Abstract

By employing low molecular-weight polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as binder, the spatial resolution of a red-sensitive PVA/acrylamide based photopolymer are improved from 1000 lines/mm to 3000 lines/mm. By increasing the ambient temperature during the holographic recording, the photosensitivity of photopolymer is also increased about 5 times. The optimized photopolymer system has high capacity such as high photosensitivity (8 mJ/cm2), high spatial resolution (over 3000 lines/mm) and high diffraction efficiency (over 94%). To our knowledge, its holographic recording performance is the best of ever reported PVA/acrylamide based photopolymer systems. It has good application prospects in real-time holographic interferometry, holographic storage and holographic display.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008

M. Ortuno, A. Marquez, S. Gallego, A. Belendez, and I. Pascual, “Hologram multiplexing in acrylamide hydrophilic photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 281(6), 1354–1357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a color changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Jisha, V. C. Kishore, B. M. John, V. C. Kuriakose, K. Porsezian, and C. S. Kartha, “Self-written waveguide in methylene blue sensitized poly(vinyl alcohol)/acrylamide photopolymer material,” Appl. Opt. 47(35), 6502–6507 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

M. Xu, J. Zhu, L. Chen, X. Guo, L. Feng, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide based photopolymer holographic recording material,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 616–620 (2007).

2006

2005

Q. Gong, S. Wang, M. Huang, and F. Gan, “A humidity-resistant highly sensitive holographic photopolymerizable dry film,” Mater. Lett. 59(23), 2969–2972 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, J. Zhu, J. Li, X. Guo, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution enhancement of a red-sensitive acrylamide based photopolymer and its holographic applications,” Proc. SPIE 5939, 93–101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

1998

1997

1995

S. H. Stevenson, M. L. Armstrong, P. J. O’Connor, and D. F. Tipton, “Advances in photopolymer films for display holography,” Proc. SPIE 2333, 60–70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

W. J. Gambogi, K. W. Steijn, S. R. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, “Holographic optical element (HOE) imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” Proc. SPIE 2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

C. Zhang, M. Yu, Y. Yang, and S. Feng, “Noval photopolymer holographic recording material and application,” Acta Opt. Sin. 13, 728–733 (1993).

Armstrong, M. L.

S. H. Stevenson, M. L. Armstrong, P. J. O’Connor, and D. F. Tipton, “Advances in photopolymer films for display holography,” Proc. SPIE 2333, 60–70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Belendez, A.

M. Ortuno, A. Marquez, S. Gallego, A. Belendez, and I. Pascual, “Hologram multiplexing in acrylamide hydrophilic photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 281(6), 1354–1357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beléndez, A.

Blaya, S.

Carretero, L.

Chen, L.

M. Xu, J. Zhu, L. Chen, X. Guo, L. Feng, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide based photopolymer holographic recording material,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 616–620 (2007).

L. Chen, J. Zhu, J. Li, X. Guo, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution enhancement of a red-sensitive acrylamide based photopolymer and its holographic applications,” Proc. SPIE 5939, 93–101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duzick, T.

W. J. Gambogi, K. W. Steijn, S. R. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, “Holographic optical element (HOE) imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” Proc. SPIE 2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Feely, C. A.

Feng, L.

M. Xu, J. Zhu, L. Chen, X. Guo, L. Feng, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide based photopolymer holographic recording material,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 616–620 (2007).

Feng, S.

C. Zhang, M. Yu, Y. Yang, and S. Feng, “Noval photopolymer holographic recording material and application,” Acta Opt. Sin. 13, 728–733 (1993).

Fernández, E.

Fimia, A.

Gallego, S.

Gambogi, W. J.

W. J. Gambogi, K. W. Steijn, S. R. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, “Holographic optical element (HOE) imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” Proc. SPIE 2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

Q. Gong, S. Wang, M. Huang, and F. Gan, “A humidity-resistant highly sensitive holographic photopolymerizable dry film,” Mater. Lett. 59(23), 2969–2972 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q.

Q. Gong, S. Wang, M. Huang, and F. Gan, “A humidity-resistant highly sensitive holographic photopolymerizable dry film,” Mater. Lett. 59(23), 2969–2972 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

M. Xu, J. Zhu, L. Chen, X. Guo, L. Feng, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide based photopolymer holographic recording material,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 616–620 (2007).

L. Chen, J. Zhu, J. Li, X. Guo, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution enhancement of a red-sensitive acrylamide based photopolymer and its holographic applications,” Proc. SPIE 5939, 93–101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hamzavy, B.

W. J. Gambogi, K. W. Steijn, S. R. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, “Holographic optical element (HOE) imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” Proc. SPIE 2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

Q. Gong, S. Wang, M. Huang, and F. Gan, “A humidity-resistant highly sensitive holographic photopolymerizable dry film,” Mater. Lett. 59(23), 2969–2972 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jallapuram, R.

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a color changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jisha, C. P.

John, B. M.

Kartha, C. S.

Kelly, J.

W. J. Gambogi, K. W. Steijn, S. R. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, “Holographic optical element (HOE) imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” Proc. SPIE 2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kishore, V. C.

Kuriakose, V. C.

Levy, D.

Li, J.

L. Chen, J. Zhu, J. Li, X. Guo, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution enhancement of a red-sensitive acrylamide based photopolymer and its holographic applications,” Proc. SPIE 5939, 93–101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mackara, S. R.

W. J. Gambogi, K. W. Steijn, S. R. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, “Holographic optical element (HOE) imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” Proc. SPIE 2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Madrigal, R. F.

Mallavia, R.

Marquez, A.

M. Ortuno, A. Marquez, S. Gallego, A. Belendez, and I. Pascual, “Hologram multiplexing in acrylamide hydrophilic photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 281(6), 1354–1357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Márquez, A.

Martin, S.

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a color changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Martin, C. A. Feely, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording characteristics of an acrylamide-based photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 36(23), 5757–5768 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naydenova, I.

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a color changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Neipp, C.

O’Connor, P. J.

S. H. Stevenson, M. L. Armstrong, P. J. O’Connor, and D. F. Tipton, “Advances in photopolymer films for display holography,” Proc. SPIE 2333, 60–70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ortuno, M.

M. Ortuno, A. Marquez, S. Gallego, A. Belendez, and I. Pascual, “Hologram multiplexing in acrylamide hydrophilic photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 281(6), 1354–1357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ortuño, M.

Pascual, I.

Porsezian, K.

Steijn, K. W.

W. J. Gambogi, K. W. Steijn, S. R. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, “Holographic optical element (HOE) imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” Proc. SPIE 2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, S. H.

S. H. Stevenson, M. L. Armstrong, P. J. O’Connor, and D. F. Tipton, “Advances in photopolymer films for display holography,” Proc. SPIE 2333, 60–70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tipton, D. F.

S. H. Stevenson, M. L. Armstrong, P. J. O’Connor, and D. F. Tipton, “Advances in photopolymer films for display holography,” Proc. SPIE 2333, 60–70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Toal, V.

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a color changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Martin, C. A. Feely, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording characteristics of an acrylamide-based photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 36(23), 5757–5768 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ulibarrena, M.

Wang, S.

Q. Gong, S. Wang, M. Huang, and F. Gan, “A humidity-resistant highly sensitive holographic photopolymerizable dry film,” Mater. Lett. 59(23), 2969–2972 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xia, C.

M. Xu, J. Zhu, L. Chen, X. Guo, L. Feng, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide based photopolymer holographic recording material,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 616–620 (2007).

L. Chen, J. Zhu, J. Li, X. Guo, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution enhancement of a red-sensitive acrylamide based photopolymer and its holographic applications,” Proc. SPIE 5939, 93–101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, M.

M. Xu, J. Zhu, L. Chen, X. Guo, L. Feng, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide based photopolymer holographic recording material,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 616–620 (2007).

Yang, Y.

C. Zhang, M. Yu, Y. Yang, and S. Feng, “Noval photopolymer holographic recording material and application,” Acta Opt. Sin. 13, 728–733 (1993).

Yu, M.

C. Zhang, M. Yu, Y. Yang, and S. Feng, “Noval photopolymer holographic recording material and application,” Acta Opt. Sin. 13, 728–733 (1993).

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, M. Yu, Y. Yang, and S. Feng, “Noval photopolymer holographic recording material and application,” Acta Opt. Sin. 13, 728–733 (1993).

Zhu, J.

M. Xu, J. Zhu, L. Chen, X. Guo, L. Feng, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide based photopolymer holographic recording material,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 616–620 (2007).

L. Chen, J. Zhu, J. Li, X. Guo, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution enhancement of a red-sensitive acrylamide based photopolymer and its holographic applications,” Proc. SPIE 5939, 93–101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Acta Opt. Sin.

C. Zhang, M. Yu, Y. Yang, and S. Feng, “Noval photopolymer holographic recording material and application,” Acta Opt. Sin. 13, 728–733 (1993).

M. Xu, J. Zhu, L. Chen, X. Guo, L. Feng, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution of polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide based photopolymer holographic recording material,” Acta Opt. Sin. 27, 616–620 (2007).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a color changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett.

Q. Gong, S. Wang, M. Huang, and F. Gan, “A humidity-resistant highly sensitive holographic photopolymerizable dry film,” Mater. Lett. 59(23), 2969–2972 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. Ortuno, A. Marquez, S. Gallego, A. Belendez, and I. Pascual, “Hologram multiplexing in acrylamide hydrophilic photopolymers,” Opt. Commun. 281(6), 1354–1357 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

W. J. Gambogi, K. W. Steijn, S. R. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, “Holographic optical element (HOE) imaging in DuPont holographic photopolymers,” Proc. SPIE 2152, 282–293 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Stevenson, M. L. Armstrong, P. J. O’Connor, and D. F. Tipton, “Advances in photopolymer films for display holography,” Proc. SPIE 2333, 60–70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, J. Zhu, J. Li, X. Guo, and C. Xia, “Spatial resolution enhancement of a red-sensitive acrylamide based photopolymer and its holographic applications,” Proc. SPIE 5939, 93–101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diffraction efficiency of volume holographic gratings as a function of exposure for different molecular weight of binder. The spatial frequency of grating is (a) 1200 lines/mm. (b) 2000 lines/mm. (c) 3000 lines/mm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The schematic setup for holographic recording

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency of volume holographic gratings as a function of exposure for different ambient recording temperature. The spatial frequency of grating is (a) 1000 lines/mm. (b) 2000 lines/mm. (c) 3000 lines/mm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The photopolymerization process of photopolymer

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The aqueous ingredient of photosensitive solution

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of holographic recording characteristics of typical PVA/acrylamide photopolymers

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