Abstract

A wide view, submillisecond response, and single-cell-gap transflective display using a blue-phase liquid crystal (BPLC) is proposed. To balance the optical phase retardation between transmissive (T) and reflective (R) regions, in-plane protrusion electrodes are formed with different gaps in the two regions. This display exhibits reasonably high optical efficiency and well matched voltage dependent transmittance and reflectance curves. Using biaxial films and broadband wide-view circular polarizers, the viewing angle with 100:1 contrast ratio is obtained over the entire viewing cone in the T region, and 10:1 over 50° in the R region. The potential application is emphasized.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).
  5. C. H. Chen, F. C. Lin, Y. T. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “A field sequential color LCD based on color fields arrangement for color breakup and flicker reduction,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(1), 34–39 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide-temperature range,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2311–2315 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr-effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Kerr, “A new relation between electricity and light: dielectrified media birefringent,” Philos. Mag. 50, 337–348 (1875).
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    [CrossRef]
  13. Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. H. Lin, Y. R. Chen, S. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, C. M. Chang, and A. Lien, “A novel advanced wide-view transflective display,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 123–128 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(26), 2767–2769 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S.-T. Wu, “Reflective liquid-crystal displays with asymmetric incident and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(5), 966–977 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 40, 578–581 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (3)

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr-effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chen, F. C. Lin, Y. T. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “A field sequential color LCD based on color fields arrangement for color breakup and flicker reduction,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(1), 34–39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 40, 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lin, Y. R. Chen, S. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, C. M. Chang, and A. Lien, “A novel advanced wide-view transflective display,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 123–128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. H. Lee, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Novel color-sequential transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(1), 2–8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide-temperature range,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2311–2315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S.-T. Wu, “Reflective liquid-crystal displays with asymmetric incident and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(5), 966–977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).

1990 (1)

A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(26), 2767–2769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1875 (1)

J. Kerr, “A new relation between electricity and light: dielectrified media birefringent,” Philos. Mag. 50, 337–348 (1875).

Chang, C. M.

C. H. Lin, Y. R. Chen, S. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, C. M. Chang, and A. Lien, “A novel advanced wide-view transflective display,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 123–128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. H.

C. H. Chen, F. C. Lin, Y. T. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “A field sequential color LCD based on color fields arrangement for color breakup and flicker reduction,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(1), 34–39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. Y.

C. H. Lin, Y. R. Chen, S. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, C. M. Chang, and A. Lien, “A novel advanced wide-view transflective display,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 123–128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. M.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. R.

C. H. Lin, Y. R. Chen, S. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, C. M. Chang, and A. Lien, “A novel advanced wide-view transflective display,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 123–128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H. C.

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gauza, S.

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Z.

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr-effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S.-T. Wu, “Reflective liquid-crystal displays with asymmetric incident and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(5), 966–977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haseba, Y.

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 40, 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide-temperature range,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2311–2315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hatada, T.

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).

Higuchi, H.

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 40, 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hirota, S.

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hisakado, Y.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, S. C.

C. H. Lin, Y. R. Chen, S. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, C. M. Chang, and A. Lien, “A novel advanced wide-view transflective display,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 123–128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, Y. T.

C. H. Chen, F. C. Lin, Y. T. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “A field sequential color LCD based on color fields arrangement for color breakup and flicker reduction,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(1), 34–39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. P.

C. H. Chen, F. C. Lin, Y. T. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “A field sequential color LCD based on color fields arrangement for color breakup and flicker reduction,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(1), 34–39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Igeta, K.

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Imayama, H.

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, K.

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).

Itou, O.

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Iwata, T.

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 40, 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, M.

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kajiyama, T.

Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide-temperature range,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2311–2315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kerr, J.

J. Kerr, “A new relation between electricity and light: dielectrified media birefringent,” Philos. Mag. 50, 337–348 (1875).

Kikuchi, H.

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 40, 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide-temperature range,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2311–2315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Komura, S.

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Novel color-sequential transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(1), 2–8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, W. Y.

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lien, A.

C. H. Lin, Y. R. Chen, S. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, C. M. Chang, and A. Lien, “A novel advanced wide-view transflective display,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 123–128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(26), 2767–2769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. H.

C. H. Lin, Y. R. Chen, S. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, C. M. Chang, and A. Lien, “A novel advanced wide-view transflective display,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 123–128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, F. C.

C. H. Chen, F. C. Lin, Y. T. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “A field sequential color LCD based on color fields arrangement for color breakup and flicker reduction,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(1), 34–39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, R.

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mori, M.

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).

Morimoto, M.

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nagamura, T.

Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide-temperature range,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2311–2315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nagata, T.

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, J.

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).

Rao, L.

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr-effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saishouji, T.

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).

Shieh, H. P.

C. H. Chen, F. C. Lin, Y. T. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “A field sequential color LCD based on color fields arrangement for color breakup and flicker reduction,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(1), 34–39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tanno, J.

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Terashima, N.

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).

Wada, O.

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).

Wei, C. K.

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr-effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Novel color-sequential transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(1), 2–8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S.-T. Wu, “Reflective liquid-crystal displays with asymmetric incident and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(5), 966–977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T. X.

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S.-T. Wu, “Reflective liquid-crystal displays with asymmetric incident and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(5), 966–977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xianyu, H.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 40, 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yan, J.

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

J. H. Lee, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Novel color-sequential transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(1), 2–8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S.-T. Wu, “Reflective liquid-crystal displays with asymmetric incident and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(5), 966–977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide-temperature range,” Adv. Mater. 17(19), 2311–2315 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Lien, “Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(26), 2767–2769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (8)

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lin, Y. R. Chen, S. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chen, C. M. Chang, and A. Lien, “A novel advanced wide-view transflective display,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 123–128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr-effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, X. Zhu, and S. T. Wu, “Novel color-sequential transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(1), 2–8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chen, F. C. Lin, Y. T. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. Shieh, “A field sequential color LCD based on color fields arrangement for color breakup and flicker reduction,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(1), 34–39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, and S.-T. Wu, “Reflective liquid-crystal displays with asymmetric incident and exit angles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(5), 966–977 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

O. Itou, S. Hirota, J. Tanno, M. Morimoto, K. Igeta, H. Imayama, S. Komura, and T. Nagata, “Enhancement of viewing performance of new transflective in-plane switching liquid crystal displays using in-cell retarder(s),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(9), 7195–7202 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Philos. Mag. (1)

J. Kerr, “A new relation between electricity and light: dielectrified media birefringent,” Philos. Mag. 50, 337–348 (1875).

SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers (1)

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 40, 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

SID J. (1)

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, and N. Terashima, “Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors,” SID J. 7(4), 257–259 (1999).

Other (1)

Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, Transflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2010).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Device structure of the single-cell-gap transflective BP LCD. P stands for pixel electrode, C for common electrode, and dashed lines with arrows represent electric fields in the T and R regions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated VT and VR curves for the proposed transflective BP LCD. The solid red and dashed blue lines represent simulated VT and VR curves, and the closed circles and open circles represent normalized transmittance and reflectance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated isocontrast contour plots for (a) T mode and (b) R mode of the proposed TR-LCD.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated VT curves with different protrusion-electrode device structures. 1) w1 = 1 μm, w2 = 2 μm, h = 2 μm, and l T = 4 μm; 2) w1 = 1 μm, w2 = 2 μm, h = 2 μm, and l T = 2 μm; 3) w1 = 0.5 μm, w2 = 1 μm, h = 2 μm, and l T = 2 μm; and 4) w1 = 0.5 μm, w2 = 1 μm, h = 2 μm, and l T = 1 μm.

Equations (1)

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Δ n i n d = λ K E 2 = ( Δ n ) o ( E / E s ) 2 ,

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