Abstract

We have proposed a stable, wideband, and tunable directly modulated fiber ring laser (TDMFRL) by using a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) and an optical tunable filter (OTF). For use in a bidirectional access network, the TDMFRL not only generates downstream data traffic but also serves as the wavelength-selecting injection light source for the Fabry-Pérot laser diode (FP-LD) located at the subscriber site. We experimentally demonstrated a bidirectional transmission at 1.25-Gb/s direct modulation over a 25-km single-mode fiber (SMF), thereby showing good performance in a wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) access network.

© 2010 OSA

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References

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  1. S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Iwatsuki, J. I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2623–2630 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Z. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Characterization of Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injection locked by spectrum sliced ASE noise in WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 161–164 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and J. Shankar, “High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2953–2962 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. C. Kwon and S. K. Han, “Performance analysis of a wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode by light injection of an external spectrally sliced Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Appl. Opt. 45(24), 6175–6179 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y.-S. Liao, H.-C. Kuo, Y.-J. Chen, and G.-R. Lin, “Side-mode transmission diagnosis of a multichannel selectable injection-locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode with anti-reflection coated front facet,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4859–4867 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Xu, I. Glesk, D. Rand, V. Baby, and P. R. Prucnal, “Suppression of beating noise of narrow-linewidth erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by use of a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 28(10), 780–782 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Z. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Characterization of Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injection locked by spectrum sliced ASE noise in WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 161–164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Liao, H.-C. Kuo, Y.-J. Chen, and G.-R. Lin, “Side-mode transmission diagnosis of a multichannel selectable injection-locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode with anti-reflection coated front facet,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4859–4867 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, J. I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2623–2630 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. G.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baby, V.

Chae, C.-J.

Chen, Y.-J.

Cheng, X.

X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Z. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Characterization of Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injection locked by spectrum sliced ASE noise in WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 161–164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.-F.

Fujiwara, M.

K. Iwatsuki, J. I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2623–2630 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

Han, S. K.

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Iwatsuki, J. I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2623–2630 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K. T.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jou, J.-J.

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S.-G.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J. I.

K. Iwatsuki, J. I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2623–2630 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Keiser, G.

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, H.-C.

Kwon, H. C.

Lee, C. H.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-L.

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Y.-S.

Lin, G.-R.

Lin, S.-C.

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W.-Y.

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.-K.

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Park, H. J.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. J.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P. R.

Rand, D.

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shankar, J.

Shih, C.-W.

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. H.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

K. Iwatsuki, J. I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2623–2630 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Toba, H.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, C.-L.

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Z. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Characterization of Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injection locked by spectrum sliced ASE noise in WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 161–164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and J. Shankar, “High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2953–2962 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, Y. J.

X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Z. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Characterization of Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injection locked by spectrum sliced ASE noise in WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 161–164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and J. Shankar, “High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2953–2962 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

Xu, Z.

X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Z. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Characterization of Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injection locked by spectrum sliced ASE noise in WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 161–164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and J. Shankar, “High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2953–2962 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhong, W.-D.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Tseng, C.-K. Liu, J.-J. Jou, W.-Y. Lin, C.-W. Shih, S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “Bidirectional transmission using tunable fiber lasers and injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 794–796 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave. Technol. (2)

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2582–2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, J. I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 22(11), 2623–2630 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Z. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Characterization of Fabry-Pérot laser diodes injection locked by spectrum sliced ASE noise in WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 161–164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of proposed WDM access networks.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for our proposed scheme using the TDMFRL in WDM access networks.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra of the TDMFRL with the wavelengths tuned by an OTF in the 1535 to 1580 nm range.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluctuations of the output power and wavelength over a period of 90 min.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a)The bias-current dependence of the RSOA gain. (b) RF spectra of the TDMFRL output and (c) eye diagram for TDMFRL direct modulation by an 1.25-Gb/s, when the RSOA current is low and at a state of saturation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectra of FP-LD outputs without and with injections.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Effect of the continuous “0” pattern length on the ER. Eye diagrams for (a) “0” pattern length less than 70 bits and (b) “0” pattern length longer than 80 bits.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured SMSR of the FP-LD and Q-value as functions of injection optical power.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Observing (a) output spectra of the proposed and (b) stability performance of SMSR and Q-value fluctuation after injection-locked FP-LD at 60 min, when the locked wavelength locates at 1545.83 nm

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Optical spectra of FP-LD outputs with injections for 1538.05 nm, 1545.83 nm, and 1550.25 nm.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Measured BER curves of directly modulated 1.25-Gb/s bidirectional transmission after 25-km SMF. Insets show typical eye diagrams.

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