Abstract

We demonstrate the possibility to rotate the polarization of linearly polarized THz pulses via the accurate control of the 2-color filament surrounding gas pressure. We also show ways to produce elliptically and circularly polarized THz pulses.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
    [PubMed]
  3. P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of -type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(18), 187402 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125203 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Manceau, A. Averchi, F. Bonaretti, D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Terahertz pulse emission optimization from tailored femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2165–2167 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. D. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023902 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001–023004 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, “High-speed all-optical terahertz polarization switching by a transient plasma phase modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. V. Balakin, A. V. Borodin, I. A. Kotelnikov, and A. P. Shkurinov, “Terahertz emission from a femtosecond laser focus in a two-color scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(1), 16–26 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, M. P. Kalashnikov, A. P. Kovács, and K. Osvay, “Dispersion measurement of inert gases and gas mixtures at 800 nm,” Appl. Opt. 47(27), 4856–4863 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 259(1298), 424–431 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Maker fringes in the Terahertz radiation produced by a 2-color laser field in air,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11480–11485 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. Méchain, T. Olivier, M. Franco, A. Couairon, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in air at low pressures. Part II: Laboratory experiments,” Opt. Commun. 261(2), 322–326 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, “High-speed all-optical terahertz polarization switching by a transient plasma phase modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Balakin, A. V. Borodin, I. A. Kotelnikov, and A. P. Shkurinov, “Terahertz emission from a femtosecond laser focus in a two-color scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(1), 16–26 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
[PubMed]

H. D. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001–023004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Maker fringes in the Terahertz radiation produced by a 2-color laser field in air,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11480–11485 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Manceau, A. Averchi, F. Bonaretti, D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Terahertz pulse emission optimization from tailored femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2165–2167 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

A. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, M. P. Kalashnikov, A. P. Kovács, and K. Osvay, “Dispersion measurement of inert gases and gas mixtures at 800 nm,” Appl. Opt. 47(27), 4856–4863 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of -type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(18), 187402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Méchain, T. Olivier, M. Franco, A. Couairon, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in air at low pressures. Part II: Laboratory experiments,” Opt. Commun. 261(2), 322–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 259(1298), 424–431 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Averchi, A.

Balakin, A. V.

Bonaretti, F.

Borodin, A. V.

Börzsönyi, A.

Chakraborty, H. S.

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chateauneuf, M.

T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
[PubMed]

Châteauneuf, M.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

J. M. Manceau, A. Averchi, F. Bonaretti, D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Terahertz pulse emission optimization from tailored femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2165–2167 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, T. Olivier, M. Franco, A. Couairon, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in air at low pressures. Part II: Laboratory experiments,” Opt. Commun. 261(2), 322–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001–023004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dalgarno, A.

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 259(1298), 424–431 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Daranciang, D.

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, “High-speed all-optical terahertz polarization switching by a transient plasma phase modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

Dubois, J.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durand, M.

Elsaesser, T.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of -type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(18), 187402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faccio, D.

Franco, M.

G. Méchain, T. Olivier, M. Franco, A. Couairon, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in air at low pressures. Part II: Laboratory experiments,” Opt. Commun. 261(2), 322–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaal, P.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of -type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(18), 187402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaarde, M. B.

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Génier, S.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Glownia, J. H.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heiner, Z.

Hey, R.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of -type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(18), 187402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Houard, A.

Kalashnikov, M. P.

Karpowicz, N.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001–023004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K. Y.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kingston, A. E.

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 259(1298), 424–431 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Kortsalioudakis, N.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kotelnikov, I. A.

Kovács, A. P.

Kreß, M.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lindenberg, A. M.

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, “High-speed all-optical terahertz polarization switching by a transient plasma phase modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Loffler, T.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Manceau, J. M.

Marceau, C.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Méchain, G.

G. Méchain, T. Olivier, M. Franco, A. Couairon, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in air at low pressures. Part II: Laboratory experiments,” Opt. Commun. 261(2), 322–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moustaizis, S. D.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Maker fringes in the Terahertz radiation produced by a 2-color laser field in air,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11480–11485 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Méchain, T. Olivier, M. Franco, A. Couairon, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in air at low pressures. Part II: Laboratory experiments,” Opt. Commun. 261(2), 322–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, T.

G. Méchain, T. Olivier, M. Franco, A. Couairon, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in air at low pressures. Part II: Laboratory experiments,” Opt. Commun. 261(2), 322–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

Papadogiannis, N. A.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ploog, K. H.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of -type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(18), 187402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prade, B.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Maker fringes in the Terahertz radiation produced by a 2-color laser field in air,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11480–11485 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Méchain, T. Olivier, M. Franco, A. Couairon, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in air at low pressures. Part II: Laboratory experiments,” Opt. Commun. 261(2), 322–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reimann, K.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of -type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(18), 187402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, G.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roskos, H. G.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shkurinov, A. P.

Tatarakis, M.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Theberge, F.

T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
[PubMed]

Théberge, F.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Polarization separator created by a filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2731–2733 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomson, M. D.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

J. M. Manceau, A. Averchi, F. Bonaretti, D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Terahertz pulse emission optimization from tailored femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2165–2167 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vakakis, N.

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.-J.

T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
[PubMed]

Wen, H.

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, “High-speed all-optical terahertz polarization switching by a transient plasma phase modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wen, H. D.

H. D. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiczer, M.

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Woerner, M.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of -type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(18), 187402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, M.

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. C.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001–023004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. Kortsalioudakis, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. D. Moustaizis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, N. A. Papadogiannis, A. Couairon, and S. Tzortzakis, “Enhanced harmonic conversion efficiency in the self-guided propagation of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in argon,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 211–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T.-J. Wang, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “High energy terahertz emission from two-color laser-induced filamentation in air with pump pulse duration control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131108 (2009).
[PubMed]

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, “High-speed all-optical terahertz polarization switching by a transient plasma phase modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Loffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. Méchain, T. Olivier, M. Franco, A. Couairon, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in air at low pressures. Part II: Laboratory experiments,” Opt. Commun. 261(2), 322–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Elliptically polarized Terahertz emission through four-wave mixing in a two-color filament in air,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4283–4287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Wen, M. Wiczer, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Ultrafast electron cascades in semiconductors driven by intense femtosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 78(12), 125203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

H. D. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 023001–023004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of -type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(18), 187402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. (1)

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 259(1298), 424–431 (1960).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Detected THz power as function of nitrogen gas pressure (Dots and black curve) and THz pulse polarization states at different pressure levels. The upper axis (blue colored) represents the calculated phase variation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Detected THz power as function of nitrogen gas pressure for various laser input energies. (b) Detected THz power as function of nitrogen gas pressure for various BBO tilting angles. For these measurements the BBO crystal is moved from the focusing point, in order to resolve one full oscillation. (c) CCD pictures of plasma fluorescence for a BBO tilt angle of 7 degrees and a non-tilted BBO crystal (pictures were taken with identical scales and camera exposure). (d) On-axis fluorescence intensity profile for a BBO tilt angle of 7 degrees and a non-tilted BBO crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

THz power emitted from a double color filament produced in different gas mediums (He, N2, Ar, Kr, Xe) and at pressures ranging from 10 mbar up to 1 Atm (1013 mbar).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Detected THz power as function of xenon gas pressure and THz pulse polarization states at different pressure levels of Xenon gas and (b) the linear polarization (red curve) state of THz pulse at low pressure compared to the circular polarized THz (black curve) as recorded at 880 mbar.

Equations (1)

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n 2 ( λ ) 1 = ( B 1 λ 2 λ 2 C 1 + B 2 λ 2 λ 2 C 2 + B 3 λ 2 λ 2 C 3 ) P P 0 T 0 T

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