Experimental investigation of radiation effect on erbium-ytterbium co-doped fiber amplifier for space optical communication in low-dose radiation environment,” Opt. Express 17(18), 15571–15577 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-17-18-15571 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. P. R. Kaczmarek, T. Rogowski, E. Kopczynski, P. Karnas, and K. M. Abramski, “High output power Erbium-Ytterbium doped fibre amplifier,” in Proceedings of International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks,2008 (ICTON 2008), pp. 350–352.
  26. N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, “High-power Er-Yb-doped fiber amplifier with multichannel gain flatness within 0.2 dB over 14 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1148–1150 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  27. E. Desurvire and J. R. Simpson, “Amplification of spontaneous emission in erbium-doped single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(5), 835–845 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Koponen, M. Laurila, and M. Hotoleanu, “Inversion behavior in core- and cladding-pumped Yb-doped fiber photodarkening measurements,” Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4522–4528 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. C. Simonneau, P. Bousselet, G. Melin, L. Provost, C. Moreau, X. Rejeaunier, A. Le Sauze, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “High-power air-clad photonic crystal fiber cladding-pumped EDFA for WDM applications in the C-band,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2003), PH Th4–1-2.
  30. M. E. Fermann, “Single-mode excitation of multimode fibers with ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(1), 52–54 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  31. J. P. Koplow, D. A. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, “Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 25(7), 442–444 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  32. J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1528–1530 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  33. D. Gloge, “Weakly guiding fibers,” Appl. Opt. 10(10), 2252–2258 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. D. Yablon, Optical Fiber Fusion Splicing (Springer-Verlag, 2005)
  35. J. A. Buck, Fundamentals of Optical Fibers, 2nd Edition (Wiley, 2004).
  36. R.G. Wiley, B.G. Clark, and J. Meitzler, “Compact, active alignment fusion splicer with automatic view-angle compensation,” United States Patent. no. 7712981.
  37. K. Yelen, L. M. B. Hickey, and M. N. Zervas, “Experimentally verified modeling of erbium-ytterbium co-doped DFB fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 1380–1392 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  38. G. P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems (Wiley, 2005).
  39. M. Rochette, M. Guy, S. LaRochelle, J. Lauzon, and F. Trepanier, “Gain equalization of EDFA's with Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 536–538 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2010

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber as a gain medium for L-band amplification and Brillouin fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 20(3), 716–719 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Yoshihisa, “Ultra-long Span Repeaterless Transmission System Technologies,” NEC Tech. J. 5, 51–55 (2010).

2009

2008

J. Koponen, M. Laurila, and M. Hotoleanu, “Inversion behavior in core- and cladding-pumped Yb-doped fiber photodarkening measurements,” Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4522–4528 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

V. Philippov, C. Codemard, Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “High-energy in-fiber pulse amplification for coherent lidar applications,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2590–2592 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Ultrawide-band La-codoped Bi2O3-based EDFA for L-band DWDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A tunable WDM wavelength converter based on cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersion holey fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

Y. Jaouën, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. Le Flohic, “Generation of four-wave mixing products inside WDM c-band 1 W Er 3+/Yb3+ amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 233–235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Koplow, D. A. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, “Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 25(7), 442–444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1528–1530 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Rochette, M. Guy, S. LaRochelle, J. Lauzon, and F. Trepanier, “Gain equalization of EDFA's with Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 536–538 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. De Geronimo, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of intensity noise in a codoped erbium–ytterbium glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 66(1), 19–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. X. Ma, H. D. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidson, “240-km repeater spacing in a 5280-km WDM system experiment using 8×2.5 Gb/s NRZ transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 893–895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, “Single-mode excitation of multimode fibers with ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(1), 52–54 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Sano, Y. Miyamoto, T. Kataoka, and K. Hagimoto, “Long-span repeaterless transmission systems with optical amplifiers using pulse width management,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(6), 977–985 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, Liang Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and characterization of Yb3+:Er3+ phosphosilicate fibers for lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(11), 1990–2001 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, “High-power Er-Yb-doped fiber amplifier with multichannel gain flatness within 0.2 dB over 14 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1148–1150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989

E. Desurvire and J. R. Simpson, “Amplification of spontaneous emission in erbium-doped single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(5), 835–845 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1971

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber as a gain medium for L-band amplification and Brillouin fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 20(3), 716–719 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alegria, C.

Augère, B.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bayart, D.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Belardi, W.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A tunable WDM wavelength converter based on cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersion holey fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Besson, C.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bettiati, M.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boubal, F.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bourdon, P.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bousselet, P.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bouzinac, J.-P.

Y. Jaouën, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. Le Flohic, “Generation of four-wave mixing products inside WDM c-band 1 W Er 3+/Yb3+ amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 233–235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brocklesby, W. S.

G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Brown, R. S.

G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Canat, G.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J. E.

Chabran, C.

Y. Jaouën, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. Le Flohic, “Generation of four-wave mixing products inside WDM c-band 1 W Er 3+/Yb3+ amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 233–235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. J.

G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Codemard, C.

Codemard, C. A.

Davidson, C. R.

M. X. Ma, H. D. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidson, “240-km repeater spacing in a 5280-km WDM system experiment using 8×2.5 Gb/s NRZ transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 893–895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Geronimo, G.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. De Geronimo, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of intensity noise in a codoped erbium–ytterbium glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 66(1), 19–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Delavaux, J.-M. P.

Y. Jaouën, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. Le Flohic, “Generation of four-wave mixing products inside WDM c-band 1 W Er 3+/Yb3+ amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 233–235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Desthieux, B.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire and J. R. Simpson, “Amplification of spontaneous emission in erbium-doped single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(5), 835–845 (1989).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, “High-power Er-Yb-doped fiber amplifier with multichannel gain flatness within 0.2 dB over 14 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1148–1150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, A.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Liang

Fermann, M. E.

Folkenberg, J. R.

Fukasawa, Y.

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gasca, L.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gloge, D.

Goix, M.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

Grubb, S.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, “High-power Er-Yb-doped fiber amplifier with multichannel gain flatness within 0.2 dB over 14 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1148–1150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Grubb, S. G.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B. O.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Ultrawide-band La-codoped Bi2O3-based EDFA for L-band DWDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gueorguiev, E.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guy, M.

M. Rochette, M. Guy, S. LaRochelle, J. Lauzon, and F. Trepanier, “Gain equalization of EDFA's with Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 536–538 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hagimoto, K.

Harun, S. W.

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber as a gain medium for L-band amplification and Brillouin fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 20(3), 716–719 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, H.

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, L. M. B.

Hirose, T.

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hotoleanu, M.

Ibsen, M.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A tunable WDM wavelength converter based on cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersion holey fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jaouën, Y.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jaouën, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. Le Flohic, “Generation of four-wave mixing products inside WDM c-band 1 W Er 3+/Yb3+ amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 233–235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Jetschke, S.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, Z.

Z. Jiao and X. Zhang, “Experimental Investigation of the Role of Four-Wave Mixing in Supercontinuum Generation From a Multimode 975-nm Pumped Fiber Ring Cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(7), 420–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jolivet, V.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kataoka, T.

Kerfoot, F. W.

M. X. Ma, H. D. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidson, “240-km repeater spacing in a 5280-km WDM system experiment using 8×2.5 Gb/s NRZ transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 893–895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kidorf, H. D.

M. X. Ma, H. D. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidson, “240-km repeater spacing in a 5280-km WDM system experiment using 8×2.5 Gb/s NRZ transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 893–895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kirchhof, J.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A.

Koplow, J. P.

Koponen, J.

Laming, R. I.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. De Geronimo, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of intensity noise in a codoped erbium–ytterbium glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 66(1), 19–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

M. Rochette, M. Guy, S. LaRochelle, J. Lauzon, and F. Trepanier, “Gain equalization of EDFA's with Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 536–538 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laurila, M.

Lauzon, J.

M. Rochette, M. Guy, S. LaRochelle, J. Lauzon, and F. Trepanier, “Gain equalization of EDFA's with Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 536–538 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Le Flohic, M.

Y. Jaouën, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. Le Flohic, “Generation of four-wave mixing products inside WDM c-band 1 W Er 3+/Yb3+ amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 233–235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A tunable WDM wavelength converter based on cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersion holey fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leplingard, F.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

Lin, C.

Liu, S. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Ultrawide-band La-codoped Bi2O3-based EDFA for L-band DWDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lombard, L.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

Ma, M. X.

M. X. Ma, H. D. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidson, “240-km repeater spacing in a 5280-km WDM system experiment using 8×2.5 Gb/s NRZ transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 893–895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Minelly, J. D.

G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, Liang Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and characterization of Yb3+:Er3+ phosphosilicate fibers for lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(11), 1990–2001 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, Y.

Monro, T. M.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A tunable WDM wavelength converter based on cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersion holey fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Musha, M.

Nagashima, T.

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

Nilsson, J.

Ochiai, K.

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, S.

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1528–1530 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ota, J.

Park, N.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, “High-power Er-Yb-doped fiber amplifier with multichannel gain flatness within 0.2 dB over 14 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1148–1150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, Liang Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and characterization of Yb3+:Er3+ phosphosilicate fibers for lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(11), 1990–2001 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, G. N.

Pedrazzani, R.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, “High-power Er-Yb-doped fiber amplifier with multichannel gain flatness within 0.2 dB over 14 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1148–1150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Philippov, V.

Planchat, C.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ran, Q.

Reyes, M.

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A tunable WDM wavelength converter based on cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersion holey fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rochette, M.

M. Rochette, M. Guy, S. LaRochelle, J. Lauzon, and F. Trepanier, “Gain equalization of EDFA's with Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 536–538 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Roman, J. E.

G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rottwitt, K.

M. X. Ma, H. D. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidson, “240-km repeater spacing in a 5280-km WDM system experiment using 8×2.5 Gb/s NRZ transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 893–895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Sano, A.

Shahi, S.

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber as a gain medium for L-band amplification and Brillouin fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 20(3), 716–719 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Shu, C.

Simpson, J. R.

E. Desurvire and J. R. Simpson, “Amplification of spontaneous emission in erbium-doped single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(5), 835–845 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Soh, D. B.

Sousa, J. M.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1528–1530 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Ultrawide-band La-codoped Bi2O3-based EDFA for L-band DWDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. De Geronimo, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of intensity noise in a codoped erbium–ytterbium glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 66(1), 19–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. De Geronimo, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of intensity noise in a codoped erbium–ytterbium glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 66(1), 19–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Ultrawide-band La-codoped Bi2O3-based EDFA for L-band DWDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tan, L.

Tardy, A.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, J. E.

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Trepanier, F.

M. Rochette, M. Guy, S. LaRochelle, J. Lauzon, and F. Trepanier, “Gain equalization of EDFA's with Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 536–538 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Unger, S.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Valla, M.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G. G.

G. G. Vienne, J. E. Caplen, Liang Dong, J. D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and characterization of Yb3+:Er3+ phosphosilicate fibers for lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(11), 1990–2001 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vitre, C.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Ultrawide-band La-codoped Bi2O3-based EDFA for L-band DWDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Walker, K.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, “High-power Er-Yb-doped fiber amplifier with multichannel gain flatness within 0.2 dB over 14 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1148–1150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, “High-power Er-Yb-doped fiber amplifier with multichannel gain flatness within 0.2 dB over 14 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1148–1150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

Yelen, K.

Yoshihisa, I.

I. Yoshihisa, “Ultra-long Span Repeaterless Transmission System Technologies,” NEC Tech. J. 5, 51–55 (2010).

Yu, S.

Yusoff, Z.

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A tunable WDM wavelength converter based on cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersion holey fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

Zhang, X.

Z. Jiao and X. Zhang, “Experimental Investigation of the Role of Four-Wave Mixing in Supercontinuum Generation From a Multimode 975-nm Pumped Fiber Ring Cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(7), 420–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. De Geronimo, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of intensity noise in a codoped erbium–ytterbium glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 66(1), 19–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1528–1530 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

P. Bousselet, M. Bettiati, L. Gasca, M. Goix, F. Boubal, A. Tardy, F. Leplingard, B. Desthieux, and D. Bayart, “dBm output power from an engineered cladding-pumped ytterbium-free EDFA for L-band WDM applications,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jaouën, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. Le Flohic, “Generation of four-wave mixing products inside WDM c-band 1 W Er 3+/Yb3+ amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 36(3), 233–235 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt.

G. Canat, L. Lombard, A. Dolfi, M. Valla, C. Planchat, B. Augère, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, C. Besson, Y. Jaouën, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, E. Gueorguiev, and C. Vitre, “High Brightness 1.5 μm Pulsed Fiber Laser for Lidar: From Fibers to Systems,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 27(5), 422–439 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, “High-power Er-Yb-doped fiber amplifier with multichannel gain flatness within 0.2 dB over 14 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1148–1150 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, Z. Yusoff, W. Belardi, M. Ibsen, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A tunable WDM wavelength converter based on cross-phase modulation effects in normal dispersion holey fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiao and X. Zhang, “Experimental Investigation of the Role of Four-Wave Mixing in Supercontinuum Generation From a Multimode 975-nm Pumped Fiber Ring Cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(7), 420–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. X. Ma, H. D. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidson, “240-km repeater spacing in a 5280-km WDM system experiment using 8×2.5 Gb/s NRZ transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 893–895 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, S. Y. Liu, P. K. A. Wai, and N. Sugimoto, “Ultrawide-band La-codoped Bi2O3-based EDFA for L-band DWDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Minelly, W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, P. R. Morkel, J. E. Townsend, S. G. Grubb, and D. N. Payne, “Diode-array pumping of Er3+/Yb3+ Co-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(3), 301–303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Rochette, M. Guy, S. LaRochelle, J. Lauzon, and F. Trepanier, “Gain equalization of EDFA's with Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 536–538 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Laser Phys.

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber as a gain medium for L-band amplification and Brillouin fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 20(3), 716–719 (2010).
[CrossRef]

NEC Tech. J.

I. Yoshihisa, “Ultra-long Span Repeaterless Transmission System Technologies,” NEC Tech. J. 5, 51–55 (2010).

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

G. G. Vienne, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Brown, Z. J. Chen, J. D. Minelly, J. E. Roman, and D. N. Payne, “Role of Aluminum in Ytterbium-Erbium Codoped Phosphoaluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(4), 387–393 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, H. Hayashi, Y. Fukasawa, T. Hirose, T. Nagashima, and M. Reyes, “Ultrawideband amplifiers based on Bi2O3-EDFAs,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10(4), 283–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. D. Yablon, Optical Fiber Fusion Splicing (Springer-Verlag, 2005)

J. A. Buck, Fundamentals of Optical Fibers, 2nd Edition (Wiley, 2004).

R.G. Wiley, B.G. Clark, and J. Meitzler, “Compact, active alignment fusion splicer with automatic view-angle compensation,” United States Patent. no. 7712981.

G. P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems (Wiley, 2005).

C. Simonneau, P. Bousselet, G. Melin, L. Provost, C. Moreau, X. Rejeaunier, A. Le Sauze, L. Gasca, and D. Bayart, “High-power air-clad photonic crystal fiber cladding-pumped EDFA for WDM applications in the C-band,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2003), PH Th4–1-2.

G. Nykolak, P. F. Szajowski, J. Jacques, H. M. Presby, G. E. Abate, G. E. Tourgee, and J. J. Auborn, “4×2.5 Gb/s 4.4 km WDM free-space optical link at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,1999, and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. Supplement of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper PD11.

P. R. Kaczmarek, T. Rogowski, E. Kopczynski, P. Karnas, and K. M. Abramski, “High output power Erbium-Ytterbium doped fibre amplifier,” in Proceedings of International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks,2008 (ICTON 2008), pp. 350–352.

Y. Deiss, C. McIntosh, G. Williams, and J. Delavaux, “Gain flatness of a 30dBm tandem Er-Er/Yb double-clad fiber amplifier for WDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, A. Sawchuk, ed., Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WJ6.

J. Kringlebotn, J. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. Townsend, G. Vienne, and D. Payne, “Efficient low-noise grating-feedback fiber laser doped with Er3+:Yb3+,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1994), paper TuG5.

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, K. Yonenaga, A. Sano, H. Toba, K. Murata, and O. Mitomi, 320 Gbits/s (8x40) Gbits/s WDM transmission over 367-km zero-dispersion-flattened line with 120-km repeater spacing using carrier-suppressed return-to zeron pulse format,” in Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, S. Kinoshita, J. Livas, and G. van den Hoven, eds., Vol. 30 of Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper SN1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Geometry of the EYDF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Bit Coupling loss between guided mode of single-mode fiber and the fundamental mode of EYDF versus the lateral misalignment in terms of core offset for different angular misalignment values.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the EYDFA. ISO: Isolator, SMF: Single Mode Fiber.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Total output power versus launched pump power for different lengths of EYDF. Inset: Gain excursion over the wavelength range of 1535-1565 nm versus the total output power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Gain spectrum for different lengths of single-mode EYDF (core diameter = 7 μm) and for 2.15 m of multimode EYDF delivering a total output power of ~33.9 dBm. Inset: Gain excursion over the wavelength range of 1535-1565 nm versus the total output power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Gain, NF and Bit error ratio measurement setup. PL: Probe Laser, Mod: Modulator, WDM: Wavelength Division Multiplexer, Att: variable Attenuator, BPF: Bandpass filter @ 1546.7 nm, PD: Photodiode, OSA: Optical Spectrum Analyzer, BERT: BER Tester.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectra before and after amplification of 8 channels spreading from 1530.3 nm to 1564.8 nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Gain and noise-figure (NF) of the EYDFA as well as that of the pre-amplifier followed by the EYDFA at different amounts of power at the input of the preamplifier

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Bit error ratio and eye diagrams at 40 Gb/s with and without the EYDFA in the communication link.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Overlap integral, confinement factor and net gain for each mode of the multimode EYDFA, providing a total gain of 15 dB

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η l p = | S E G .652 E l p * d S | 2 S | E G .652 | 2 d S S | E l p | 2 d S ,
Γ l p = P c o r e P t o t a l = c o r e E l p E l p * d S E l p E l p * d S .

Metrics