Abstract

The electrical Freedericksz transition characteristics of planar aligned liquid crystal cells doped with harvested single ferroelectric domain 9 nm nanoparticles of BaTiO3 have been measured. We demonstrate for the first time that the electrical pre-history of the cells imparts significant polarity sensitivity to the Freedericksz characteristics. The presence of harvested single domain ferroelectric nanoparticles enables cells to be programmably semi-permanently polarized. This reduces or increases the Freedericksz transition threshold by 0.8 V, depending on the polarity of the applied voltage, giving a net 1.6 V Freedericksz threshold asymmetry for 8 μm thick cells filled with TL205 liquid crystal.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. Y. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, ““Ferroelectric nematic suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(12), 1917 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. Buchnev, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Enhanced two-beam coupling in colloids of ferroelectric nanoparticles in liquid crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1512 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Cook, A. V. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. T. Griffith, M. A. Saleh, and D. R. Evans, “Nanoparticle doped organic-inorganic hybrid photorefractives,” Opt. Express 16(6), 4015–4022 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Mikulko, P. Arora, A. Glushchenko, A. Lapanik, and W. Haase, “Complementary studies of BaTiO3 nanoparticles suspended in a ferroelectric liquid-crystalline mixture,” Europhys. Lett. 87(2), 27009 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. M. Lopatina and J. V. Selinger, “Theory of ferroelectric nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(19), 197802 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
    [PubMed]
  8. G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting single ferroelectric domain nanoparticles and their use in hybrid organic-inorganic photorefractive media,” in 13th Topical Meeting on the Optics of Liquid Crystals, Erice, Italy, September 28th - October 2nd (2009)

2009 (2)

P. Mikulko, P. Arora, A. Glushchenko, A. Lapanik, and W. Haase, “Complementary studies of BaTiO3 nanoparticles suspended in a ferroelectric liquid-crystalline mixture,” Europhys. Lett. 87(2), 27009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Lopatina and J. V. Selinger, “Theory of ferroelectric nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(19), 197802 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Y. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, ““Ferroelectric nematic suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(12), 1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arora, P.

P. Mikulko, P. Arora, A. Glushchenko, A. Lapanik, and W. Haase, “Complementary studies of BaTiO3 nanoparticles suspended in a ferroelectric liquid-crystalline mixture,” Europhys. Lett. 87(2), 27009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, P. P.

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Barnes, J. L.

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Basun, S. A.

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Buchnev, O.

O. Buchnev, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Enhanced two-beam coupling in colloids of ferroelectric nanoparticles in liquid crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1512 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, ““Ferroelectric nematic suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(12), 1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheon, C. I.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cook, G.

G. Cook, A. V. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. T. Griffith, M. A. Saleh, and D. R. Evans, “Nanoparticle doped organic-inorganic hybrid photorefractives,” Opt. Express 16(6), 4015–4022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Dyadyusha, A.

Evans, D. R.

G. Cook, A. V. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. T. Griffith, M. A. Saleh, and D. R. Evans, “Nanoparticle doped organic-inorganic hybrid photorefractives,” Opt. Express 16(6), 4015–4022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Glushchenko, A.

P. Mikulko, P. Arora, A. Glushchenko, A. Lapanik, and W. Haase, “Complementary studies of BaTiO3 nanoparticles suspended in a ferroelectric liquid-crystalline mixture,” Europhys. Lett. 87(2), 27009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, ““Ferroelectric nematic suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(12), 1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Glushchenko, A. V.

Griffith, A. T.

Haase, W.

P. Mikulko, P. Arora, A. Glushchenko, A. Lapanik, and W. Haase, “Complementary studies of BaTiO3 nanoparticles suspended in a ferroelectric liquid-crystalline mixture,” Europhys. Lett. 87(2), 27009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, M.

Lapanik, A.

P. Mikulko, P. Arora, A. Glushchenko, A. Lapanik, and W. Haase, “Complementary studies of BaTiO3 nanoparticles suspended in a ferroelectric liquid-crystalline mixture,” Europhys. Lett. 87(2), 27009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lopatina, L. M.

L. M. Lopatina and J. V. Selinger, “Theory of ferroelectric nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(19), 197802 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikulko, P.

P. Mikulko, P. Arora, A. Glushchenko, A. Lapanik, and W. Haase, “Complementary studies of BaTiO3 nanoparticles suspended in a ferroelectric liquid-crystalline mixture,” Europhys. Lett. 87(2), 27009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ponce, A.

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Reshetnyak, V.

G. Cook, A. V. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. T. Griffith, M. A. Saleh, and D. R. Evans, “Nanoparticle doped organic-inorganic hybrid photorefractives,” Opt. Express 16(6), 4015–4022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Buchnev, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Enhanced two-beam coupling in colloids of ferroelectric nanoparticles in liquid crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1512 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, ““Ferroelectric nematic suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(12), 1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reshetnyak, V. Yu.

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Reznikov, Y.

O. Buchnev, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Enhanced two-beam coupling in colloids of ferroelectric nanoparticles in liquid crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1512 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, ““Ferroelectric nematic suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(12), 1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, M. A.

Selinger, J. V.

L. M. Lopatina and J. V. Selinger, “Theory of ferroelectric nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(19), 197802 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sluckin, T. J.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tereshchenko, O.

Y. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, ““Ferroelectric nematic suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(12), 1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

West, J.

Y. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, ““Ferroelectric nematic suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(12), 1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

West, J. L.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ziolo, R. F.

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Reznikov, O. Buchnev, O. Tereshchenko, V. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, and J. West, ““Ferroelectric nematic suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(12), 1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

P. Mikulko, P. Arora, A. Glushchenko, A. Lapanik, and W. Haase, “Complementary studies of BaTiO3 nanoparticles suspended in a ferroelectric liquid-crystalline mixture,” Europhys. Lett. 87(2), 27009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting Single Domain Stressed Ferroelectric Nanoparticles for Disparate Optical and Ferroic Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
[PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

L. M. Lopatina and J. V. Selinger, “Theory of ferroelectric nanoparticles in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(19), 197802 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. Cook, J. L. Barnes, V. Yu. Reshetnyak, A. Glushchenko, R. F. Ziolo, A. Ponce, S. A. Basun, P. P. Banerjee, and D. R. Evans, “Harvesting single ferroelectric domain nanoparticles and their use in hybrid organic-inorganic photorefractive media,” in 13th Topical Meeting on the Optics of Liquid Crystals, Erice, Italy, September 28th - October 2nd (2009)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Method used to record the Freedericksz transition characteristics of each cell. The rubbing direction is indicated by the arrow on the cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical asymmetric Freedericksz transition characteristics for TL205 liquid crystal cells doped with 0.5 weight % 9 nm harvested BaTiO3 nanoparticles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Virgin liquid crystal cell ascending positive voltage (left) and subsequent descending positive voltage (right) Freedericksz transmission characteristics. Regions marked with an asterisk (*) indicate areas of voltage induced distortions to the Freedericksz transition curve.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Ascending negative voltage (left) and subsequent descending negative voltage (right) Freedericksz transmission characteristics after preceding positive voltage cycle. Regions marked with an asterisk (*) indicate areas of voltage induced distortions to the Freedericksz transition curve.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Composite positive and negative voltage Freedericksz transmission characteristic cycles for a pre-polarized TL205 liquid crystal cell doped with 0.5 weight % 9 nm harvested BaTiO3 nanoparticles.

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