Abstract

Surface energy modification was utilized in the fabrication of hollow transmission Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) for the first time. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was used to modify the surface energy of substrate for the self-assembly of poly(vinylidenefluoride -trifluoroethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE)] 70/30 mol% copolymer film on given areas, which is simple and low destructive for the photoelectric device. A strain of 7.12% under a field of 22.3 MV/m was observed from the copolymer film, which led to the FPI with a tunable range of 54 nm at wavelength of 604 nm.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

D. Aronov and G. Rosenman, “Surface energy modification by electron beam,” Surf. Sci. 601(21), 5042–5049 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chowdhury, R. Maoz, and J. Sagiv, “Wetting driven self-assembly as a new approach to template-guided fabrication of metal nanopatterns,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1770–1778 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (5)

Y. Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, “A modular approach to ferroelectric polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(25), 8120–8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, “Supramolecular ordered organic thin films for nonlinear optical and optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(2), 180–188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Benter, R. P. Bertram, E. Soergel, K. Buse, D. Apitz, L. B. Jacobsen, and P. M. Johansen, “Large-area Fabry-Perot modulator based on electro-optic polymers,” Appl. Opt. 44(29), 6235–6239 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

S. H. Hur, D. Y. Khang, C. Kocabas, and J. A. Rogers, “Nanotransfer printing by use of noncovalent surface forces: Applications to thin-film transistors that use single-walled carbon nanotube networks and semiconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, “Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(1), 316–319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z.-M. Li, M. D. Arbatti, and Z.-Y. Cheng, “Recrystallization study of high-energy electron-irradiated P(VDF−TrFE) 65/35 copolymer,” Macromolecules 37(1), 79–85 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. V. Bhat and D. J. Upadhyay, “Plasma-induced surface modification and adhesion enhancement of polypropylene surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 925–936 (2002).

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Buckley, C. M. Roland, R. Casalini, A. Petchsuk, and T. C. Chung, “Electrostrictive properties of poly(vinylidenefluoride− trifluoroethylene−chlorotrifluoroethylene),” Chem. Mater. 14(6), 2590–2593 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. W. Tang, X. Z. Zhao, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, “Effect of electron irradiation on poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(11), 1713 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, “Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry–Perot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(2), 153–154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Zhang, V. Bharti, and X. Zhao, “Giant electrostriction and relaxor ferroelectric behavior in electron-irradiated poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymer,” Science 280(5372), 2101–2104 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Wang, K. K. Li, V. Fuflyigin, H. Jiang, J. Zhao, P. Norris, and D. Goldstein, “Thin ferroelectric interferometer for spatial light modulations,” Appl. Opt. 37(32), 7490–7495 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1989 (2)

R. Gamble and P. H. Lissberger, “Reflection filter multilayers of metallic and dielectric thin films,” Appl. Opt. 28(14), 2838–2846 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. M. Saleh and J. Stone, “Two-stage Fabry-Perot filters as demultiplexers in optical FDMALANs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(2), 323–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1976 (1)

Apitz, D.

Arbatti, M. D.

Z.-M. Li, M. D. Arbatti, and Z.-Y. Cheng, “Recrystallization study of high-energy electron-irradiated P(VDF−TrFE) 65/35 copolymer,” Macromolecules 37(1), 79–85 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aronov, D.

D. Aronov and G. Rosenman, “Surface energy modification by electron beam,” Surf. Sci. 601(21), 5042–5049 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, F.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, “Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(1), 316–319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Belfield, K. D.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Benter, N.

Bertram, R. P.

Bharti, V.

Q. M. Zhang, V. Bharti, and X. Zhao, “Giant electrostriction and relaxor ferroelectric behavior in electron-irradiated poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymer,” Science 280(5372), 2101–2104 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhat, N. V.

N. V. Bhat and D. J. Upadhyay, “Plasma-induced surface modification and adhesion enhancement of polypropylene surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 925–936 (2002).

Buckley, G. S.

G. S. Buckley, C. M. Roland, R. Casalini, A. Petchsuk, and T. C. Chung, “Electrostrictive properties of poly(vinylidenefluoride− trifluoroethylene−chlorotrifluoroethylene),” Chem. Mater. 14(6), 2590–2593 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

Casalini, R.

G. S. Buckley, C. M. Roland, R. Casalini, A. Petchsuk, and T. C. Chung, “Electrostrictive properties of poly(vinylidenefluoride− trifluoroethylene−chlorotrifluoroethylene),” Chem. Mater. 14(6), 2590–2593 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H. L. W.

Y. W. Tang, X. Z. Zhao, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, “Effect of electron irradiation on poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(11), 1713 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B. Q.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Z. Y.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.-Y.

Z.-M. Li, M. D. Arbatti, and Z.-Y. Cheng, “Recrystallization study of high-energy electron-irradiated P(VDF−TrFE) 65/35 copolymer,” Macromolecules 37(1), 79–85 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, D.

D. Chowdhury, R. Maoz, and J. Sagiv, “Wetting driven self-assembly as a new approach to template-guided fabrication of metal nanopatterns,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1770–1778 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choy, C. L.

Y. W. Tang, X. Z. Zhao, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, “Effect of electron irradiation on poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(11), 1713 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chung, T. C.

G. S. Buckley, C. M. Roland, R. Casalini, A. Petchsuk, and T. C. Chung, “Electrostrictive properties of poly(vinylidenefluoride− trifluoroethylene−chlorotrifluoroethylene),” Chem. Mater. 14(6), 2590–2593 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Claude, J.

Y. Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, “A modular approach to ferroelectric polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(25), 8120–8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeRose, C. T.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ding, C. Y.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosencond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Erben, C.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fallahi, M.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fuflyigin, V.

Gamble, R.

Gan, H. Y.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gill, D. M.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldstein, D.

Gong, Q. H.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosencond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gopalan, P.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Günter, P.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, “Supramolecular ordered organic thin films for nonlinear optical and optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(2), 180–188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hau, S.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heber, J. D.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, X. Y.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosencond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, “Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(1), 316–319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hur, S. H.

S. H. Hur, D. Y. Khang, C. Kocabas, and J. A. Rogers, “Nanotransfer printing by use of noncovalent surface forces: Applications to thin-film transistors that use single-walled carbon nanotube networks and semiconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, L. B.

Jang, S.-H.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jen, A. K.-Y.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, D.-Y.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, “Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(1), 316–319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Jiang, P.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosencond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Johansen, P. M.

Jung, G. Y.

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ka, J.-W.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J.-W.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Katz, H. E.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kavarnos, G. J.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, “Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(1), 316–319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Khan, R. U. A.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, “Supramolecular ordered organic thin films for nonlinear optical and optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(2), 180–188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khang, D. Y.

S. H. Hur, D. Y. Khang, C. Kocabas, and J. A. Rogers, “Nanotransfer printing by use of noncovalent surface forces: Applications to thin-film transistors that use single-walled carbon nanotube networks and semiconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.-D.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kocabas, C.

S. H. Hur, D. Y. Khang, C. Kocabas, and J. A. Rogers, “Nanotransfer printing by use of noncovalent surface forces: Applications to thin-film transistors that use single-walled carbon nanotube networks and semiconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, O.-P.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, “Supramolecular ordered organic thin films for nonlinear optical and optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(2), 180–188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H. F.

H. Y. Zhen, H. Ye, X. Liu, D. X. Zhu, H. F. Li, Y. Y. Lu, and Q. Wang, “Widely tunable reflection-type Fabry-Perot interferometer based on relaxor ferroelectric poly(vinylidenefluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene-trifluoroethylene),” Opt. Express 16(13), 9595–9600 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, K. K.

Li, Z. Y.

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.-M.

Z.-M. Li, M. D. Arbatti, and Z.-Y. Cheng, “Recrystallization study of high-energy electron-irradiated P(VDF−TrFE) 65/35 copolymer,” Macromolecules 37(1), 79–85 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lissberger, P. H.

Liu, X.

Lu, Y. Y.

H. Y. Zhen, H. Ye, X. Liu, D. X. Zhu, H. F. Li, Y. Y. Lu, and Q. Wang, “Widely tunable reflection-type Fabry-Perot interferometer based on relaxor ferroelectric poly(vinylidenefluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene-trifluoroethylene),” Opt. Express 16(13), 9595–9600 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, “A modular approach to ferroelectric polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(25), 8120–8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lue, J.-T.

Luo, J. D.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mallinson, S. R.

Maoz, R.

D. Chowdhury, R. Maoz, and J. Sagiv, “Wetting driven self-assembly as a new approach to template-guided fabrication of metal nanopatterns,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1770–1778 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGee, D. J.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neese, B.

Y. Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, “A modular approach to ferroelectric polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(25), 8120–8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norris, P.

Norwood, R. A.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Olynick, D. L.

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petchsuk, A.

G. S. Buckley, C. M. Roland, R. Casalini, A. Petchsuk, and T. C. Chung, “Electrostrictive properties of poly(vinylidenefluoride− trifluoroethylene−chlorotrifluoroethylene),” Chem. Mater. 14(6), 2590–2593 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rashid, A. N.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, “Supramolecular ordered organic thin films for nonlinear optical and optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(2), 180–188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. A.

S. H. Hur, D. Y. Khang, C. Kocabas, and J. A. Rogers, “Nanotransfer printing by use of noncovalent surface forces: Applications to thin-film transistors that use single-walled carbon nanotube networks and semiconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roland, C. M.

G. S. Buckley, C. M. Roland, R. Casalini, A. Petchsuk, and T. C. Chung, “Electrostrictive properties of poly(vinylidenefluoride− trifluoroethylene−chlorotrifluoroethylene),” Chem. Mater. 14(6), 2590–2593 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rosenman, G.

D. Aronov and G. Rosenman, “Surface energy modification by electron beam,” Surf. Sci. 601(21), 5042–5049 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sadek, G. A.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sagiv, J.

D. Chowdhury, R. Maoz, and J. Sagiv, “Wetting driven self-assembly as a new approach to template-guided fabrication of metal nanopatterns,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1770–1778 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saleh, A. A. M.

A. A. M. Saleh and J. Stone, “Two-stage Fabry-Perot filters as demultiplexers in optical FDMALANs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(2), 323–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, J.-S.

Shi, Z. W.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soergel, E.

Spiller, E.

Stone, J.

A. A. M. Saleh and J. Stone, “Two-stage Fabry-Perot filters as demultiplexers in optical FDMALANs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(2), 323–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y. W.

Y. W. Tang, X. Z. Zhao, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, “Effect of electron irradiation on poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(11), 1713 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tapponnier, A.

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, “Supramolecular ordered organic thin films for nonlinear optical and optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(2), 180–188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thakur, M.

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, “Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry–Perot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(2), 153–154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y. Q.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ting, R. Y.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tong, W. M.

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tucker, N. M.

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Upadhyay, D. J.

N. V. Bhat and D. J. Upadhyay, “Plasma-induced surface modification and adhesion enhancement of polypropylene surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 925–936 (2002).

Wang, F.

Wang, Q.

H. Y. Zhen, H. Ye, X. Liu, D. X. Zhu, H. F. Li, Y. Y. Lu, and Q. Wang, “Widely tunable reflection-type Fabry-Perot interferometer based on relaxor ferroelectric poly(vinylidenefluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene-trifluoroethylene),” Opt. Express 16(13), 9595–9600 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, “A modular approach to ferroelectric polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(25), 8120–8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, S. Y.

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y. K.

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, “Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(1), 316–319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Williams, R. S.

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, W.

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, F.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H. S.

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, “Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry–Perot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(2), 153–154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosencond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ye, H.

Zhang, H. X.

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. M.

Y. Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, “A modular approach to ferroelectric polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(25), 8120–8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, “Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(1), 316–319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Zhang, V. Bharti, and X. Zhao, “Giant electrostriction and relaxor ferroelectric behavior in electron-irradiated poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymer,” Science 280(5372), 2101–2104 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, X.

Q. M. Zhang, V. Bharti, and X. Zhao, “Giant electrostriction and relaxor ferroelectric behavior in electron-irradiated poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymer,” Science 280(5372), 2101–2104 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, X. Z.

Y. W. Tang, X. Z. Zhao, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, “Effect of electron irradiation on poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(11), 1713 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhen, H. Y.

Zhou, L.

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, “Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry–Perot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(2), 153–154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, D. X.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

R. U. A. Khan, O.-P. Kwon, A. Tapponnier, A. N. Rashid, and P. Günter, “Supramolecular ordered organic thin films for nonlinear optical and optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(2), 180–188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (2)

T.-D. Kim, J. D. Luo, J.-W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Q. Tian, Z. W. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S.-H. Jang, J.-W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and thermally stable electro-optic activities from diels–alder crosslinkable polymers containing binary chromophore systems,” Adv. Mater. 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. S. Xu, H. F. Li, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, R. Y. Ting, G. A. Sadek, and K. D. Belfield, “High electromechanical responses in a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer,” Adv. Mater. 14(21), 1574–1577 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

J. Xu, L. Zhou, and M. Thakur, “Electro-optic modulation using an organic single crystal film in a Fabry–Perot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(2), 153–154 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, J. D. Luo, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Hybrid Fabry-Pérot étalon using an electro-optic polymer for optical modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 141113 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Gan, H. X. Zhang, C. T. DeRose, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, M. Fallahi, J. D. Luo, B. Q. Chen, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Low drive voltage Fabry-Pérot étalon device tunable filters using poledhybrid sol-gel materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Hur, D. Y. Khang, C. Kocabas, and J. A. Rogers, “Nanotransfer printing by use of noncovalent surface forces: Applications to thin-film transistors that use single-walled carbon nanotube networks and semiconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Tang, X. Z. Zhao, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, “Effect of electron irradiation on poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(11), 1713 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

G. S. Buckley, C. M. Roland, R. Casalini, A. Petchsuk, and T. C. Chung, “Electrostrictive properties of poly(vinylidenefluoride− trifluoroethylene−chlorotrifluoroethylene),” Chem. Mater. 14(6), 2590–2593 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

Y. Y. Lu, J. Claude, B. Neese, Q. M. Zhang, and Q. Wang, “A modular approach to ferroelectric polymers with chemically tunable curie temperatures and dielectric constants,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(25), 8120–8121 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

D.-Y. Jeong, Y. K. Wang, M. Huang, Q. M. Zhang, G. J. Kavarnos, and F. Bauer, “Electro-optical response of the ferroelectric relaxor polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene terpolymer,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(1), 316–319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Bhat and D. J. Upadhyay, “Plasma-induced surface modification and adhesion enhancement of polypropylene surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 925–936 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. A. M. Saleh and J. Stone, “Two-stage Fabry-Perot filters as demultiplexers in optical FDMALANs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(2), 323–330 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

G. Y. Jung, Z. Y. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. L. Olynick, S. Y. Wang, W. M. Tong, and R. S. Williams, “Vapor-phase self-assembled monolayer for improved mold release in nanoimprint lithography,” Langmuir 21(4), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macromolecules (1)

Z.-M. Li, M. D. Arbatti, and Z.-Y. Cheng, “Recrystallization study of high-energy electron-irradiated P(VDF−TrFE) 65/35 copolymer,” Macromolecules 37(1), 79–85 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

D. Chowdhury, R. Maoz, and J. Sagiv, “Wetting driven self-assembly as a new approach to template-guided fabrication of metal nanopatterns,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1770–1778 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosencond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Science (2)

Q. M. Zhang, V. Bharti, and X. Zhao, “Giant electrostriction and relaxor ferroelectric behavior in electron-irradiated poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) copolymer,” Science 280(5372), 2101–2104 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. (1)

D. Aronov and G. Rosenman, “Surface energy modification by electron beam,” Surf. Sci. 601(21), 5042–5049 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T. T. Wang, J. M. Herbert, and A. M. Glass, The applications of the Ferroelectric Polymers (Chapman and Hall, New York, 1988).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the hollow transmission type FPI.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Images of droplets of P(VDF-TrFE) copolymer solution on the modified DBR (a) and Al film(b) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflectance spectra of the DBR before and after surface energy modification. Insert: energy dispersive spectra of the modified DBR surface.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectra of the FPI at 0 and 300 V.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Shift of resonant transmission peak at 604 nm at different voltages. Insert: field-induced longitudinal strains of the copolymer film at different voltages.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

SEM image and wide-angle XRD spectra (insert) of the copolymer film.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Water contact angles of different film

Equations (3)

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d = ( λ 1 λ 2 ) Δ λ 2 n
Δ d d = Δ λ λ Δ λ = λ Δ d d
2 n d cos θ = m λ m = 2 n d cos θ / λ

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