Abstract

We report the experimental realization of a composite microcavity system, in which negatively-charged nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond nanopillars couple evanescently to whispering-gallery modes (WGMs) in a deformed, non-axisymmetric silica microsphere. We show that the deformed microsphere can feature an evanescent decay length four times larger than that of a regular silica microsphere. With the enhanced evanescent coupling, WGMs can in principle couple to NV centers that are 100 to 200 nm beneath the diamond pillar surface, providing a promising avenue for exploring evanescently-coupled cavity QED systems of NV centers in ultrahigh purity diamond.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Hanson, V. V. Dobrovitski, A. E. Feiguin, O. Gywat, and D. D. Awschalom, “Coherent dynamics of a single spin interacting with an adjustable spin bath,” Science 320(5874), 352–355 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  21. Y.-S. Park and H. Wang, “Radiation pressure driven mechanical oscillation in deformed silica microspheres via free-space evanescent excitation,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16471–16477 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L de. S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 173603 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. B. Dayan, A. S. Parkins, T. Aoki, E. P. Ostby, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom,” Science 319(5866), 1062–1065 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Larsson, K. N. Dinyari, and H. Wang, “Composite optical microcavity of diamond nanopillar and silica microsphere,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1447–1450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, C. Santori, and R. Beausoleil, “Chip-based microcavities coupled to nitrogen-vacancy centers in single crystal diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(19), 191115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Santori, P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Vertical distribution of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond formed by ion implantation and annealing,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125313 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, “Controlled coupling of a single-diamond nanocrystal to a photonic crystal cavity,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1108–1110 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Barclay, C. Santori, K.-M. Fu, R. G. Beausoleil, and O. Painter, “Coherent interference effects in a nano-assembled diamond NV center cavity-QED system,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8081–8097 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

M. W. McCutcheon and M. Loncar, “Design of a silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavity with a Quality factor of one million for coupling to a diamond nanocrystal,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19136–19145 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Schietinger, T. Schröder, and O. Benson, “One-by-one coupling of single defect centers in nanodiamonds to high-Q modes of an optical microresonator,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3911–3915 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Dayan, A. S. Parkins, T. Aoki, E. P. Ostby, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom,” Science 319(5866), 1062–1065 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hanson, V. V. Dobrovitski, A. E. Feiguin, O. Gywat, and D. D. Awschalom, “Coherent dynamics of a single spin interacting with an adjustable spin bath,” Science 320(5874), 352–355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, Z. F. Han, G. C. Guo, and Y. S. Park, “Directional escape from a high-Q deformed microsphere induced by short CO2 laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(6), 644–646 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-S. Park and H. Wang, “Radiation pressure driven mechanical oscillation in deformed silica microspheres via free-space evanescent excitation,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16471–16477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, “Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L de. S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 173603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wrachtrup and F. Jelezko, “Processing quantum information in diamond,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(21), S807–S824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, “Cavity QED with diamond nanocrystals and silica microspheres,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2075–2079 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aoki, T.

B. Dayan, A. S. Parkins, T. Aoki, E. P. Ostby, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom,” Science 319(5866), 1062–1065 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Awschalom, D. D.

R. Hanson, V. V. Dobrovitski, A. E. Feiguin, O. Gywat, and D. D. Awschalom, “Coherent dynamics of a single spin interacting with an adjustable spin bath,” Science 320(5874), 352–355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, “Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barclay, P. E.

C. Santori, P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Vertical distribution of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond formed by ion implantation and annealing,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125313 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, C. Santori, and R. Beausoleil, “Chip-based microcavities coupled to nitrogen-vacancy centers in single crystal diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(19), 191115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, C. Santori, K.-M. Fu, R. G. Beausoleil, and O. Painter, “Coherent interference effects in a nano-assembled diamond NV center cavity-QED system,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8081–8097 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barth, M.

Beausoleil, R.

P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, C. Santori, and R. Beausoleil, “Chip-based microcavities coupled to nitrogen-vacancy centers in single crystal diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(19), 191115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

P. E. Barclay, C. Santori, K.-M. Fu, R. G. Beausoleil, and O. Painter, “Coherent interference effects in a nano-assembled diamond NV center cavity-QED system,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8081–8097 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Vertical distribution of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond formed by ion implantation and annealing,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125313 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Benson, O.

M. Barth, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, “Controlled coupling of a single-diamond nanocrystal to a photonic crystal cavity,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1108–1110 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schietinger, T. Schröder, and O. Benson, “One-by-one coupling of single defect centers in nanodiamonds to high-Q modes of an optical microresonator,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3911–3915 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L de. S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 173603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Butler, J. E.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, “Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Childress, L.

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cook, A. K.

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, “Cavity QED with diamond nanocrystals and silica microspheres,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2075–2079 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cory, D. G.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dayan, B.

B. Dayan, A. S. Parkins, T. Aoki, E. P. Ostby, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom,” Science 319(5866), 1062–1065 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de. S. Menezes, L

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L de. S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 173603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dinyari, K. N.

M. Larsson, K. N. Dinyari, and H. Wang, “Composite optical microcavity of diamond nanopillar and silica microsphere,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1447–1450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dobrovitski, V. V.

R. Hanson, V. V. Dobrovitski, A. E. Feiguin, O. Gywat, and D. D. Awschalom, “Coherent dynamics of a single spin interacting with an adjustable spin bath,” Science 320(5874), 352–355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Domhan, M.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C. H.

Dutt, M. V. G.

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feiguin, A. E.

R. Hanson, V. V. Dobrovitski, A. E. Feiguin, O. Gywat, and D. D. Awschalom, “Coherent dynamics of a single spin interacting with an adjustable spin bath,” Science 320(5874), 352–355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feygelson, T.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, “Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Foster, D. H.

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, K. M. C.

P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, C. Santori, and R. Beausoleil, “Chip-based microcavities coupled to nitrogen-vacancy centers in single crystal diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(19), 191115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Santori, P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Vertical distribution of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond formed by ion implantation and annealing,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125313 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, K.-M.

Gaebel, T.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Götzinger, S.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L de. S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 173603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greentree, A. D.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G. C.

Gurudev Dutt, M. V.

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gywat, O.

R. Hanson, V. V. Dobrovitski, A. E. Feiguin, O. Gywat, and D. D. Awschalom, “Coherent dynamics of a single spin interacting with an adjustable spin bath,” Science 320(5874), 352–355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, Z. F.

Hanson, R.

R. Hanson, V. V. Dobrovitski, A. E. Feiguin, O. Gywat, and D. D. Awschalom, “Coherent dynamics of a single spin interacting with an adjustable spin bath,” Science 320(5874), 352–355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, “Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hodges, J. S.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, E. L.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, “Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, V.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jelezko, F.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wrachtrup and F. Jelezko, “Processing quantum information in diamond,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(21), S807–S824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, L.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

B. Dayan, A. S. Parkins, T. Aoki, E. P. Ostby, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom,” Science 319(5866), 1062–1065 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacey, S.

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larsson, M.

M. Larsson, K. N. Dinyari, and H. Wang, “Composite optical microcavity of diamond nanopillar and silica microsphere,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1447–1450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Löchel, B.

Loncar, M.

Lukin, M. D.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maurer, P.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maze, J.

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maze, J. R.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazzei, A.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L de. S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 173603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCutcheon, M. W.

Meijer, J.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, N.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neumann, P.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nöckel, J. U.

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nüsse, N.

Ostby, E. P.

B. Dayan, A. S. Parkins, T. Aoki, E. P. Ostby, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom,” Science 319(5866), 1062–1065 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

Park, Y. S.

Park, Y.-S.

Parkins, A. S.

B. Dayan, A. S. Parkins, T. Aoki, E. P. Ostby, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom,” Science 319(5866), 1062–1065 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popa, I.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prawer, S.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rabeau, J. R.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rempp, F.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandoghdar, V.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L de. S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 173603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santori, C.

C. Santori, P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Vertical distribution of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond formed by ion implantation and annealing,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125313 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, C. Santori, and R. Beausoleil, “Chip-based microcavities coupled to nitrogen-vacancy centers in single crystal diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(19), 191115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, C. Santori, K.-M. Fu, R. G. Beausoleil, and O. Painter, “Coherent interference effects in a nano-assembled diamond NV center cavity-QED system,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8081–8097 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schietinger, S.

S. Schietinger, T. Schröder, and O. Benson, “One-by-one coupling of single defect centers in nanodiamonds to high-Q modes of an optical microresonator,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3911–3915 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schröder, T.

S. Schietinger, T. Schröder, and O. Benson, “One-by-one coupling of single defect centers in nanodiamonds to high-Q modes of an optical microresonator,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3911–3915 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stavrias, N.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. M.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Togan, E.

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Twamley, J.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

B. Dayan, A. S. Parkins, T. Aoki, E. P. Ostby, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom,” Science 319(5866), 1062–1065 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walsworth, R. L.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C. F.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, “Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

M. Larsson, K. N. Dinyari, and H. Wang, “Composite optical microcavity of diamond nanopillar and silica microsphere,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1447–1450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-S. Park and H. Wang, “Radiation pressure driven mechanical oscillation in deformed silica microspheres via free-space evanescent excitation,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16471–16477 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, “Cavity QED with diamond nanocrystals and silica microspheres,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2075–2079 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, H.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittmann, C.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wrachtrup, J.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wrachtrup and F. Jelezko, “Processing quantum information in diamond,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(21), S807–S824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, Y. F.

Yacoby, A.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamasaki, S.

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, “Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, A. S.

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zumofen, G.

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L de. S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 173603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, “Fabrication and characterization of two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in nanocrystalline diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, C. Santori, and R. Beausoleil, “Chip-based microcavities coupled to nitrogen-vacancy centers in single crystal diamond,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(19), 191115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

J. Wrachtrup and F. Jelezko, “Processing quantum information in diamond,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(21), S807–S824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, “Cavity QED with diamond nanocrystals and silica microspheres,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2075–2079 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schietinger, T. Schröder, and O. Benson, “One-by-one coupling of single defect centers in nanodiamonds to high-Q modes of an optical microresonator,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3911–3915 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Larsson, K. N. Dinyari, and H. Wang, “Composite optical microcavity of diamond nanopillar and silica microsphere,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1447–1450 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, “Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 408–413 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

C. Santori, P. E. Barclay, K. M. C. Fu, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Vertical distribution of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond formed by ion implantation and annealing,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125313 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mazzei, S. Götzinger, L de. S. Menezes, G. Zumofen, O. Benson, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlled coupling of counterpropagating whispering-gallery modes by a single Rayleigh scatterer: a classical problem in a quantum optical light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(17), 173603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

B. Dayan, A. S. Parkins, T. Aoki, E. P. Ostby, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom,” Science 319(5866), 1062–1065 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Jiang, J. S. Hodges, J. R. Maze, P. Maurer, J. M. Taylor, D. G. Cory, P. R. Hemmer, R. L. Walsworth, A. Yacoby, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Repetitive readout of a single electronic spin via quantum logic with nuclear spin ancillae,” Science 326(5950), 267–272 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Neumann, N. Mizuochi, F. Rempp, P. Hemmer, H. Watanabe, S. Yamasaki, V. Jacques, T. Gaebel, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond,” Science 320(5881), 1326–1329 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hanson, V. V. Dobrovitski, A. E. Feiguin, O. Gywat, and D. D. Awschalom, “Coherent dynamics of a single spin interacting with an adjustable spin bath,” Science 320(5874), 352–355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. G. Dutt, L. Childress, L. Jiang, E. Togan, J. Maze, F. Jelezko, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum register based on individual electronic and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 316(5829), 1312–1316 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Coherent dynamics of coupled electron and nuclear spin qubits in diamond,” Science 314(5797), 281–285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

K.-M. C. Fu, C. Santori, P. E. Barclay, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Conversion of neutral nitrogen-vacancy centers to negatively-charged nitrogen-vacancy centers through selective oxidation,” arXiv:1001.5449.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light, (Cambridge University Press; 6th edition, 1997).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the experimental setup for free-space excitation. WGMs in a deformed silica microsphere (deformation is exaggerated for clarity) are excited with a tunable laser. A fiber tip is also used to probe the evanescent field of the WGMs. (b) A WGM resonance near λ = 800 nm and with l m and a deformation < 2%. The data is fitted with a Lorentzian lineshape (red line).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Q-spoiling of the WGM as a function of the tip-sphere distance. Solid circles: The tip approaches a surface area near a symmetry axis. Open circles: The tip approaches a surface area that is 45° away from a symmetry axis, with the inset showing the Q-factor over a longer distance scale.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic plan view of the setup for coupling NV centers to the evanescent field of a deformed microsphere (deformation is exaggerated for clarity). The emission from the sphere (red arrow) is collected and sent to the spectrometer via freespace optics. (b) The induced Q-spoiling by a 200 nm diamond nanopillar positioned in the evanescent field maximum. (c) PL spectra from the diamond nanopillar coupled to a deformed microsphere obtained at T = 150 K.

Equations (1)

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1 l e = 2 π λ sin 2 ( θ ) sin 2 ( θ c ) 1

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