Abstract

In free space optical (FSO) communication, atmospheric turbulence causes fluctuation in both intensity and phase of the received light signal what may seriously impair the link performance. Additionally, turbulent inhomogeneities may produce optical pulse spreading. In this paper, a simple rate adaptive transmission technique based on the use of variable silence periods and on-off keying (OOK) formats with memory is presented. This technique was previously proposed in indoor unguided optical links by the authors with very good performance. Such transmission scheme is now extensively analyzed in terms of burst error rate, and shown in this paper as an excellent alternative compared with the classical scheme based on repetition coding and pulse-position modulation (PPM), presenting a greater robustness to adverse conditions of turbulence.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

2009 (5)

2007 (3)

Y. Ruike, H. Xiange, H. Yue, and S. Zhongyu, “Propagation Characteristics of Infrared Pulse Waves through Windblown Sand and Dust Atmosphere,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 28, 181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Jurado Navas, A. García Zambrana, and A. Puerta Notario, “Efficient lognormal channel model for turbulent FSO communications,” Electron. Lett. 43, 178–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Christen, E. van Gorsel, and R. Vogt, “Coherent structures in urban roughness sublayer turbulence,” Int. J. Climatol. 27, 1955–1968 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. C. Juarez, A. Dwivedi, A. R. Hammons, S. D. Jones, V. Weerackody, and R. A. Nichols, “Free-space optical communications for next-generation military networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 46–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Al Naboulsi, and H. Sizun, “Fog attenuation prediction for optical and infrared waves,” SPIE Optical Engineering 43, 319–329 (2004).

2003 (1)

A. García-Zambrana, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Novel approach for increasing the peak-to-average optical power ratio in rate-adaptive optical wireless communication systems,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron.: Special Issue on Optical Wireless Communications 150, 439–444 (2003).

2002 (1)

X. Zhu, and J. M. Kahn, “Free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence channels,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1293–1300 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. García-Zambrana, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Improving PPM schemes in wireless infrared links at high bit rates,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 95–97 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1991 (1)

1979 (1)

1977 (1)

1974 (1)

L. C. Lee, “Wave Propagation in a Random Medium: A Complete set of the moment equations with different wavenumbers,” J. Math. Phys. 15, 1431–1435 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. Lawrence, and J. W. Strohbehn, “A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

1966 (1)

Al Naboulsi, M.

M. Al Naboulsi, and H. Sizun, “Fog attenuation prediction for optical and infrared waves,” SPIE Optical Engineering 43, 319–329 (2004).

Andrews, L. C.

Belmonte, A.

Brabec, T.

Castillo-Vázquez, M.

Christen, A.

A. Christen, E. van Gorsel, and R. Vogt, “Coherent structures in urban roughness sublayer turbulence,” Int. J. Climatol. 27, 1955–1968 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cloud, J. D.

Dwivedi, A.

J. C. Juarez, A. Dwivedi, A. R. Hammons, S. D. Jones, V. Weerackody, and R. A. Nichols, “Free-space optical communications for next-generation military networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 46–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fernández Reyes, R.

Fried, D. L.

García Zambrana, A.

A. Jurado Navas, A. García Zambrana, and A. Puerta Notario, “Efficient lognormal channel model for turbulent FSO communications,” Electron. Lett. 43, 178–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

García-Zambrana, A.

A. García-Zambrana, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Novel approach for increasing the peak-to-average optical power ratio in rate-adaptive optical wireless communication systems,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron.: Special Issue on Optical Wireless Communications 150, 439–444 (2003).

A. García-Zambrana, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Improving PPM schemes in wireless infrared links at high bit rates,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 95–97 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garrido-Balsells, J. M.

González, R.

Hammons, A. R.

J. C. Juarez, A. Dwivedi, A. R. Hammons, S. D. Jones, V. Weerackody, and R. A. Nichols, “Free-space optical communications for next-generation military networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 46–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ishimaru, A.

Jones, S. D.

J. C. Juarez, A. Dwivedi, A. R. Hammons, S. D. Jones, V. Weerackody, and R. A. Nichols, “Free-space optical communications for next-generation military networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 46–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Juarez, J. C.

J. C. Juarez, A. Dwivedi, A. R. Hammons, S. D. Jones, V. Weerackody, and R. A. Nichols, “Free-space optical communications for next-generation military networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 46–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jurado Navas, A.

A. Jurado Navas, A. García Zambrana, and A. Puerta Notario, “Efficient lognormal channel model for turbulent FSO communications,” Electron. Lett. 43, 178–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jurado-Navas, A.

Kahn, J. M.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Kopf, D.

Krausz, E.

Laserna, J. J.

Lawrence, R.

R. Lawrence, and J. W. Strohbehn, “A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Lee, L. C.

L. C. Lee, “Wave Propagation in a Random Medium: A Complete set of the moment equations with different wavenumbers,” J. Math. Phys. 15, 1431–1435 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C. H.

Lucena, P.

Nichols, R. A.

J. C. Juarez, A. Dwivedi, A. R. Hammons, S. D. Jones, V. Weerackody, and R. A. Nichols, “Free-space optical communications for next-generation military networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 46–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nugent, P. W.

Piazzolla, S.

Puerta Notario, A.

A. Jurado Navas, A. García Zambrana, and A. Puerta Notario, “Efficient lognormal channel model for turbulent FSO communications,” Electron. Lett. 43, 178–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Puerta-Notario, A.

A. Jurado-Navas, J. M. Garrido-Balsells, M. Castillo-Vázquez, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Numerical model for the temporal broadening of optical pulses propagating through weak atmospheric turbulence,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3662–3664 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Jurado-Navas, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Generation of Correlated Scintillations on Atmospheric Optical Communications,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw 1, 452–462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Zambrana, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Novel approach for increasing the peak-to-average optical power ratio in rate-adaptive optical wireless communication systems,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron.: Special Issue on Optical Wireless Communications 150, 439–444 (2003).

A. García-Zambrana, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Improving PPM schemes in wireless infrared links at high bit rates,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 95–97 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ruike, Y.

Y. Ruike, H. Xiange, H. Yue, and S. Zhongyu, “Propagation Characteristics of Infrared Pulse Waves through Windblown Sand and Dust Atmosphere,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 28, 181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J. A.

Sizun, H.

M. Al Naboulsi, and H. Sizun, “Fog attenuation prediction for optical and infrared waves,” SPIE Optical Engineering 43, 319–329 (2004).

Spielmann, Ch.

Sreenivasiah, I.

Strohbehn, J. W.

R. Lawrence, and J. W. Strohbehn, “A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Tobaria, L.

van Gorsel, E.

A. Christen, E. van Gorsel, and R. Vogt, “Coherent structures in urban roughness sublayer turbulence,” Int. J. Climatol. 27, 1955–1968 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, R.

A. Christen, E. van Gorsel, and R. Vogt, “Coherent structures in urban roughness sublayer turbulence,” Int. J. Climatol. 27, 1955–1968 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weerackody, V.

J. C. Juarez, A. Dwivedi, A. R. Hammons, S. D. Jones, V. Weerackody, and R. A. Nichols, “Free-space optical communications for next-generation military networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 46–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiange, H.

Y. Ruike, H. Xiange, H. Yue, and S. Zhongyu, “Propagation Characteristics of Infrared Pulse Waves through Windblown Sand and Dust Atmosphere,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 28, 181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K. C.

Young, C. Y.

Yue, H.

Y. Ruike, H. Xiange, H. Yue, and S. Zhongyu, “Propagation Characteristics of Infrared Pulse Waves through Windblown Sand and Dust Atmosphere,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 28, 181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhongyu, S.

Y. Ruike, H. Xiange, H. Yue, and S. Zhongyu, “Propagation Characteristics of Infrared Pulse Waves through Windblown Sand and Dust Atmosphere,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 28, 181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, and J. M. Kahn, “Free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence channels,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1293–1300 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Jurado Navas, A. García Zambrana, and A. Puerta Notario, “Efficient lognormal channel model for turbulent FSO communications,” Electron. Lett. 43, 178–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. Optoelectron.: Special Issue on Optical Wireless Communications (1)

A. García-Zambrana, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Novel approach for increasing the peak-to-average optical power ratio in rate-adaptive optical wireless communication systems,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron.: Special Issue on Optical Wireless Communications 150, 439–444 (2003).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

A. García-Zambrana, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Improving PPM schemes in wireless infrared links at high bit rates,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 95–97 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. C. Juarez, A. Dwivedi, A. R. Hammons, S. D. Jones, V. Weerackody, and R. A. Nichols, “Free-space optical communications for next-generation military networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 46–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

X. Zhu, and J. M. Kahn, “Free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence channels,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1293–1300 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Climatol. (1)

A. Christen, E. van Gorsel, and R. Vogt, “Coherent structures in urban roughness sublayer turbulence,” Int. J. Climatol. 27, 1955–1968 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves (1)

Y. Ruike, H. Xiange, H. Yue, and S. Zhongyu, “Propagation Characteristics of Infrared Pulse Waves through Windblown Sand and Dust Atmosphere,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 28, 181 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Math. Phys. (1)

L. C. Lee, “Wave Propagation in a Random Medium: A Complete set of the moment equations with different wavenumbers,” J. Math. Phys. 15, 1431–1435 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw (1)

A. Jurado-Navas, and A. Puerta-Notario, “Generation of Correlated Scintillations on Atmospheric Optical Communications,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw 1, 452–462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

R. Lawrence, and J. W. Strohbehn, “A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).
[CrossRef]

SPIE Optical Engineering (1)

M. Al Naboulsi, and H. Sizun, “Fog attenuation prediction for optical and infrared waves,” SPIE Optical Engineering 43, 319–329 (2004).

Other (8)

L. C. Andrews, and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media, (Bellingham, Washington, 1998).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media, (Academic Press, New York, 1978).

V. I. Tatarskii, The Effects of the Turbulent Atmosphere on Wave Propagation, (Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1971).

J. W. Strohbehn, “Modern theories in the propagation of optical waves in a turbulent medium,” in Laser Beam Propagation in the Atmosphere, J.W. Strohbehn ed. (Springer, New York, 1978), pp. 45–106.

J. M. Garrido-Balsells, A. Jurado-Navas, M. Castillo-Vázquez, A.B. Moreno-Garrido and A. Puerta-Notario, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Improving optical wireless links performance by solitonic shape pulses.”

Q. Yao, and M. Patzold, “Spatial-temporal characteristics of a half-spheroid model and its corresponding simulation model,” IEEE 59th Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2004-Spring, 1, 147–151 (2004).

A. Christen, M. W. Rotach, and R. Vogt, “Experimental determination of the turbulent kinetic energy budget within and above an Urban Canopy”, Fifth AMS Symposium on the Urban Environment, Vancouver (Canada), 23–27 Aug. 2004.

L. Deutsch and R. Miller, “Burst statistics of Viterbi decoding,” The Telec. and Data Acquisition Progress Report, TDA PR 42–64, 187–193 (1981).

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