Abstract

Transparent Ag and Eu3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses with composition 50SiO2-20Al2O3-30CaF2 were prepared by melt-quenching technique. The structural and luminescent properties of glasses, energy transfer mechanism between luminescent centers were systematically investigated. The missing nanoparticles signals in absorption spectra, XRD patterns and TEM images, the additional broad excitation band at 325-375 nm indicate that the broad emission band at 400-700 nm is originated from very small molecule-like, non-plasmonic Ag particles (ML-Ag-particles). A perfect white light emission was realized by combining intense red emission of Eu3+ with broad band emission of ML-Ag-particles. These results suggest that Ag and Eu3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses could be potentially applied as white light-emitting phosphors for ultra-violet LED chips.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. C. H. Huang and T. M. Chen, “Ca9La(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: an emission-tunable phosphor through efficient energy transfer for white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5089–5099 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Bi2+-doped strontium borates for white-light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2885–2887 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Yang, G. Lakshminarayana, S. Zhou, Y. Teng, and J. Qiu, “Cyan-white-red luminescence from europium doped Al2O3-La2O3-SiO2 glasses,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6731–6735 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Lin, D. Chen, Y. Yu, Z. Shan, P. Huang, Y. Wang, and J. Yuan, “Nd3+ -sensitized upconversion white light emission of Tm3+/Ho3+ bridged by Yb3+ in β-YF3 nanocrystals embedded transparent glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103511 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Weng, “Near-infrared quantum cutting in transparent nanostructured glass ceramics,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1884–1886 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+-doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. De Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 94(2), 239–242 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. Strohhöfer and A. Polman, “Silver as a sensitizer for erbium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(8), 1414 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Fedrigo, W. Harbich, and J. Buttet, “Optical response of Ag2, Ag3, Au2, and Au3 in argon matrices,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(8), 5712–5717 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc-aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 31(1), 47–50 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2010

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, D. Chen, Y. Yu, Z. Shan, P. Huang, Y. Wang, and J. Yuan, “Nd3+ -sensitized upconversion white light emission of Tm3+/Ho3+ bridged by Yb3+ in β-YF3 nanocrystals embedded transparent glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Kuo, W. R. Liu, and T. M. Chen, “Emission color variation of (Ba,Sr)3BP3O12:Eu2+ phosphors for white light LEDs,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1888–1897 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Huang and T. M. Chen, “Ca9La(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: an emission-tunable phosphor through efficient energy transfer for white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5089–5099 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Eichelbaum and K. Rademann, “Plasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? on the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2045–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. De Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Yu, H. Lin, P. Huang, F. Weng, Z. Shan, and Y. Wang, “CeF3-based glass ceramic: a potential luminescent host for white-light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2882–2884 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Bi2+-doped strontium borates for white-light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2885–2887 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc-aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 31(1), 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, G. Lakshminarayana, S. Zhou, Y. Teng, and J. Qiu, “Cyan-white-red luminescence from europium doped Al2O3-La2O3-SiO2 glasses,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6731–6735 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, P. Huang, and F. Weng, “Near-infrared quantum cutting in transparent nanostructured glass ceramics,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1884–1886 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2002

C. Strohhöfer and A. Polman, “Silver as a sensitizer for erbium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(8), 1414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+-doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993

S. Fedrigo, W. Harbich, and J. Buttet, “Optical response of Ag2, Ag3, Au2, and Au3 in argon matrices,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(8), 5712–5717 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sá, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+ doped materials,” J. Lumin. 33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Andrade, L. H. C.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sá, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+ doped materials,” J. Lumin. 33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Babu, P.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baesso, M. L.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bento, A. C.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bomfim, F. A.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. De Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boulon, G.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bueno, L. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bureau, B.

V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Buttet, J.

S. Fedrigo, W. Harbich, and J. Buttet, “Optical response of Ag2, Ag3, Au2, and Au3 in argon matrices,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(8), 5712–5717 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Chen, T. M.

Da Costa, E. B.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De Araújo, C. B.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. De Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
[CrossRef]

De Sá, G. F.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sá, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+ doped materials,” J. Lumin. 33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Eichelbaum, M.

M. Eichelbaum and K. Rademann, “Plasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? on the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2045–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedrigo, S.

S. Fedrigo, W. Harbich, and J. Buttet, “Optical response of Ag2, Ag3, Au2, and Au3 in argon matrices,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(8), 5712–5717 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, J. L.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gonçalves, R. R.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, G.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc-aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 31(1), 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harbich, W.

S. Fedrigo, W. Harbich, and J. Buttet, “Optical response of Ag2, Ag3, Au2, and Au3 in argon matrices,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(8), 5712–5717 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hayakawa, T.

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+-doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoell, A.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C. H.

Huang, P.

Jang, K. H.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jayasankar, C. K.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiménez, J. A.

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kassab, L. R. P.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. De Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E. S.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, T. W.

Lakshminarayana, G.

Lavín, V.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ledemi, Y.

V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lima, K. O.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lima, S. M.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

H. Lin, D. Chen, Y. Yu, Z. Shan, P. Huang, Y. Wang, and J. Yuan, “Nd3+ -sensitized upconversion white light emission of Tm3+/Ho3+ bridged by Yb3+ in β-YF3 nanocrystals embedded transparent glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Yu, H. Lin, P. Huang, F. Weng, Z. Shan, and Y. Wang, “CeF3-based glass ceramic: a potential luminescent host for white-light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2882–2884 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc-aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 31(1), 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. R.

Lysenko, S.

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Malta, O. L.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sá, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+ doped materials,” J. Lumin. 33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, J. R.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. De Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Medina, A. N.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Messaddeq, Y.

V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Neto, J. J.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. De Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+-doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Novatski, A.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pacchioni, G.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, M.

Polman, A.

C. Strohhöfer and A. Polman, “Silver as a sensitizer for erbium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(8), 1414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Poulain, M.

V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Rademann, K.

M. Eichelbaum and K. Rademann, “Plasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? on the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2045–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rai, V. K.

V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rama Moorthy, L.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rivera-López, F.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez-Mendoza, U. R.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rohling, J. H.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Santa-Cruz, P. A.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sá, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+ doped materials,” J. Lumin. 33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Selvan, S. T.

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+-doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Seo, H. J.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shan, Z.

H. Lin, D. Chen, Y. Yu, Z. Shan, P. Huang, Y. Wang, and J. Yuan, “Nd3+ -sensitized upconversion white light emission of Tm3+/Ho3+ bridged by Yb3+ in β-YF3 nanocrystals embedded transparent glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Yu, H. Lin, P. Huang, F. Weng, Z. Shan, and Y. Wang, “CeF3-based glass ceramic: a potential luminescent host for white-light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2882–2884 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, L.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Silva, E. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steimacher, A.

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stößer, R.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strohhöfer, C.

C. Strohhöfer and A. Polman, “Silver as a sensitizer for erbium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(8), 1414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tatchev, D. M.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teng, Y.

Vijaya, R.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc-aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 31(1), 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Weigel, W.

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weng, F.

Wetter, N. U.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. De Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

Yang, H.

Ying, H.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc-aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 31(1), 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

Yuan, J.

H. Lin, D. Chen, Y. Yu, Z. Shan, P. Huang, Y. Wang, and J. Yuan, “Nd3+ -sensitized upconversion white light emission of Tm3+/Ho3+ bridged by Yb3+ in β-YF3 nanocrystals embedded transparent glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. H.

V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, G.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc-aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 31(1), 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

Adv. Funct. Mater.

M. Eichelbaum and K. Rademann, “Plasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? on the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2045–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. De Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Strohhöfer and A. Polman, “Silver as a sensitizer for erbium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(8), 1414 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+-doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. H. C. Andrade, S. M. Lima, A. Novatski, A. Steimacher, J. H. Rohling, A. N. Medina, A. C. Bento, M. L. Baesso, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “A step forward toward smart white lighting: Combination of glass phosphor and light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, E. B. Da Costa, E. A. Silva, J. L. Ferrari, K. O. Lima, and R. R. Gonçalves, “Generation of wide color gamut visible light in rare-earth triply doped tantalum oxide crystalline ceramic powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103539 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, D. Chen, Y. Yu, Z. Shan, P. Huang, Y. Wang, and J. Yuan, “Nd3+ -sensitized upconversion white light emission of Tm3+/Ho3+ bridged by Yb3+ in β-YF3 nanocrystals embedded transparent glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, H. J. Seo, F. Rivera-López, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, R. Vijaya, C. K. Jayasankar, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013516 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Rai, C. B. De Araújo, Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, M. Poulain, X. H. Zhang, and Y. Messaddeq, “Frequency upconversion in a Pr3+ doped chalcogenide glass containing silver nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103526 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

S. Fedrigo, W. Harbich, and J. Buttet, “Optical response of Ag2, Ag3, Au2, and Au3 in argon matrices,” J. Chem. Phys. 99(8), 5712–5717 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sá, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+ doped materials,” J. Lumin. 33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology

M. Eichelbaum, K. Rademann, A. Hoell, D. M. Tatchev, W. Weigel, R. Stößer, and G. Pacchioni, “Photoluminescence of atomic gold and silver particles in soda-lime silicate glasses,” Nanotechnology 19(13), 135701 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

S. Liu, G. Zhao, H. Ying, J. Wang, and G. Han, “Eu/Dy ions co-doped white light luminescence zinc-aluminoborosilicate glasses for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 31(1), 47–50 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Absorption spectra of G1, G2 and G3 samples, (b) TEM images of G2 sample, inset shows the selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns of G2 sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Excitation spectra (λem=613 nm), and (b) emission spectra (λex=393 nm) of G1, G2 and G3 samples.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Excitation spectra (λem=440 nm) and (b) emission spectra (λex=352 nm) of G4 samples.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Emission spectra (λex=347 nm) G1, G2 and G3 samples. The insert shows photo of samples excited by 365 nm UV lamp. (b) The CIE chromaticity diagram corresponding to emission light of G1, G2 and G3 samples under 347 nm excitation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Energy level diagram of Eu3+ ions and ML-Ag-particles and possible energy transfer process.

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