Abstract

An algorithm for the design of imaging systems with circular symmetry that exhibit high resolution as well as extended depth of field for polychromatic incoherent illumination is presented. The approach provides a significant improvement over a publication [1] where the design was carried for a single wavelength. The approach is based on searching for a binary phase pupil mask that provides imaging with the highest cut-off spatial frequency, while assuring a desired contrast value over a given depth of field. Simulations followed by experimental results are provided.

© 2010 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Ben-Eliezer, N. Konforti, B. Milgrom, and E. Marom, “An optimal binary amplitude-phase mask for hybrid imaging systems that exhibit high resolution and extended depth of field,” Opt. Express 16(25), 20540–20561 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Ojeda-Castaneda, R. Ramos, and A. Noyola-Isgleas, “High focal depth by apodization and digital restoration,” Appl. Opt. 27(12), 2583–2586 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Ojeda-Castaneda, E. Tepichin, and A. Diaz, “Arbitrary high focal depth with a quasioptimum real and positive transmittance apodizer,” Appl. Opt. 28(13), 2666–2669 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Ojeda-Castaneda and L. R. Berriel-Valdos, “Zone plate for arbitrary high focal depth,” Appl. Opt. 29(7), 994–997 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. R. Dowski and W. T. Cathey, “Extended depth of field through wave-front coding,” Appl. Opt. 34(11), 1859 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. van der Gracht, E. R. Dowski, M. G. Taylor, and D. M. Deaver, “Broadband behavior of an optical-digital focus-invariant system,” Opt. Lett. 21(13), 919–921 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. S. Sherif, W. T. Cathey, and E. R. Dowski, “Phase plate to extend the depth of field of incoherent hybrid imaging systems,” Appl. Opt. 43(13), 2709–2721 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. Chi and N. George, “Electronic imaging using a logarithmic asphere,” Opt. Lett. 26(12), 875–877 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. Chi and N. George, “Computational imaging with the logarithmic asphere: theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(12), 2260–2273 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Prasad, V. P. Pauca, and J. Robert, Plemmons, Todd C. Torgersen and Joseph van der Gracht, “Pupil-phase optimization for extended focus, aberration corrected imaging systems”, Proc. SPIE 5559, 335–345 (2004).
  11. S. Prasad, T. C. Torgersen, V. P. Pauca, R. J. Plemmons, and J. van der Gracht, “High resolution imaging using integrated optical systems,” Int. J. Imaging Syst. Technol. 14(2), 67–74 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. van der Gracht, V. P. Pauca, H. Setty, R. Narayanswamy, R. Plemmons, S. Prasad, and T. Torgersen, "Iris recognition with enhanced depth-of-field image acquistion," Proc. SPIE 5438, 120–129 (2004).
  13. D. S. Barwick, “Increasing the information acquisition volume in iris recognition systems,” Appl. Opt. 47(26), 4684–4691 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. Wang and F. Gan, “High focal depth with a pure-phase apodizer,” Appl. Opt. 40(31), 5658–5662 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Wang and F. Gan, “Phase-shifting apodizers for increasing focal depth,” Appl. Opt. 41(25), 5263–5266 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. X. Gao, Z. Fei, W. Xu, and F. Gan, “Tunable three-dimensional intensity distribution by a pure phase-shifting apodizer,” Appl. Opt. 44(23), 4870–4873 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. E. Ben-Eliezer and E. Marom, “Aberration-free superresolution imaging via binary speckle pattern encoding and processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24(4), 1003–1010 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. E. Ben-Eliezer, N. Konforti, and E. Marom, “Super resolution imaging with noise reduction and aberration elimination via random structured illumination and processing,” Opt. Express 15(7), 3849–3863 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. Ben-Eliezer, Z. Zalevsky, E. Marom, and N. Konforti, “All-optical extended depth of field imaging system,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5(5), S 164– S 169 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. Ben-Eliezer, Z. Zalevsky, E. Marom, and N. Konforti, “All-optical extended depth of field imaging system,” Proc. SPIE 4829, 221 (2002).
  21. E. Ben-Eliezer, E. Marom, N. Konforti, and Z. Zalevsky, “Experimental realization of an imaging system with an extended depth of field,” Appl. Opt. 44(14), 2792–2798 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. E. Ben-Eliezer, E. Marom, N. Konforti, and Z. Zalevsky, “Radial mask for imaging systems that exhibit high resolution and extended depths of field,” Appl. Opt. 45(9), 2001–2013 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996) 126–151.
  24. H. H. Hopkins, “The Frequency response of a defocus optical system,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 231(1184), 91–103 (1955).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

S. S. Sherif, W. T. Cathey, and E. R. Dowski, “Phase plate to extend the depth of field of incoherent hybrid imaging systems,” Appl. Opt. 43(13), 2709–2721 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Prasad, T. C. Torgersen, V. P. Pauca, R. J. Plemmons, and J. van der Gracht, “High resolution imaging using integrated optical systems,” Int. J. Imaging Syst. Technol. 14(2), 67–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

E. Ben-Eliezer, Z. Zalevsky, E. Marom, and N. Konforti, “All-optical extended depth of field imaging system,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5(5), S 164– S 169 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Chi and N. George, “Computational imaging with the logarithmic asphere: theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(12), 2260–2273 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. Wang and F. Gan, “Phase-shifting apodizers for increasing focal depth,” Appl. Opt. 41(25), 5263–5266 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ben-Eliezer, Z. Zalevsky, E. Marom, and N. Konforti, “All-optical extended depth of field imaging system,” Proc. SPIE 4829, 221 (2002).

2001 (2)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

1955 (1)

H. H. Hopkins, “The Frequency response of a defocus optical system,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 231(1184), 91–103 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Barwick, D. S.

Ben-Eliezer, E.

Berriel-Valdos, L. R.

Cathey, W. T.

Chi, W.

Deaver, D. M.

Diaz, A.

Dowski, E. R.

Fei, Z.

Gan, F.

Gao, X.

George, N.

Hopkins, H. H.

H. H. Hopkins, “The Frequency response of a defocus optical system,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 231(1184), 91–103 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Konforti, N.

Marom, E.

Milgrom, B.

Noyola-Isgleas, A.

Ojeda-Castaneda, J.

Pauca, V. P.

S. Prasad, T. C. Torgersen, V. P. Pauca, R. J. Plemmons, and J. van der Gracht, “High resolution imaging using integrated optical systems,” Int. J. Imaging Syst. Technol. 14(2), 67–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Plemmons, R. J.

S. Prasad, T. C. Torgersen, V. P. Pauca, R. J. Plemmons, and J. van der Gracht, “High resolution imaging using integrated optical systems,” Int. J. Imaging Syst. Technol. 14(2), 67–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, S.

S. Prasad, T. C. Torgersen, V. P. Pauca, R. J. Plemmons, and J. van der Gracht, “High resolution imaging using integrated optical systems,” Int. J. Imaging Syst. Technol. 14(2), 67–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, R.

Sherif, S. S.

Taylor, M. G.

Tepichin, E.

Torgersen, T. C.

S. Prasad, T. C. Torgersen, V. P. Pauca, R. J. Plemmons, and J. van der Gracht, “High resolution imaging using integrated optical systems,” Int. J. Imaging Syst. Technol. 14(2), 67–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van der Gracht, J.

S. Prasad, T. C. Torgersen, V. P. Pauca, R. J. Plemmons, and J. van der Gracht, “High resolution imaging using integrated optical systems,” Int. J. Imaging Syst. Technol. 14(2), 67–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. van der Gracht, E. R. Dowski, M. G. Taylor, and D. M. Deaver, “Broadband behavior of an optical-digital focus-invariant system,” Opt. Lett. 21(13), 919–921 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Xu, W.

Zalevsky, Z.

E. Ben-Eliezer, E. Marom, N. Konforti, and Z. Zalevsky, “Radial mask for imaging systems that exhibit high resolution and extended depths of field,” Appl. Opt. 45(9), 2001–2013 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ben-Eliezer, E. Marom, N. Konforti, and Z. Zalevsky, “Experimental realization of an imaging system with an extended depth of field,” Appl. Opt. 44(14), 2792–2798 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ben-Eliezer, Z. Zalevsky, E. Marom, and N. Konforti, “All-optical extended depth of field imaging system,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5(5), S 164– S 169 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Ben-Eliezer, Z. Zalevsky, E. Marom, and N. Konforti, “All-optical extended depth of field imaging system,” Proc. SPIE 4829, 221 (2002).

Appl. Opt. (11)

J. Ojeda-Castaneda, R. Ramos, and A. Noyola-Isgleas, “High focal depth by apodization and digital restoration,” Appl. Opt. 27(12), 2583–2586 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Dowski and W. T. Cathey, “Extended depth of field through wave-front coding,” Appl. Opt. 34(11), 1859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Ojeda-Castaneda and L. R. Berriel-Valdos, “Zone plate for arbitrary high focal depth,” Appl. Opt. 29(7), 994–997 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Ojeda-Castaneda, E. Tepichin, and A. Diaz, “Arbitrary high focal depth with a quasioptimum real and positive transmittance apodizer,” Appl. Opt. 28(13), 2666–2669 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Sherif, W. T. Cathey, and E. R. Dowski, “Phase plate to extend the depth of field of incoherent hybrid imaging systems,” Appl. Opt. 43(13), 2709–2721 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ben-Eliezer, E. Marom, N. Konforti, and Z. Zalevsky, “Experimental realization of an imaging system with an extended depth of field,” Appl. Opt. 44(14), 2792–2798 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Gao, Z. Fei, W. Xu, and F. Gan, “Tunable three-dimensional intensity distribution by a pure phase-shifting apodizer,” Appl. Opt. 44(23), 4870–4873 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ben-Eliezer, E. Marom, N. Konforti, and Z. Zalevsky, “Radial mask for imaging systems that exhibit high resolution and extended depths of field,” Appl. Opt. 45(9), 2001–2013 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang and F. Gan, “High focal depth with a pure-phase apodizer,” Appl. Opt. 40(31), 5658–5662 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang and F. Gan, “Phase-shifting apodizers for increasing focal depth,” Appl. Opt. 41(25), 5263–5266 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Barwick, “Increasing the information acquisition volume in iris recognition systems,” Appl. Opt. 47(26), 4684–4691 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Int. J. Imaging Syst. Technol. (1)

S. Prasad, T. C. Torgersen, V. P. Pauca, R. J. Plemmons, and J. van der Gracht, “High resolution imaging using integrated optical systems,” Int. J. Imaging Syst. Technol. 14(2), 67–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

E. Ben-Eliezer, Z. Zalevsky, E. Marom, and N. Konforti, “All-optical extended depth of field imaging system,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5(5), S 164– S 169 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. (1)

H. H. Hopkins, “The Frequency response of a defocus optical system,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A Math. Phys. Sci. 231(1184), 91–103 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

E. Ben-Eliezer, Z. Zalevsky, E. Marom, and N. Konforti, “All-optical extended depth of field imaging system,” Proc. SPIE 4829, 221 (2002).

Other (3)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996) 126–151.

J. van der Gracht, V. P. Pauca, H. Setty, R. Narayanswamy, R. Plemmons, S. Prasad, and T. Torgersen, "Iris recognition with enhanced depth-of-field image acquistion," Proc. SPIE 5438, 120–129 (2004).

S. Prasad, V. P. Pauca, and J. Robert, Plemmons, Todd C. Torgersen and Joseph van der Gracht, “Pupil-phase optimization for extended focus, aberration corrected imaging systems”, Proc. SPIE 5559, 335–345 (2004).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics