Abstract

We demonstrate the first erbium-doped fiber amplifier operating in a single, large-mode area, higher-order mode. A high-power, fundamental-mode, Raman fiber laser operating at 1480 nm was used as a pump source. Using a UV-written, long-period grating, both pump and 1564 nm signal were converted to the LP0,10 mode, which had an effective area of 2700 μm2 at 1550 nm. A maximum output power of 5.8 W at 1564 nm with more than 20 dB of gain in a 2.68 m long amplifier was obtained. The mode profile was undistorted at the highest output power.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1055–1058 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. H. Liu, “Chirally Coupled Core Fibers at 1550-nm and 1064-nm for Effectively Single-Mode Core Size Scaling CLEO 2007 vol. CtuBB3
  3. W. S. Wong, X. Peng, J. M. McLaughlin, and L. Dong, “Breaking the limit of maximum effective area for robust single-mode propagation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2855–2857 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. R. Marciante, “Mode-area scaling of helical-core dual-clad fiber lasers and amplifiers,” CLEO 2006 vol. 3 1849–1851 (2005)
  5. J. M. Fini, “Intuitive modeling of bend distortion in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(12), 1632–1634 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. D. Yablon, P. S. Westbrook, K. Feder, and C. Headley, “Demonstration of bend-induced nonlinearities in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2562–2564 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Light propagation with ultralarge modal areas in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1797–1799 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. M. Fini and S. Ramachandran, “Natural bend-distortion immunity of higher-order-mode large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(7), 748–750 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides, 2nd edition (Academic Press).
  11. S. Ramachandran, et al., in Photonics West, Late Breaking Developments—Session 6453—9 (San Jose, Calif., 2007)
  12. J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Propagation of femtosecond pulses in large-mode-area, higher-order-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31(21), 3191–3193 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Ramachandran, “Dispersion-tailored few-mode fibers: a versatile platform for in-fiber photonic devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(11), 3426–3443 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, C. Headley, and A. Fujisaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics “High-power Cascaded Raman Fiber Laser with 41-W output power at 1480-nm band” 2007 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CFI2.
  15. J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7233–7243 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, J. W. Nicholson, C. Headley, and D. DiGiovanni, “Picosecond pulse amplification in a core-pumped large-mode-area erbium fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2429–2431 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7233–7243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

2005

Andrejco, M. J.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, J. W. Nicholson, C. Headley, and D. DiGiovanni, “Picosecond pulse amplification in a core-pumped large-mode-area erbium fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2429–2431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broeng, J.

Deguil-Robin, N.

DeSantolo, A.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcello, F. V.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Propagation of femtosecond pulses in large-mode-area, higher-order-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31(21), 3191–3193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Light propagation with ultralarge modal areas in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1797–1799 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, L.

Feder, K.

Fini, J. M.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. D. Yablon, P. S. Westbrook, K. Feder, and C. Headley, “Demonstration of bend-induced nonlinearities in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2562–2564 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fini and S. Ramachandran, “Natural bend-distortion immunity of higher-order-mode large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(7), 748–750 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fini, “Intuitive modeling of bend distortion in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(12), 1632–1634 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghalmi, S.

Headley, C.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. D. Yablon, P. S. Westbrook, K. Feder, and C. Headley, “Demonstration of bend-induced nonlinearities in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2562–2564 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, J. W. Nicholson, C. Headley, and D. DiGiovanni, “Picosecond pulse amplification in a core-pumped large-mode-area erbium fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2429–2431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jakobsen, C.

Jasapara, J. C.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, J. W. Nicholson, C. Headley, and D. DiGiovanni, “Picosecond pulse amplification in a core-pumped large-mode-area erbium fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2429–2431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Manek-Hönninger, I.

McLaughlin, J. M.

Mermelstein, M.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Monberg, E.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Propagation of femtosecond pulses in large-mode-area, higher-order-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31(21), 3191–3193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Light propagation with ultralarge modal areas in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1797–1799 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicholson, J. W.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7233–7243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. D. Yablon, P. S. Westbrook, K. Feder, and C. Headley, “Demonstration of bend-induced nonlinearities in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2562–2564 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, J. W. Nicholson, C. Headley, and D. DiGiovanni, “Picosecond pulse amplification in a core-pumped large-mode-area erbium fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2429–2431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Propagation of femtosecond pulses in large-mode-area, higher-order-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31(21), 3191–3193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Light propagation with ultralarge modal areas in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1797–1799 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nolte, S.

Peng, X.

Petersson, A.

Ramachandran, S.

Röser, F.

Salin, F.

Schreiber, T.

Tünnermann, A.

Varallyay, Z.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

Wisk, P.

Wong, W. S.

Yablon, A. D.

Yan, M. F.

Zellmer, H.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Diffraction-Limited Fundamental Mode Operation of Core-Pumped Very-Large-Mode-Area Er Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Laser Photonics Rev.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

C. H. Liu, “Chirally Coupled Core Fibers at 1550-nm and 1064-nm for Effectively Single-Mode Core Size Scaling CLEO 2007 vol. CtuBB3

J. R. Marciante, “Mode-area scaling of helical-core dual-clad fiber lasers and amplifiers,” CLEO 2006 vol. 3 1849–1851 (2005)

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides, 2nd edition (Academic Press).

S. Ramachandran, et al., in Photonics West, Late Breaking Developments—Session 6453—9 (San Jose, Calif., 2007)

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka, C. Headley, and A. Fujisaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics “High-power Cascaded Raman Fiber Laser with 41-W output power at 1480-nm band” 2007 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CFI2.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Index profile of the HOM Er-doped fiber. (b) Measured absorption

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Mode spacing as a function of effective area for the LP0,N modes in the HOM fiber (points) compared to a conventional LP0,1 step-index fiber with V = 5 (solid curve). (b) Intensity profiles of the LP0,1 and LP0,10 modes. These calculations were done at a wavelength of 1564 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase matching curves for the long period grating and associated beam profiles.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectrum of the LPG showing measured LP0,1 light after the grating

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup of the higher-order-mode, erbium-doped fiber amplifier

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Output spectrum measured at the center of the beam profile. (b) Beam profiles for different output wavelengths.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Output power versus 1480 nm pump power. (b) 1564 nm beam profile at 1 W and 5.8 W output power.

Metrics