Abstract

The effect of Yb3+ concentration on the broadband emission intensity and peak wavelength shift in Yb/Bi ions co-doped silicate glasses is investigated. The optimal Bi2O3 concentration range is about 2.0-2.5mol% in 65SiO2-10Al2O3-25CaO matrix (SAC glasses). For Yb/Bi codoped SAC glasses, the maximum emission intensity excited by 980nm LD is ~30 times and 1.5 times higher than that of single Bi-doped SAC glasses excited by 980nm and 808nm LD, respectively, the peak emission shows obvious red-shift from 1185 nm to 1235 nm band with the Yb2O3 concentration change from 0 to 3.0 mol%. For the same Yb2O3 concentration in SAC glasses, the measured fluorescence lifetime near 1020nm of single Yb3+-doped glasses is longer than that of Yb/Bi codoping glasses, which implyes the efficient energy transfer from Yb3+ to Bin+ in SAC glasses. The results indicate Yb2O3 can be induced into the bismuth-doped silicate glasses to enhance the emission intensity and control the peak wavelength.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Gopinath, H. Shen, H. Sotobayashi, E. Ippen, T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, and N. Sugimoto, “Highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber for smooth supercontinuum generation at 1.5 microm,” Opt. Express 12(23), 5697–5702 (2004).
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  5. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. G. Meng, and C. S. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. G. Meng, I. Y. Yang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1628–1634 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. M. Xian-Gengng, P. Ming-Ying, C. Dan-Ping, Y. Lv-Yun, J. Xiong-Wei, Z. Cong-Shan, and Q. Jian-Rong, “Broadband infrared luminescence of bismuth-doped borosilicate glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(3), 615–617 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Q. Qiu and Y. H. Shen, “Investigation on the spectral characteristics of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 223–228 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191912–3 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110–3 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3325–3326 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103–3 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. F. Zhou, H. F. Dong, H. P. Zeng, J. H. Hao, J. X. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532–4 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Q. Qian, Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, Z. M. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped glasses by codoping with metal oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043518–3 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Ruan, E. Wu, B. T. Wu, H. P. Zeng, Q. Zhang, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Qiao, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Spectral properties and broadband optical amplification of Yb-Bi codoped MgO-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(4), 778–782 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Haruna, J. Iihara, and M. Onishi, “Bismuth-doped silicate glass fiber for ultra-broadband amplification media,” Proc. SPIE 6389, 638903 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. P. Kalita, S. Yoo, and J. Sahu, “Bismuth doped fiber laser and study of unsaturable loss and pump induced absorption in laser performance,” Opt. Express 16(25), 21032–21038 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, B. T. Wu, H. P. Zeng, Q. Zhang, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Qiao, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Spectral properties and broadband optical amplification of Yb-Bi codoped MgO-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(4), 778–782 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Qiu and Y. H. Shen, “Investigation on the spectral characteristics of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 223–228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, H. F. Dong, H. P. Zeng, J. H. Hao, J. X. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Qian, Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, Z. M. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped glasses by codoping with metal oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043518–3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Kalita, S. Yoo, and J. Sahu, “Bismuth doped fiber laser and study of unsaturable loss and pump induced absorption in laser performance,” Opt. Express 16(25), 21032–21038 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191912–3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, and M. Onishi, “Bismuth-doped silicate glass fiber for ultra-broadband amplification media,” Proc. SPIE 6389, 638903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3325–3326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Arai, Y.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulatov, L. I.

Chen, D. P.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, B. T. Wu, H. P. Zeng, Q. Zhang, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Qiao, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Spectral properties and broadband optical amplification of Yb-Bi codoped MgO-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(4), 778–782 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1628–1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. G. Meng, and C. S. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. G. Meng, I. Y. Yang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J. X.

S. F. Zhou, H. F. Dong, H. P. Zeng, J. H. Hao, J. X. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chenw, G. R.

G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chi, Y. Z.

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cong-Shan, Z.

X. M. Xian-Gengng, P. Ming-Ying, C. Dan-Ping, Y. Lv-Yun, J. Xiong-Wei, Z. Cong-Shan, and Q. Jian-Rong, “Broadband infrared luminescence of bismuth-doped borosilicate glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(3), 615–617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dan-Ping, C.

X. M. Xian-Gengng, P. Ming-Ying, C. Dan-Ping, Y. Lv-Yun, J. Xiong-Wei, Z. Cong-Shan, and Q. Jian-Rong, “Broadband infrared luminescence of bismuth-doped borosilicate glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(3), 615–617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, G. P.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, B. T. Wu, H. P. Zeng, Q. Zhang, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Qiao, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Spectral properties and broadband optical amplification of Yb-Bi codoped MgO-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(4), 778–782 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, H. F.

S. F. Zhou, H. F. Dong, H. P. Zeng, J. H. Hao, J. X. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Firstov, S. V.

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3325–3326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gopinath, J.

Guryanov, A. N.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, J. H.

S. F. Zhou, H. F. Dong, H. P. Zeng, J. H. Hao, J. X. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haruna, T.

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, and M. Onishi, “Bismuth-doped silicate glass fiber for ultra-broadband amplification media,” Proc. SPIE 6389, 638903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

Hu, X.

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Iihara, J.

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, and M. Onishi, “Bismuth-doped silicate glass fiber for ultra-broadband amplification media,” Proc. SPIE 6389, 638903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.

Iskhakova, L. D.

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. W.

Jiang, Z. H.

Q. Qian, Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, Z. M. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped glasses by codoping with metal oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043518–3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jian-Rong, Q.

X. M. Xian-Gengng, P. Ming-Ying, C. Dan-Ping, Y. Lv-Yun, J. Xiong-Wei, Z. Cong-Shan, and Q. Jian-Rong, “Broadband infrared luminescence of bismuth-doped borosilicate glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(3), 615–617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kalita, M. P.

Khonthon, S.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kir'yanov, A. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kustov, E. F.

Lin, G.

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. F.

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lv-Yun, Y.

X. M. Xian-Gengng, P. Ming-Ying, C. Dan-Ping, Y. Lv-Yun, J. Xiong-Wei, Z. Cong-Shan, and Q. Jian-Rong, “Broadband infrared luminescence of bismuth-doped borosilicate glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(3), 615–617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Medvedkov, O. I.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Melkumov, M. A.

Meng, X. G.

Ming-Ying, P.

X. M. Xian-Gengng, P. Ming-Ying, C. Dan-Ping, Y. Lv-Yun, J. Xiong-Wei, Z. Cong-Shan, and Q. Jian-Rong, “Broadband infrared luminescence of bismuth-doped borosilicate glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(3), 615–617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, S.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nagashima, T.

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3325–3326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Ohishi, Y.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191912–3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, and M. Onishi, “Bismuth-doped silicate glass fiber for ultra-broadband amplification media,” Proc. SPIE 6389, 638903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M. Y.

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qian, Q.

Q. Qian, Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, Z. M. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped glasses by codoping with metal oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043518–3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, Y. B.

Qiu, J. R.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, B. T. Wu, H. P. Zeng, Q. Zhang, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Qiao, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Spectral properties and broadband optical amplification of Yb-Bi codoped MgO-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(4), 778–782 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, H. F. Dong, H. P. Zeng, J. H. Hao, J. X. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. G. Meng, and C. S. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1628–1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. G. Meng, I. Y. Yang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Qiu and Y. H. Shen, “Investigation on the spectral characteristics of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 223–228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Razdobreev, I.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J. J.

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, J.

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, B. T. Wu, H. P. Zeng, Q. Zhang, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Qiao, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Spectral properties and broadband optical amplification of Yb-Bi codoped MgO-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(4), 778–782 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J.

Shen, H.

Shen, Y. H.

Y. Q. Qiu and Y. H. Shen, “Investigation on the spectral characteristics of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 223–228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, A. V.

Smirnov, A. M.

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sotobayashi, H.

Sugimoto, N.

Suzuki, T.

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191912–3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vechkanov, N. N.

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B. T.

Wu, E.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, B. T. Wu, H. P. Zeng, Q. Zhang, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Qiao, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Spectral properties and broadband optical amplification of Yb-Bi codoped MgO-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(4), 778–782 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xian-Gengng, X. M.

X. M. Xian-Gengng, P. Ming-Ying, C. Dan-Ping, Y. Lv-Yun, J. Xiong-Wei, Z. Cong-Shan, and Q. Jian-Rong, “Broadband infrared luminescence of bismuth-doped borosilicate glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(3), 615–617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xiong-Wei, J.

X. M. Xian-Gengng, P. Ming-Ying, C. Dan-Ping, Y. Lv-Yun, J. Xiong-Wei, Z. Cong-Shan, and Q. Jian-Rong, “Broadband infrared luminescence of bismuth-doped borosilicate glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(3), 615–617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y. S.

G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G.

G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G. F.

Q. Qian, Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, Z. M. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped glasses by codoping with metal oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043518–3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, I. Y.

Yang, Y. X.

G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z. M.

Q. Qian, Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, Z. M. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped glasses by codoping with metal oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043518–3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yashkov, M. V.

Yoo, S.

Zeng, H. D.

G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H. P.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, B. T. Wu, H. P. Zeng, Q. Zhang, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Qiao, D. P. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Spectral properties and broadband optical amplification of Yb-Bi codoped MgO-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(4), 778–782 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, H. F. Dong, H. P. Zeng, J. H. Hao, J. X. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Q. Y.

Q. Qian, Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, Z. M. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped glasses by codoping with metal oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043518–3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zhou, S. F.

S. F. Zhou, H. F. Dong, H. P. Zeng, J. H. Hao, J. X. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C. S.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191912–3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arai, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, S. Morimoto, and S. Khonthon, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from a colorless bismuth-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261110–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(19), 3325–3326 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. M. Xian-Gengng, P. Ming-Ying, C. Dan-Ping, Y. Lv-Yun, J. Xiong-Wei, Z. Cong-Shan, and Q. Jian-Rong, “Broadband infrared luminescence of bismuth-doped borosilicate glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(3), 615–617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in BismuthDoped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

G. Yang, D. P. Chen, J. Ren, Y. S. Xu, H. D. Zeng, Y. X. Yang, and G. R. Chenw, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. F. Zhou, H. F. Dong, H. P. Zeng, J. H. Hao, J. X. Chen, and J. R. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Qian, Q. Y. Zhang, G. F. Yang, Z. M. Yang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped glasses by codoping with metal oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043518–3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D (1)

J. Ruan, Y. Z. Chi, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, G. Lin, D. P. Chen, E. Wu, and J. R. Qiu, “Enhanced near-infrared emission and broadband optical amplification in Yb-Bi co-doped germanosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys., J. Phys. D 42(15), 155102–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Shubin, A. M. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2 W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Q. Qiu and Y. H. Shen, “Investigation on the spectral characteristics of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 223–228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, and M. Onishi, “Bismuth-doped silicate glass fiber for ultra-broadband amplification media,” Proc. SPIE 6389, 638903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The transmission spectra of xBi2O3 doped SAC glass. (b) The dependence of Bi2O3 concentration on the absorption coefficient and transmission at 808nm and 980nm band.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The emission spectra of xBi2O3 doped SAC glass under 808nm and 980nm LD excitation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The transmission spectra of 2Bi2O3.yYb2O3 doped SAC glass. (b) the dependence of Yb2O3 concentration on the absorption coefficient and transmission at 808nm and 980nm band.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The emission spectra 2Bi2O3.yYb2O3 doped SAC glass under 980nm LD excitation. (b) The emission properties of various Yb/Bi codoped and single Bi doped SAC glasses excited by 980nm and 808nm LD, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The fluorescence decay curve near 1020nm of single Yb3+ doped and Yb/Bi codoped SAC glasses excited by 980nm LD. (b). The possible energy transfer process of Yb/Bi codoped SAC glasses excited by 980nm and 808nm LD, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The dependence of different Yb2O3 on the peak emission wavelength in Yb/Bi codoped glasses under 980nm and 808nm LD excitation, respectively.

Equations (1)

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η E T = 1 τ m ( x ) / τ m ( x 0 )

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