Abstract

Optical properties of a Bismuth-doped pure silica sol-gel core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) were investigated. We report on the absorption, CW luminescence and time resolved luminescence spectra at different excitation wavelengths at room temperature. Complex structure of the energy levels of Bismuth-connected centers in pure silica glass is put in evidence.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40,L279–L281 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 44,834–840 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Neff, V. Romano, and W. Lüthy, “Metal-doped fibres for broadband emission: Fabrication with granulated oxides,” Opt. Mat. 31,247–252 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Razdobreev, H. El Hamzaoui, V. Yu. Ivanov, E. F. Kustov, B. Capoen, and M. Bouazaoui, “Optical spectroscopy of Bismuth-doped pure silica fiber preform,” Opt. Lett. 35,1341–1343 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24,4729–4749 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203,19–26 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,031103 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers- a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31,2966–2968 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E.M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33,2227–2229 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. I. Bufetov and E. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,487–504 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Bulatov, V. Mashinsky, V. Dvoyrin, E. Kustov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40,153–159 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. I. Razdobreev, CERLA-PHLAM, University Lille-1, Villeneuve d’Ascq 59655, France, and V. Yu. Ivanov, Institute of Physics of Poland Academy of Sciences, 32/46 al. Lotnikw, Warsaw 02668, Poland are preparing a manuscript to be called “Time resolved spectroscopy of Bismuth-doped silica glass.”

2010 (2)

L. Bulatov, V. Mashinsky, V. Dvoyrin, E. Kustov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40,153–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, H. El Hamzaoui, V. Yu. Ivanov, E. F. Kustov, B. Capoen, and M. Bouazaoui, “Optical spectroscopy of Bismuth-doped pure silica fiber preform,” Opt. Lett. 35,1341–1343 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

I. Bufetov and E. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

M. Neff, V. Romano, and W. Lüthy, “Metal-doped fibres for broadband emission: Fabrication with granulated oxides,” Opt. Mat. 31,247–252 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 44,834–840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E.M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33,2227–2229 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40,L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203,19–26 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bouazaoui, M.

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I.

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Bufetov and E. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

Bulatov, L.

L. Bulatov, V. Mashinsky, V. Dvoyrin, E. Kustov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40,153–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bulatov, L. I.

Capoen, B.

Dianov, E.

L. Bulatov, V. Mashinsky, V. Dvoyrin, E. Kustov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40,153–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Bufetov and E. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Dianov, E.M.

Douay, M.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V.

L. Bulatov, V. Mashinsky, V. Dvoyrin, E. Kustov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40,153–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

El Hamzaoui, H.

Fabian, H.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203,19–26 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Firstov, S.

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Firstov, S. V.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40,L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grzesik, U.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203,19–26 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A.

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

Haken, U.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203,19–26 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heitmann, W.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203,19–26 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Humbach, O.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203,19–26 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Iskhakova, L.

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, V. Yu.

Khopin, V.

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

Kustov, E.

L. Bulatov, V. Mashinsky, V. Dvoyrin, E. Kustov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40,153–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kustov, E. F.

Lüthy, W.

M. Neff, V. Romano, and W. Lüthy, “Metal-doped fibres for broadband emission: Fabrication with granulated oxides,” Opt. Mat. 31,247–252 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V.

L. Bulatov, V. Mashinsky, V. Dvoyrin, E. Kustov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40,153–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M. A.

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40,L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Neff, M.

M. Neff, V. Romano, and W. Lüthy, “Metal-doped fibres for broadband emission: Fabrication with granulated oxides,” Opt. Mat. 31,247–252 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Razdobreev, I.

I. Razdobreev, H. El Hamzaoui, V. Yu. Ivanov, E. F. Kustov, B. Capoen, and M. Bouazaoui, “Optical spectroscopy of Bismuth-doped pure silica fiber preform,” Opt. Lett. 35,1341–1343 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Romano, V.

M. Neff, V. Romano, and W. Lüthy, “Metal-doped fibres for broadband emission: Fabrication with granulated oxides,” Opt. Mat. 31,247–252 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

Shubin, A.

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, A. V.

Smirnov, A.

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

Vechkanov, N.

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yashkov, M. V.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90,031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 44,834–840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203,19–26 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40,L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Firstov, I. Bufetov, V. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. Smirnov, L. Iskhakova, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Bufetov and E. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6,487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mat. (1)

M. Neff, V. Romano, and W. Lüthy, “Metal-doped fibres for broadband emission: Fabrication with granulated oxides,” Opt. Mat. 31,247–252 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Bulatov, V. Mashinsky, V. Dvoyrin, E. Kustov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40,153–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

I. Razdobreev, CERLA-PHLAM, University Lille-1, Villeneuve d’Ascq 59655, France, and V. Yu. Ivanov, Institute of Physics of Poland Academy of Sciences, 32/46 al. Lotnikw, Warsaw 02668, Poland are preparing a manuscript to be called “Time resolved spectroscopy of Bismuth-doped silica glass.”

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption spectrum of 450 ppm Bismuth-doped pure silica sol-gel preform in the spectral region of 300–750 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) image of Bismuth-doped pure silica sol-gel core PCF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Attenuation spectrum of Bismuth-doped pure silica sol-gel core PCF in the range of 625 – 1750 nm. Inset: Detailed view of attenuation spectrum in the range of 850 – 1300 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Detailed view of absorption bands of Bismuth-doped pure silica sol-gel core PCF and their Gaussian decomposition: a) 820 nm band and b) 1400 nm band. Markers - experiment, solid blue line - numerical fit.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Room temperature NIR PL spectra at various excitation wavelengths: a) 2.2 cm-long PCF, transmission geometry; b) bulk sample, 90° geometry.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Time-resolved PL spectrum of bulk sample for λexc = 532 nm recorded at T = 10 K.

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