Abstract

A compact noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy (NICE-OHMS) system based on a narrow linewidth distributed-feedback laser and fiber-coupled acousto-optic and electro-optic modulators has been developed. Measurements of absorption and dispersion signals have been performed at pressures up to 1/3 atmosphere on weak acetylene transitions at 1551 nm. Multiline fitting routines were implemented to obtain transition parameters, i.e., center frequencies, linestrengths, and pressure broadening coefficients. The signal strength was shown to be linear with pressure and concentration, and independent of detection phase. The minimum detectable on-resonance absorption with a cavity with a finesse of 460 was 2 × 10−10 cm−1 for 1 minute of integration time.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Ye, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, “Ultrasensitive detections in atomic and molecular physics: demonstration in molecular overtone spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(1), 6–15 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Foltynowicz, F. M. Schmidt, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy: Current status and future potential,” Appl. Phys. B 92(3), 313–326 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Gianfrani, R. W. Fox, L. Hollberg, “Cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy of molecular oxygen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(12), 2247–2254 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Bood, A. McIlroy, D. L. Osborn, “Measurement of the sixth overtone band of nitric oxide, and its dipole moment function, using cavity-enhanced frequency modulation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(8), 084311 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. J. van Leeuwen, A. C. Wilson, “Measurement of pressure-broadened, ultraweak transitions with noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(10), 1713–1721 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Fiber-laser-based noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry for Doppler-broadened detection of C2H2 in the parts per trillion range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(6), 1392–1405 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, T. Lock, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened fiber-laser-based NICE-OHMS - Improved detectability,” Opt. Express 15(17), 10822–10831 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. L. Bell, G. Hancock, R. Peverall, G. A. D. Ritchie, J. H. van Helden, N. J. van Leeuwen, “Characterization of an external cavity diode laser based ring cavity NICE-OHMS system,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9834–9839 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Ishibashi, H. Sasada, “Near-infrared laser spectrometer with sub-Doppler resolution, high sensitivity, and wide tunability: A case study in the 1.65-μm region of CH3I spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 200(1), 147–149 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. S. Taubman, T. L. Myers, B. D. Cannon, R. M. Williams, “Stabilization, injection and control of quantum cascade lasers, and their application to chemical sensing in the infrared,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 60(14), 3457–3468 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Characterization of fiber-laser-based sub-Doppler NICE-OHMS for quantitative trace gas detection,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14689–14702 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. O. Axner, W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, “Sub-Doppler dispersion and noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy revised,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1166–1177 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. S. Ma, J. Ye, P. Dube, J. L. Hall, “Ultrasensitive frequency-modulation spectroscopy enhanced by a high-finesse optical cavity: theory and application to overtone transitions of C2H2 and C2HD,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(12), 2255–2268 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, O. Axner, “Theoretical description of Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy under optically saturated conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1144–1155 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. A. Whittaker, M. Gehrtz, G. C. Bjorklund, “Residual amplitude modulation in laser electro-optic phase modulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2(8), 1320–1326 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. G. DeVoe, R. G. Brewer, “Laser frequency division and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 30, 2827–2829 (1984).
  19. A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, F. M. Schmidt, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy signals from optically saturated transitions under low pressure conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1156–1165 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. El Hachtouki, J. Vander Auwera, “Absolute line intensities in acetylene: the 1.5-μm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 216(2), 355–362 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. Tran, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, L. Regalia-Jarlot, X. Thomas, P. Von der Heyden, “Line intensities in the 1.5-μm spectral region of acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 108(3), 342–362 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  24. L. Fissiaux, M. Dhyne, M. Lepere, “Diode-laser spectroscopy: Pressure dependence of N-2-broadening coefficients of lines in the ν(4) + ν(5) band of C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 254(1), 10–15 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. P. Werle, R. Mucke, F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by Tunable Diode-Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  26. A. Foltynowicz, I. Silander, O. Axner, are preparing a manuscript to be called 'Reduction of background signals from fiber-coupled electro-optic modulators in NICE-OHMS'.

2009 (4)

C. L. Bell, G. Hancock, R. Peverall, G. A. D. Ritchie, J. H. van Helden, N. J. van Leeuwen, “Characterization of an external cavity diode laser based ring cavity NICE-OHMS system,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9834–9839 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Fissiaux, M. Dhyne, M. Lepere, “Diode-laser spectroscopy: Pressure dependence of N-2-broadening coefficients of lines in the ν(4) + ν(5) band of C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 254(1), 10–15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

2007 (4)

F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Fiber-laser-based noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry for Doppler-broadened detection of C2H2 in the parts per trillion range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(6), 1392–1405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, T. Lock, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened fiber-laser-based NICE-OHMS - Improved detectability,” Opt. Express 15(17), 10822–10831 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tran, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, L. Regalia-Jarlot, X. Thomas, P. Von der Heyden, “Line intensities in the 1.5-μm spectral region of acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 108(3), 342–362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. Bood, A. McIlroy, D. L. Osborn, “Measurement of the sixth overtone band of nitric oxide, and its dipole moment function, using cavity-enhanced frequency modulation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(8), 084311 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

N. J. van Leeuwen, A. C. Wilson, “Measurement of pressure-broadened, ultraweak transitions with noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(10), 1713–1721 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Taubman, T. L. Myers, B. D. Cannon, R. M. Williams, “Stabilization, injection and control of quantum cascade lasers, and their application to chemical sensing in the infrared,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 60(14), 3457–3468 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

R. El Hachtouki, J. Vander Auwera, “Absolute line intensities in acetylene: the 1.5-μm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 216(2), 355–362 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. Ishibashi, H. Sasada, “Near-infrared laser spectrometer with sub-Doppler resolution, high sensitivity, and wide tunability: A case study in the 1.65-μm region of CH3I spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 200(1), 147–149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

P. Werle, R. Mucke, F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by Tunable Diode-Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

R. G. DeVoe, R. G. Brewer, “Laser frequency division and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 30, 2827–2829 (1984).

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Arteaga, S. W.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Axner, O.

A. Foltynowicz, F. M. Schmidt, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy: Current status and future potential,” Appl. Phys. B 92(3), 313–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, F. M. Schmidt, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy signals from optically saturated transitions under low pressure conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1156–1165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Axner, W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, “Sub-Doppler dispersion and noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy revised,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1166–1177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, O. Axner, “Theoretical description of Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy under optically saturated conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1144–1155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Characterization of fiber-laser-based sub-Doppler NICE-OHMS for quantitative trace gas detection,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14689–14702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, T. Lock, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened fiber-laser-based NICE-OHMS - Improved detectability,” Opt. Express 15(17), 10822–10831 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Fiber-laser-based noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry for Doppler-broadened detection of C2H2 in the parts per trillion range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(6), 1392–1405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Foltynowicz, I. Silander, O. Axner, are preparing a manuscript to be called 'Reduction of background signals from fiber-coupled electro-optic modulators in NICE-OHMS'.

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bejger, C. M.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bell, C. L.

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bernath, P. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

Bood, J.

J. Bood, A. McIlroy, D. L. Osborn, “Measurement of the sixth overtone band of nitric oxide, and its dipole moment function, using cavity-enhanced frequency modulation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(8), 084311 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boudon, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brewer, R. G.

R. G. DeVoe, R. G. Brewer, “Laser frequency division and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 30, 2827–2829 (1984).

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Campargue, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cannon, B. D.

M. S. Taubman, T. L. Myers, B. D. Cannon, R. M. Williams, “Stabilization, injection and control of quantum cascade lasers, and their application to chemical sensing in the infrared,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 60(14), 3457–3468 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Champion, J. P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Tran, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, L. Regalia-Jarlot, X. Thomas, P. Von der Heyden, “Line intensities in the 1.5-μm spectral region of acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 108(3), 342–362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DeVoe, R. G.

R. G. DeVoe, R. G. Brewer, “Laser frequency division and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 30, 2827–2829 (1984).

Dhyne, M.

L. Fissiaux, M. Dhyne, M. Lepere, “Diode-laser spectroscopy: Pressure dependence of N-2-broadening coefficients of lines in the ν(4) + ν(5) band of C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 254(1), 10–15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dube, P.

El Hachtouki, R.

R. El Hachtouki, J. Vander Auwera, “Absolute line intensities in acetylene: the 1.5-μm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 216(2), 355–362 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fally, S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fissiaux, L.

L. Fissiaux, M. Dhyne, M. Lepere, “Diode-laser spectroscopy: Pressure dependence of N-2-broadening coefficients of lines in the ν(4) + ν(5) band of C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 254(1), 10–15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Foltynowicz, A.

W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, O. Axner, “Theoretical description of Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy under optically saturated conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1144–1155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Characterization of fiber-laser-based sub-Doppler NICE-OHMS for quantitative trace gas detection,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14689–14702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, F. M. Schmidt, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy signals from optically saturated transitions under low pressure conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1156–1165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Foltynowicz, F. M. Schmidt, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy: Current status and future potential,” Appl. Phys. B 92(3), 313–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Axner, W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, “Sub-Doppler dispersion and noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy revised,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1166–1177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Fiber-laser-based noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry for Doppler-broadened detection of C2H2 in the parts per trillion range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(6), 1392–1405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, T. Lock, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened fiber-laser-based NICE-OHMS - Improved detectability,” Opt. Express 15(17), 10822–10831 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Foltynowicz, I. Silander, O. Axner, are preparing a manuscript to be called 'Reduction of background signals from fiber-coupled electro-optic modulators in NICE-OHMS'.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fox, R. W.

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gehrtz, M.

Gerecke, J. L.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gianfrani, L.

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, I. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gueye, F. K.

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Hancock, G.

Hardwick, J. L.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, C.

C. Ishibashi, H. Sasada, “Near-infrared laser spectrometer with sub-Doppler resolution, high sensitivity, and wide tunability: A case study in the 1.65-μm region of CH3I spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 200(1), 147–149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacquemart, D.

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kleiner, I.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lacome, N.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lafferty, W. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lepere, M.

L. Fissiaux, M. Dhyne, M. Lepere, “Diode-laser spectroscopy: Pressure dependence of N-2-broadening coefficients of lines in the ν(4) + ν(5) band of C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 254(1), 10–15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lock, T.

Lyulin, O. M.

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L. S.

Ma, W.

A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, F. M. Schmidt, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy signals from optically saturated transitions under low pressure conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1156–1165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Foltynowicz, F. M. Schmidt, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy: Current status and future potential,” Appl. Phys. B 92(3), 313–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Axner, W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, “Sub-Doppler dispersion and noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy revised,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1166–1177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, O. Axner, “Theoretical description of Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy under optically saturated conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1144–1155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Characterization of fiber-laser-based sub-Doppler NICE-OHMS for quantitative trace gas detection,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14689–14702 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, T. Lock, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened fiber-laser-based NICE-OHMS - Improved detectability,” Opt. Express 15(17), 10822–10831 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Fiber-laser-based noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry for Doppler-broadened detection of C2H2 in the parts per trillion range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(6), 1392–1405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J. Y.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Tran, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, L. Regalia-Jarlot, X. Thomas, P. Von der Heyden, “Line intensities in the 1.5-μm spectral region of acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 108(3), 342–362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martin, Z. T.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mayo, J.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McIlhattan, E. A.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McIlroy, A.

J. Bood, A. McIlroy, D. L. Osborn, “Measurement of the sixth overtone band of nitric oxide, and its dipole moment function, using cavity-enhanced frequency modulation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(8), 084311 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikhailenko, S. N.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moazzen-Ahmadi, N.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moreau, J. M. F.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mucke, R.

P. Werle, R. Mucke, F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by Tunable Diode-Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Myers, T. L.

M. S. Taubman, T. L. Myers, B. D. Cannon, R. M. Williams, “Stabilization, injection and control of quantum cascade lasers, and their application to chemical sensing in the infrared,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 60(14), 3457–3468 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naumenko, O. V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nikitin, A. V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osborn, D. L.

J. Bood, A. McIlroy, D. L. Osborn, “Measurement of the sixth overtone band of nitric oxide, and its dipole moment function, using cavity-enhanced frequency modulation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(8), 084311 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perevalov, V. I.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peverall, R.

Pilkenton, M. J.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Polston, M. J.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Predoi-Cross, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Regalia-Jarlot, L.

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Tran, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, L. Regalia-Jarlot, X. Thomas, P. Von der Heyden, “Line intensities in the 1.5-μm spectral region of acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 108(3), 342–362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, G. A. D.

Robertson, B. T.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rotger, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sasada, H.

C. Ishibashi, H. Sasada, “Near-infrared laser spectrometer with sub-Doppler resolution, high sensitivity, and wide tunability: A case study in the 1.65-μm region of CH3I spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 200(1), 147–149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, F. M.

Silander, I.

A. Foltynowicz, I. Silander, O. Axner, are preparing a manuscript to be called 'Reduction of background signals from fiber-coupled electro-optic modulators in NICE-OHMS'.

Simeckova, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Slemr, F.

P. Werle, R. Mucke, F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by Tunable Diode-Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sung, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tashkun, S. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taubman, M. S.

M. S. Taubman, T. L. Myers, B. D. Cannon, R. M. Williams, “Stabilization, injection and control of quantum cascade lasers, and their application to chemical sensing in the infrared,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 60(14), 3457–3468 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, X.

H. Tran, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, L. Regalia-Jarlot, X. Thomas, P. Von der Heyden, “Line intensities in the 1.5-μm spectral region of acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 108(3), 342–362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tran, H.

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Tran, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, L. Regalia-Jarlot, X. Thomas, P. Von der Heyden, “Line intensities in the 1.5-μm spectral region of acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 108(3), 342–362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Helden, J. H.

van Leeuwen, N. J.

Vandaele, A. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vander Auwera, J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. El Hachtouki, J. Vander Auwera, “Absolute line intensities in acetylene: the 1.5-μm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 216(2), 355–362 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Von der Heyden, P.

H. Tran, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, L. Regalia-Jarlot, X. Thomas, P. Von der Heyden, “Line intensities in the 1.5-μm spectral region of acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 108(3), 342–362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Werle, P.

P. Werle, R. Mucke, F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by Tunable Diode-Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Whittaker, E. A.

Williams, R. M.

M. S. Taubman, T. L. Myers, B. D. Cannon, R. M. Williams, “Stabilization, injection and control of quantum cascade lasers, and their application to chemical sensing in the infrared,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 60(14), 3457–3468 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilson, A. C.

Wolf, E. N.

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. Foltynowicz, F. M. Schmidt, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy: Current status and future potential,” Appl. Phys. B 92(3), 313–326 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. Werle, R. Mucke, F. Slemr, “The limits of signal averaging in atmospheric trace-gas monitoring by Tunable Diode-Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS),” Appl. Phys. B 57, 131–139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Bood, A. McIlroy, D. L. Osborn, “Measurement of the sixth overtone band of nitric oxide, and its dipole moment function, using cavity-enhanced frequency modulation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 124(8), 084311 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (4)

C. Ishibashi, H. Sasada, “Near-infrared laser spectrometer with sub-Doppler resolution, high sensitivity, and wide tunability: A case study in the 1.65-μm region of CH3I spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 200(1), 147–149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. El Hachtouki, J. Vander Auwera, “Absolute line intensities in acetylene: the 1.5-μm region,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 216(2), 355–362 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Arteaga, C. M. Bejger, J. L. Gerecke, J. L. Hardwick, Z. T. Martin, J. Mayo, E. A. McIlhattan, J. M. F. Moreau, M. J. Pilkenton, M. J. Polston, B. T. Robertson, E. N. Wolf, “Line broadening and shift coefficients of acetylene at 1550 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 243(2), 253–266 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Fissiaux, M. Dhyne, M. Lepere, “Diode-laser spectroscopy: Pressure dependence of N-2-broadening coefficients of lines in the ν(4) + ν(5) band of C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 254(1), 10–15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (9)

E. A. Whittaker, M. Gehrtz, G. C. Bjorklund, “Residual amplitude modulation in laser electro-optic phase modulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2(8), 1320–1326 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Ye, L. S. Ma, J. L. Hall, “Ultrasensitive detections in atomic and molecular physics: demonstration in molecular overtone spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(1), 6–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Gianfrani, R. W. Fox, L. Hollberg, “Cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy of molecular oxygen,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(12), 2247–2254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, J. Ye, P. Dube, J. L. Hall, “Ultrasensitive frequency-modulation spectroscopy enhanced by a high-finesse optical cavity: theory and application to overtone transitions of C2H2 and C2HD,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(12), 2255–2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. J. van Leeuwen, A. C. Wilson, “Measurement of pressure-broadened, ultraweak transitions with noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(10), 1713–1721 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Schmidt, A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, O. Axner, “Fiber-laser-based noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry for Doppler-broadened detection of C2H2 in the parts per trillion range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(6), 1392–1405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, O. Axner, “Theoretical description of Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy under optically saturated conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1144–1155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Foltynowicz, W. Ma, F. M. Schmidt, O. Axner, “Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy signals from optically saturated transitions under low pressure conditions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1156–1165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Axner, W. Ma, A. Foltynowicz, “Sub-Doppler dispersion and noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy revised,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), 1166–1177 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (3)

H. Tran, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, L. Regalia-Jarlot, X. Thomas, P. Von der Heyden, “Line intensities in the 1.5-μm spectral region of acetylene,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 108(3), 342–362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Jacquemart, N. Lacome, J. Y. Mandin, V. Dana, H. Tran, F. K. Gueye, O. M. Lyulin, V. I. Perevalov, L. Regalia-Jarlot, “The IR spectrum of (C2H2)-C-12: Line intensity measurements in the 1.4 μm region and update of the databases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 717–732 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. E. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J. P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J. Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. A: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

R. G. DeVoe, R. G. Brewer, “Laser frequency division and stabilization,” Phys. Rev. A: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 30, 2827–2829 (1984).

Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. (1)

M. S. Taubman, T. L. Myers, B. D. Cannon, R. M. Williams, “Stabilization, injection and control of quantum cascade lasers, and their application to chemical sensing in the infrared,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 60(14), 3457–3468 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Foltynowicz, I. Silander, O. Axner, are preparing a manuscript to be called 'Reduction of background signals from fiber-coupled electro-optic modulators in NICE-OHMS'.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup. OI – optical isolator, AOM – acousto-optic modulator, EOM – electro-optic modulator, pol. – polarizer, λ / 2 – half-wave plate, λ / 4 – quarter-wave plate, PD – photodetector, Ph – phase shifter, BP – band pass filter, LP – low pass filter, DBM – double balanced mixer, PBS – polarizing beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption [(a)-(c)] and dispersion [(d)-(f)] NICE-OHMS signals from 1000 ppm of acetylene at 81, 137 and 183 Torr (black curves) together with fits of Eq. (1) (gray curves), with the corresponding residuals shown below each panel.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pressure dependence of (a) the NICE-OHMS signal strength, (b) the homogenous half width, and (c) the peak-to-peak value of the NICE-OHMS signal from the Pf(30) line, with linear fits (a-b) and theoretical values (c) for absorption (black square markers) and dispersion (open circular markers) phase.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Absorption NICE-OHMS signal from 1000 ppm of acetylene at 120 Torr and (b) dispersion NICE-OHMS signal from 1000 ppm of acetylene at 80 Torr together with fits of Eq. (1), with the corresponding residuals shown below each panel.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

On-resonance absorption of acetylene measured at (a) absorption and (b) dispersion phase, and (c) the square root of Allan variance in terms of on-resonance absorption for absorption (black square markers) and dispersion (open circular markers) phase. The line in (c) indicates white noise behavior.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Line positions, linestrengths and pressure broadening coefficients as found in this study and given in the literature.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S f m n o ( Δ ν , ν m , Γ L , θ ) = S 0 f m n o χ f m n o ( Δ ν , ν m , Γ L , θ ) ,
S 0 f m n o = η f m F π J 0 ( β ) J 1 ( β ) P 0 S c r e l p L ,
χ f m n o ( Δ ν , ν m , Γ L , θ ) = [ χ a b s ( Δ ν ν m , Γ L ) χ a b s ( Δ ν + ν m , Γ L ) ] sin θ + [ χ d i s p ( Δ ν ν m , Γ L ) 2 χ d i s p ( Δ ν , Γ L ) + χ d i s p ( Δ ν + ν m , Γ L ) ] cos θ .
w ( z ) = e z 2 ( 1 + i 2 π 0 z e s 2 d s ) ,
χ a b s ( Δ ν + j ν m , Γ L ) = ln 2 c π Γ D Re { w [ ln 2 ( Δ ν + j ν m + i Γ L ) Γ D ] } ,
χ d i s p ( Δ ν + j ν m , Γ L ) = ln 2 c π Γ D Im { w [ ln 2 ( Δ ν + j ν m + i Γ L ) Γ D ] } ,
( α 0 L ) m i n = π 2 F 2 e Δ f η c P 0 2 J 0 ( β ) J 1 ( β ) ,

Metrics