Abstract

We propose a novel multi-wavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator (MW-FOPO) based on a ring cavity. A highly nonlinear fiber and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer formed by two 3-dB optical couplers are used as the gain medium and the comb filter, respectively. Multi-wavelength lasing of the MW-FOPO with an ultra-narrow wavelength spacing of about 0.08 nm is achieved. The output spectrum of the MW-FOPO covers a wavelength regime from 1510 nm to 1615 nm (for lasing wavelengths with the power that exceeds −60 dBm). The stability of the MW-FOPO is discussed and experimentally demonstrated. A comparison of the output spectra between the MW-FOPO and the multi-wavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser is also presented.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  40. Y. Gao, D. Chen, and S. Gao, “Stable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on dispersion-shifted fiber and Sagnac loop filter,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 519–521 (2007).

2010

2009

Z. Luo, W. D. Zhong, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, X. Dong, and L. Xia, “Multiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1609–1611 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, J. Wu, K. Xu, X. Hong, and J. Lin, “Tunable multiwavelength SOA fiber laser with ultra-narrow wavelength spacing based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 17(19), 17200–17205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2007

G. K. L. Wong, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, and V. Marie, “High-conversion-efficiency widely-tunable all-fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2947–2952 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. K. Y. Wong, G. W. Lu, and L. K. Chen, “Polarization-interleaved WDM signals in a fiber optical parametric amplifier with orthogonal pumps,” Opt. Express 15(1), 56–61 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ou, H. Fu, D. Chen, and S. He, “A tunable and reconfigurable microwave photonic filter based on a Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 278(1), 48–51 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Reconfigurable microwave photonic filter using multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1334–1336 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, “Stable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 437–439 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, S. Qin, and S. He, “Channel-spacing-tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser with hybrid Raman and Erbium-doped fiber gains,” Opt. Express 15(3), 930–935 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gao, D. Chen, and S. Gao, “Stable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on dispersion-shifted fiber and Sagnac loop filter,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 519–521 (2007).

2006

2005

2004

2003

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Renyong Tang, Sharping, and P. Kumar, “A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1058–1060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y.-G. Han, C.-S. Kim, J. U. Kand, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multiwavelength raman fiber-ring laser based on tunable cascaded long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 383–385 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Rapidly swept, continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy with optical heterodyne detection: single- and multi-wavelength sensing of gases,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 267–280 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, “Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 36(19), 1609–1610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an Erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 159–165 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abad, S.

Akasaka, Y.

An, H. L.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an Erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 159–165 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baek, Y. S.

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Binsma, J. J. M.

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Broaddus, D.

Cai, Z.

Z. Luo, W. D. Zhong, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, X. Dong, and L. Xia, “Multiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1609–1611 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. C.

Chen, D.

D. Chen, “Stable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 437–439 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ou, H. Fu, D. Chen, and S. He, “A tunable and reconfigurable microwave photonic filter based on a Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 278(1), 48–51 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, S. Qin, and S. He, “Channel-spacing-tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser with hybrid Raman and Erbium-doped fiber gains,” Opt. Express 15(3), 930–935 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gao, D. Chen, and S. Gao, “Stable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on dispersion-shifted fiber and Sagnac loop filter,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 519–521 (2007).

Chen, L. K.

Chen, L. R.

Chen, Y. F.

Chestnut, D. A.

C. J. S. de Matos, D. A. Chestnut, P. C. Reeves-Hall, F. Koch, and J. R. Taylor, “Multi-wavelength, continuous wave fibre Raman ring laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37(13), 825–826 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chi, H.

G. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, and X. F. Jin, “Microwave/millimeter-wave generation using multi-wavelength photonic crystal fiber Brillouin laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 80, 307–320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, “Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 36(19), 1609–1610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chu, B. C. B.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, “Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 36(19), 1609–1610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chung, W. H.

K. K. Qureshi, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength laser source using linear optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1611–1613 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

D. S. Moon, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser using few-mode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6147–6152 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-G. Han, C.-S. Kim, J. U. Kand, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multiwavelength raman fiber-ring laser based on tunable cascaded long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 383–385 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dahan, D.

de Matos, C. J. S.

C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, and K. P. Hansen, “Continuous-wave, totally fiber integrated optical parametric oscillator using holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29(9), 983–985 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. S. de Matos, D. A. Chestnut, P. C. Reeves-Hall, F. Koch, and J. R. Taylor, “Multi-wavelength, continuous wave fibre Raman ring laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37(13), 825–826 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Devgan, P.

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Renyong Tang, Sharping, and P. Kumar, “A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1058–1060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Z. Luo, W. D. Zhong, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, X. Dong, and L. Xia, “Multiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1609–1611 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. P.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, “Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 36(19), 1609–1610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Y.

Eisenstein, G.

Feng, X.

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Reconfigurable microwave photonic filter using multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1334–1336 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Fu, H.

H. Ou, H. Fu, D. Chen, and S. He, “A tunable and reconfigurable microwave photonic filter based on a Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 278(1), 48–51 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gao, M.

Gao, S.

Gao, Y.

Gao, Y. Z.

Gu, C.

Han, Y Y.-G.

Han, Y. G.

Han, Y.-G.

Y.-G. Han, C.-S. Kim, J. U. Kand, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multiwavelength raman fiber-ring laser based on tunable cascaded long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 383–385 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, K. P.

Harvey, J. D.

He, S.

H. Ou, H. Fu, D. Chen, and S. He, “A tunable and reconfigurable microwave photonic filter based on a Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 278(1), 48–51 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, S. Qin, and S. He, “Channel-spacing-tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser with hybrid Raman and Erbium-doped fiber gains,” Opt. Express 15(3), 930–935 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, Y.

Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Rapidly swept, continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy with optical heterodyne detection: single- and multi-wavelength sensing of gases,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 267–280 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ho, M.

Hong, X.

Hu, W.

Huang, W. C.

Huang, Y. P.

Jansen, E. J.

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jarabo, S.

Jiang, C.

Jin, X. F.

G. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, and X. F. Jin, “Microwave/millimeter-wave generation using multi-wavelength photonic crystal fiber Brillouin laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 80, 307–320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kalogerakis, G.

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kand, J. U.

Y.-G. Han, C.-S. Kim, J. U. Kand, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multiwavelength raman fiber-ring laser based on tunable cascaded long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 383–385 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ho, K. Uesaka, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “200-nm-bandwidth fiber optical amplifier combing parametric and Raman gain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(7), 977–981 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kiani, L.

Kim, C.-S.

Y.-G. Han, C.-S. Kim, J. U. Kand, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multiwavelength raman fiber-ring laser based on tunable cascaded long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 383–385 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. B.

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

Koch, F.

C. J. S. de Matos, D. A. Chestnut, P. C. Reeves-Hall, F. Koch, and J. R. Taylor, “Multi-wavelength, continuous wave fibre Raman ring laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37(13), 825–826 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Renyong Tang, Sharping, and P. Kumar, “A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1058–1060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lasri, J.

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Renyong Tang, Sharping, and P. Kumar, “A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1058–1060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Leonhardt, R.

Li, J.

Li, S.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, “Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 36(19), 1609–1610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

Lin, X. Z.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an Erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 159–165 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. D.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an Erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 159–165 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

López-Amo, M.

Lou, C. Y.

Lu, C.

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Reconfigurable microwave photonic filter using multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1334–1336 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13(1), 142–147 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, F.

Lu, G. W.

Luo, Z.

Z. Luo, W. D. Zhong, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, X. Dong, and L. Xia, “Multiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1609–1611 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marie, V.

Marshall, J.

J. Marshall, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, “Design of a tunable L-band multi-wavelength laser system for application to gas spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1023–1031 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moon, D. S.

Murdoch, S. G.

Ng, J.

Ng, M. N.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, “Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 36(19), 1609–1610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ngo, N. Q.

Oh, K. R.

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, S. H.

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Rapidly swept, continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy with optical heterodyne detection: single- and multi-wavelength sensing of gases,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 267–280 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ou, H.

H. Ou, H. Fu, D. Chen, and S. He, “A tunable and reconfigurable microwave photonic filter based on a Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 278(1), 48–51 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U.-C.

D. S. Moon, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser using few-mode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6147–6152 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-G. Han, C.-S. Kim, J. U. Kand, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multiwavelength raman fiber-ring laser based on tunable cascaded long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 383–385 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pailo, C.

Pan, S. L.

Park, S.

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. J.

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pun, E. Y. B.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an Erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 159–165 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Qin, S.

Qureshi, K. K.

K. K. Qureshi, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength laser source using linear optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1611–1613 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reeves-Hall, P. C.

C. J. S. de Matos, D. A. Chestnut, P. C. Reeves-Hall, F. Koch, and J. R. Taylor, “Multi-wavelength, continuous wave fibre Raman ring laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37(13), 825–826 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Renyong Tang, J. E.

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Renyong Tang, Sharping, and P. Kumar, “A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1058–1060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sanborn, J. R.

Sharping,

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Renyong Tang, Sharping, and P. Kumar, “A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1058–1060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

Shen, G. F.

G. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, and X. F. Jin, “Microwave/millimeter-wave generation using multi-wavelength photonic crystal fiber Brillouin laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 80, 307–320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J. U.

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Smit, M. K.

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Spiekman, L. H.

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Staring, A. A. M.

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, G.

J. Marshall, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, “Design of a tunable L-band multi-wavelength laser system for application to gas spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1023–1031 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Sung, H. K.

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Talaverano, L.

Tam, H. Y.

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Reconfigurable microwave photonic filter using multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1334–1336 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Qureshi, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength laser source using linear optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1611–1613 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, and K. P. Hansen, “Continuous-wave, totally fiber integrated optical parametric oscillator using holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29(9), 983–985 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. S. de Matos, D. A. Chestnut, P. C. Reeves-Hall, F. Koch, and J. R. Taylor, “Multi-wavelength, continuous wave fibre Raman ring laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37(13), 825–826 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thijs, P. J. A.

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tran, T. V. A.

Uesaka, K.

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ho, K. Uesaka, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “200-nm-bandwidth fiber optical amplifier combing parametric and Raman gain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(7), 977–981 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Van Anh Tran, T.

van Dongen, T.

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Verbeek, B. H.

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Reconfigurable microwave photonic filter using multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1334–1336 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Qureshi, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength laser source using linear optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1611–1613 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Whitenett, G.

J. Marshall, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, “Design of a tunable L-band multi-wavelength laser system for application to gas spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1023–1031 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G. K. L.

Wong, K. K. Y.

Wong, K. K.-Y.

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Xia, L.

Z. Luo, W. D. Zhong, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, X. Dong, and L. Xia, “Multiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1609–1611 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

Z. Luo, W. D. Zhong, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, X. Dong, and L. Xia, “Multiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1609–1611 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K.

Xu, Y. Q.

Yang, X.

Ye, C.

Z. Luo, W. D. Zhong, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, X. Dong, and L. Xia, “Multiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1609–1611 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

G. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, and X. F. Jin, “Microwave/millimeter-wave generation using multi-wavelength photonic crystal fiber Brillouin laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 80, 307–320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Zhong, W. D.

Z. Luo, W. D. Zhong, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, X. Dong, and L. Xia, “Multiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1609–1611 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

Zhuang, W. Z.

Appl. Phys. B

Y. He and B. J. Orr, “Rapidly swept, continuous-wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy with optical heterodyne detection: single- and multi-wavelength sensing of gases,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 267–280 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Electron. Lett.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, “Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 36(19), 1609–1610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, D. A. Chestnut, P. C. Reeves-Hall, F. Koch, and J. R. Taylor, “Multi-wavelength, continuous wave fibre Raman ring laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37(13), 825–826 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y.-G. Han, C.-S. Kim, J. U. Kand, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multiwavelength raman fiber-ring laser based on tunable cascaded long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 383–385 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Qureshi, H. Y. Tam, W. H. Chung, and P. K. A. Wai, “Multiwavelength laser source using linear optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1611–1613 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. A. M. Staring, L. H. Spiekman, J. J. M. Binsma, E. J. Jansen, T. van Dongen, P. J. A. Thijs, M. K. Smit, and B. H. Verbeek, “A compact nine-channel multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1139–1141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J. U. Shin, Y. J. Park, S. B. Kim, S. Park, H. K. Sung, Y. S. Baek, and K. R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, and P. K. A. Wai, “Reconfigurable microwave photonic filter using multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1334–1336 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Renyong Tang, Sharping, and P. Kumar, “A microstructure-fiber-based 10-GHz synchronized tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1058–1060 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luo, W. D. Zhong, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, X. Dong, and L. Xia, “Multiwavelength fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1609–1611 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Laser Phys. Lett.

D. Chen, “Stable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop filter,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 437–439 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

J. Marshall, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, “Design of a tunable L-band multi-wavelength laser system for application to gas spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1023–1031 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

H. Ou, H. Fu, D. Chen, and S. He, “A tunable and reconfigurable microwave photonic filter based on a Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 278(1), 48–51 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an Erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 159–165 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

D. Chen, S. Qin, and S. He, “Channel-spacing-tunable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser with hybrid Raman and Erbium-doped fiber gains,” Opt. Express 15(3), 930–935 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Moon, U.-C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser using few-mode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6147–6152 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13(1), 142–147 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, J. Wu, K. Xu, X. Hong, and J. Lin, “Tunable multiwavelength SOA fiber laser with ultra-narrow wavelength spacing based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 17(19), 17200–17205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, and C. C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express 14(8), 3288–3293 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Pan, C. Y. Lou, and Y. Z. Gao, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on inhomogeneous loss mechanism by use of a highly nonlinear fiber and a Fabry-Perot filter,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1113–1118 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. K. Y. Wong, G. W. Lu, and L. K. Chen, “Polarization-interleaved WDM signals in a fiber optical parametric amplifier with orthogonal pumps,” Opt. Express 15(1), 56–61 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gao, C. Jiang, W. Hu, and J. Wang, “Optimized design of two-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier with two-section nonlinear fibers using genetic algorithm,” Opt. Express 12(23), 5603–5613 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, “Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: a route to all optical buffering,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6234–6249 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Z. Zhuang, W. C. Huang, Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, and Y. F. Chen, “Passively Q-switched photonic crystal fiber laser and intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8969–8975 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, C. Pailo, C. Gu, L. Kiani, and J. R. Sanborn, “Microstructure fiber optical parametric oscillator with femtosecond output in the 1200 to 1350 nm wavelength range,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3911–3916 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. L. Wong, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, and V. Marie, “High-conversion-efficiency widely-tunable all-fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2947–2952 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, J. R. Sanborn, M. A. Foster, D. Broaddus, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of sub-100-fs pulses from a microstructure-fiber-based optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18050–18056 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Prog. Electromagn. Res.

G. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, and X. F. Jin, “Microwave/millimeter-wave generation using multi-wavelength photonic crystal fiber Brillouin laser,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 80, 307–320 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Lee, S. B. Lee, J. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, and Y. Han, “Side-mode suppressed multiwavelength fiber laser and broadcast transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OThF1.

M. E. Marhid, K. K.-Y. Wong, G. Kalogerakis and L. G. Kazovsky, “Toward practical fiber optical parametric amplifiers and oscillators,” Optics & Photonics News, 21–25 (2004).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic configuration of the proposed MW-FOPO. TL: tunable laser; PC: polarization controller; PM: phase modulator; HPEDFA: high power Erbium-doped fiber amplifier; ISO: isolator; BWDM: broadband wavelength division multiplexer; HNLF: highly nonlinear fiber; OC: optical coupler; MZI: Mach-Zehnder interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of the proposed MW-FOPO (black solid curve) and the ASE of the FOPA (red dotted curve). Inset shows a local enlargement of the spectrum around 1558 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Peak power fluctuation within 30 minutes for the 12 lasing wavelengths of the proposed MW-FOPO.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Output spectra of the proposed MWFOPO when the pump powers are 0.478 W, 0.495 W, 0.620 W, 1.02 W, 1.20W and 1.53 W, respectively. (b) Spectra of the proposed MW-FOPO (black solid curve) and the MW-EDFL (blue dotted curve).

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