Abstract

Ferroelectric domain patterns are used as templates on which rare earth doped high refractive index nanoparticles activated with trivalent rare earth ions (RE3+) are selectively assembled on domain surfaces with a specific polarization. Two-dimensional luminescent heterostructures, with sizes and geometries defined by the ferroelectric patterning are achieved. The process of incorporation and consolidation of the optically active nanoparticles into the alternate domain structures leads to luminescent ring-shaped arrangements with innovative geometries and to a micrometer spatial control of the trivalent rare earth ion emitters. Multicolor emission systems and the possibility of chromatic switching at the micrometer scale among the three different compounds forming the two dimensional structure is demonstrated.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. López, “Materials Aspects of Photonic Crystals,” Adv. Mater. 15(20), 1679–1704 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Basabe-Desmonts, D. N. Reinhoudt, and M. Crego-Calama, “Design of fluorescent materials for chemical sensing,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 36(6), 993–1017 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Ellengoben, N. V. Bloch, A. G. Padowicz, and A. Arie, “Nonlinear generation and manipulation of Airy beams,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 395–398 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Grilli, L. Miccio, V. Vespini, A. Finizio, S. De Nicola, and P. Ferraro, “Liquid micro-lens array activated by selective electrowetting on lithium niobate substrates,” Opt. Express 16(11), 8084–8093 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. R. Zanatta and C. T. M. Ribeiro, “Laser-induced generation of micrometer-sized luminescent patterns on rare-earth-doped amorphous films,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 5977–5981 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Montoya, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, T. Kellner, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Infrared and self-frequency doubling laser action in Yb3+ doped LiNbO3:MgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(21), 3113–3115 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Domenech and G. Lifante, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.3 µm in Nd3+-doped Zn: LiNbO3 channel waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 3271–3273 (2004).
  15. M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi-phase-matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, and L. E. Bausá, “Effect of electron beam writing parameters for ferroelectric domain structuring LiNbO3:Nd3+,” Opt. Mater. 31(12), 1777–1780 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. J. Dereń, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. Boutinaud, and R. Mahiou, “Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of CaTiO3 nanocrystals doped with Pr3+ ions,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 595–599 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. de Almeideda Silva, A. S. S. de Camargo, C. Cusatis, L. A. O. Nunes, and J. P. Andreeta, “Growth and characterization of columbite CaNb2O6 high quality single cristal fiber,” J. Cryst. Growth 262(1-4), 246–250 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Ballman, S. P. S. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Calcium Niobate Ca(NbO3)2 - a New Laser Host Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(11), 3155 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. S. S. de Camargo, R. Almeida Silva, J. P. Andreeta, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Stimulated emission and excited state absorption in neodymium-doped CaNb2O6 single crystal fibers grown by the LHPG technique,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 497–502 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. J. Deren, R. Mahiou, R. Pazik, K. Lemanski, W. Strek, and Ph. Boutinaud, “Upconversion emission in CaTiO3:Er3+nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 128(5-6), 797–799 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2009

T. Ellengoben, N. V. Bloch, A. G. Padowicz, and A. Arie, “Nonlinear generation and manipulation of Airy beams,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 395–398 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, and L. E. Bausá, “Effect of electron beam writing parameters for ferroelectric domain structuring LiNbO3:Nd3+,” Opt. Mater. 31(12), 1777–1780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

P. J. Dereń, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. Boutinaud, and R. Mahiou, “Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of CaTiO3 nanocrystals doped with Pr3+ ions,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 595–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Grilli, L. Miccio, V. Vespini, A. Finizio, S. De Nicola, and P. Ferraro, “Liquid micro-lens array activated by selective electrowetting on lithium niobate substrates,” Opt. Express 16(11), 8084–8093 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Deren, R. Mahiou, R. Pazik, K. Lemanski, W. Strek, and Ph. Boutinaud, “Upconversion emission in CaTiO3:Er3+nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 128(5-6), 797–799 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Basabe-Desmonts, D. N. Reinhoudt, and M. Crego-Calama, “Design of fluorescent materials for chemical sensing,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 36(6), 993–1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

A. S. S. de Camargo, R. Almeida Silva, J. P. Andreeta, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Stimulated emission and excited state absorption in neodymium-doped CaNb2O6 single crystal fibers grown by the LHPG technique,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 497–502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

M. Domenech and G. Lifante, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.3 µm in Nd3+-doped Zn: LiNbO3 channel waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 3271–3273 (2004).

R. de Almeideda Silva, A. S. S. de Camargo, C. Cusatis, L. A. O. Nunes, and J. P. Andreeta, “Growth and characterization of columbite CaNb2O6 high quality single cristal fiber,” J. Cryst. Growth 262(1-4), 246–250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Zanatta and C. T. M. Ribeiro, “Laser-induced generation of micrometer-sized luminescent patterns on rare-earth-doped amorphous films,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 5977–5981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

C. López, “Materials Aspects of Photonic Crystals,” Adv. Mater. 15(20), 1679–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

E. Montoya, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, T. Kellner, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Infrared and self-frequency doubling laser action in Yb3+ doped LiNbO3:MgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(21), 3113–3115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi-phase-matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1963

A. Ballman, S. P. S. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Calcium Niobate Ca(NbO3)2 - a New Laser Host Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(11), 3155 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Almeida Silva, R.

A. S. S. de Camargo, R. Almeida Silva, J. P. Andreeta, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Stimulated emission and excited state absorption in neodymium-doped CaNb2O6 single crystal fibers grown by the LHPG technique,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 497–502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Álvarez-García, S.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Amezcua-Correa, A.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreeta, J. P.

A. S. S. de Camargo, R. Almeida Silva, J. P. Andreeta, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Stimulated emission and excited state absorption in neodymium-doped CaNb2O6 single crystal fibers grown by the LHPG technique,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 497–502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. de Almeideda Silva, A. S. S. de Camargo, C. Cusatis, L. A. O. Nunes, and J. P. Andreeta, “Growth and characterization of columbite CaNb2O6 high quality single cristal fiber,” J. Cryst. Growth 262(1-4), 246–250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Ellengoben, N. V. Bloch, A. G. Padowicz, and A. Arie, “Nonlinear generation and manipulation of Airy beams,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 395–398 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Badding, J. V.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballman, A.

A. Ballman, S. P. S. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Calcium Niobate Ca(NbO3)2 - a New Laser Host Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(11), 3155 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Baril, N. F.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Basabe-Desmonts, L.

L. Basabe-Desmonts, D. N. Reinhoudt, and M. Crego-Calama, “Design of fluorescent materials for chemical sensing,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 36(6), 993–1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bausá, L. E.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, and L. E. Bausá, “Effect of electron beam writing parameters for ferroelectric domain structuring LiNbO3:Nd3+,” Opt. Mater. 31(12), 1777–1780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Montoya, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, T. Kellner, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Infrared and self-frequency doubling laser action in Yb3+ doped LiNbO3:MgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(21), 3113–3115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Biswas, R.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bloch, N. V.

T. Ellengoben, N. V. Bloch, A. G. Padowicz, and A. Arie, “Nonlinear generation and manipulation of Airy beams,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 395–398 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boutinaud, P.

P. J. Dereń, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. Boutinaud, and R. Mahiou, “Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of CaTiO3 nanocrystals doped with Pr3+ ions,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 595–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boutinaud, Ph.

P. J. Deren, R. Mahiou, R. Pazik, K. Lemanski, W. Strek, and Ph. Boutinaud, “Upconversion emission in CaTiO3:Er3+nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 128(5-6), 797–799 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

E. Montoya, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, T. Kellner, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Infrared and self-frequency doubling laser action in Yb3+ doped LiNbO3:MgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(21), 3113–3115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chi, L.

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crego-Calama, M.

L. Basabe-Desmonts, D. N. Reinhoudt, and M. Crego-Calama, “Design of fluorescent materials for chemical sensing,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 36(6), 993–1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crespi, V. H.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cusatis, C.

R. de Almeideda Silva, A. S. S. de Camargo, C. Cusatis, L. A. O. Nunes, and J. P. Andreeta, “Growth and characterization of columbite CaNb2O6 high quality single cristal fiber,” J. Cryst. Growth 262(1-4), 246–250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de Almeideda Silva, R.

R. de Almeideda Silva, A. S. S. de Camargo, C. Cusatis, L. A. O. Nunes, and J. P. Andreeta, “Growth and characterization of columbite CaNb2O6 high quality single cristal fiber,” J. Cryst. Growth 262(1-4), 246–250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de Camargo, A. S. S.

A. S. S. de Camargo, R. Almeida Silva, J. P. Andreeta, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Stimulated emission and excited state absorption in neodymium-doped CaNb2O6 single crystal fibers grown by the LHPG technique,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 497–502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. de Almeideda Silva, A. S. S. de Camargo, C. Cusatis, L. A. O. Nunes, and J. P. Andreeta, “Growth and characterization of columbite CaNb2O6 high quality single cristal fiber,” J. Cryst. Growth 262(1-4), 246–250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Nicola, S.

Denev, S.

M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Deren, P. J.

P. J. Dereń, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. Boutinaud, and R. Mahiou, “Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of CaTiO3 nanocrystals doped with Pr3+ ions,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 595–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Deren, R. Mahiou, R. Pazik, K. Lemanski, W. Strek, and Ph. Boutinaud, “Upconversion emission in CaTiO3:Er3+nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 128(5-6), 797–799 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Derén, P. J.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

E. Montoya, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, T. Kellner, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Infrared and self-frequency doubling laser action in Yb3+ doped LiNbO3:MgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(21), 3113–3115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Domenech, M.

M. Domenech and G. Lifante, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.3 µm in Nd3+-doped Zn: LiNbO3 channel waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 3271–3273 (2004).

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

El-Kady, I.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ellengoben, T.

T. Ellengoben, N. V. Bloch, A. G. Padowicz, and A. Arie, “Nonlinear generation and manipulation of Airy beams,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 395–398 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferraro, P.

Finizio, A.

Finlayson, C. E.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleming, J. G.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuchs, H.

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, L.

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García-Santizo, J. V.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García-Solé, J.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, and L. E. Bausá, “Effect of electron beam writing parameters for ferroelectric domain structuring LiNbO3:Nd3+,” Opt. Mater. 31(12), 1777–1780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gopalan, V.

M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grilli, S.

Hao, J.

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hayes, J. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, K. M.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, W.

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

E. Montoya, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, T. Kellner, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Infrared and self-frequency doubling laser action in Yb3+ doped LiNbO3:MgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(21), 3113–3115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, B. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jia, Q. X.

M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kehagias, N.

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kellner, T.

E. Montoya, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, T. Kellner, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Infrared and self-frequency doubling laser action in Yb3+ doped LiNbO3:MgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(21), 3113–3115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koynov, K.

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamurthi, M.

M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lehecka, T. M.

M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lemanski, K.

P. J. Deren, R. Mahiou, R. Pazik, K. Lemanski, W. Strek, and Ph. Boutinaud, “Upconversion emission in CaTiO3:Er3+nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 128(5-6), 797–799 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lifante, G.

M. Domenech and G. Lifante, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.3 µm in Nd3+-doped Zn: LiNbO3 channel waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 3271–3273 (2004).

Lin, S. Y.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López, C.

C. López, “Materials Aspects of Photonic Crystals,” Adv. Mater. 15(20), 1679–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, N.

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mahiou, R.

P. J. Dereń, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. Boutinaud, and R. Mahiou, “Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of CaTiO3 nanocrystals doped with Pr3+ ions,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 595–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Deren, R. Mahiou, R. Pazik, K. Lemanski, W. Strek, and Ph. Boutinaud, “Upconversion emission in CaTiO3:Er3+nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 128(5-6), 797–799 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Margine, E. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miccio, L.

Ming, N. B.

S. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi-phase-matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Molina, P.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, and L. E. Bausá, “Effect of electron beam writing parameters for ferroelectric domain structuring LiNbO3:Nd3+,” Opt. Mater. 31(12), 1777–1780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Montoya, E.

E. Montoya, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, T. Kellner, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Infrared and self-frequency doubling laser action in Yb3+ doped LiNbO3:MgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(21), 3113–3115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neshev, D. N.

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nunes, L. A. O.

A. S. S. de Camargo, R. Almeida Silva, J. P. Andreeta, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Stimulated emission and excited state absorption in neodymium-doped CaNb2O6 single crystal fibers grown by the LHPG technique,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 497–502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. de Almeideda Silva, A. S. S. de Camargo, C. Cusatis, L. A. O. Nunes, and J. P. Andreeta, “Growth and characterization of columbite CaNb2O6 high quality single cristal fiber,” J. Cryst. Growth 262(1-4), 246–250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padowicz, A. G.

T. Ellengoben, N. V. Bloch, A. G. Padowicz, and A. Arie, “Nonlinear generation and manipulation of Airy beams,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 395–398 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pazik, R.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Deren, R. Mahiou, R. Pazik, K. Lemanski, W. Strek, and Ph. Boutinaud, “Upconversion emission in CaTiO3:Er3+nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 128(5-6), 797–799 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Dereń, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. Boutinaud, and R. Mahiou, “Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of CaTiO3 nanocrystals doped with Pr3+ ions,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 595–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Porto, S. P. S.

A. Ballman, S. P. S. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Calcium Niobate Ca(NbO3)2 - a New Laser Host Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(11), 3155 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Ramirez, M. O.

M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ramírez, M. O.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, and L. E. Bausá, “Effect of electron beam writing parameters for ferroelectric domain structuring LiNbO3:Nd3+,” Opt. Mater. 31(12), 1777–1780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reboud, V.

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reinhoudt, D. N.

L. Basabe-Desmonts, D. N. Reinhoudt, and M. Crego-Calama, “Design of fluorescent materials for chemical sensing,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 36(6), 993–1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ribeiro, C. T. M.

A. R. Zanatta and C. T. M. Ribeiro, “Laser-induced generation of micrometer-sized luminescent patterns on rare-earth-doped amorphous films,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 5977–5981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S. M.

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sazio, P. J. A.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheidemantel, T. J.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheng, Y.

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sotomayor Torres, C. M.

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Strek, W.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Dereń, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. Boutinaud, and R. Mahiou, “Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of CaTiO3 nanocrystals doped with Pr3+ ions,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 595–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Deren, R. Mahiou, R. Pazik, K. Lemanski, W. Strek, and Ph. Boutinaud, “Upconversion emission in CaTiO3:Er3+nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 128(5-6), 797–799 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, J. G.

M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vespini, V.

Voloch-Bloch, N.

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Won, D.-J.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

A. Ballman, S. P. S. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Calcium Niobate Ca(NbO3)2 - a New Laser Host Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(11), 3155 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Zanatta, A. R.

A. R. Zanatta and C. T. M. Ribeiro, “Laser-induced generation of micrometer-sized luminescent patterns on rare-earth-doped amorphous films,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 5977–5981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S.

S. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi-phase-matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

S. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi-phase-matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

W. Hu, N. Lu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, N. Kehagias, V. Reboud, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, J. Hao, W. Li, H. Fuchs, and L. Chi, “Multicolor Emission on Prepatterned Substrates Using a Single Dye Species,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2119–2123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. López, “Materials Aspects of Photonic Crystals,” Adv. Mater. 15(20), 1679–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

A. S. S. de Camargo, R. Almeida Silva, J. P. Andreeta, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Stimulated emission and excited state absorption in neodymium-doped CaNb2O6 single crystal fibers grown by the LHPG technique,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 497–502 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. V. García-Santizo, S. Álvarez-García, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. J. Derén, and L. E. Bausá, “Micrometric spatial control of rare earth ion emission in LiNbO3: A two-dimensional multicolor array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Montoya, J. Capmany, L. E. Bausá, T. Kellner, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “Infrared and self-frequency doubling laser action in Yb3+ doped LiNbO3:MgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(21), 3113–3115 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Krishnamurthi, M. O. Ramirez, S. Denev, V. Gopalan, T. M. Lehecka, J. G. Thomas, and Q. X. Jia, “Two dimensional dynamic focusing of laser light by ferroelectric domain based electro-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Soc. Rev.

L. Basabe-Desmonts, D. N. Reinhoudt, and M. Crego-Calama, “Design of fluorescent materials for chemical sensing,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 36(6), 993–1017 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Cerenkov-Type second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional nonlinear photonic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1465–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp.

P. J. Dereń, R. Pazik, W. Strek, P. Boutinaud, and R. Mahiou, “Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of CaTiO3 nanocrystals doped with Pr3+ ions,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 595–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

A. Ballman, S. P. S. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Calcium Niobate Ca(NbO3)2 - a New Laser Host Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(11), 3155 (1963).
[CrossRef]

M. Domenech and G. Lifante, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.3 µm in Nd3+-doped Zn: LiNbO3 channel waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 3271–3273 (2004).

A. R. Zanatta and C. T. M. Ribeiro, “Laser-induced generation of micrometer-sized luminescent patterns on rare-earth-doped amorphous films,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 5977–5981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

R. de Almeideda Silva, A. S. S. de Camargo, C. Cusatis, L. A. O. Nunes, and J. P. Andreeta, “Growth and characterization of columbite CaNb2O6 high quality single cristal fiber,” J. Cryst. Growth 262(1-4), 246–250 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

P. J. Deren, R. Mahiou, R. Pazik, K. Lemanski, W. Strek, and Ph. Boutinaud, “Upconversion emission in CaTiO3:Er3+nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 128(5-6), 797–799 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir

L. Gao, N. Lu, J. Hao, W. Hu, W. Wang, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and L. Chi, “Fabrication of multicolor patterns with a single dye species on a polymer surface,” Langmuir 24(22), 12745–12747 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

T. Ellengoben, N. V. Bloch, A. G. Padowicz, and A. Arie, “Nonlinear generation and manipulation of Airy beams,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 395–398 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Mater.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, and L. E. Bausá, “Effect of electron beam writing parameters for ferroelectric domain structuring LiNbO3:Nd3+,” Opt. Mater. 31(12), 1777–1780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science

S. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi-phase-matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic picture of the fabrication process to obtain the micro-void structure in this work; (b) SEM image of a single hexagonal micro-cavity obtained after selective chemical etching; (c) SEM image of a Er3+:CaTiO3 filled micro-cavity after annealing at 1000°C during 1h; (d) Enlarge view of the same image showed in (c) to illustrate the absence of additional compounds in the proximities of the walls; (e) Detailed view of the ≈1µm thick shell of CaNb2O6 compound formed around the filled micro-cavity after annealing at 1000 °C during 2h; (f) Optical image of a 2D filled micro-void pattern.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) XRD spectrum of the system obtained at glazing incidence; (b) Raman spectra obtained in confocal geometry when the excitation laser is focused on the LiNbO3 substrate (black line) and on the ribbon shaped shell (red line). The peaks corresponding to the CaNb2O6 shell have been labeled.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Confocal fluorescence spectra obtained under excitation at 488 nm. (a) (S)pectral region associated with the 4F3/24I9/2 transitions of Nd3+ ions and (b) spectral region associated with the 4F3/24I11/2 transitions of Nd3+. The emission spectra were collected from the CaNb2O6 shell region (red line) and from the Nd3+:LiNbO3 substrate (black line). Similar results were obtained under laser diode excitation at 808 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence spectra obtained when the emitted intensity was collected inside the filled micro-cavity (Er3+:CaTiO3) (blue line), at the border (Nd3+:CaNb2O6) (red line) and outside the micro-composite (Nd3+:LiNbO3) (green line). The excitation wavelength was 488 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Green, red and near infrared fluorescent maps obtained for a single filled micro-cavity when plotting the emission area associated with 2H11/2, 4S3/24I15/2, 4F9/24I15/2 and 4S3/24I13/2 optical transitions of Er3+ ions in CaTiO3. The emitted spectra are also shown in the figure as well as the optical image of the single microstructure.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spatial luminescent maps obtained from a single micro-composite when selecting: (left) the green fluorescence from Er3+ ions in the CaTiO3 nanoparticles in the filled voids; (center) the emission from Nd3+ in the CaNb2O6 ring-shaped compound (peaking at 878.8 nm); (right) the emission from Nd3+ ions in the LiNbO3 substrate.

Metrics