Abstract

Coordinate transformation is applied to design an all-dielectric device for Extraordinary Transmission (ET) in a single sub-wavelength slit. The proposed device has a broadband feature and can be applied from microwave to visible frequency bands. Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) simulations are used to verify the device’s performance. The results show that significantly increased transmission is achieved through the sub-wavelength aperture from 4 GHz to 8 GHz when the device is applied. In contrast with previously reported systems, the frequency sensitivity of the new device is very low.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (14), 2845-2848 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. J. García-de-Abajo, "Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 1267-1290 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Martín-Moreno, "Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno and F. J. García-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Aydin, A. O. Cakmak, L. Sahin, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Split-ring-resonator-coupled enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013904 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Bilotti, L. Scorrano, E. Ozbay and L. Vegni, "Enhanced transmission through a sub-wavelength aperture: resonant approaches employing metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114029 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. J. Valdivia-Valero and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, "Resonance excitation and light concentration in sets of dielectric nanocylinders in front of a subwavelength aperture. Effects on extraordinary transmission," Opt. Express 18(7), 6740-6754 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47 (11), 2075-2084 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Zhao, C. Argyropoulos and Y. Hao, "Full-wave finite-difference time-domain simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures," Opt. Express 16 (9), 6717-6730 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao and Y. Hao, "A Radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57 (5), 1432-1441 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational electrodynamics: the finite-difference time-domain method (3rd edition) (Artech House, Boston, 2005).

2010

2009

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao and Y. Hao, "A Radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57 (5), 1432-1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, A. O. Cakmak, L. Sahin, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Split-ring-resonator-coupled enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilotti, L. Scorrano, E. Ozbay and L. Vegni, "Enhanced transmission through a sub-wavelength aperture: resonant approaches employing metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

J. B. Pendry and J. Li, "Hiding under the carpet: A new strategy for cloaking," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 203901 (2008).

Y. Zhao, C. Argyropoulos and Y. Hao, "Full-wave finite-difference time-domain simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures," Opt. Express 16 (9), 6717-6730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. García-de-Abajo, "Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 1267-1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry and D. R. Smith, "Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media," Opt. Express 14(21), 9794-9804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno and F. J. García-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Martín-Moreno, "Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (14), 2845-2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47 (11), 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 (25), 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Argyropoulos, C.

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao and Y. Hao, "A Radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57 (5), 1432-1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, C. Argyropoulos and Y. Hao, "Full-wave finite-difference time-domain simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures," Opt. Express 16 (9), 6717-6730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, A. O. Cakmak, L. Sahin, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Split-ring-resonator-coupled enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bilotti, F.

K. Aydin, A. O. Cakmak, L. Sahin, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Split-ring-resonator-coupled enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilotti, L. Scorrano, E. Ozbay and L. Vegni, "Enhanced transmission through a sub-wavelength aperture: resonant approaches employing metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cakmak, A. O.

K. Aydin, A. O. Cakmak, L. Sahin, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Split-ring-resonator-coupled enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Colak, E.

A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de León-Pérez, F.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dunbar, L. A.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Martín-Moreno, "Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eckert, R.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García-de-Abajo, F. J.

F. J. García-de-Abajo, "Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 1267-1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno and F. J. García-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Martín-Moreno, "Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (14), 2845-2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grenet, E.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guillaumée, M.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Y.

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao and Y. Hao, "A Radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57 (5), 1432-1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, C. Argyropoulos and Y. Hao, "Full-wave finite-difference time-domain simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures," Opt. Express 16 (9), 6717-6730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47 (11), 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 (25), 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Martín-Moreno, "Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. B. Pendry and J. Li, "Hiding under the carpet: A new strategy for cloaking," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 203901 (2008).

Li, Z.

A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

López-Tejeira, F.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno and F. J. García-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Martín-Moreno, "Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

Ozbay, E.

F. Bilotti, L. Scorrano, E. Ozbay and L. Vegni, "Enhanced transmission through a sub-wavelength aperture: resonant approaches employing metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, A. O. Cakmak, L. Sahin, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Split-ring-resonator-coupled enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry and J. Li, "Hiding under the carpet: A new strategy for cloaking," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 203901 (2008).

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry and D. R. Smith, "Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media," Opt. Express 14(21), 9794-9804 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno and F. J. García-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (14), 2845-2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47 (11), 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 (25), 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Porto, J. A.

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (14), 2845-2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47 (11), 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sahin, L.

K. Aydin, A. O. Cakmak, L. Sahin, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Split-ring-resonator-coupled enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santschi, C.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

Scorrano, L.

F. Bilotti, L. Scorrano, E. Ozbay and L. Vegni, "Enhanced transmission through a sub-wavelength aperture: resonant approaches employing metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

Stanley, R. P.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47 (11), 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 (25), 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Valdivia-Valero, F. J.

Vegni, L.

F. Bilotti, L. Scorrano, E. Ozbay and L. Vegni, "Enhanced transmission through a sub-wavelength aperture: resonant approaches employing metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, A. O. Cakmak, L. Sahin, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Split-ring-resonator-coupled enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Youngs, I.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 (25), 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao and Y. Hao, "A Radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57 (5), 1432-1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, C. Argyropoulos and Y. Hao, "Full-wave finite-difference time-domain simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures," Opt. Express 16 (9), 6717-6730 (2008).
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. Lett.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. de León-Pérez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno and R. P. Stanley, "Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. O. Cakmak, K. Aydin, E. Colak, Z. Li, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Enhanced transmission through a subwavelength aperture using metamaterials," App. Phys. Lett. 95, 052103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao and Y. Hao, "A Radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 57 (5), 1432-1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47 (11), 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.

F. Bilotti, L. Scorrano, E. Ozbay and L. Vegni, "Enhanced transmission through a sub-wavelength aperture: resonant approaches employing metamaterials," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114029 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, "Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (14), 2845-2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry and J. Li, "Hiding under the carpet: A new strategy for cloaking," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 203901 (2008).

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 (25), 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Martín-Moreno, "Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, A. O. Cakmak, L. Sahin, F. Bilotti, L. Vegni and E. Ozbay, "Split-ring-resonator-coupled enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

F. J. García-de-Abajo, "Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays," Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 1267-1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen and L. Kuipers, "Light passing through subwavelength apertures," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729-787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297 (5582), 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno and F. J. García-Vidal, "Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces," Science 305, 847-848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational electrodynamics: the finite-difference time-domain method (3rd edition) (Artech House, Boston, 2005).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) The space in the Cartesian coordinates. (b) The space in the distorted coordinates.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The relative permittivity map of the distorted space. The dashed black line outlines the profile of the enhancement device.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The amplitudes of the electric field in different cases. (a) The incident plane wave illuminates a PEC plate with a 0.2λ 0 wide slit. (b) The incident plane wave illuminates a PEC plate with a 1.6λ 0 wide slit. (c) The incident plane wave illuminates the above mentioned sub-wavelength slit when the proposed enhancement device is applied in the black lines. (d) The incident plane wave illuminates the sub-wavelength slit after crossing a focusing lens with its focal point located on the slit. (e) The incident plane wave illuminates a PEC plate with a pair of enhancement devices at both sides of the sub-wavelength slit. (f) The permittivity map around the slit in case (e). The map is symmetric.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) The radiation pattern recorded at the semicircle 3λ 0 away from the center of the slit. (b) The radiation pattern recorded at the semicircle 6λ 0 away from the center of the slit.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The energy distribution along the propagation direction. The propagating distance is recorded in terms of the wavelength.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Integrate the Poynting vector at the lower surface of the PEC plate over time to get the transmitted energy.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) The average amplitude of Ez field recorded at the line 0.1λ 0 (at 6 GHz) away behind the PEC plate. (b) The average amplitude of Ez field recorded at the line 3λ 0 (at 6 GHz) away behind the PEC plate.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Amplifications at the line 0.1λ 0 (at 6 GHz) away behind the PEC plate over the frequency spectrum. (b) Amplifications at the line 3λ 0 (at 6 GHz) away behind the PEC plate over the frequency spectrum. The amplitude of electric field is normalized at each frequency point by the value of the green curve (which represents the transmitted field through the sub-wavelength slit) to represent the amplification factor.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Values of the transmitted energy in different cases

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε = = J ε = J T det ( J ) , μ = = J μ = J T det ( J )
J = ( x x x y 0 y x y y 0 0 0 1 )

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