Abstract

We have observed resonant terahertz transmission peaks in samples comprising perforated periodic hole array in a metal film, covered with a high dielectric substrate. These resonant transmissions arise from the interplay between waveguide modes in dielectric substrate and the periodic hole array in the metal film. Finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulations show good agreement with the data, in support of the proposed mechanism. Inducing additional resonant transmissions using guided modes can lead to the ease in tuning the transmission peak frequencies that are potentially useful to terahertz (THz) bio-sensing.

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  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79(4), 1267–1290 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, “Enhancement of diffraction for biosensing applications via Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 253125 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Miyamaru, M. W. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and C. Otani, “Highly sensitive surface plasmon terahertz imaging with planar plasmonic crystals,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14804–14809 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. J. Garcia-Vidial, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Qu and D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of a new type of THz resonance of surface plasmons propagating on metal-film hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(19), 196804 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. Miyamaru, Y. Sasagawa, and M. W. Takeda, “Effect of dielectric thin films on reflection properties of metal hole arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 021106 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. A. Kuznetsov, M. Navarro-Cía, V. V. Kubarev, A. V. Gelfand, M. Beruete, I. Campillo, and M. Sorolla, “Regular and anomalous extraordinary optical transmission at the THz-gap,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11730–11738 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. Ortuño, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, “Multiple extraordinary optical transmission peaks from evanescent coupling in perforated metal plates surrounded by dielectrics,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7893–7898 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Han, A. Lakhtakia, Z. Tian, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Magnetic and magnetothermal tunabilities of subwavelength-hole arrays in a semiconductor sheet,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1465–1467 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Han, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission in subwavelength holes of asymmetric metal-dielectric interfaces: The effect of a dielectric layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(3), 033108 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A 11, 125702 (2009).
  16. Simulations were performed using the software CONCERTO 6.5, Vector Fields Limited, England, 2007.
  17. V. Lomakin and E. Michielssen, “Enhanced transmission through metallic plates perforated by arrays of subwavelength holes and sandwiched between dielectric slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235117 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. See for example: K. Q. Zhang, and D. Li, “Electromagnetic theory for Microwaves and Optoelectronics” (2nd Edtion, Springer, Berlin, 2008).

2010

2009

2008

J. Han, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission in subwavelength holes of asymmetric metal-dielectric interfaces: The effect of a dielectric layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(3), 033108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

F. Miyamaru, M. W. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and C. Otani, “Highly sensitive surface plasmon terahertz imaging with planar plasmonic crystals,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14804–14809 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79(4), 1267–1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, “Enhancement of diffraction for biosensing applications via Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 253125 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

V. Lomakin and E. Michielssen, “Enhanced transmission through metallic plates perforated by arrays of subwavelength holes and sandwiched between dielectric slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235117 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

D. Qu and D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of a new type of THz resonance of surface plasmons propagating on metal-film hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(19), 196804 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

F. J. Garcia-Vidial, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Azad, A. K.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beruete, M.

Campillo, I.

Chen, J.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. J. Garcia-Vidial, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

García de Abajo, F. J.

F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79(4), 1267–1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

García-Meca, C.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García-Vidal, F. J.

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A 11, 125702 (2009).

Garcia-Vidial, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidial, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gelfand, A. V.

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Qu and D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of a new type of THz resonance of surface plasmons propagating on metal-film hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(19), 196804 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, J.

J. Han, A. Lakhtakia, Z. Tian, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Magnetic and magnetothermal tunabilities of subwavelength-hole arrays in a semiconductor sheet,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1465–1467 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Han, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission in subwavelength holes of asymmetric metal-dielectric interfaces: The effect of a dielectric layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(3), 033108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kubarev, V. V.

Kuznetsov, S. A.

Lakhtakia, A.

Lezec, H. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidial, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liscidini, M.

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, “Enhancement of diffraction for biosensing applications via Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 253125 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lomakin, V.

V. Lomakin and E. Michielssen, “Enhanced transmission through metallic plates perforated by arrays of subwavelength holes and sandwiched between dielectric slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235117 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

J. Han, A. Lakhtakia, Z. Tian, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Magnetic and magnetothermal tunabilities of subwavelength-hole arrays in a semiconductor sheet,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1465–1467 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Han, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission in subwavelength holes of asymmetric metal-dielectric interfaces: The effect of a dielectric layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(3), 033108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martí, J.

Martínez, A.

Martin-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidial, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martín-Moreno, L.

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A 11, 125702 (2009).

Michielssen, E.

V. Lomakin and E. Michielssen, “Enhanced transmission through metallic plates perforated by arrays of subwavelength holes and sandwiched between dielectric slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235117 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyamaru, F.

F. Miyamaru, Y. Sasagawa, and M. W. Takeda, “Effect of dielectric thin films on reflection properties of metal hole arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 021106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Miyamaru, M. W. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and C. Otani, “Highly sensitive surface plasmon terahertz imaging with planar plasmonic crystals,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14804–14809 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Navarro-Cía, M.

Nikitin, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A 11, 125702 (2009).

Ortuño, R.

Otani, C.

Qiu, M.

Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qu, D.

D. Qu and D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of a new type of THz resonance of surface plasmons propagating on metal-film hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(19), 196804 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodríguez-Fortuño, F. J.

Ruan, Z.

Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasagawa, Y.

F. Miyamaru, Y. Sasagawa, and M. W. Takeda, “Effect of dielectric thin films on reflection properties of metal hole arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 021106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, “Enhancement of diffraction for biosensing applications via Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 253125 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sorolla, M.

Suzuki, T.

Takeda, M. W.

F. Miyamaru, Y. Sasagawa, and M. W. Takeda, “Effect of dielectric thin films on reflection properties of metal hole arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 021106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Miyamaru, M. W. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and C. Otani, “Highly sensitive surface plasmon terahertz imaging with planar plasmonic crystals,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14804–14809 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Z.

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

J. Han, A. Lakhtakia, Z. Tian, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Magnetic and magnetothermal tunabilities of subwavelength-hole arrays in a semiconductor sheet,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1465–1467 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Han, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission in subwavelength holes of asymmetric metal-dielectric interfaces: The effect of a dielectric layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(3), 033108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. C.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

F. J. Garcia-Vidial, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Focusing light with a single subwavelength aperture flanked by surface corrugations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini and J. E. Sipe, “Enhancement of diffraction for biosensing applications via Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 253125 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Miyamaru, Y. Sasagawa, and M. W. Takeda, “Effect of dielectric thin films on reflection properties of metal hole arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 021106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. Han, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission in subwavelength holes of asymmetric metal-dielectric interfaces: The effect of a dielectric layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(3), 033108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A 11, 125702 (2009).

Nature

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

V. Lomakin and E. Michielssen, “Enhanced transmission through metallic plates perforated by arrays of subwavelength holes and sandwiched between dielectric slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235117 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X. C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Qu and D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of a new type of THz resonance of surface plasmons propagating on metal-film hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(19), 196804 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79(4), 1267–1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Science

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

Simulations were performed using the software CONCERTO 6.5, Vector Fields Limited, England, 2007.

See for example: K. Q. Zhang, and D. Li, “Electromagnetic theory for Microwaves and Optoelectronics” (2nd Edtion, Springer, Berlin, 2008).

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