Abstract

We perform phase-sensitive imaging of optical wavefront emanating from a single nanoslit and propagating into free space by using scattering type near-field scanning optical microscope combined with an optical interferometer. By analyzing polarization resolved optical amplitudes and phases, the propagation directions of surface waves are determined and the phase difference between two orthogonal polarization components of the surface wave are discussed for increasing distance from the slit.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons to multiple focal spots with a launching diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111105 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. van Oosten, M. Spasenovic, and L. Kuipers, “Nanohole Chains for Directional and Localized Surface Plasmon Excitation,” Nano Lett. 10, 286–290 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Feng, K. A. Tetz, B. Slutsky, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, “Fourier plasmonics: Diffractive focusing of in-plane surface plasmon polariton waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the nearfield oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3, 287–291 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D.-S. Kim, J. Heo, S.-H. Ahn, S. W. Woo Han, W. S. Yun, and Z. H. Kim, “Real-Space Mapping of the Strongly Coupled Plasmons of Nanoparticle Dimers,” Nano Lett. 9, 3619–3625 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. Stefanon, S. Blaize, A. Bruyant, S. Aubert, G. Lerondel, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, “Heterodyne detection of guided waves using a scattering-type Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscope,” Opt. Express 13, 5553–5564 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Burresi, R. J. P. Engelen, A. Opheij, D. van Oosten, D. Mori, T. Baba, and L. Kuipers, “Observation of Polarization Singularities at the Nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033902 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Nesci, R. Dandliker, and H. P. Herzig, “Quantitative amplitude and phase measurement by use of a heterodyne scanning near-field optical microscope,” Opt. Lett. 26, 208–210 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Ocelic, A. Huber, and R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free nearfield spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101124 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Scattering of surface plasmons by one-dimensional periodic nanoindented surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 161405 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. S. Jung, J. Wuenschell, T. Schmidt, and H. K. Kim, “Near-to far-field imaging of free-space and surface-bound waves emanating from a metal nanoslit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 023104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H . Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051115 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, and K. J. Ahn, “Dual mode near-field scanning optical microscopy for near-field imaging of surface plasmon polariton,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2442–2445 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. G. Lee, K. J. Ahn, H. W. Kihm, J. S. Ahn, T. K. Kim, S. Hong, Z. H. Kim, and D. S. Kim, “Surface plasmon polariton detection discriminating the polarization reversal image dipole effects,” Opt. Express 16, 10641–10649 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. W. Kihm, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kyoung, K. G. Lee, M. A. Seo, and K. J. Ahn, “Separation of surface plasmon polariton from nonconfined cylindrical wave launched from single slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141102 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Gravel, and Y. Sheng, “Rigorous solution for the transient surface plasmon polariton launched by subwavelength slit scattering,” Opt. Express 16, 21903 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, and G. C. Schatz, “Surface plasmon generation and light transmission by isolated nanoholes and arrays of nanoholes in thin metal films,” Opt. Express 13, 3150 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. Lalanne, and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2, 551–556 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

D. van Oosten, M. Spasenovic, and L. Kuipers, “Nanohole Chains for Directional and Localized Surface Plasmon Excitation,” Nano Lett. 10, 286–290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (7)

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons to multiple focal spots with a launching diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the nearfield oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3, 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D.-S. Kim, J. Heo, S.-H. Ahn, S. W. Woo Han, W. S. Yun, and Z. H. Kim, “Real-Space Mapping of the Strongly Coupled Plasmons of Nanoparticle Dimers,” Nano Lett. 9, 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burresi, R. J. P. Engelen, A. Opheij, D. van Oosten, D. Mori, T. Baba, and L. Kuipers, “Observation of Polarization Singularities at the Nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, and K. J. Ahn, “Dual mode near-field scanning optical microscopy for near-field imaging of surface plasmon polariton,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2442–2445 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kyoung, K. G. Lee, M. A. Seo, and K. J. Ahn, “Separation of surface plasmon polariton from nonconfined cylindrical wave launched from single slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

Y. Gravel, and Y. Sheng, “Rigorous solution for the transient surface plasmon polariton launched by subwavelength slit scattering,” Opt. Express 16, 21903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Lee, K. J. Ahn, H. W. Kihm, J. S. Ahn, T. K. Kim, S. Hong, Z. H. Kim, and D. S. Kim, “Surface plasmon polariton detection discriminating the polarization reversal image dipole effects,” Opt. Express 16, 10641–10649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. S. Jung, J. Wuenschell, T. Schmidt, and H. K. Kim, “Near-to far-field imaging of free-space and surface-bound waves emanating from a metal nanoslit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 023104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H . Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Feng, K. A. Tetz, B. Slutsky, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, “Fourier plasmonics: Diffractive focusing of in-plane surface plasmon polariton waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, and R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free nearfield spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2, 551–556 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, and G. C. Schatz, “Surface plasmon generation and light transmission by isolated nanoholes and arrays of nanoholes in thin metal films,” Opt. Express 13, 3150 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Scattering of surface plasmons by one-dimensional periodic nanoindented surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 161405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Stefanon, S. Blaize, A. Bruyant, S. Aubert, G. Lerondel, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, “Heterodyne detection of guided waves using a scattering-type Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscope,” Opt. Express 13, 5553–5564 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Ahn, J. S.

Ahn, K. J.

H. W. Kihm, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kyoung, K. G. Lee, M. A. Seo, and K. J. Ahn, “Separation of surface plasmon polariton from nonconfined cylindrical wave launched from single slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, and K. J. Ahn, “Dual mode near-field scanning optical microscopy for near-field imaging of surface plasmon polariton,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2442–2445 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Lee, K. J. Ahn, H. W. Kihm, J. S. Ahn, T. K. Kim, S. Hong, Z. H. Kim, and D. S. Kim, “Surface plasmon polariton detection discriminating the polarization reversal image dipole effects,” Opt. Express 16, 10641–10649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahn, S.-H.

D.-S. Kim, J. Heo, S.-H. Ahn, S. W. Woo Han, W. S. Yun, and Z. H. Kim, “Real-Space Mapping of the Strongly Coupled Plasmons of Nanoparticle Dimers,” Nano Lett. 9, 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahn, Y. H.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aizpurua, J.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the nearfield oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3, 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Alkemade, P. F. A.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aubert, S.

Baba, T.

M. Burresi, R. J. P. Engelen, A. Opheij, D. van Oosten, D. Mori, T. Baba, and L. Kuipers, “Observation of Polarization Singularities at the Nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bachelot, R.

Barnard, E. S.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blaize, S.

Blok, H.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bruyant, A.

Burresi, M.

M. Burresi, R. J. P. Engelen, A. Opheij, D. van Oosten, D. Mori, T. Baba, and L. Kuipers, “Observation of Polarization Singularities at the Nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Catrysse, P. B.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S.-H.

Choi, S. B.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, W. J.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crozier, K.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the nearfield oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3, 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dandliker, R.

Dubois, G.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eliel, E. R.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engelen, R. J. P.

M. Burresi, R. J. P. Engelen, A. Opheij, D. van Oosten, D. Mori, T. Baba, and L. Kuipers, “Observation of Polarization Singularities at the Nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fainman, Y.

L. Feng, K. A. Tetz, B. Slutsky, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, “Fourier plasmonics: Diffractive focusing of in-plane surface plasmon polariton waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feng, L.

L. Feng, K. A. Tetz, B. Slutsky, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, “Fourier plasmonics: Diffractive focusing of in-plane surface plasmon polariton waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Etxarri, A.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the nearfield oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3, 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Scattering of surface plasmons by one-dimensional periodic nanoindented surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 161405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gbur, G.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gravel, Y.

Gray, S. K.

Heo, J.

D.-S. Kim, J. Heo, S.-H. Ahn, S. W. Woo Han, W. S. Yun, and Z. H. Kim, “Real-Space Mapping of the Strongly Coupled Plasmons of Nanoparticle Dimers,” Nano Lett. 9, 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herzig, H. P.

Hillenbrand, R.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the nearfield oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3, 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, and R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free nearfield spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hohng, S. C.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, S.

Hooft, G. W.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huber, A.

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, and R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free nearfield spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huber, A. J.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the nearfield oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3, 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hugonin, J. P.

P. Lalanne, and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2, 551–556 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y. S.

Y. S. Jung, J. Wuenschell, T. Schmidt, and H. K. Kim, “Near-to far-field imaging of free-space and surface-bound waves emanating from a metal nanoslit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 023104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. H.

H. W. Kihm, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kyoung, K. G. Lee, M. A. Seo, and K. J. Ahn, “Separation of surface plasmon polariton from nonconfined cylindrical wave launched from single slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H . Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kihm, H. W.

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, and K. J. Ahn, “Dual mode near-field scanning optical microscopy for near-field imaging of surface plasmon polariton,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2442–2445 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kyoung, K. G. Lee, M. A. Seo, and K. J. Ahn, “Separation of surface plasmon polariton from nonconfined cylindrical wave launched from single slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Lee, K. J. Ahn, H. W. Kihm, J. S. Ahn, T. K. Kim, S. Hong, Z. H. Kim, and D. S. Kim, “Surface plasmon polariton detection discriminating the polarization reversal image dipole effects,” Opt. Express 16, 10641–10649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H . Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kihm, J. E.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. S.

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, and K. J. Ahn, “Dual mode near-field scanning optical microscopy for near-field imaging of surface plasmon polariton,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2442–2445 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H . Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Lee, K. J. Ahn, H. W. Kihm, J. S. Ahn, T. K. Kim, S. Hong, Z. H. Kim, and D. S. Kim, “Surface plasmon polariton detection discriminating the polarization reversal image dipole effects,” Opt. Express 16, 10641–10649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, D.-S.

D.-S. Kim, J. Heo, S.-H. Ahn, S. W. Woo Han, W. S. Yun, and Z. H. Kim, “Real-Space Mapping of the Strongly Coupled Plasmons of Nanoparticle Dimers,” Nano Lett. 9, 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. K.

Y. S. Jung, J. Wuenschell, T. Schmidt, and H. K. Kim, “Near-to far-field imaging of free-space and surface-bound waves emanating from a metal nanoslit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 023104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, T. K.

Kim, Z. H.

D.-S. Kim, J. Heo, S.-H. Ahn, S. W. Woo Han, W. S. Yun, and Z. H. Kim, “Real-Space Mapping of the Strongly Coupled Plasmons of Nanoparticle Dimers,” Nano Lett. 9, 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Lee, K. J. Ahn, H. W. Kihm, J. S. Ahn, T. K. Kim, S. Hong, Z. H. Kim, and D. S. Kim, “Surface plasmon polariton detection discriminating the polarization reversal image dipole effects,” Opt. Express 16, 10641–10649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L.

D. van Oosten, M. Spasenovic, and L. Kuipers, “Nanohole Chains for Directional and Localized Surface Plasmon Excitation,” Nano Lett. 10, 286–290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Burresi, R. J. P. Engelen, A. Opheij, D. van Oosten, D. Mori, T. Baba, and L. Kuipers, “Observation of Polarization Singularities at the Nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzmin, N.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kyoung, J. S.

H. W. Kihm, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kyoung, K. G. Lee, M. A. Seo, and K. J. Ahn, “Separation of surface plasmon polariton from nonconfined cylindrical wave launched from single slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

P. Lalanne, and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2, 551–556 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. G.

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, and K. J. Ahn, “Dual mode near-field scanning optical microscopy for near-field imaging of surface plasmon polariton,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2442–2445 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kyoung, K. G. Lee, M. A. Seo, and K. J. Ahn, “Separation of surface plasmon polariton from nonconfined cylindrical wave launched from single slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Lee, K. J. Ahn, H. W. Kihm, J. S. Ahn, T. K. Kim, S. Hong, Z. H. Kim, and D. S. Kim, “Surface plasmon polariton detection discriminating the polarization reversal image dipole effects,” Opt. Express 16, 10641–10649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H . Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lerondel, G.

Lienau, C.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lienau, Ch.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lomakin, V.

L. Feng, K. A. Tetz, B. Slutsky, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, “Fourier plasmonics: Diffractive focusing of in-plane surface plasmon polariton waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

López-Tejeira, F.

F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Scattering of surface plasmons by one-dimensional periodic nanoindented surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 161405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Malyarchuk, V.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Scattering of surface plasmons by one-dimensional periodic nanoindented surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 161405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mori, D.

M. Burresi, R. J. P. Engelen, A. Opheij, D. van Oosten, D. Mori, T. Baba, and L. Kuipers, “Observation of Polarization Singularities at the Nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nesci, A.

Ocelic, N.

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, and R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free nearfield spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opheij, A.

M. Burresi, R. J. P. Engelen, A. Opheij, D. van Oosten, D. Mori, T. Baba, and L. Kuipers, “Observation of Polarization Singularities at the Nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, D. J.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. W.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, Q. H.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, Q.-H

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H . Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rodier, J. C.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and J. C. Rodier, “Theory of surface plasmon generation at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 263902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ropers, C.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Royer, P.

Schatz, G. C.

Schmidt, T.

Y. S. Jung, J. Wuenschell, T. Schmidt, and H. K. Kim, “Near-to far-field imaging of free-space and surface-bound waves emanating from a metal nanoslit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 023104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schnell, M.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the nearfield oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3, 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schouten, H. F.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, M. A.

H. W. Kihm, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kyoung, K. G. Lee, M. A. Seo, and K. J. Ahn, “Separation of surface plasmon polariton from nonconfined cylindrical wave launched from single slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Y.

Slutsky, B.

L. Feng, K. A. Tetz, B. Slutsky, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, “Fourier plasmonics: Diffractive focusing of in-plane surface plasmon polariton waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spasenovic, M.

D. van Oosten, M. Spasenovic, and L. Kuipers, “Nanohole Chains for Directional and Localized Surface Plasmon Excitation,” Nano Lett. 10, 286–290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stefanon, I.

Tetz, K. A.

L. Feng, K. A. Tetz, B. Slutsky, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, “Fourier plasmonics: Diffractive focusing of in-plane surface plasmon polariton waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Oosten, D.

D. van Oosten, M. Spasenovic, and L. Kuipers, “Nanohole Chains for Directional and Localized Surface Plasmon Excitation,” Nano Lett. 10, 286–290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Burresi, R. J. P. Engelen, A. Opheij, D. van Oosten, D. Mori, T. Baba, and L. Kuipers, “Observation of Polarization Singularities at the Nanoscale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verslegers, L.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Visser, T. D.

H. F. Schouten, N. Kuzmin, G. Dubois, T. D. Visser, G. Gbur, P. F. A. Alkemade, H. Blok, G. W. Hooft, D. Lenstra, and E. R. Eliel, “Plasmon-assisted two-slit transmission: Young’s experiment revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

C. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons to multiple focal spots with a launching diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

White, J. S.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Woo, D. H.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Woo Han, S. W.

D.-S. Kim, J. Heo, S.-H. Ahn, S. W. Woo Han, W. S. Yun, and Z. H. Kim, “Real-Space Mapping of the Strongly Coupled Plasmons of Nanoparticle Dimers,” Nano Lett. 9, 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

C. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons to multiple focal spots with a launching diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wuenschell, J.

Y. S. Jung, J. Wuenschell, T. Schmidt, and H. K. Kim, “Near-to far-field imaging of free-space and surface-bound waves emanating from a metal nanoslit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 023104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yee, K. J.

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoon, Y. C.

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Kim, S. C. Hohng, V. Malyarchuk, Y. C. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Yee, J. W. Park, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, and Ch. Lienau, “Microscopic origin of surface-plasmon radiation in plasmonic band-gap nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yun, W. S.

D.-S. Kim, J. Heo, S.-H. Ahn, S. W. Woo Han, W. S. Yun, and Z. H. Kim, “Real-Space Mapping of the Strongly Coupled Plasmons of Nanoparticle Dimers,” Nano Lett. 9, 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

C. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons to multiple focal spots with a launching diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

C. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons to multiple focal spots with a launching diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

C. Zhao, J. Wang, X. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons to multiple focal spots with a launching diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Feng, K. A. Tetz, B. Slutsky, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, “Fourier plasmonics: Diffractive focusing of in-plane surface plasmon polariton waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, and R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free nearfield spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Jung, J. Wuenschell, T. Schmidt, and H. K. Kim, “Near-to far-field imaging of free-space and surface-bound waves emanating from a metal nanoslit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 023104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, J. H. Kang, and Q.-H . Park, “Control of surface plasmon generation efficiency by slit-width tuning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kihm, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kyoung, K. G. Lee, M. A. Seo, and K. J. Ahn, “Separation of surface plasmon polariton from nonconfined cylindrical wave launched from single slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (3)

D. van Oosten, M. Spasenovic, and L. Kuipers, “Nanohole Chains for Directional and Localized Surface Plasmon Excitation,” Nano Lett. 10, 286–290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D.-S. Kim, J. Heo, S.-H. Ahn, S. W. Woo Han, W. S. Yun, and Z. H. Kim, “Real-Space Mapping of the Strongly Coupled Plasmons of Nanoparticle Dimers,” Nano Lett. 9, 3619–3625 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9, 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the nearfield oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3, 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, J. E. Kihm, W. J. Choi, H. Kim, C. Ropers, D. J. Park, Y. C. Yoon, S. B. Choi, D. H. Woo, J. Kim, B. Lee, Q. H. Park, C. Lienau, and D. S. Kim, “Vector field microscopic imaging of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 53–56 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. W. Kihm, K. G. Lee, D. S. Kim, and K. J. Ahn, “Dual mode near-field scanning optical microscopy for near-field imaging of surface plasmon polariton,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2442–2445 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Phys. Rev. B (1)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The experimental setup: scattering type NSOM is combined with an optical interferometer, which is comprised of 1,5:non-polarizing BS, 2: linear polarizer, 3: half wave plate, 4: NSOM probe, 6: polarizing BS, 7: moving mirror modulated by saw-tooth waveform. Arrowed lines among the optical components represents beam path of signal excitation beam (solid) and reference beam (dashed), respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Visualized optical wavefronts of light diffracted by the single slit. (a, d) Spatial mappings of the measured amplitudes multiplied by sine functions of phases. (b, e) Spatial phase mappings. (c, f) Linear profiles along the arrowed white lines in (b) and (e), respectively for the horizontal (left panel) and the vertical (right panel) polarization component. Dashed lines are guiding for eyes.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical surface wavefronts measured at 1 µm (left panel) and 30 µm (right panel) away from the right side of the slit. (a, e) The horizontal (x-pol) polarization components. (b, f) The vertical (z-pol) polarization components. (c, g) Cross sections of the wavefronts along the scan line at a constant height (0.1 µm) from the surface. (d, h) FDTD simulation results.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Phase difference between horizontally and vertically polarized surface waves as a function of distance from the slit. NSOM measurements (open circles) and FDTD calculations (red dashed lines) are compared.

Equations (4)

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I = E sig 2 + E ref 2 + 2 E sig E ref cos ( ϕ sig ϕ ref ( t ) ) ,
H rad = H 0 ( x ) e i ( k x x + k z z ) , H spp = H 1 ( x ) e i ( Re [ k spp ] x ) κ z ,
E x = k z H 0 ( x ) ω ε 0 e i ( k x x + k z z ) + κ H 1 ( x ) ω ε 0 e i ( Re [ k spp ] x + π 2 ) κ z ,
E z = k x H 0 ( x ) ω ε 0 e i ( k x x + k z z + π ) + k spp H 1 ( x ) ω ε 0 e i ( Re [ k spp ] x + π ) κ z .

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