Abstract

Hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers (PBG) offer the opportunity to suppress highly the optical absorption and nonlinearities of their constituent materials, which makes them viable candidates for transmitting high-peak power pulses. We report the fabrication and characterization of polymer-composite PBG fibers in a novel materials system, polycarbonate and arsenic sulfide glass. Propagation losses for the 60μm-core fibers are less than 2dB/m, a 52x improvement over previous 1D-PBG fibers at this wavelength. Through preferential coupling the fiber is capable of operating with over 97% the fiber’s power output in the fundamental (HE11) mode. The fiber transmitted pulses with peak powers of 11.4 MW before failure.

© 2010 OSA

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References

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2008

2006

O. Shapira, K. Kuriki, N. D. Orf, A. F. Abouraddy, G. Benoit, J. F. Viens, A. Rodriguez, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, and M. M. Brewster, “Surface-emitting fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14(9), 3929–3935 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Bychkov, M. Miloshova, D. L. Price, C. J. Benmore, and A. Lorriaux, “Short, intermediate and mesoscopic range order in sulfur-rich binary glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(1Issue 1), 63–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

T. Engeness, M. Ibanescu, S. Johnson, O. Weisberg, M. Skorobogatiy, S. Jacobs, and Y. Fink, “Dispersion tailoring and compensation by modal interactions in OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 11(10), 1175–1196 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

2002

V. Nguyen, F. Sanghera, B. Cole, P. Pureza, F. H. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of Arsenic Sulfide Optical Fiber with Low Hydrogen Impurities,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(8), 2056–2058 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

1999

1998

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,” Science 282(5394), 1679–1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57(5), R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuura, K. Hanamoto, S. Sato, and M. Miyagi, “Hollow-fiber delivery of high-power pulsed Nd:YAG laser light,” Opt. Lett. 23(23), 1858–1860 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1978

Abouraddy, A. F.

Aggarwal, I. D.

V. Nguyen, F. Sanghera, B. Cole, P. Pureza, F. H. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of Arsenic Sulfide Optical Fiber with Low Hydrogen Impurities,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(8), 2056–2058 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

Bayindir, M.

Beloglazov, V. I.

Benmore, C. J.

E. Bychkov, M. Miloshova, D. L. Price, C. J. Benmore, and A. Lorriaux, “Short, intermediate and mesoscopic range order in sulfur-rich binary glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(1Issue 1), 63–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benoit, G.

Borghesi, M.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57(5), R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brewster, M. M.

Bychkov, E.

E. Bychkov, M. Miloshova, D. L. Price, C. J. Benmore, and A. Lorriaux, “Short, intermediate and mesoscopic range order in sulfur-rich binary glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(1Issue 1), 63–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Y. Fink, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. D. Joannepoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “Guiding optical light in air using an all- dielectric structure,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(11), 2039–2041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,” Science 282(5394), 1679–1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cole, B.

V. Nguyen, F. Sanghera, B. Cole, P. Pureza, F. H. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of Arsenic Sulfide Optical Fiber with Low Hydrogen Impurities,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(8), 2056–2058 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Couny, F.

Do, B. T.

Engeness, T.

Engeness, T. D.

Fan, S.

Y. Fink, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. D. Joannepoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “Guiding optical light in air using an all- dielectric structure,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(11), 2039–2041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,” Science 282(5394), 1679–1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, A. B.

Fink, Y.

O. Shapira, K. Kuriki, N. D. Orf, A. F. Abouraddy, G. Benoit, J. F. Viens, A. Rodriguez, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, and M. M. Brewster, “Surface-emitting fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14(9), 3929–3935 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kuriki, O. Shapira, S. Hart, G. Benoit, Y. Kuriki, J. Viens, M. Bayindir, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Hollow multilayer photonic bandgap fibers for NIR applications,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1510–1517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Engeness, M. Ibanescu, S. Johnson, O. Weisberg, M. Skorobogatiy, S. Jacobs, and Y. Fink, “Dispersion tailoring and compensation by modal interactions in OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 11(10), 1175–1196 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. A. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 9(13), 748–779 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fink, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. D. Joannepoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “Guiding optical light in air using an all- dielectric structure,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(11), 2039–2041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,” Science 282(5394), 1679–1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaillard, R.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57(5), R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

Gobin, I.

Hanamoto, K.

Hand, D. P.

Hart, S.

Hart, S. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ibanescu, M.

Jacobs, S.

Jacobs, S. A.

Joannepoulos, J. D.

Joannopoulos, J.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

O. Shapira, K. Kuriki, N. D. Orf, A. F. Abouraddy, G. Benoit, J. F. Viens, A. Rodriguez, M. Ibanescu, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, and M. M. Brewster, “Surface-emitting fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14(9), 3929–3935 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. A. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 9(13), 748–779 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,” Science 282(5394), 1679–1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, S.

Johnson, S. G.

Jones, J. D. C.

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

Konorov, S. O.

Kung, F. H.

V. Nguyen, F. Sanghera, B. Cole, P. Pureza, F. H. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of Arsenic Sulfide Optical Fiber with Low Hydrogen Impurities,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(8), 2056–2058 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuriki, K.

Kuriki, Y.

Lorriaux, A.

E. Bychkov, M. Miloshova, D. L. Price, C. J. Benmore, and A. Lorriaux, “Short, intermediate and mesoscopic range order in sulfur-rich binary glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(1Issue 1), 63–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mackinnon, A. J.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57(5), R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marom, E.

Matsuura, Y.

Michel, J.

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,” Science 282(5394), 1679–1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miloshova, M.

E. Bychkov, M. Miloshova, D. L. Price, C. J. Benmore, and A. Lorriaux, “Short, intermediate and mesoscopic range order in sulfur-rich binary glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(1Issue 1), 63–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mitrokhin, V. P.

Miyagi, M.

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

Nguyen, V.

V. Nguyen, F. Sanghera, B. Cole, P. Pureza, F. H. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of Arsenic Sulfide Optical Fiber with Low Hydrogen Impurities,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(8), 2056–2058 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Offenberger, A. A.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57(5), R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Orf, N. D.

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

Price, D. L.

E. Bychkov, M. Miloshova, D. L. Price, C. J. Benmore, and A. Lorriaux, “Short, intermediate and mesoscopic range order in sulfur-rich binary glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(1Issue 1), 63–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pureza, P.

V. Nguyen, F. Sanghera, B. Cole, P. Pureza, F. H. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of Arsenic Sulfide Optical Fiber with Low Hydrogen Impurities,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(8), 2056–2058 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Richou, B.

Richou, J.

Ripin, D. J.

Rodriguez, A.

Russell, P. S.

Sanghera, F.

V. Nguyen, F. Sanghera, B. Cole, P. Pureza, F. H. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of Arsenic Sulfide Optical Fiber with Low Hydrogen Impurities,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(8), 2056–2058 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

Scalora, M.

Schertz, I.

Shapira, O.

Shcherbakov, A. V.

Shephard, J. D.

Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

Skibina, N. B.

Skorobogatiy, M.

Smith, A. V.

Soljacic, M.

Temelkuran, B.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, E. L.

Y. Fink, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. D. Joannepoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “Guiding optical light in air using an all- dielectric structure,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(11), 2039–2041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,” Science 282(5394), 1679–1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

Viens, J.

Viens, J. F.

Weisberg, O.

Willi, O.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57(5), R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Winn, J. N.

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,” Science 282(5394), 1679–1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wintner, E.

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Appl. Opt.

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

V. Nguyen, F. Sanghera, B. Cole, P. Pureza, F. H. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of Arsenic Sulfide Optical Fiber with Low Hydrogen Impurities,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(8), 2056–2058 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

E. Bychkov, M. Miloshova, D. L. Price, C. J. Benmore, and A. Lorriaux, “Short, intermediate and mesoscopic range order in sulfur-rich binary glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(1Issue 1), 63–70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Nature

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 57(5), R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, and K. W. Koch, “A. L. Gaeta* “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 1702, 301 (2003).

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, “A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,” Science 282(5394), 1679–1682 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

N. K. T. Photonics, Data sheet. http://www.nktphotonics.com/ , Accessed November 2009.

Z. U. Borisova, Glassy Semiconductors (Plenum, New York, 1981).

A. Mendez and T. F. Morse, Specialty Optical Fibers Handbook (Elsevier. 2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(A) Extinction coefficients for materials and resultant fiber; all measurements were performed using the cutback method, (B) Autocorrelation traces of the USP laser and the fiber output, (C) OSA spectrum for the USP laser and the fiber output.

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Simulated band diagram for an ideal PBG structure of As25S75 and polycarbonate with a fundamental bandgap centered at 1.55μm. Regions with propagating modes are shaded (blue for TM, red for TE and purple for both) (b) Measured transmission (θ = 90) and reflection (θ = 0) bandgaps for the PBG fiber described in this paper.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cross-sectional SEM images of a PBG fiber with a 60μm-core, a 760μm outer diameter and Fourier analysis of the glass-polymer bilayers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Far-Field intensity distribution at the output of the PBG fiber after 1-meter, excited at 1.55um and the proportional modal content of the first 12 modes as determined by the modal-decomposition algorithm.

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