Abstract

Hybrid entangled states exhibit entanglement between different degrees of freedom of a particle pair and thus could be useful for asymmetric optical quantum network where the communication channels are characterized by different properties. We report the first experimental realization of hybrid polarization-orbital angular momentum (OAM) entangled states by adopting a spontaneous parametric down conversion source of polarization entangled states and a polarization-OAM transferrer. The generated quantum states have been characterized through quantum state tomography. Finally, the violation of Bell’s inequalities with the hybrid two photon system has been observed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. De Martini, and F. Sciarrino, “Non-linear parametric processes in quantum information,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 29, 165 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, “Parametric source of two-photon states with a tunable degree of entanglement and mixing: Experimental preparation of Werner states and maximally entangled mixed states,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 299313 (2008).
  8. J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4, 282 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Vaziri, J. W. Pan, T. Jennewein, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Concentration of Higher Dimensional Entanglement: Qutrits of Photon Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 227902 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. P. Torres, Y. Deyanova, and L. Torner, “Preparation of engineered two-photon entangled states for multidimensional quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052313 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Molina-Terriza, “A. Vaziri1, J. Rehcek, Z. Hradil, and A. Zeilinger, “Triggered Qutrits for Quantum Communication Protocols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 167903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. G. Molina-Terriza, A. Vaziri, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental Quantum Coin Tossing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040501 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Generation of Hyperentangled photons pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. B. P. Lanyon, T. J. Weinhold, and N. K. Langford, “J. L. OBrien, K. J. Resch, A. Gilchrist, and A. G. White, “Manipulating Biphotonic Qutrits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060504 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. X. Ma, and A. Qarry, “J.s Kofler, T.Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental violation of a Bell inequality with two different degrees of freedom of entangled particle pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 042101 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Neves, G. Lima, A. Delgado, and C. Saavedra, “Hybrid photonic entanglement: Realization, characterization, and applications,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 042322 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. L. Chen, and W. She, “Teleportation of a controllable orbital angular momentum generator,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063831 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17, 18745 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical Spin-to-Orbital Angular Momentum Conversion in Inhomogeneous Anisotropic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed Experiment to Test Local Hidden-Variable Theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
    [CrossRef]

2009

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, and A. Qarry, “J.s Kofler, T.Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental violation of a Bell inequality with two different degrees of freedom of entangled particle pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 042101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Neves, G. Lima, A. Delgado, and C. Saavedra, “Hybrid photonic entanglement: Realization, characterization, and applications,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 042322 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, and W. She, “Teleportation of a controllable orbital angular momentum generator,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17, 18745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

B. P. Lanyon, T. J. Weinhold, and N. K. Langford, “J. L. OBrien, K. J. Resch, A. Gilchrist, and A. G. White, “Manipulating Biphotonic Qutrits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 299313 (2008).

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4, 282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical Spin-to-Orbital Angular Momentum Conversion in Inhomogeneous Anisotropic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

F. De Martini, and F. Sciarrino, “Non-linear parametric processes in quantum information,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 29, 165 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Molina-Terriza, A. Vaziri, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental Quantum Coin Tossing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Generation of Hyperentangled photons pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

G. Molina-Terriza, “A. Vaziri1, J. Rehcek, Z. Hradil, and A. Zeilinger, “Triggered Qutrits for Quantum Communication Protocols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 167903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, “Parametric source of two-photon states with a tunable degree of entanglement and mixing: Experimental preparation of Werner states and maximally entangled mixed states,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Vaziri, J. W. Pan, T. Jennewein, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Concentration of Higher Dimensional Entanglement: Qutrits of Photon Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 227902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Torres, Y. Deyanova, and L. Torner, “Preparation of engineered two-photon entangled states for multidimensional quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052313 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1969

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed Experiment to Test Local Hidden-Variable Theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Aiello, A.

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allen, L.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 299313 (2008).

Appelbaum, I.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barbieri, M.

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, “Parametric source of two-photon states with a tunable degree of entanglement and mixing: Experimental preparation of Werner states and maximally entangled mixed states,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barreiro, J. T.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4, 282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Generation of Hyperentangled photons pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bartlett, S. D.

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

L. Chen, and W. She, “Teleportation of a controllable orbital angular momentum generator,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cinelli, C.

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, “Parametric source of two-photon states with a tunable degree of entanglement and mixing: Experimental preparation of Werner states and maximally entangled mixed states,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clauser, J. F.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed Experiment to Test Local Hidden-Variable Theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Dalton, R. B.

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Martini, F.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17, 18745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. De Martini, and F. Sciarrino, “Non-linear parametric processes in quantum information,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 29, 165 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, “Parametric source of two-photon states with a tunable degree of entanglement and mixing: Experimental preparation of Werner states and maximally entangled mixed states,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Delgado, A.

L. Neves, G. Lima, A. Delgado, and C. Saavedra, “Hybrid photonic entanglement: Realization, characterization, and applications,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 042322 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Deyanova, Y.

J. P. Torres, Y. Deyanova, and L. Torner, “Preparation of engineered two-photon entangled states for multidimensional quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052313 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Di Nepi, G.

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, “Parametric source of two-photon states with a tunable degree of entanglement and mixing: Experimental preparation of Werner states and maximally entangled mixed states,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eberhard, P. H.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elie, E. R.

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franke-Arnold, S.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 299313 (2008).

Gilchrist, A.

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, M. D.

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holt, R. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed Experiment to Test Local Hidden-Variable Theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Hooft, G. W.

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horne, M. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed Experiment to Test Local Hidden-Variable Theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

James, D. F. V.

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jennewein, T.

A. Vaziri, J. W. Pan, T. Jennewein, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Concentration of Higher Dimensional Entanglement: Qutrits of Photon Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 227902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karimi, E.

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17, 18745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kwiat, P. G.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4, 282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Generation of Hyperentangled photons pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langford, N. K.

B. P. Lanyon, T. J. Weinhold, and N. K. Langford, “J. L. OBrien, K. J. Resch, A. Gilchrist, and A. G. White, “Manipulating Biphotonic Qutrits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Generation of Hyperentangled photons pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lanyon, B. P.

B. P. Lanyon, T. J. Weinhold, and N. K. Langford, “J. L. OBrien, K. J. Resch, A. Gilchrist, and A. G. White, “Manipulating Biphotonic Qutrits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lima, G.

L. Neves, G. Lima, A. Delgado, and C. Saavedra, “Hybrid photonic entanglement: Realization, characterization, and applications,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 042322 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X.

X. Ma, and A. Qarry, “J.s Kofler, T.Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental violation of a Bell inequality with two different degrees of freedom of entangled particle pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 042101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical Spin-to-Orbital Angular Momentum Conversion in Inhomogeneous Anisotropic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marrucci, L.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17, 18745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical Spin-to-Orbital Angular Momentum Conversion in Inhomogeneous Anisotropic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mataloni, P.

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, “Parametric source of two-photon states with a tunable degree of entanglement and mixing: Experimental preparation of Werner states and maximally entangled mixed states,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mattle, K.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molina-Terriza, G.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Molina-Terriza, A. Vaziri, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental Quantum Coin Tossing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Molina-Terriza, “A. Vaziri1, J. Rehcek, Z. Hradil, and A. Zeilinger, “Triggered Qutrits for Quantum Communication Protocols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 167903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munro, W. J.

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nagali, E.

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17, 18745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Neves, L.

L. Neves, G. Lima, A. Delgado, and C. Saavedra, “Hybrid photonic entanglement: Realization, characterization, and applications,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 042322 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. L.

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oemrawsingh, S. S. R.

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padgett, M.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 299313 (2008).

Pan, J. W.

A. Vaziri, J. W. Pan, T. Jennewein, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Concentration of Higher Dimensional Entanglement: Qutrits of Photon Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 227902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical Spin-to-Orbital Angular Momentum Conversion in Inhomogeneous Anisotropic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peters, N. A.

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Generation of Hyperentangled photons pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Piccirillo, B.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17, 18745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pryde, G. J.

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qarry, A.

X. Ma, and A. Qarry, “J.s Kofler, T.Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental violation of a Bell inequality with two different degrees of freedom of entangled particle pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 042101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saavedra, C.

L. Neves, G. Lima, A. Delgado, and C. Saavedra, “Hybrid photonic entanglement: Realization, characterization, and applications,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 042322 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sansoni, L.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Santamato, E.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17, 18745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sciarrino, F.

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17, 18745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. De Martini, and F. Sciarrino, “Non-linear parametric processes in quantum information,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 29, 165 (2005).
[CrossRef]

She, W.

L. Chen, and W. She, “Teleportation of a controllable orbital angular momentum generator,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shimony, A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed Experiment to Test Local Hidden-Variable Theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Torres, Y. Deyanova, and L. Torner, “Preparation of engineered two-photon entangled states for multidimensional quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052313 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Torres, J. P.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Torres, Y. Deyanova, and L. Torner, “Preparation of engineered two-photon entangled states for multidimensional quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052313 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ursin, R.

G. Molina-Terriza, A. Vaziri, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental Quantum Coin Tossing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaziri, A.

G. Molina-Terriza, A. Vaziri, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental Quantum Coin Tossing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vaziri, J. W. Pan, T. Jennewein, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Concentration of Higher Dimensional Entanglement: Qutrits of Photon Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 227902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voigt, D.

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. C.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4, 282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weihs, G.

A. Vaziri, J. W. Pan, T. Jennewein, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Concentration of Higher Dimensional Entanglement: Qutrits of Photon Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 227902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinhold, T. J.

B. P. Lanyon, T. J. Weinhold, and N. K. Langford, “J. L. OBrien, K. J. Resch, A. Gilchrist, and A. G. White, “Manipulating Biphotonic Qutrits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, A. G.

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

G. Molina-Terriza, A. Vaziri, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental Quantum Coin Tossing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vaziri, J. W. Pan, T. Jennewein, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Concentration of Higher Dimensional Entanglement: Qutrits of Photon Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 227902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Photonics Rev.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 299313 (2008).

Nat. Photonics

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits via Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4, 282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

D. F. V. James, P. G. Kwiat, W. J. Munro, and A. G. White, “Measurement of qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarizationentangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, “Parametric source of two-photon states with a tunable degree of entanglement and mixing: Experimental preparation of Werner states and maximally entangled mixed states,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Torres, Y. Deyanova, and L. Torner, “Preparation of engineered two-photon entangled states for multidimensional quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052313 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Ma, and A. Qarry, “J.s Kofler, T.Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental violation of a Bell inequality with two different degrees of freedom of entangled particle pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 042101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Neves, G. Lima, A. Delgado, and C. Saavedra, “Hybrid photonic entanglement: Realization, characterization, and applications,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 042322 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, and W. She, “Teleportation of a controllable orbital angular momentum generator,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Quantum information transfer from spin to orbital angular momentum of photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 013601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical Spin-to-Orbital Angular Momentum Conversion in Inhomogeneous Anisotropic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Molina-Terriza, “A. Vaziri1, J. Rehcek, Z. Hradil, and A. Zeilinger, “Triggered Qutrits for Quantum Communication Protocols,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 167903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Langford, R. B. Dalton, M. D. Harvey, J. L. O’Brien, G. J. Pryde, A. Gilchrist, S. D. Bartlett, and A. G. White, “Measuring Entangled Qutrits and Their Use for Quantum Bit Commitment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Molina-Terriza, A. Vaziri, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental Quantum Coin Tossing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Barreiro, N. K. Langford, N. A. Peters, and P. G. Kwiat, “Generation of Hyperentangled photons pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 260501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, X. Ma, D. Voigt, A. Aiello, E. R. Elie, G. W. Hooft, and J. P. Woerdman, “Experimental Demonstration of Fractional Orbital Angular Momentum Entanglement of Two Photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240501 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. P. Lanyon, T. J. Weinhold, and N. K. Langford, “J. L. OBrien, K. J. Resch, A. Gilchrist, and A. G. White, “Manipulating Biphotonic Qutrits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 060504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed Experiment to Test Local Hidden-Variable Theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

A. Vaziri, J. W. Pan, T. Jennewein, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Concentration of Higher Dimensional Entanglement: Qutrits of Photon Orbital Angular Momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 227902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron.

F. De Martini, and F. Sciarrino, “Non-linear parametric processes in quantum information,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 29, 165 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup adopted for the generation and characterization of hybrid π-OAM entangled states.(A)Generation of polarization entangled photons on modes kA and kB .(B)Projection on the OAM state with m = 0 through the coupling on a single mode fiber (SMF).(C)Encoding of the state in the OAM subspace o 2 through the πo 2 transferrer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental density matrix of the hybrid entangled state generated after the transferrer transformation on photons on kB mode. Each measurement setting lasted 15s.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Coincidence rate [DA ,DB ] measured as a function of the angle θ of the half wave plate on the arm kA for OAM detected state (a) ∣ + 2〉 and (b) h o 2 .

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

L π 0 o QP R π + 2 o 2
R π 0 o QP L π 2 o 2
1 2 ( H π A + 2 o 2 B V π A 2 o 2 B ) 0 o A H π B
S = E ( a , b ) + E ( a , b ) + E ( a , b ) E ( a , b )

Metrics