Abstract

The modulation bandwidth enhancement of distributed reflector (DR) lasers with wirelike active regions utilizing optical injection locking is demonstrated both theoretically and experimentally. By the rate equation analysis, it is shown that DR lasers with wirelike active regions realize a low optical injection power and a large bandwidth enhancement under small operation currents. Experimentally, the small-signal bandwidth is increased to >15 GHz at a bias current of 5 mA, which is 4 times smaller than that for conventional edge-emitting lasers. A large signal modulation at 10 Gbps is also performed at the same bias current of 5 mA and voltage swing of 0.4 V pp, and error-free detection was confirmed under the low-power conditions.

© 2010 OSA

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2009 (2)

T. Shindo, S. Lee, D. Takahashi, N. Tajima, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector laser with wirelike active regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1414–1416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. B. Terry, N. A. Naderi, M. Pochet, A. J. Moscho, L. F. Lester, and V. Kovanis, “Bandwidth enhancement of injection-locked 1.3 μm quantum-dot DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(15), 904–905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ullah, S. Lee, R. Suemitsu, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “GaInAsP/InP distributed reflector lasers and integration of front power monitor by using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(6), 4558–4565 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. M. Ullah, R. Suemitsu, S. Lee, M. Otake, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold-current operation of high-mesa stripe distributed reflector laser emitting at 1540 nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(44), L1068–L1070 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakamoto, H. Naitoh, M. Ohtake, Y. Nishimoto, S. Tamura, T. Maruyama, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Strongly index-coupled membrane BH-DFB lasers with surface corrugation grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1135–1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

L. Chrostowski, X. Zhao, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Microwave performance of optically injection-locked VCSELs,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(2), 788–796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector lasers with width-modulated wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 1162–1168 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

T. Okamoto, N. Nunoya, Y. Onodera, T. Yamazaki, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Optically pumped membrane BH-DFB lasers for low-threshold and single-mode operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1361–1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, G. Guryanov, X. S. Liu, M. Hu, and C. E. Zah, “High efficiency long wavelength VCSEL on InP grown by MOCVD,” Electron. Lett. 39(5), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, H. Yagi, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Distributed reflector laser integrated with active and passive grating sections using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 2, No. 8A8A), L921–L923 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, M. Morshed, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “High-performance 1.55-μm wavelength GaInAsP-InP distributed-feedback lasers with wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 249–258 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, “Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40 μA,” Electron. Lett. 36(9), 790–791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, H. Yasumoto, M. Morshed, K. Fukuda, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Sub-milliampere operation of 1.55 μm wavelength high index-coupled buried heterostructure distributed feedback lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(14), 1213–1214 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. Champagne, R. Maciejko, D. M. Adams, G. Pakulski, B. Takasaki, and T. Makino, “Global and local effects in gain-coupled multiple-quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(10), 1390–1401 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Hayashi, T. Mukaihara, N. Hatori, N. Ohnoki, A. Matsutani, F. Koyama, and K. Iga, “Record low-threshold index-guided InGaAs/GaAlAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with a native oxide confinement structure,” Electron. Lett. 31(7), 560–562 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Adams, D. M.

A. Champagne, R. Maciejko, D. M. Adams, G. Pakulski, B. Takasaki, and T. Makino, “Global and local effects in gain-coupled multiple-quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(10), 1390–1401 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arai, S.

T. Shindo, S. Lee, D. Takahashi, N. Tajima, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector laser with wirelike active regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1414–1416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ullah, S. Lee, R. Suemitsu, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “GaInAsP/InP distributed reflector lasers and integration of front power monitor by using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(6), 4558–4565 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ullah, R. Suemitsu, S. Lee, M. Otake, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold-current operation of high-mesa stripe distributed reflector laser emitting at 1540 nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(44), L1068–L1070 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakamoto, H. Naitoh, M. Ohtake, Y. Nishimoto, S. Tamura, T. Maruyama, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Strongly index-coupled membrane BH-DFB lasers with surface corrugation grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1135–1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector lasers with width-modulated wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 1162–1168 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, H. Yagi, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Distributed reflector laser integrated with active and passive grating sections using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 2, No. 8A8A), L921–L923 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, N. Nunoya, Y. Onodera, T. Yamazaki, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Optically pumped membrane BH-DFB lasers for low-threshold and single-mode operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1361–1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, M. Morshed, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “High-performance 1.55-μm wavelength GaInAsP-InP distributed-feedback lasers with wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 249–258 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, H. Yasumoto, M. Morshed, K. Fukuda, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Sub-milliampere operation of 1.55 μm wavelength high index-coupled buried heterostructure distributed feedback lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(14), 1213–1214 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Arima, I.

J. I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Atsuki, K.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, “Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40 μA,” Electron. Lett. 36(9), 790–791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baek, J.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhat, R.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Caneau, C.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, G. Guryanov, X. S. Liu, M. Hu, and C. E. Zah, “High efficiency long wavelength VCSEL on InP grown by MOCVD,” Electron. Lett. 39(5), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Champagne, A.

A. Champagne, R. Maciejko, D. M. Adams, G. Pakulski, B. Takasaki, and T. Makino, “Global and local effects in gain-coupled multiple-quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(10), 1390–1401 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C.

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Chrostowski, X. Zhao, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Microwave performance of optically injection-locked VCSELs,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(2), 788–796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Christen, L.

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chrostowski, L.

L. Chrostowski, X. Zhao, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Microwave performance of optically injection-locked VCSELs,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(2), 788–796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, “Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40 μA,” Electron. Lett. 36(9), 790–791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, K.

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, H. Yasumoto, M. Morshed, K. Fukuda, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Sub-milliampere operation of 1.55 μm wavelength high index-coupled buried heterostructure distributed feedback lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(14), 1213–1214 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, G.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, G. Guryanov, X. S. Liu, M. Hu, and C. E. Zah, “High efficiency long wavelength VCSEL on InP grown by MOCVD,” Electron. Lett. 39(5), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hall, B.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hatori, N.

Y. Hayashi, T. Mukaihara, N. Hatori, N. Ohnoki, A. Matsutani, F. Koyama, and K. Iga, “Record low-threshold index-guided InGaAs/GaAlAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with a native oxide confinement structure,” Electron. Lett. 31(7), 560–562 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, Y.

Y. Hayashi, T. Mukaihara, N. Hatori, N. Ohnoki, A. Matsutani, F. Koyama, and K. Iga, “Record low-threshold index-guided InGaAs/GaAlAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with a native oxide confinement structure,” Electron. Lett. 31(7), 560–562 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, W.

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, M.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, G. Guryanov, X. S. Liu, M. Hu, and C. E. Zah, “High efficiency long wavelength VCSEL on InP grown by MOCVD,” Electron. Lett. 39(5), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Iga, K.

Y. Hayashi, T. Mukaihara, N. Hatori, N. Ohnoki, A. Matsutani, F. Koyama, and K. Iga, “Record low-threshold index-guided InGaAs/GaAlAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with a native oxide confinement structure,” Electron. Lett. 31(7), 560–562 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y.-G.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawashima, K.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-B.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, K.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Komori, K.

J. I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kovanis, V.

N. B. Terry, N. A. Naderi, M. Pochet, A. J. Moscho, L. F. Lester, and V. Kovanis, “Bandwidth enhancement of injection-locked 1.3 μm quantum-dot DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(15), 904–905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, F.

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hayashi, T. Mukaihara, N. Hatori, N. Ohnoki, A. Matsutani, F. Koyama, and K. Iga, “Record low-threshold index-guided InGaAs/GaAlAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with a native oxide confinement structure,” Electron. Lett. 31(7), 560–562 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lang, R.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lau, E. K.

E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

T. Shindo, S. Lee, D. Takahashi, N. Tajima, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector laser with wirelike active regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1414–1416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ullah, S. Lee, R. Suemitsu, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “GaInAsP/InP distributed reflector lasers and integration of front power monitor by using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(6), 4558–4565 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ullah, R. Suemitsu, S. Lee, M. Otake, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold-current operation of high-mesa stripe distributed reflector laser emitting at 1540 nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(44), L1068–L1070 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lester, L. F.

N. B. Terry, N. A. Naderi, M. Pochet, A. J. Moscho, L. F. Lester, and V. Kovanis, “Bandwidth enhancement of injection-locked 1.3 μm quantum-dot DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(15), 904–905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, M. J.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. S.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, G. Guryanov, X. S. Liu, M. Hu, and C. E. Zah, “High efficiency long wavelength VCSEL on InP grown by MOCVD,” Electron. Lett. 39(5), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maciejko, R.

A. Champagne, R. Maciejko, D. M. Adams, G. Pakulski, B. Takasaki, and T. Makino, “Global and local effects in gain-coupled multiple-quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(10), 1390–1401 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Makino, T.

A. Champagne, R. Maciejko, D. M. Adams, G. Pakulski, B. Takasaki, and T. Makino, “Global and local effects in gain-coupled multiple-quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(10), 1390–1401 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, T.

S. Sakamoto, H. Naitoh, M. Ohtake, Y. Nishimoto, S. Tamura, T. Maruyama, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Strongly index-coupled membrane BH-DFB lasers with surface corrugation grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1135–1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matsutani, A.

Y. Hayashi, T. Mukaihara, N. Hatori, N. Ohnoki, A. Matsutani, F. Koyama, and K. Iga, “Record low-threshold index-guided InGaAs/GaAlAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with a native oxide confinement structure,” Electron. Lett. 31(7), 560–562 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Morshed, M.

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, M. Morshed, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “High-performance 1.55-μm wavelength GaInAsP-InP distributed-feedback lasers with wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 249–258 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, H. Yasumoto, M. Morshed, K. Fukuda, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Sub-milliampere operation of 1.55 μm wavelength high index-coupled buried heterostructure distributed feedback lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(14), 1213–1214 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moscho, A. J.

N. B. Terry, N. A. Naderi, M. Pochet, A. J. Moscho, L. F. Lester, and V. Kovanis, “Bandwidth enhancement of injection-locked 1.3 μm quantum-dot DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(15), 904–905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mukaihara, T.

Y. Hayashi, T. Mukaihara, N. Hatori, N. Ohnoki, A. Matsutani, F. Koyama, and K. Iga, “Record low-threshold index-guided InGaAs/GaAlAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with a native oxide confinement structure,” Electron. Lett. 31(7), 560–562 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, A.

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, and K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Murayama, T.

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector lasers with width-modulated wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 1162–1168 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, H. Yagi, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Distributed reflector laser integrated with active and passive grating sections using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 2, No. 8A8A), L921–L923 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Naderi, N. A.

N. B. Terry, N. A. Naderi, M. Pochet, A. J. Moscho, L. F. Lester, and V. Kovanis, “Bandwidth enhancement of injection-locked 1.3 μm quantum-dot DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(15), 904–905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Naitoh, H.

S. Sakamoto, H. Naitoh, M. Ohtake, Y. Nishimoto, S. Tamura, T. Maruyama, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Strongly index-coupled membrane BH-DFB lasers with surface corrugation grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1135–1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, M.

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, M. Morshed, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “High-performance 1.55-μm wavelength GaInAsP-InP distributed-feedback lasers with wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 249–258 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, H. Yasumoto, M. Morshed, K. Fukuda, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Sub-milliampere operation of 1.55 μm wavelength high index-coupled buried heterostructure distributed feedback lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(14), 1213–1214 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nishimoto, Y.

S. Sakamoto, H. Naitoh, M. Ohtake, Y. Nishimoto, S. Tamura, T. Maruyama, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Strongly index-coupled membrane BH-DFB lasers with surface corrugation grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1135–1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nishiyama, N.

T. Shindo, S. Lee, D. Takahashi, N. Tajima, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector laser with wirelike active regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1414–1416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ullah, S. Lee, R. Suemitsu, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “GaInAsP/InP distributed reflector lasers and integration of front power monitor by using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(6), 4558–4565 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ullah, R. Suemitsu, S. Lee, M. Otake, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold-current operation of high-mesa stripe distributed reflector laser emitting at 1540 nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(44), L1068–L1070 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakamoto, H. Naitoh, M. Ohtake, Y. Nishimoto, S. Tamura, T. Maruyama, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Strongly index-coupled membrane BH-DFB lasers with surface corrugation grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1135–1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, G. Guryanov, X. S. Liu, M. Hu, and C. E. Zah, “High efficiency long wavelength VCSEL on InP grown by MOCVD,” Electron. Lett. 39(5), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nunoya, N.

T. Okamoto, N. Nunoya, Y. Onodera, T. Yamazaki, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Optically pumped membrane BH-DFB lasers for low-threshold and single-mode operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1361–1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, M. Morshed, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “High-performance 1.55-μm wavelength GaInAsP-InP distributed-feedback lasers with wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 249–258 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, H. Yasumoto, M. Morshed, K. Fukuda, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Sub-milliampere operation of 1.55 μm wavelength high index-coupled buried heterostructure distributed feedback lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(14), 1213–1214 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ohira, K.

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector lasers with width-modulated wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 1162–1168 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, H. Yagi, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Distributed reflector laser integrated with active and passive grating sections using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 2, No. 8A8A), L921–L923 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ohnoki, N.

Y. Hayashi, T. Mukaihara, N. Hatori, N. Ohnoki, A. Matsutani, F. Koyama, and K. Iga, “Record low-threshold index-guided InGaAs/GaAlAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with a native oxide confinement structure,” Electron. Lett. 31(7), 560–562 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ohtake, M.

S. Sakamoto, H. Naitoh, M. Ohtake, Y. Nishimoto, S. Tamura, T. Maruyama, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Strongly index-coupled membrane BH-DFB lasers with surface corrugation grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1135–1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, T.

T. Okamoto, N. Nunoya, Y. Onodera, T. Yamazaki, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Optically pumped membrane BH-DFB lasers for low-threshold and single-mode operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1361–1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Onodera, Y.

T. Okamoto, N. Nunoya, Y. Onodera, T. Yamazaki, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Optically pumped membrane BH-DFB lasers for low-threshold and single-mode operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1361–1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Otake, M.

S. M. Ullah, R. Suemitsu, S. Lee, M. Otake, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold-current operation of high-mesa stripe distributed reflector laser emitting at 1540 nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(44), L1068–L1070 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pakulski, G.

A. Champagne, R. Maciejko, D. M. Adams, G. Pakulski, B. Takasaki, and T. Makino, “Global and local effects in gain-coupled multiple-quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(10), 1390–1401 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Parekh, D.

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, H.-G.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pochet, M.

N. B. Terry, N. A. Naderi, M. Pochet, A. J. Moscho, L. F. Lester, and V. Kovanis, “Bandwidth enhancement of injection-locked 1.3 μm quantum-dot DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(15), 904–905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, S.

S. Sakamoto, H. Naitoh, M. Ohtake, Y. Nishimoto, S. Tamura, T. Maruyama, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Strongly index-coupled membrane BH-DFB lasers with surface corrugation grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1135–1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shim, J. I.

J. I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shindo, T.

T. Shindo, S. Lee, D. Takahashi, N. Tajima, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector laser with wirelike active regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1414–1416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Somchai, R.

J. I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Suematsu, Y.

J. I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Suemitsu, R.

S. M. Ullah, S. Lee, R. Suemitsu, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “GaInAsP/InP distributed reflector lasers and integration of front power monitor by using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(6), 4558–4565 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ullah, R. Suemitsu, S. Lee, M. Otake, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold-current operation of high-mesa stripe distributed reflector laser emitting at 1540 nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(44), L1068–L1070 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sung, H.-K.

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, N.

T. Shindo, S. Lee, D. Takahashi, N. Tajima, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector laser with wirelike active regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1414–1416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, D.

T. Shindo, S. Lee, D. Takahashi, N. Tajima, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector laser with wirelike active regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1414–1416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takasaki, B.

A. Champagne, R. Maciejko, D. M. Adams, G. Pakulski, B. Takasaki, and T. Makino, “Global and local effects in gain-coupled multiple-quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(10), 1390–1401 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, S.

S. Sakamoto, H. Naitoh, M. Ohtake, Y. Nishimoto, S. Tamura, T. Maruyama, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Strongly index-coupled membrane BH-DFB lasers with surface corrugation grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(5), 1135–1141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold and high-efficiency operation of distributed reflector lasers with width-modulated wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 1162–1168 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, H. Yagi, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Distributed reflector laser integrated with active and passive grating sections using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 2, No. 8A8A), L921–L923 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, N. Nunoya, Y. Onodera, T. Yamazaki, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Optically pumped membrane BH-DFB lasers for low-threshold and single-mode operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1361–1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, M. Morshed, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “High-performance 1.55-μm wavelength GaInAsP-InP distributed-feedback lasers with wirelike active regions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 249–258 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, H. Yasumoto, M. Morshed, K. Fukuda, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Sub-milliampere operation of 1.55 μm wavelength high index-coupled buried heterostructure distributed feedback lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(14), 1213–1214 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Terry, N. B.

N. B. Terry, N. A. Naderi, M. Pochet, A. J. Moscho, L. F. Lester, and V. Kovanis, “Bandwidth enhancement of injection-locked 1.3 μm quantum-dot DFB laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(15), 904–905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ullah, S. M.

S. M. Ullah, S. Lee, R. Suemitsu, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “GaInAsP/InP distributed reflector lasers and integration of front power monitor by using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(6), 4558–4565 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ullah, R. Suemitsu, S. Lee, M. Otake, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Low-threshold-current operation of high-mesa stripe distributed reflector laser emitting at 1540 nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(44), L1068–L1070 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ushigome, R.

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, “Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40 μA,” Electron. Lett. 36(9), 790–791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, M. C.

E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yagi, H.

K. Ohira, T. Murayama, H. Yagi, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Distributed reflector laser integrated with active and passive grating sections using lateral quantum confinement effect,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 2, No. 8A8A), L921–L923 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, T.

T. Okamoto, N. Nunoya, Y. Onodera, T. Yamazaki, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Optically pumped membrane BH-DFB lasers for low-threshold and single-mode operation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 1361–1366 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-K.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yasumoto, H.

N. Nunoya, M. Nakamura, H. Yasumoto, M. Morshed, K. Fukuda, S. Tamura, and S. Arai, “Sub-milliampere operation of 1.55 μm wavelength high index-coupled buried heterostructure distributed feedback lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36(14), 1213–1214 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C. E.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, G. Guryanov, X. S. Liu, M. Hu, and C. E. Zah, “High efficiency long wavelength VCSEL on InP grown by MOCVD,” Electron. Lett. 39(5), 437–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C.-E.

N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, B. Hall, G. Guryanov, M. Hu, X. Liu, M. J. Li, R. Bhat, and C.-E. Zah, “Long-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers on InP with lattice matched AlGaInAs–InP DBR grown by MOCVD,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 990–998 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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Opt. Express (2)

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, F. Koyama, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly increased fiber transmission distance with an optically injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13785–13791 (2009).
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Other (4)

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Reduction of relative intensity noise and improvement of spur-free dynamic range of an injection locked VCSEL,” Proc. IEEE LEOS Annu. Meeting Conf. 2, 706–707 (2003).

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yu, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “90-km Single-Mode Fiber Transmission of 10-Gb/s Multimode VCSELs under Optical Injection Locking, ” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009, paper OTuK7.

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, G. Girault, O. Vaudel, P. Besnard, J.-C. Simon, A. Shen, G.-H. Duan, and C. Kazmierski, “16x2.5 Gbit/s Downstream Transmission in Colorless WDM-PON based on Injection-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode using a single Quantum Dash mode-locked Fabry-Perot laser as multi-wavelength seeding source,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009, paper OThA3.

W. Yang, P. Guo, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Physical Origin of Data Pattern Inversion in Optical Injection-Locked VCSELs,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of American, 2009), paper FTuW2.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of DR laser. (b) Cross-sectional structures of wirelike active regions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated modulation bandwidth of (a) OIL-DR lasers and (b) conventional OIL-DFB lasers under bias current of 3 mA and injection of A inj = 0.5 A free-running.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

I-L characteristics of the fabricated DR laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Lasing spectra of the free-running DR laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup for optical injection locking.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Locking range of the OIL-DR laser.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Small-signal modulation bandwidths at injection ratios of (a) 5 dB and (b) 13 dB.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Bit-error rate test using 10 Gbps NRZ PRBS and corresponding eye diagrams (inset).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Laser structures and parameters

Equations (4)

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d A ( t ) d t = 1 2 g [ N ( t ) N th ] A ( t ) + κ A inj cos ϕ ( t ) ,
d ϕ ( t ) d t = α 2 g [ N ( t ) N th ] A ( t ) κ A inj A ( t ) sin ϕ ( t ) Δ ω inj ,
d N ( t ) d t = J γ N N ( t ) { γ P + g [ N ( t ) N th ] } A ( t ) 2 ,
R inj,int = 2 α m L ( 1 R ) R inj,ext ,

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