Abstract

The two modes of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen quadrature entangled state generated by parametric down-conversion interfere on a beam splitter of variable splitting ratio. Detection of a photon in one of the beam splitter output channels heralds preparation of a signal state in the other, which is characterized using homodyne tomography. By controlling the beam splitting ratio, the signal state can be chosen anywhere between the single-photon and squeezed state.

© 2010 OSA

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References

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  1. Quantum Information with Continuous Variables of Atoms and Light, N. Cerf, G. Leuchs, and E. Polzik (Eds.), World Scientific, Singapore, 2007
  2. P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007)
    [Crossref]
  3. A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Quantum State Reconstruction of the Single-Photon Fock State”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Tomographic reconstruction of the single-photon Fock state by high-frequency homodyne detection”, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004)
    [Crossref]
  5. S. R. Huisman, N. Jain, S. A. Babichev, F. Vewinger, A. N. Zhang, S. H. Youn, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Instant single-photon Fock state tomography”, Opt. Lett. 34, 2739–2741 (2009);
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Quantum-to-Classical Transition with Single-Photon-Added Coherent States of Light”, Science 306, 660–662 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, J. Laurat, and P. Grangier, “Generating Optical Schrdinger Kittens for Quantum Information Processing”, Science 312, 83–86 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. G. Puentes, J. S. Lundeen, M. P. A. Branderhorst, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, B. J. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Bridging Particle and Wave Sensitivity in a Configurable Detector of Positive Operator-Valued Measures”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 080404 (2009)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  10. H. Takahashi, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, M. Takeuchi, M. Takeoka, K. Hayasaka, A. Furusawa, and M. Sasaki, “Entanglement distillation from Gaussian input states”, Nature Phot. 4, 178–181 (2010)
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  13. T. Aichele, A. I. Lvovsky, and S. Schiller, “Optical mode characterization of single photons prepared via conditional measurements on a biphoton state”, Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 237–245 (2002)
    [Crossref]
  14. A. I. Lvovsky, “Iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction in quantum homodyne tomography”, J. Opt. B: Q. Semiclass. Opt. 6, S556–S559 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Řeháček, Z. Hradil, E. Knill, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Diluted maximum-likelihood algorithm for quantum tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042108 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. Appel, D. Hoffman, E. Figueroa, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Electronic noise in optical homodyne tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 035802 (2007)
    [Crossref]
  17. W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes”, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006)
    [Crossref]
  18. A. I. Lvovsky, W. Wasilewski, and K. Banaszek, “Decomposing a pulsed optical parametric amplifier into independent squeezers”, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 721–733 (2007)
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. L. and E., Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1995)

2010 (1)

E. Bimbard, N. Jain, A. MacRae, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum-optical state engineering up to the two-photon level”, Nature Phot. 4, 243–247 (2010)
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

A. I. Lvovsky and M. G. Raymer, “Continuous-variable optical quantum-state tomography”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299–332 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. R. Huisman, N. Jain, S. A. Babichev, F. Vewinger, A. N. Zhang, S. H. Youn, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Instant single-photon Fock state tomography”, Opt. Lett. 34, 2739–2741 (2009);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Puentes, J. S. Lundeen, M. P. A. Branderhorst, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, B. J. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Bridging Particle and Wave Sensitivity in a Configurable Detector of Positive Operator-Valued Measures”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 080404 (2009)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

J. Řeháček, Z. Hradil, E. Knill, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Diluted maximum-likelihood algorithm for quantum tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042108 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Appel, D. Hoffman, E. Figueroa, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Electronic noise in optical homodyne tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 035802 (2007)
[Crossref]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007)
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, J. Laurat, and P. Grangier, “Generating Optical Schrdinger Kittens for Quantum Information Processing”, Science 312, 83–86 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Tomographic reconstruction of the single-photon Fock state by high-frequency homodyne detection”, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004)
[Crossref]

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Quantum-to-Classical Transition with Single-Photon-Added Coherent States of Light”, Science 306, 660–662 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. I. Lvovsky, “Iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction in quantum homodyne tomography”, J. Opt. B: Q. Semiclass. Opt. 6, S556–S559 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

T. Aichele, A. I. Lvovsky, and S. Schiller, “Optical mode characterization of single photons prepared via conditional measurements on a biphoton state”, Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 237–245 (2002)
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Quantum State Reconstruction of the Single-Photon Fock State”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aichele, T.

T. Aichele, A. I. Lvovsky, and S. Schiller, “Optical mode characterization of single photons prepared via conditional measurements on a biphoton state”, Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 237–245 (2002)
[Crossref]

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Quantum State Reconstruction of the Single-Photon Fock State”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appel, J.

J. Appel, D. Hoffman, E. Figueroa, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Electronic noise in optical homodyne tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 035802 (2007)
[Crossref]

Babichev, S. A.

Banaszek, K.

W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes”, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006)
[Crossref]

A. I. Lvovsky, W. Wasilewski, and K. Banaszek, “Decomposing a pulsed optical parametric amplifier into independent squeezers”, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 721–733 (2007)
[Crossref]

Bar-Shalom, Y.

Y. Bar-Shalom and X.-R. Li, Estimation with Applications to Tracking and Navigation (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001)
[Crossref]

Bellini, M.

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Tomographic reconstruction of the single-photon Fock state by high-frequency homodyne detection”, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004)
[Crossref]

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Quantum-to-Classical Transition with Single-Photon-Added Coherent States of Light”, Science 306, 660–662 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benson, O.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Quantum State Reconstruction of the Single-Photon Fock State”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bimbard, E.

E. Bimbard, N. Jain, A. MacRae, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum-optical state engineering up to the two-photon level”, Nature Phot. 4, 243–247 (2010)
[Crossref]

Branderhorst, M. P. A.

G. Puentes, J. S. Lundeen, M. P. A. Branderhorst, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, B. J. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Bridging Particle and Wave Sensitivity in a Configurable Detector of Positive Operator-Valued Measures”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 080404 (2009)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coldenstrodt-Ronge, H. B.

G. Puentes, J. S. Lundeen, M. P. A. Branderhorst, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, B. J. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Bridging Particle and Wave Sensitivity in a Configurable Detector of Positive Operator-Valued Measures”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 080404 (2009)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dowling, J. P.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007)
[Crossref]

E.,

L. and E., Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1995)

Figueroa, E.

J. Appel, D. Hoffman, E. Figueroa, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Electronic noise in optical homodyne tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 035802 (2007)
[Crossref]

Furusawa, A.

H. Takahashi, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, M. Takeuchi, M. Takeoka, K. Hayasaka, A. Furusawa, and M. Sasaki, “Entanglement distillation from Gaussian input states”, Nature Phot. 4, 178–181 (2010)
[Crossref]

Grangier, P.

A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, J. Laurat, and P. Grangier, “Generating Optical Schrdinger Kittens for Quantum Information Processing”, Science 312, 83–86 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hansen, H.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Quantum State Reconstruction of the Single-Photon Fock State”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hayasaka, K.

H. Takahashi, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, M. Takeuchi, M. Takeoka, K. Hayasaka, A. Furusawa, and M. Sasaki, “Entanglement distillation from Gaussian input states”, Nature Phot. 4, 178–181 (2010)
[Crossref]

Hoffman, D.

J. Appel, D. Hoffman, E. Figueroa, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Electronic noise in optical homodyne tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 035802 (2007)
[Crossref]

Hradil, Z.

J. Řeháček, Z. Hradil, E. Knill, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Diluted maximum-likelihood algorithm for quantum tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huisman, S. R.

Jain, N.

E. Bimbard, N. Jain, A. MacRae, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum-optical state engineering up to the two-photon level”, Nature Phot. 4, 243–247 (2010)
[Crossref]

S. R. Huisman, N. Jain, S. A. Babichev, F. Vewinger, A. N. Zhang, S. H. Youn, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Instant single-photon Fock state tomography”, Opt. Lett. 34, 2739–2741 (2009);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knill, E.

J. Řeháček, Z. Hradil, E. Knill, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Diluted maximum-likelihood algorithm for quantum tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kok, P.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007)
[Crossref]

L.,

L. and E., Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1995)

Laurat, J.

A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, J. Laurat, and P. Grangier, “Generating Optical Schrdinger Kittens for Quantum Information Processing”, Science 312, 83–86 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt, Measuring the quantum state of light (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997)

Li, X.-R.

Y. Bar-Shalom and X.-R. Li, Estimation with Applications to Tracking and Navigation (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001)
[Crossref]

Lundeen, J. S.

G. Puentes, J. S. Lundeen, M. P. A. Branderhorst, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, B. J. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Bridging Particle and Wave Sensitivity in a Configurable Detector of Positive Operator-Valued Measures”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 080404 (2009)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lvovsky, A. I.

E. Bimbard, N. Jain, A. MacRae, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum-optical state engineering up to the two-photon level”, Nature Phot. 4, 243–247 (2010)
[Crossref]

A. I. Lvovsky and M. G. Raymer, “Continuous-variable optical quantum-state tomography”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299–332 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. R. Huisman, N. Jain, S. A. Babichev, F. Vewinger, A. N. Zhang, S. H. Youn, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Instant single-photon Fock state tomography”, Opt. Lett. 34, 2739–2741 (2009);
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appel, D. Hoffman, E. Figueroa, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Electronic noise in optical homodyne tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 035802 (2007)
[Crossref]

J. Řeháček, Z. Hradil, E. Knill, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Diluted maximum-likelihood algorithm for quantum tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042108 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. I. Lvovsky, “Iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction in quantum homodyne tomography”, J. Opt. B: Q. Semiclass. Opt. 6, S556–S559 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Aichele, A. I. Lvovsky, and S. Schiller, “Optical mode characterization of single photons prepared via conditional measurements on a biphoton state”, Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 237–245 (2002)
[Crossref]

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Quantum State Reconstruction of the Single-Photon Fock State”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. I. Lvovsky, W. Wasilewski, and K. Banaszek, “Decomposing a pulsed optical parametric amplifier into independent squeezers”, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 721–733 (2007)
[Crossref]

W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes”, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006)
[Crossref]

MacRae, A.

E. Bimbard, N. Jain, A. MacRae, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum-optical state engineering up to the two-photon level”, Nature Phot. 4, 243–247 (2010)
[Crossref]

Milburn, G. J.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007)
[Crossref]

Mlynek, J.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Quantum State Reconstruction of the Single-Photon Fock State”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munro, W. J.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007)
[Crossref]

Neergaard-Nielsen, J. S.

H. Takahashi, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, M. Takeuchi, M. Takeoka, K. Hayasaka, A. Furusawa, and M. Sasaki, “Entanglement distillation from Gaussian input states”, Nature Phot. 4, 178–181 (2010)
[Crossref]

Nemoto, K.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007)
[Crossref]

Ourjoumtsev, A.

A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, J. Laurat, and P. Grangier, “Generating Optical Schrdinger Kittens for Quantum Information Processing”, Science 312, 83–86 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Puentes, G.

G. Puentes, J. S. Lundeen, M. P. A. Branderhorst, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, B. J. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Bridging Particle and Wave Sensitivity in a Configurable Detector of Positive Operator-Valued Measures”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 080404 (2009)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Radzewicz, C.

W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes”, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006)
[Crossref]

Ralph, T. C.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007)
[Crossref]

Raymer, M. G.

A. I. Lvovsky and M. G. Raymer, “Continuous-variable optical quantum-state tomography”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299–332 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rehácek, J.

J. Řeháček, Z. Hradil, E. Knill, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Diluted maximum-likelihood algorithm for quantum tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, M.

H. Takahashi, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, M. Takeuchi, M. Takeoka, K. Hayasaka, A. Furusawa, and M. Sasaki, “Entanglement distillation from Gaussian input states”, Nature Phot. 4, 178–181 (2010)
[Crossref]

Schiller, S.

T. Aichele, A. I. Lvovsky, and S. Schiller, “Optical mode characterization of single photons prepared via conditional measurements on a biphoton state”, Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 237–245 (2002)
[Crossref]

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Quantum State Reconstruction of the Single-Photon Fock State”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, B. J.

G. Puentes, J. S. Lundeen, M. P. A. Branderhorst, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, B. J. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Bridging Particle and Wave Sensitivity in a Configurable Detector of Positive Operator-Valued Measures”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 080404 (2009)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, M. Takeuchi, M. Takeoka, K. Hayasaka, A. Furusawa, and M. Sasaki, “Entanglement distillation from Gaussian input states”, Nature Phot. 4, 178–181 (2010)
[Crossref]

Takeoka, M.

H. Takahashi, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, M. Takeuchi, M. Takeoka, K. Hayasaka, A. Furusawa, and M. Sasaki, “Entanglement distillation from Gaussian input states”, Nature Phot. 4, 178–181 (2010)
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, M.

H. Takahashi, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, M. Takeuchi, M. Takeoka, K. Hayasaka, A. Furusawa, and M. Sasaki, “Entanglement distillation from Gaussian input states”, Nature Phot. 4, 178–181 (2010)
[Crossref]

Tualle-Brouri, R.

A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, J. Laurat, and P. Grangier, “Generating Optical Schrdinger Kittens for Quantum Information Processing”, Science 312, 83–86 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vewinger, F.

Viciani, S.

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Tomographic reconstruction of the single-photon Fock state by high-frequency homodyne detection”, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004)
[Crossref]

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Quantum-to-Classical Transition with Single-Photon-Added Coherent States of Light”, Science 306, 660–662 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

G. Puentes, J. S. Lundeen, M. P. A. Branderhorst, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, B. J. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Bridging Particle and Wave Sensitivity in a Configurable Detector of Positive Operator-Valued Measures”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 080404 (2009)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wasilewski, W.

W. Wasilewski, A. I. Lvovsky, K. Banaszek, and C. Radzewicz, “Pulsed squeezed light: simultaneous squeezing of multiple modes”, Phys. Rev. A 73, 063819 (2006)
[Crossref]

A. I. Lvovsky, W. Wasilewski, and K. Banaszek, “Decomposing a pulsed optical parametric amplifier into independent squeezers”, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 721–733 (2007)
[Crossref]

Youn, S. H.

Zavatta, A.

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Tomographic reconstruction of the single-photon Fock state by high-frequency homodyne detection”, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004)
[Crossref]

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Quantum-to-Classical Transition with Single-Photon-Added Coherent States of Light”, Science 306, 660–662 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, A. N.

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

T. Aichele, A. I. Lvovsky, and S. Schiller, “Optical mode characterization of single photons prepared via conditional measurements on a biphoton state”, Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 237–245 (2002)
[Crossref]

J. Opt. B: Q. Semiclass. Opt. (1)

A. I. Lvovsky, “Iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction in quantum homodyne tomography”, J. Opt. B: Q. Semiclass. Opt. 6, S556–S559 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nature Phot. (1)

E. Bimbard, N. Jain, A. MacRae, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum-optical state engineering up to the two-photon level”, Nature Phot. 4, 243–247 (2010)
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, and M. Bellini, “Tomographic reconstruction of the single-photon Fock state by high-frequency homodyne detection”, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053821 (2004)
[Crossref]

J. Řeháček, Z. Hradil, E. Knill, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Diluted maximum-likelihood algorithm for quantum tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042108 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Appel, D. Hoffman, E. Figueroa, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Electronic noise in optical homodyne tomography”, Phys. Rev. A 75, 035802 (2007)
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Quantum State Reconstruction of the Single-Photon Fock State”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Puentes, J. S. Lundeen, M. P. A. Branderhorst, H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge, B. J. Smith, and I. A. Walmsley, “Bridging Particle and Wave Sensitivity in a Configurable Detector of Positive Operator-Valued Measures”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 080404 (2009)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

A. I. Lvovsky and M. G. Raymer, “Continuous-variable optical quantum-state tomography”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299–332 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007)
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Concept of the experimental setup. The figure is for illustration purpose only; the inset shows the actual implementation of parametric down-conversion and the variable beam splitter. HWP, half-wave plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; SPCM, single-photon counting module. The down-conversion is spatially and spectrally-degenerate, but polarization-nondegenerate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Quadrature noise of the experimentally observed vacuum and signal states at different reflectivities of the variable beam splitter, for varying local oscillator phase. The angle θ of the half-wave plate and the corresponding beam splitter reflectivity (given by R = cos2 2θ) are indicated for each curve. The observed quadrature noise is influenced by preparation and detection inefficiencies.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimentally reconstructed Wigner functions (top row) and density matrices (absolute values, bottom row). The insets show contour diagrams associated to specificWigner functions.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Cross-section of the Wigner Function of the single-photon state (a) and the quadrature noise of the squeezed state as a function of the optical phase (b), obtained from their respective density matrices, experimentally reconstructed without correcting for detection inefficiency. The squeezing variance features a solid curve obtained from maximum-likelihood reconstruction, while the points with error-bars from 0 to π/2 are representative of the binned raw quadrature data. The error bars correspond to σ i 2 N i , σi being the width of a Gaussian distribution from Ni samples in each bin [19].

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Maximum and minimum variances of the measured quadratures (a) and the Mandel parameter of the reconstructed states (b) as functions of the HWP angle. The theoretical predictions are calculated for η = 0.55, γ 2 = 0.025 in the limit of low single-photon detection efficiency. The states with the minimum quadrature variance below 1/2 or with a negative Mandel parameter are nonclassical.

Equations (2)

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Ψ = 1 γ 2 [ 0 s , 0 i + γ 1 s , 1 i + O ( γ 2 ) ] ,
Ψ out ( 1 γ 2 ) [ 0 s + γ 2 2 s ] [ 0 i γ 2 2 i ] .

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