Abstract

We present the design and performance of a novel broadly tunable continuous-wave external-cavity interband cascade laser (ECicL). The ICL die growth and fabrication, as well as the external cavity geometry are described. Tuning across the 3.2-3.35 μm wavelength range, limited by the gain width of the ICL active medium, is achieved at a maximum power level of 4 mW.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Pushkarsky, M. Weida, T. Day, D. Arnone, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “Performance characteristics of a compact widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 36, 80–83 (2008).
  2. T. Day, M. Weida, D. Arnone, M. Pushkarsky, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “High-performance results and applications of miniaturized external-cavity quantum cascade lasers (ECqcL),” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301M1–8 (2009).
  3. R. Q. Yang, “Infrared laser based on intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Superlattices Microstruct. 17(1), 77–83 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Pushkarsky, M. Weida, T. Day, D. Arnone, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “Performance characteristics of a compact widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 36, 80–83 (2008).

1995

R. Q. Yang, “Infrared laser based on intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Superlattices Microstruct. 17(1), 77–83 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Abell, J.

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arnone, D.

M. Pushkarsky, M. Weida, T. Day, D. Arnone, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “Performance characteristics of a compact widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 36, 80–83 (2008).

Bewley, W. W.

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Caffey, D.

M. Pushkarsky, M. Weida, T. Day, D. Arnone, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “Performance characteristics of a compact widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 36, 80–83 (2008).

Canedy, C. L.

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Day, T.

M. Pushkarsky, M. Weida, T. Day, D. Arnone, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “Performance characteristics of a compact widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 36, 80–83 (2008).

Kim, C. S.

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lindle, J. R.

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, J. R.

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pritchett, R.

M. Pushkarsky, M. Weida, T. Day, D. Arnone, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “Performance characteristics of a compact widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 36, 80–83 (2008).

Pushkarsky, M.

M. Pushkarsky, M. Weida, T. Day, D. Arnone, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “Performance characteristics of a compact widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 36, 80–83 (2008).

Vurgaftman, I.

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weida, M.

M. Pushkarsky, M. Weida, T. Day, D. Arnone, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “Performance characteristics of a compact widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 36, 80–83 (2008).

Yang, R. Q.

R. Q. Yang, “Infrared laser based on intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Superlattices Microstruct. 17(1), 77–83 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade laser emitting at λ = 3.75 μm in continuous wave above room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Phys.

I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” N. J. Phys. 11(12), 125015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Laser Eng.

M. Pushkarsky, M. Weida, T. Day, D. Arnone, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “Performance characteristics of a compact widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 36, 80–83 (2008).

Superlattices Microstruct.

R. Q. Yang, “Infrared laser based on intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Superlattices Microstruct. 17(1), 77–83 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. Day, M. Weida, D. Arnone, M. Pushkarsky, R. Pritchett, and D. Caffey, “High-performance results and applications of miniaturized external-cavity quantum cascade lasers (ECqcL),” Proc. SPIE 7230, 72301M1–8 (2009).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

CW P-I curve for the uncoated ICL chip at 15°C.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FTIR spectrum of ASE from the Fabry-Perot ICL at 125 mA and 15°C.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic representation of the main components of an external cavity interband cascade laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photograph of the Daylight Solutions external-cavity broadly tunable interband-cascade laser source.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Power vs. wavelength (top panel) and powe vs. injection current (bottom panel) for ECicL at 10°C.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Power vs. wavelength (top panel) and powe vs. injection current (bottom panel) for ECicL at 15°C.

Metrics