Abstract

In this paper we present the wave propagation method for the retrieving of effective properties of media with circularly polarized eigenwaves, in particularly for chiral metamaterials. The method is applied for thick slabs and provides bulk effective parameters. Its strong sides are the absence of artificial branches of the refractive index and simplicity in implementation. We prove the validity of the method on three case studies of homogeneous magnetized plasma, bi-cross and U-shaped metamaterials.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, “Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 223113 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Decker, M. Ruther, C. E. Kriegler, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Strong optical activity from twisted-cross photonic metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2501–2503 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Tretyakov, I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, “Waves and Energy in Chiral Nihility,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 17(5), 695–706 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, T. Paul, and F. Lederer, “Retrieving effective parameters for quasiplanar chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233106 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Low-loss negative-index metamaterial at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1800–1802 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Z. Li, H. Caglayan, E. Colak, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Coupling effect between two adjacent chiral structure layers,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5375–5383 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, H. Caglayan, E. Colak, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Coupling effect between two adjacent chiral structure layers,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5375–5383 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (10)

J. Dong, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. Soukoulis, “Bi-layer cross chiral structure with strong optical activity and negative refractive index,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14172–14179 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Decker, M. Ruther, C. E. Kriegler, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Strong optical activity from twisted-cross photonic metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2501–2503 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Andryieuski, R. Malureanu, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Wave propagation retrieval method for metamaterials: Unambiguous restoration of effective parameters,” Phys. Rev. B 80(19), 193101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Simovski, “Material parameters of metamaterials,” Opt. Spectrosc. 107(5), 726–753 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Nonplanar chiral metamaterials with negative index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

C. R. Simovski, “Bloch material parameters of magneto-dielectric metamaterials and the concept of Bloch lattices,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 1(2), 62–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, “Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Decker, M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Circular dichroism of planar chiral magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 32(7), 856–858 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, “Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Low-loss negative-index metamaterial at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1800–1802 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “A chiral route to negative refraction,” Science 306(5700), 1353–1355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

S. Tretyakov, I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, “Waves and Energy in Chiral Nihility,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 17(5), 695–706 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andryieuski, A.

A. Andryieuski, R. Malureanu, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Wave propagation retrieval method for metamaterials: Unambiguous restoration of effective parameters,” Phys. Rev. B 80(19), 193101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bade, K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, Y.

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Caglayan, H.

Chen, Y.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, “Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Colak, E.

Decker, M.

Dolling, G.

Dong, J.

J. Dong, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. Soukoulis, “Bi-layer cross chiral structure with strong optical activity and negative refractive index,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14172–14179 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Enkrich, C.

Fedotov, V. A.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, “Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, “Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gansel, J. K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kafesaki, M.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A. V.

Klein, M. W.

Koschny, T.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Nonplanar chiral metamaterials with negative index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. Soukoulis, “Bi-layer cross chiral structure with strong optical activity and negative refractive index,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14172–14179 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kriegler, C. E.

Kwon, D. H.

Lavrinenko, A. V.

A. Andryieuski, R. Malureanu, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Wave propagation retrieval method for metamaterials: Unambiguous restoration of effective parameters,” Phys. Rev. B 80(19), 193101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, T. Paul, and F. Lederer, “Retrieving effective parameters for quasiplanar chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, H. Caglayan, E. Colak, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Coupling effect between two adjacent chiral structure layers,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5375–5383 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linden, S.

Lu, X.

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malureanu, R.

A. Andryieuski, R. Malureanu, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Wave propagation retrieval method for metamaterials: Unambiguous restoration of effective parameters,” Phys. Rev. B 80(19), 193101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maslovski, S.

S. Tretyakov, I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, “Waves and Energy in Chiral Nihility,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 17(5), 695–706 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Menzel, C.

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, T. Paul, and F. Lederer, “Retrieving effective parameters for quasiplanar chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N.

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nefedov, I.

S. Tretyakov, I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, “Waves and Energy in Chiral Nihility,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 17(5), 695–706 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

Park, Y. S.

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paul, T.

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, T. Paul, and F. Lederer, “Retrieving effective parameters for quasiplanar chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, “A chiral route to negative refraction,” Science 306(5700), 1353–1355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, R.

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Plum, E.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, “Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rill, M. S.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rockstuhl, C.

C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, T. Paul, and F. Lederer, “Retrieving effective parameters for quasiplanar chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 233106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rogacheva, A. V.

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, “Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruther, M.

Saile, V.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwanecke, A. S.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, “Giant optical gyrotropy due to electromagnetic coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, “Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shao, J.

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sihvola, A.

S. Tretyakov, I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, “Waves and Energy in Chiral Nihility,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 17(5), 695–706 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simovski, C.

S. Tretyakov, I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, “Waves and Energy in Chiral Nihility,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 17(5), 695–706 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simovski, C. R.

C. R. Simovski, “Material parameters of metamaterials,” Opt. Spectrosc. 107(5), 726–753 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Simovski, “Bloch material parameters of magneto-dielectric metamaterials and the concept of Bloch lattices,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 1(2), 62–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C.

J. Dong, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. Soukoulis, “Bi-layer cross chiral structure with strong optical activity and negative refractive index,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14172–14179 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Z. Li, H. Caglayan, E. Colak, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Coupling effect between two adjacent chiral structure layers,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5375–5383 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Nonplanar chiral metamaterials with negative index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Decker, M. Ruther, C. E. Kriegler, J. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Strong optical activity from twisted-cross photonic metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2501–2503 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Low-loss negative-index metamaterial at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1800–1802 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W.

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thiel, M.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tretyakov, S.

S. Tretyakov, I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, “Waves and Energy in Chiral Nihility,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 17(5), 695–706 (2003).
[CrossRef]

von Freymann, G.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold helix photonic metamaterial as broadband circular polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

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[CrossRef]

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X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

B. Wang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Nonplanar chiral metamaterials with negative index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151112 (2009).
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Phys. Rev. B (5)

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W. Sun, Y. Bao, M. Wang, R. Peng, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. Li, and N. Ming, “Construction of a chiral metamaterial with a U-shaped resonator assembly,” Phys. Rev. B 81(7), 075119 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, “Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online). Theoretical (black line) and restored with WPRMC (red circles) refractive indices for RCP and LCP for the homogeneous magnetized plasma: (a) Re(n R), (b) Re(n L), (c) Im(n R), (d) Im(n L).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online). Connected bi-cross unit cell design and its geometrical parameters.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online). Effective refractive indices of the connected bi-cross MTM, retrieved with SM (one layer – black line, two layers – green line, three layers – blue line) and WPRMC (red circles): (a) Re(n R), (b) Re(n L), (c) Im(n R), (d) Im(n L).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online). Logarithm of the electric field amplitude inside the bi-cross MTM slab at frequencies 110 THz (a) and 150 THz (b) for RCP (red circles) and LCP (black squares).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online). U-shaped MTM design (a). Effective refractive indices of the U-shaped MTM, retrieved with SM (one bi-layer – black line, two bi-layers – green line) and WPRMC (red circles): (b) Re(n R), (c) Re(n L), (d) Im(n R), (e) Im(n L).

Equations (8)

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E LP = ( 1 , 0 , 0 ) exp ( i k 0 z ) = 1 2 [ ( 1 , i , 0 ) exp ( i k 0 z ) + ( 1 , i , 0 ) exp ( i k 0 z ) ] .
E RCP = ( 1 , i , 0 ) exp ( i k 0 n R z ) ,
E LCP = ( 1 , i , 0 ) exp ( i k 0 n L z ) ,
E = 1 2 t ( E RCP + E LCP ) ,
E x = 1 2 t ( exp ( i k 0 n R z ) + exp ( i k 0 n L z ) ) ,
E y = i 2 t ( exp ( i k 0 n R z ) exp ( i k 0 n L z ) ) .
n R = i k 0 Δ ln ( E x i E y ) Δ z ,
n L = i k 0 Δ ln ( E x + i E y ) Δ z .

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