Abstract

The growth behavior of laser-induced damage sites is affected by a large number of laser parameters as well as site morphology. Here we investigate the effects of pulse duration on the growth rate of damage sites located on the exit surface of fused silica optics. Results demonstrate a significant dependence of the growth parameters on laser pulse duration at 351 nm from 1 ns to 15 ns, including the observation of a dominant exponential versus linear, multiple-shot growth behavior for long and short pulses, respectively. These salient behaviors are tied to the damage morphology and suggest a shift in the fundamental growth mechanisms for pulses in the 1-5 ns range.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. M. R. Kozlowski, R. Mouser, S. Maricle, P. Wegner, and T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Razè, J.-M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Lamaignère, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, P. Legros, and J.-L. Rullier, “Initiation of laser-induced damage sites in fused silica optical components,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11469–11479 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, K4030 (2007).
  16. C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” in press, J. Amer. Cer. Soc. (2010).
  19. C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. R. N. Raman, R. A. Negres, and S. G. Demos, “Imaging system to measure kinetics of material cluster ejection during exit-surface damage initiation and growth in fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750418 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large-aperture lasers,” Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3628–3633 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (4)

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Raman, R. A. Negres, and S. G. Demos, “Imaging system to measure kinetics of material cluster ejection during exit-surface damage initiation and growth in fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750418 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, P. Legros, and J.-L. Rullier, “Initiation of laser-induced damage sites in fused silica optical components,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11469–11479 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, K4030 (2007).

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignère, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. Razè, J.-M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. R. Kozlowski, R. Mouser, S. Maricle, P. Wegner, and T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Adams, J. J.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bercegol, H.

L. Lamaignère, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Razè, J.-M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bertussi, B.

Bude, J. D.

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, K4030 (2007).

Burke, M. W.

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carr, A. V.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C. W.

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, K4030 (2007).

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cormont, P.

Cross, D.

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cross, D. A.

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DeMange, P.

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Demos, S. G.

R. N. Raman, R. A. Negres, and S. G. Demos, “Imaging system to measure kinetics of material cluster ejection during exit-surface damage initiation and growth in fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750418 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large-aperture lasers,” Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3628–3633 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Donohue, E. E.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feng, B.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferriera, J. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, R. P.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, W.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haupt, D. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hollingsworth, W. G.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Honig, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hrubesh, L. W.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W. Q.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheon, I. D.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jarboe, J. A.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jing, F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Josse, M.

G. Razè, J.-M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kinney, J. H.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kozlowski, M. R.

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large-aperture lasers,” Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3628–3633 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. Mouser, S. Maricle, P. Wegner, and T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lamaignère, L.

L. Lamaignère, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Razè, J.-M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Legros, P.

Li, F. Q.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z. M.

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lindsey, E. F.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, M.

L. Lamaignère, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Razè, J.-M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luthi, R. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maricle, S.

M. R. Kozlowski, R. Mouser, S. Maricle, P. Wegner, and T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, M. J.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, K4030 (2007).

McElroy, J. N.

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Milam, D.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Molander, W. A.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Morchain, J.-M.

G. Razè, J.-M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mouser, R.

M. R. Kozlowski, R. Mouser, S. Maricle, P. Wegner, and T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Neeb, K. P.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Negres, R. A.

R. N. Raman, R. A. Negres, and S. G. Demos, “Imaging system to measure kinetics of material cluster ejection during exit-surface damage initiation and growth in fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750418 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Norton, M. A.

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nostrand, M. C.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Palmier, S.

Poncetta, J.-C.

L. Lamaignère, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raman, R. N.

R. N. Raman, R. A. Negres, and S. G. Demos, “Imaging system to measure kinetics of material cluster ejection during exit-surface damage initiation and growth in fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750418 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Razè, G.

G. Razè, J.-M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reyne, S.

L. Lamaignère, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rullier, J.-L.

Sell, W. D.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, M. L.

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, K4030 (2007).

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Staggs, M.

Stanley, J. A.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S. B.

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trenholme, J. B.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vickers, J. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. Mouser, S. Maricle, P. Wegner, and T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X. F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weiland, T.

M. R. Kozlowski, R. Mouser, S. Maricle, P. Wegner, and T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weiland, T. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wong, J.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, Y.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W. G.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser –induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(1), 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(3), 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (16)

R. N. Raman, R. A. Negres, and S. G. Demos, “Imaging system to measure kinetics of material cluster ejection during exit-surface damage initiation and growth in fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750418 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, K4030 (2007).

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. Mouser, S. Maricle, P. Wegner, and T. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the Beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Razè, J.-M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignère, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignère, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J.-C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” in press, J. Amer. Cer. Soc. (2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical multi-shot growth of damage site diameter (left y-axis) vs. shot number under laser irradiation at 351 nm with various pulse durations: (a) Exponential growth with 5 ns and 10 ns pulses and (b) Linear growth with 1 ns and 2 ns pulses. The local average fluences (right y-axis) at the site locations on every shot are also shown. The solid lines represent best fits (exponential or linear) to diameter vs. shot number according to Eqs. (1)-(2) (see text) with the fitting parameters indicated in the legends.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Examples of mixed behaviors observed during the multi-shot growth sequence with 1 ns, 2 ns, and 5 ns pulses: damage site diameter (open circles) and local fluence (closed squares, not all shots are shown) vs. shot number, respectively. The solid lines represent best fits (exponential or linear) to diameter vs. shot number according to Eqs. (1)-(2) (see text) with the fitting parameters indicated in the legends.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Growth behavior statistics as a function of pulse duration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dominant growth behaviors vs. fluence and pulse duration: (a) Exponential growth coefficient from Eq. (1) for 5 ns and 10 ns pulses. (b) Linear growth coefficient from Eq. (2) for 1-2 ns pulses. Solid lines represent best linear fits to growth coefficient vs. fluence according to Eqs. (3) and (4), respectively. Also shown are the growth coefficients for atypical behaviors, i.e. linear growth with 5 ns pulses and exponential growth with 1-2 ns pulses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SEM images of typical damage sites grown at ~6-7 J/cm2 with (a) 1 ns and (b) 5 ns pulses, respectively. Selected regions located at the periphery and at the center of the damage craters demonstrate the distinct morphological features associated with pulsed duration effects (higher spatial resolution images on the right hand side).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Sample/experimental parameters at various pulse durations

Equations (4)

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d N = d 0 exp [ α ( ϕ ) N ] ,
d N = d 0 + g ( ϕ ) N,
α ( ϕ ) = A ( ϕ B ) ,
g ( ϕ ) = A' ( ϕ B' ) ,

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