Abstract

We investigated nonlinear optical properties of Phenoxy-phthalocyanine (Pc1) and Phenoxy-phthalocyanine-Zinc(II) (Pc2) at a wavelength of 800 nm with 100 fs pulses .The nonlinear absorption coefficient (α) and nonlinear refractive index (n 2) are measured using standard Z-scan technique. Open aperture Z-scan indicates strong three-photon absorption in both phthalocyanines. With good solubility and excellent nonlinear optical coefficient,the samples are expected to be a potential candidate for optical applications.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. D. Kulac, M. Bulut, A. Altındal, A. R. Özkaya, B. Salih, and Ö. Bekaroğlu, “Synthesis and characterization of novel 4-nitro-2-(octyloxy)phenoxy substituted symmetrical and unsymmetrical Zn(II), Co(II) and Lu(III) phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 26(18), 5432–5440 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Durmuş and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis, photophysical and photochemical studies of new water-soluble indium(III) phthalocyanines,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 6(6), 659–668 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Isago, K. Miura, and Y. Oyama, “Synthesis and properties of a highly soluble dihydoxo(tetra-tert-butylphthalocyaninato)antimony(V) complex as a precursor toward water-soluble phthalocyanines,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 102(3), 380–387 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Y. He, Y. Q. Wu, G. Shi, W. B. Duan, W. Song, and Y. L. Song, “Large third-order optical nonlinearities of ultrathin films containing octacarboxylic copper phthalocyanine,” Org. Electron. 8(2-3), 198–205 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  15. C. J. He, Y. Chen, Y. X. Nie, and D. Y. Wang, “Third order optical nonlinearities of eight-β-octa-octyloxy-phthalocyanines,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 253–256 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

Y. Q. Xia, Y. G. Jiang, R. W. Fan, Z. Dong, W. Zhao, D. Chen, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40 fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(6), 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Rao, N. Venkatram, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of alkyl-phthalocyanine nanoparticles investigated using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

H. Isago, K. Miura, and Y. Oyama, “Synthesis and properties of a highly soluble dihydoxo(tetra-tert-butylphthalocyaninato)antimony(V) complex as a precursor toward water-soluble phthalocyanines,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 102(3), 380–387 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

C. Y. He, Y. Q. Wu, G. Shi, W. B. Duan, W. Song, and Y. L. Song, “Large third-order optical nonlinearities of ultrathin films containing octacarboxylic copper phthalocyanine,” Org. Electron. 8(2-3), 198–205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Kulac, M. Bulut, A. Altındal, A. R. Özkaya, B. Salih, and Ö. Bekaroğlu, “Synthesis and characterization of novel 4-nitro-2-(octyloxy)phenoxy substituted symmetrical and unsymmetrical Zn(II), Co(II) and Lu(III) phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 26(18), 5432–5440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Durmuş and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis, photophysical and photochemical studies of new water-soluble indium(III) phthalocyanines,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 6(6), 659–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. He, Y. Chen, Y. X. Nie, and D. Y. Wang, “Third order optical nonlinearities of eight-β-octa-octyloxy-phthalocyanines,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 253–256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

T. C. Lin, G. S. He, Q. D. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Degenerate two-/three-photon absorption and optical power-limiting properties in femtosecond regime of a multi-branched chromophore,” J. Mater. Chem. 16(25), 2490–2498 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. E. Hernández, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, “Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 391(1-3), 22–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Samoc, A. Samoc, B. L. Davies, M. G. Humphrey, and M. S. Wong, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of oligomers, dendrimers and polymers derived from solution Z-scan studies,” Opt. Mater. 21(1-3), 485–488 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast Studies of Excited-State Dynamics of Phthalocyanine and Zinc Phthalocyanine Tetrasulfonate in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101(18), 3207–3213 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1990 (1)

S. B. Mansoor, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. V. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Alonzo, M.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Altindal, A.

D. Kulac, M. Bulut, A. Altındal, A. R. Özkaya, B. Salih, and Ö. Bekaroğlu, “Synthesis and characterization of novel 4-nitro-2-(octyloxy)phenoxy substituted symmetrical and unsymmetrical Zn(II), Co(II) and Lu(III) phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 26(18), 5432–5440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bekaroglu, Ö.

D. Kulac, M. Bulut, A. Altındal, A. R. Özkaya, B. Salih, and Ö. Bekaroğlu, “Synthesis and characterization of novel 4-nitro-2-(octyloxy)phenoxy substituted symmetrical and unsymmetrical Zn(II), Co(II) and Lu(III) phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 26(18), 5432–5440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Belardini, A.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Belfield, K. D.

F. E. Hernández, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, “Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 391(1-3), 22–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bertolotti, M.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bezerra-Jr, A. G.

Bulut, M.

D. Kulac, M. Bulut, A. Altındal, A. R. Özkaya, B. Salih, and Ö. Bekaroğlu, “Synthesis and characterization of novel 4-nitro-2-(octyloxy)phenoxy substituted symmetrical and unsymmetrical Zn(II), Co(II) and Lu(III) phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 26(18), 5432–5440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Y. Q. Xia, Y. G. Jiang, R. W. Fan, Z. Dong, W. Zhao, D. Chen, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40 fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(6), 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

C. J. He, Y. Chen, Y. X. Nie, and D. Y. Wang, “Third order optical nonlinearities of eight-β-octa-octyloxy-phthalocyanines,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 253–256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cohanoschi, I.

F. E. Hernández, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, “Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 391(1-3), 22–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Davies, B. L.

M. Samoc, A. Samoc, B. L. Davies, M. G. Humphrey, and M. S. Wong, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of oligomers, dendrimers and polymers derived from solution Z-scan studies,” Opt. Mater. 21(1-3), 485–488 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Araujo, C. B.

de Azevedo, W. M.

Dong, Z.

Y. Q. Xia, Y. G. Jiang, R. W. Fan, Z. Dong, W. Zhao, D. Chen, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40 fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(6), 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duan, W. B.

C. Y. He, Y. Q. Wu, G. Shi, W. B. Duan, W. Song, and Y. L. Song, “Large third-order optical nonlinearities of ultrathin films containing octacarboxylic copper phthalocyanine,” Org. Electron. 8(2-3), 198–205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Durmus, M.

M. Durmuş and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis, photophysical and photochemical studies of new water-soluble indium(III) phthalocyanines,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 6(6), 659–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, R. W.

Y. Q. Xia, Y. G. Jiang, R. W. Fan, Z. Dong, W. Zhao, D. Chen, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40 fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(6), 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fazio, E.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Giribabu, L.

S. V. Rao, N. Venkatram, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of alkyl-phthalocyanine nanoparticles investigated using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

Hagan, D. J.

S. B. Mansoor, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. V. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

He, C. J.

C. J. He, Y. Chen, Y. X. Nie, and D. Y. Wang, “Third order optical nonlinearities of eight-β-octa-octyloxy-phthalocyanines,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 253–256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, C. Y.

C. Y. He, Y. Q. Wu, G. Shi, W. B. Duan, W. Song, and Y. L. Song, “Large third-order optical nonlinearities of ultrathin films containing octacarboxylic copper phthalocyanine,” Org. Electron. 8(2-3), 198–205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

T. C. Lin, G. S. He, Q. D. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Degenerate two-/three-photon absorption and optical power-limiting properties in femtosecond regime of a multi-branched chromophore,” J. Mater. Chem. 16(25), 2490–2498 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hernández, F. E.

F. E. Hernández, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, “Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 391(1-3), 22–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Howe, L.

L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast Studies of Excited-State Dynamics of Phthalocyanine and Zinc Phthalocyanine Tetrasulfonate in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101(18), 3207–3213 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Humphrey, M. G.

M. Samoc, A. Samoc, B. L. Davies, M. G. Humphrey, and M. S. Wong, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of oligomers, dendrimers and polymers derived from solution Z-scan studies,” Opt. Mater. 21(1-3), 485–488 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Isago, H.

H. Isago, K. Miura, and Y. Oyama, “Synthesis and properties of a highly soluble dihydoxo(tetra-tert-butylphthalocyaninato)antimony(V) complex as a precursor toward water-soluble phthalocyanines,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 102(3), 380–387 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y. G.

Y. Q. Xia, Y. G. Jiang, R. W. Fan, Z. Dong, W. Zhao, D. Chen, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40 fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(6), 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kulac, D.

D. Kulac, M. Bulut, A. Altındal, A. R. Özkaya, B. Salih, and Ö. Bekaroğlu, “Synthesis and characterization of novel 4-nitro-2-(octyloxy)phenoxy substituted symmetrical and unsymmetrical Zn(II), Co(II) and Lu(III) phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 26(18), 5432–5440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R. S. S.

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Larciprete, M. C.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leahu, G.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. C.

T. C. Lin, G. S. He, Q. D. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Degenerate two-/three-photon absorption and optical power-limiting properties in femtosecond regime of a multi-branched chromophore,” J. Mater. Chem. 16(25), 2490–2498 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maciel, G. S.

Mansoor, S. B.

S. B. Mansoor, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. V. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M. J.

Miura, K.

H. Isago, K. Miura, and Y. Oyama, “Synthesis and properties of a highly soluble dihydoxo(tetra-tert-butylphthalocyaninato)antimony(V) complex as a precursor toward water-soluble phthalocyanines,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 102(3), 380–387 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Modibane, D. K.

D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mott, A. G.

Nie, Y. X.

C. J. He, Y. Chen, Y. X. Nie, and D. Y. Wang, “Third order optical nonlinearities of eight-β-octa-octyloxy-phthalocyanines,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 253–256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nyokong, T.

D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Durmuş and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis, photophysical and photochemical studies of new water-soluble indium(III) phthalocyanines,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 6(6), 659–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ostuni, R.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oyama, Y.

H. Isago, K. Miura, and Y. Oyama, “Synthesis and properties of a highly soluble dihydoxo(tetra-tert-butylphthalocyaninato)antimony(V) complex as a precursor toward water-soluble phthalocyanines,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 102(3), 380–387 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Özkaya, A. R.

D. Kulac, M. Bulut, A. Altındal, A. R. Özkaya, B. Salih, and Ö. Bekaroğlu, “Synthesis and characterization of novel 4-nitro-2-(octyloxy)phenoxy substituted symmetrical and unsymmetrical Zn(II), Co(II) and Lu(III) phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 26(18), 5432–5440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

T. C. Lin, G. S. He, Q. D. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Degenerate two-/three-photon absorption and optical power-limiting properties in femtosecond regime of a multi-branched chromophore,” J. Mater. Chem. 16(25), 2490–2498 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rakov, N.

Rao, D. N.

S. V. Rao, N. Venkatram, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of alkyl-phthalocyanine nanoparticles investigated using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rao, S. V.

S. V. Rao, N. Venkatram, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of alkyl-phthalocyanine nanoparticles investigated using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

S. B. Mansoor, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. V. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Salih, B.

D. Kulac, M. Bulut, A. Altındal, A. R. Özkaya, B. Salih, and Ö. Bekaroğlu, “Synthesis and characterization of novel 4-nitro-2-(octyloxy)phenoxy substituted symmetrical and unsymmetrical Zn(II), Co(II) and Lu(III) phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 26(18), 5432–5440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Samoc, A.

M. Samoc, A. Samoc, B. L. Davies, M. G. Humphrey, and M. S. Wong, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of oligomers, dendrimers and polymers derived from solution Z-scan studies,” Opt. Mater. 21(1-3), 485–488 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Samoc, M.

M. Samoc, A. Samoc, B. L. Davies, M. G. Humphrey, and M. S. Wong, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of oligomers, dendrimers and polymers derived from solution Z-scan studies,” Opt. Mater. 21(1-3), 485–488 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shi, G.

C. Y. He, Y. Q. Wu, G. Shi, W. B. Duan, W. Song, and Y. L. Song, “Large third-order optical nonlinearities of ultrathin films containing octacarboxylic copper phthalocyanine,” Org. Electron. 8(2-3), 198–205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sibilia, C.

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, W.

C. Y. He, Y. Q. Wu, G. Shi, W. B. Duan, W. Song, and Y. L. Song, “Large third-order optical nonlinearities of ultrathin films containing octacarboxylic copper phthalocyanine,” Org. Electron. 8(2-3), 198–205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. L.

C. Y. He, Y. Q. Wu, G. Shi, W. B. Duan, W. Song, and Y. L. Song, “Large third-order optical nonlinearities of ultrathin films containing octacarboxylic copper phthalocyanine,” Org. Electron. 8(2-3), 198–205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stryland, E. W. V.

S. B. Mansoor, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. V. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Umesh, G.

Y. Q. Xia, Y. G. Jiang, R. W. Fan, Z. Dong, W. Zhao, D. Chen, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40 fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(6), 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Venkatram, N.

S. V. Rao, N. Venkatram, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of alkyl-phthalocyanine nanoparticles investigated using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. Y.

C. J. He, Y. Chen, Y. X. Nie, and D. Y. Wang, “Third order optical nonlinearities of eight-β-octa-octyloxy-phthalocyanines,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 253–256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. H.

S. B. Mansoor, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. V. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wong, M. S.

M. Samoc, A. Samoc, B. L. Davies, M. G. Humphrey, and M. S. Wong, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of oligomers, dendrimers and polymers derived from solution Z-scan studies,” Opt. Mater. 21(1-3), 485–488 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wood, G. L.

Wu, Y. Q.

C. Y. He, Y. Q. Wu, G. Shi, W. B. Duan, W. Song, and Y. L. Song, “Large third-order optical nonlinearities of ultrathin films containing octacarboxylic copper phthalocyanine,” Org. Electron. 8(2-3), 198–205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Xia, Y. G. Jiang, R. W. Fan, Z. Dong, W. Zhao, D. Chen, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40 fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(6), 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Z.

L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast Studies of Excited-State Dynamics of Phthalocyanine and Zinc Phthalocyanine Tetrasulfonate in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101(18), 3207–3213 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

Y. Q. Xia, Y. G. Jiang, R. W. Fan, Z. Dong, W. Zhao, D. Chen, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40 fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(6), 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Q. D.

T. C. Lin, G. S. He, Q. D. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Degenerate two-/three-photon absorption and optical power-limiting properties in femtosecond regime of a multi-branched chromophore,” J. Mater. Chem. 16(25), 2490–2498 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. S. S. Kumar, S. V. Rao, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Femtosecond and nanosecond nonlinear optical properties of alkyl phthalocyanines studied using Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(4-6), 274–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hernández, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, “Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 391(1-3), 22–26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. B. Mansoor, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. V. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. V. Rao, N. Venkatram, L. Giribabu, and D. N. Rao, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of alkyl-phthalocyanine nanoparticles investigated using Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(5), 053109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Inorg. Biochem. (1)

H. Isago, K. Miura, and Y. Oyama, “Synthesis and properties of a highly soluble dihydoxo(tetra-tert-butylphthalocyaninato)antimony(V) complex as a precursor toward water-soluble phthalocyanines,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 102(3), 380–387 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

T. C. Lin, G. S. He, Q. D. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Degenerate two-/three-photon absorption and optical power-limiting properties in femtosecond regime of a multi-branched chromophore,” J. Mater. Chem. 16(25), 2490–2498 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

L. Howe and J. Z. Zhang, “Ultrafast Studies of Excited-State Dynamics of Phthalocyanine and Zinc Phthalocyanine Tetrasulfonate in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101(18), 3207–3213 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. J. He, Y. Chen, Y. X. Nie, and D. Y. Wang, “Third order optical nonlinearities of eight-β-octa-octyloxy-phthalocyanines,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 253–256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

Y. Q. Xia, Y. G. Jiang, R. W. Fan, Z. Dong, W. Zhao, D. Chen, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40 fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(6), 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Samoc, A. Samoc, B. L. Davies, M. G. Humphrey, and M. S. Wong, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of oligomers, dendrimers and polymers derived from solution Z-scan studies,” Opt. Mater. 21(1-3), 485–488 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Org. Electron. (1)

C. Y. He, Y. Q. Wu, G. Shi, W. B. Duan, W. Song, and Y. L. Song, “Large third-order optical nonlinearities of ultrathin films containing octacarboxylic copper phthalocyanine,” Org. Electron. 8(2-3), 198–205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. (1)

M. Durmuş and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis, photophysical and photochemical studies of new water-soluble indium(III) phthalocyanines,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 6(6), 659–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Photon. Nanostructures (1)

M. C. Larciprete, R. Ostuni, A. Belardini, M. Alonzo, G. Leahu, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Nonlinear optical absorption of zinc-phthalocyanines in polymeric matrix,” Photon. Nanostructures 5(2-3), 73–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Polyhedron (2)

D. Kulac, M. Bulut, A. Altındal, A. R. Özkaya, B. Salih, and Ö. Bekaroğlu, “Synthesis and characterization of novel 4-nitro-2-(octyloxy)phenoxy substituted symmetrical and unsymmetrical Zn(II), Co(II) and Lu(III) phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 26(18), 5432–5440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Modibane and T. Nyokong, “Synthesis and photophysical properties of lead phthalocyanines,” Polyhedron 27(3), 1102–1110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics. Second Edition (Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York, 2003), Chap. 9.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Molecular structures of the phthalocyanines.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Z-scan experimental setup

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

UV absorption spectrum of Pc1and Pc2

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized open-aperture Z-scan transmittance of Pc1 and Pc2 while the solid line represents theoretical fit with three-photon absorption and dashed line represents the fit obtained with two-photon absorption.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The comparison of intensity dependence of α2 and α3 for (a) Pc1 and (b) Pc2

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Closed aperture Z-scan curves for (a) Pc1 and (b) Pc2 (Solid lines are the fits to the standard closed aperture equations)

Equations (3)

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T n P A = 1 [ 1 + ( n 1 ) α n L e f f ( I 0 / ( 1 + ( z / z 0 ) 2 ) ) n 1 ] 1 / ( n 1 )
Δ T p v = 0.406 ( 1 S ) 0.25 | Δ ϕ 0 | Δ ϕ 0 = k n 2 I 0 ( t ) L e f f
Δ ϕ 0 = α 0 h ω σ r I 0 ( t ) L e f f

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