Abstract

We propose a switchable achromatic reflector using a long-pitch cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) whose Bragg reflection wavelength is chosen to be infrared by controlling the pitch of the CLC so that the planar texture is transparent over the entire visible wavelength. By using the light scattering of the focal conic texture, achromatic reflection can be achieved. Both textures are stable at zero electric field and the operating voltage of the proposed CLC device is much lower than that of conventional CLC devices. The proposed switchable reflector, which can be operated at a low voltage with low power, can be applied to reflective displays and to light shutters. By coupling with a reflective polarizer the efficiency of light scattering at the focal conic texture can be enhanced.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D.-K. Yang, J. L. West, L.-C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(2), 1331–1333 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Taheri, J. W. Doane, D. Davis, and D. St. John, “Optical properties of bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 27, 39–42 (1996).
  4. M.-H. Lu, “Bistable reflective cholesteric liquid crystal display,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1063–1066 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Xu, F. Xu, and D.-K. Yang, “Effect of cell structure on the reflection of cholesteric liquid crystal displays,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(4), 1938–1944 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Hashimoto, M. Okada, K. Nishiguchi, N. Masazumi, E. Yamakawa, and T. Taniguchi, “Reflective color display using cholesteric liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 897–900 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D.-K. Yang, “Flexible bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(1), 32–37 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Koike, A. Mochizuki, and K. Yoshikawa, “Phase transition-type liquid-crystal projection display,” Displays 10, 93–99 (2003).
  10. C.-Y. Huang, K.-Y. Fu, K.-Y. Lo, and M.-S. Tsai, “Bistable transflective cholesteric light shutters,” Opt. Express 11(6), 560–565 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1707–1709 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Greubel, U. Wolff, and H. Kruger, “Electric field induced texture changes in certain nematic/cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 24(1), 103–111 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Mochizuki and S. Kobayashi, “Surface effect on the threshold electric fields of cholesteric-nematic phase transition and its reverse process,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 225(1), 89–98 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, D. Yang, D.-K. Yang, and St John WD, “Bragg reflection from cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 51(2), 1191–1198 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  19. F. Vicentini and L.-C. Chien, “Tunable chiral materials for multicolor reflective cholesteric display,” Liq. Cryst. 24(4), 483–488 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Davis, K. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Doane, and C. Jones, “Eight-color high-resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 901–904 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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2009

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

2006

D.-K. Yang, “Flexible bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(1), 32–37 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. Koike, A. Mochizuki, and K. Yoshikawa, “Phase transition-type liquid-crystal projection display,” Displays 10, 93–99 (2003).

C.-Y. Huang, K.-Y. Fu, K.-Y. Lo, and M.-S. Tsai, “Bistable transflective cholesteric light shutters,” Opt. Express 11(6), 560–565 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Hochbaum, Y. Jiang, L. Li, S. Vartak, and S. Faris, “Cholesteric color filters: optical characteristics, light recycling, and brightness enhancement,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 30(1), 1063–1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1707–1709 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Vicentini and L.-C. Chien, “Tunable chiral materials for multicolor reflective cholesteric display,” Liq. Cryst. 24(4), 483–488 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Davis, K. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Doane, and C. Jones, “Eight-color high-resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 901–904 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Xu, F. Xu, and D.-K. Yang, “Effect of cell structure on the reflection of cholesteric liquid crystal displays,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(4), 1938–1944 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Hashimoto, M. Okada, K. Nishiguchi, N. Masazumi, E. Yamakawa, and T. Taniguchi, “Reflective color display using cholesteric liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 897–900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

M.-H. Lu, “Bistable reflective cholesteric liquid crystal display,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1063–1066 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

B. Taheri, J. W. Doane, D. Davis, and D. St. John, “Optical properties of bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 27, 39–42 (1996).

1995

W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, D. Yang, D.-K. Yang, and St John WD, “Bragg reflection from cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 51(2), 1191–1198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-C. Chien, U. Muller, M.-F. Nabor, and J. W. Doane, “Multicolor reflective cholesteric displays,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 26, 169–171 (1995).

1994

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D.-K. Yang, J. L. West, L.-C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(2), 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

A. Mochizuki and S. Kobayashi, “Surface effect on the threshold electric fields of cholesteric-nematic phase transition and its reverse process,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 225(1), 89–98 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1973

W. Greubel, U. Wolff, and H. Kruger, “Electric field induced texture changes in certain nematic/cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 24(1), 103–111 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Armbruster, R.

A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Asaoka, Y.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Chien, L.-C.

F. Vicentini and L.-C. Chien, “Tunable chiral materials for multicolor reflective cholesteric display,” Liq. Cryst. 24(4), 483–488 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L.-C. Chien, U. Muller, M.-F. Nabor, and J. W. Doane, “Multicolor reflective cholesteric displays,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 26, 169–171 (1995).

D.-K. Yang, J. L. West, L.-C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(2), 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Davis, D.

D. Davis, K. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Doane, and C. Jones, “Eight-color high-resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 901–904 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Taheri, J. W. Doane, D. Davis, and D. St. John, “Optical properties of bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 27, 39–42 (1996).

Deguchi, K.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Doane, J. W.

A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Davis, K. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Doane, and C. Jones, “Eight-color high-resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 901–904 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Taheri, J. W. Doane, D. Davis, and D. St. John, “Optical properties of bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 27, 39–42 (1996).

L.-C. Chien, U. Muller, M.-F. Nabor, and J. W. Doane, “Multicolor reflective cholesteric displays,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 26, 169–171 (1995).

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D.-K. Yang, J. L. West, L.-C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(2), 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fan, B.

Faris, S.

A. Hochbaum, Y. Jiang, L. Li, S. Vartak, and S. Faris, “Cholesteric color filters: optical characteristics, light recycling, and brightness enhancement,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 30(1), 1063–1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fritz, W. J.

W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, D. Yang, D.-K. Yang, and St John WD, “Bragg reflection from cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 51(2), 1191–1198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, K.-Y.

Fujiwara, S.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Genack, A. Z.

Glasser, J.

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Greubel, W.

W. Greubel, U. Wolff, and H. Kruger, “Electric field induced texture changes in certain nematic/cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 24(1), 103–111 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Gyoten, S.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Hashimoto, K.

K. Hashimoto, M. Okada, K. Nishiguchi, N. Masazumi, E. Yamakawa, and T. Taniguchi, “Reflective color display using cholesteric liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 897–900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hochbaum, A.

A. Hochbaum, Y. Jiang, L. Li, S. Vartak, and S. Faris, “Cholesteric color filters: optical characteristics, light recycling, and brightness enhancement,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 30(1), 1063–1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-Y.

Huang, X. Y.

D. Davis, K. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Doane, and C. Jones, “Eight-color high-resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 901–904 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.-Y.

A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ihara, I.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Itoh, Y.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Jiang, Y.

A. Hochbaum, Y. Jiang, L. Li, S. Vartak, and S. Faris, “Cholesteric color filters: optical characteristics, light recycling, and brightness enhancement,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 30(1), 1063–1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jones, C.

D. Davis, K. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Doane, and C. Jones, “Eight-color high-resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 901–904 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, K.

D. Davis, K. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Doane, and C. Jones, “Eight-color high-resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 901–904 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Khan, A.

A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

A. Mochizuki and S. Kobayashi, “Surface effect on the threshold electric fields of cholesteric-nematic phase transition and its reverse process,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 225(1), 89–98 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koike, Y.

Y. Koike, A. Mochizuki, and K. Yoshikawa, “Phase transition-type liquid-crystal projection display,” Displays 10, 93–99 (2003).

Kopp, V. I.

Kruger, H.

W. Greubel, U. Wolff, and H. Kruger, “Electric field induced texture changes in certain nematic/cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 24(1), 103–111 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, Y.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Li, L.

A. Hochbaum, Y. Jiang, L. Li, S. Vartak, and S. Faris, “Cholesteric color filters: optical characteristics, light recycling, and brightness enhancement,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 30(1), 1063–1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lo, K.-Y.

Lu, M.-H.

M.-H. Lu, “Bistable reflective cholesteric liquid crystal display,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1063–1066 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Z. J.

W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, D. Yang, D.-K. Yang, and St John WD, “Bragg reflection from cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 51(2), 1191–1198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Masazumi, N.

K. Hashimoto, M. Okada, K. Nishiguchi, N. Masazumi, E. Yamakawa, and T. Taniguchi, “Reflective color display using cholesteric liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 897–900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, N.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Miller, N.

A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Minoura, K.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Miyata, A.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Mochizuki, A.

Y. Koike, A. Mochizuki, and K. Yoshikawa, “Phase transition-type liquid-crystal projection display,” Displays 10, 93–99 (2003).

A. Mochizuki and S. Kobayashi, “Surface effect on the threshold electric fields of cholesteric-nematic phase transition and its reverse process,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 225(1), 89–98 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Muller, U.

L.-C. Chien, U. Muller, M.-F. Nabor, and J. W. Doane, “Multicolor reflective cholesteric displays,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 26, 169–171 (1995).

Nabor, M.-F.

L.-C. Chien, U. Muller, M.-F. Nabor, and J. W. Doane, “Multicolor reflective cholesteric displays,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 26, 169–171 (1995).

Nicholson, F.

A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nishiguchi, K.

K. Hashimoto, M. Okada, K. Nishiguchi, N. Masazumi, E. Yamakawa, and T. Taniguchi, “Reflective color display using cholesteric liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 897–900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okada, M.

K. Hashimoto, M. Okada, K. Nishiguchi, N. Masazumi, E. Yamakawa, and T. Taniguchi, “Reflective color display using cholesteric liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 897–900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Satoh, E.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

Satoh, T.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

St. John, D.

B. Taheri, J. W. Doane, D. Davis, and D. St. John, “Optical properties of bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 27, 39–42 (1996).

Taheri, B.

B. Taheri, J. W. Doane, D. Davis, and D. St. John, “Optical properties of bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 27, 39–42 (1996).

Taniguchi, T.

K. Hashimoto, M. Okada, K. Nishiguchi, N. Masazumi, E. Yamakawa, and T. Taniguchi, “Reflective color display using cholesteric liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 897–900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, M.-S.

Vartak, S.

A. Hochbaum, Y. Jiang, L. Li, S. Vartak, and S. Faris, “Cholesteric color filters: optical characteristics, light recycling, and brightness enhancement,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 30(1), 1063–1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vicentini, F.

F. Vicentini and L.-C. Chien, “Tunable chiral materials for multicolor reflective cholesteric display,” Liq. Cryst. 24(4), 483–488 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vithana, H. K. M.

Wall, B.

A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
[CrossRef]

West, J. L.

D.-K. Yang, J. L. West, L.-C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(2), 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, U.

W. Greubel, U. Wolff, and H. Kruger, “Electric field induced texture changes in certain nematic/cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 24(1), 103–111 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

M. Xu, F. Xu, and D.-K. Yang, “Effect of cell structure on the reflection of cholesteric liquid crystal displays,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(4), 1938–1944 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, M.

M. Xu, F. Xu, and D.-K. Yang, “Effect of cell structure on the reflection of cholesteric liquid crystal displays,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(4), 1938–1944 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, E.

K. Hashimoto, M. Okada, K. Nishiguchi, N. Masazumi, E. Yamakawa, and T. Taniguchi, “Reflective color display using cholesteric liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 897–900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, D. Yang, D.-K. Yang, and St John WD, “Bragg reflection from cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 51(2), 1191–1198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, D.-K.

D.-K. Yang, “Flexible bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(1), 32–37 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Xu, F. Xu, and D.-K. Yang, “Effect of cell structure on the reflection of cholesteric liquid crystal displays,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(4), 1938–1944 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, D. Yang, D.-K. Yang, and St John WD, “Bragg reflection from cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 51(2), 1191–1198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D.-K. Yang, J. L. West, L.-C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(2), 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yaniv, Z.

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, K.

Y. Koike, A. Mochizuki, and K. Yoshikawa, “Phase transition-type liquid-crystal projection display,” Displays 10, 93–99 (2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Displays

Y. Koike, A. Mochizuki, and K. Yoshikawa, “Phase transition-type liquid-crystal projection display,” Displays 10, 93–99 (2003).

Inf. Disp.

K. Minoura, Y. Asaoka, E. Satoh, K. Deguchi, T. Satoh, I. Ihara, S. Fujiwara, A. Miyata, Y. Itoh, S. Gyoten, N. Matsuda, and Y. Kubota, “Making a mobile display using polarizer-free reflective LCDs and ultra-low-power driving technology,” Inf. Disp. 25, 12–16 (2009).

J. Appl. Phys.

D.-K. Yang, J. L. West, L.-C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(2), 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M.-H. Lu, “Bistable reflective cholesteric liquid crystal display,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1063–1066 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Xu, F. Xu, and D.-K. Yang, “Effect of cell structure on the reflection of cholesteric liquid crystal displays,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(4), 1938–1944 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol.

D.-K. Yang, “Flexible bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(1), 32–37 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liq. Cryst.

F. Vicentini and L.-C. Chien, “Tunable chiral materials for multicolor reflective cholesteric display,” Liq. Cryst. 24(4), 483–488 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)

W. Greubel, U. Wolff, and H. Kruger, “Electric field induced texture changes in certain nematic/cholesteric liquid crystal mixtures,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 24(1), 103–111 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. Mochizuki and S. Kobayashi, “Surface effect on the threshold electric fields of cholesteric-nematic phase transition and its reverse process,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 225(1), 89–98 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics

W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, D. Yang, D.-K. Yang, and St John WD, “Bragg reflection from cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 51(2), 1191–1198 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers

K. Hashimoto, M. Okada, K. Nishiguchi, N. Masazumi, E. Yamakawa, and T. Taniguchi, “Reflective color display using cholesteric liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 897–900 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Khan, X.-Y. Huang, R. Armbruster, F. Nicholson, N. Miller, B. Wall, and J. W. Doane, “Super high brightness reflective cholesteric display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32(1), 460–463 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Davis, K. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Doane, and C. Jones, “Eight-color high-resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29(1), 901–904 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Hochbaum, Y. Jiang, L. Li, S. Vartak, and S. Faris, “Cholesteric color filters: optical characteristics, light recycling, and brightness enhancement,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 30(1), 1063–1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Taheri, J. W. Doane, D. Davis, and D. St. John, “Optical properties of bistable cholesteric reflective displays,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 27, 39–42 (1996).

Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap.

L.-C. Chien, U. Muller, M.-F. Nabor, and J. W. Doane, “Multicolor reflective cholesteric displays,” Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 26, 169–171 (1995).

Other

S. T. Wu, and D.-K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays. (Wiley, New York, 2001).

S. Shandrasekhar, Liquid Crystals. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992).

P. G. de Gennes, and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals. (Oxford University Press, New York, 1993).

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