Abstract

We have investigated femtosecond multi-filamentation process in a mixture of gases controlling the concentration of atoms versus molecules in the gas cell. The experimental results show that this control could provide a new freedom degree to deterministic spatial distribution control of the multiple filaments. Our simulation indicates surprisingly that only difference of the gases nonlinearity (referred to as “synthesised nonlinearity”) is sufficient to be responsible for this control. This study opens the way to provide few-cycle pulses spatial distributed source for spatially encoded measurements and experiments.

© 2010 OSA

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

2008 (4)

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy in a molecular jet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 143903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Bergé, “Self-compression of 2µ m laser filaments,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21529–21543 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 053814 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, H. Cai, H. P. Zeng, and A. Couairon, “Femtosecond filamentation and pulse compression in the wake of molecular alignment more options,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2593–2595 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Express 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).

E. Cormier, I. A. Walmsley, E. M. Kosik, A. S. Wyatt, L. Corner, and L. F. DiMauro, “Self-referencing, spectrally, or spatially encoded spectral interferometry for the complete characterization of attosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev, Lett. 94(3), 033905 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (5)

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, and A. Zigler, “Control of multiple filamention in air,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1772 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dubietis, G. Tamos̆auskas, G. Fibich, and B. Ilan, “Multiple filamentation induced by input-beam ellipticity,” Opt. Lett. 29(10), 1126 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

G. Fibich and B. Ilan, “Multiple Filamentation of Circularly Polarized Beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(1), 013901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1966 (1)

V. I. Bespalov and V. I. Talanov, “Filamentary structure of light beams in nonlinear media,” JETP Lett. 3, 307 (1966).

Abel, M. J.

Akozbek, N.

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Alisauskas, S.

Alonso, B.

Anscombe, M.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.39S257–S264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Austin, D. R.

Baltuska, A.

Berge, L.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergé, L.

Bespalov, V. I.

V. I. Bespalov and V. I. Talanov, “Filamentary structure of light beams in nonlinear media,” JETP Lett. 3, 307 (1966).

Biegert, J.

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5394–5404 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Express 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.39S257–S264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bourayou, R.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, H.

Chakraborty, H. S.

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 053814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chin, S. L.

O. G. Kosareva, I. N. Murtazin, N. A. Panov, A. B. Savelev, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Pulse shortening due to filamentation in transparent medium,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 126–132 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chipperfield, L. E.

J. A. Perez-Hernandez, D. Hoffmann, A. Zaïr, L. E. Chipperfield, L. Plaja, C. Ruiz, J. P. Marangos, and L. Roso, “Extension of the cut-off in high-harmonic generation using two delayed pulses of the same colour,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 13, 134004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy in a molecular jet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 143903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cormier, E.

E. Cormier, I. A. Walmsley, E. M. Kosik, A. S. Wyatt, L. Corner, and L. F. DiMauro, “Self-referencing, spectrally, or spatially encoded spectral interferometry for the complete characterization of attosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev, Lett. 94(3), 033905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Corner, L.

E. Cormier, I. A. Walmsley, E. M. Kosik, A. S. Wyatt, L. Corner, and L. F. DiMauro, “Self-referencing, spectrally, or spatially encoded spectral interferometry for the complete characterization of attosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev, Lett. 94(3), 033905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Couairon, A.

J. Wu, H. Cai, H. P. Zeng, and A. Couairon, “Femtosecond filamentation and pulse compression in the wake of molecular alignment more options,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2593–2595 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 053814 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2–4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5394–5404 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Express 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Danielius, R.

DiMauro, L. F.

E. Cormier, I. A. Walmsley, E. M. Kosik, A. S. Wyatt, L. Corner, and L. F. DiMauro, “Self-referencing, spectrally, or spatially encoded spectral interferometry for the complete characterization of attosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev, Lett. 94(3), 033905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dubietis, A.

Dudovich, N.

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy in a molecular jet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 143903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eckle, P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.39S257–S264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Eisenmann, S.

Fibich, G.

Forget, N.

Franco, M.

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5394–5404 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Express 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaarde, M. B.

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 053814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gallmann, L.

Giniunas, L.

Guandalini, A.

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5394–5404 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.39S257–S264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hauri, C. P.

A. Trisorio and C. P. Hauri, “Control and characterization of multiple circularly polarized femtosecond filaments in argon,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1650–1652 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

Helbing, F. W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, D.

J. A. Perez-Hernandez, D. Hoffmann, A. Zaïr, L. E. Chipperfield, L. Plaja, C. Ruiz, J. P. Marangos, and L. Roso, “Extension of the cut-off in high-harmonic generation using two delayed pulses of the same colour,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 13, 134004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Holler, M.

Hosseini, S. A.

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Iaconis, C.

Ilan, B.

Kandidov, V. P.

O. G. Kosareva, I. N. Murtazin, N. A. Panov, A. B. Savelev, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Pulse shortening due to filamentation in transparent medium,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 126–132 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kasparian, J.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5394–5404 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Express 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.39S257–S264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kornelis, W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kosareva, O. G.

O. G. Kosareva, I. N. Murtazin, N. A. Panov, A. B. Savelev, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Pulse shortening due to filamentation in transparent medium,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 126–132 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kosik, E. M.

E. Cormier, I. A. Walmsley, E. M. Kosik, A. S. Wyatt, L. Corner, and L. F. DiMauro, “Self-referencing, spectrally, or spatially encoded spectral interferometry for the complete characterization of attosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev, Lett. 94(3), 033905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lederer, F.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leone, S. R.

Levesque, J.

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy in a molecular jet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 143903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Q.

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mairesse, Y.

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy in a molecular jet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 143903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marangos, J. P.

J. A. Perez-Hernandez, D. Hoffmann, A. Zaïr, L. E. Chipperfield, L. Plaja, C. Ruiz, J. P. Marangos, and L. Roso, “Extension of the cut-off in high-harmonic generation using two delayed pulses of the same colour,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 13, 134004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Méchain, G.

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mejean, G.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mucke, O. D.

Murtazin, I. N.

O. G. Kosareva, I. N. Murtazin, N. A. Panov, A. B. Savelev, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Pulse shortening due to filamentation in transparent medium,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 126–132 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. Couairon, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5394–5404 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2–4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Express 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neumark, D. M.

Nyakk, A. V.

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Panov, N. A.

O. G. Kosareva, I. N. Murtazin, N. A. Panov, A. B. Savelev, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Pulse shortening due to filamentation in transparent medium,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 126–132 (2006).
[Crossref]

Perez-Hernandez, J. A.

J. A. Perez-Hernandez, D. Hoffmann, A. Zaïr, L. E. Chipperfield, L. Plaja, C. Ruiz, J. P. Marangos, and L. Roso, “Extension of the cut-off in high-harmonic generation using two delayed pulses of the same colour,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 13, 134004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pfeifer, T.

Plaja, L.

J. A. Perez-Hernandez, D. Hoffmann, A. Zaïr, L. E. Chipperfield, L. Plaja, C. Ruiz, J. P. Marangos, and L. Roso, “Extension of the cut-off in high-harmonic generation using two delayed pulses of the same colour,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 13, 134004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pocius, J.

Prade, B.

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prieto, C.

Pugzlys, A.

Rodriguez, M.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roman, J. San

Roso, L.

O. Varela, A. Zaïr, J. San Roman, B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, C. Prieto, and L. Roso, “Above-millijoule supercontinuum generation using polarisation dependent filamentation in atoms and molecules,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3630–3639 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Perez-Hernandez, D. Hoffmann, A. Zaïr, L. E. Chipperfield, L. Plaja, C. Ruiz, J. P. Marangos, and L. Roso, “Extension of the cut-off in high-harmonic generation using two delayed pulses of the same colour,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 13, 134004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ruiz, C.

J. A. Perez-Hernandez, D. Hoffmann, A. Zaïr, L. E. Chipperfield, L. Plaja, C. Ruiz, J. P. Marangos, and L. Roso, “Extension of the cut-off in high-harmonic generation using two delayed pulses of the same colour,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 13, 134004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Salmon, E.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savelev, A. B.

O. G. Kosareva, I. N. Murtazin, N. A. Panov, A. B. Savelev, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Pulse shortening due to filamentation in transparent medium,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 126–132 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scalora, M.

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schapper, F.

Schlup, P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.39S257–S264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Skupin, S.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smilgevicius, V.

Sola, I. J.

Spanner, M.

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy in a molecular jet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 143903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

Stibenz, G.

Talanov, V. I.

V. I. Bespalov and V. I. Talanov, “Filamentary structure of light beams in nonlinear media,” JETP Lett. 3, 307 (1966).

Tamos?auskas, G.

Trisorio, A.

Varela, O.

Verhoef, J. A.

Villeneuve, D. M.

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy in a molecular jet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 143903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

Witting, T.

Wolf, J. P.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wöste, L.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

Wyatt, A. S.

A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1914–1916 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Cormier, I. A. Walmsley, E. M. Kosik, A. S. Wyatt, L. Corner, and L. F. DiMauro, “Self-referencing, spectrally, or spatially encoded spectral interferometry for the complete characterization of attosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev, Lett. 94(3), 033905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zaïr, A.

Zeidler, D.

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy in a molecular jet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 143903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, H. P.

Zigler, A.

App. Phys. B (1)

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” App. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, M. Scalora, O. G. Kosareva, A. V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, and S. L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

J. A. Perez-Hernandez, D. Hoffmann, A. Zaïr, L. E. Chipperfield, L. Plaja, C. Ruiz, J. P. Marangos, and L. Roso, “Extension of the cut-off in high-harmonic generation using two delayed pulses of the same colour,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 13, 134004 (2009).
[Crossref]

JETP Lett. (1)

V. I. Bespalov and V. I. Talanov, “Filamentary structure of light beams in nonlinear media,” JETP Lett. 3, 307 (1966).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

O. G. Kosareva, I. N. Murtazin, N. A. Panov, A. B. Savelev, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Pulse shortening due to filamentation in transparent medium,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 126–132 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (9)

J. Wu, H. Cai, H. P. Zeng, and A. Couairon, “Femtosecond filamentation and pulse compression in the wake of molecular alignment more options,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2593–2595 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1914–1916 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Witting, D. R. Austin, and I. A. Walmsley, “Improved ancilla preparation in spectral shearing interferometry for accurate ultrafast pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 881–883 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 792–794 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Circular phase mask for control and stabilization of single optical filaments,” Opt. Lett. 31(15), 2326–2328 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dubietis, G. Tamos̆auskas, G. Fibich, and B. Ilan, “Multiple filamentation induced by input-beam ellipticity,” Opt. Lett. 29(10), 1126 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Trisorio and C. P. Hauri, “Control and characterization of multiple circularly polarized femtosecond filaments in argon,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1650–1652 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. D. Mucke, S. Alisauskas, J. A. Verhoef, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, V. Smilgevicius, J. Pocius, L. Giniunas, R. Danielius, and N. Forget, “Self-compression of millijoule 1.5µm pulses,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2498–2500 (2009).
[PubMed]

G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, and A. Zigler, “Control of multiple filamention in air,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1772 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2–4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev, Lett. (1)

E. Cormier, I. A. Walmsley, E. M. Kosik, A. S. Wyatt, L. Corner, and L. F. DiMauro, “Self-referencing, spectrally, or spatially encoded spectral interferometry for the complete characterization of attosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev, Lett. 94(3), 033905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 053814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

G. Fibich and B. Ilan, “Multiple Filamentation of Circularly Polarized Beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(1), 013901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, D. Zeidler, N. Dudovich, M. Spanner, J. Levesque, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy in a molecular jet,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 143903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, “Multiple Filamentation of Terawatt Laser Pulses in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.39S257–S264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (65496 KB)     

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dependence of single filament (a) and multi-filament (b) spatial distribution with concentration of argon/nitrogen in the cell target. The single filament case is unchanged by the target concentration and is taken as reference in this experiment. The multi-filamentation distribution exhibits a clear dependence with the concentration of gas and highlight the possibility to use this new degree of freedom for controlling the deterministic position of the child-filaments produced.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral distribution for the single filament (a) and for one of the child-filament within the multifilament regime (b), as a function of the gas concentration.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(Media 1) Calculated dependence of multiple filaments spatial distribution in pure (concentration of 100 %) argon (a) and nitrogen (b)target at the output of the cell target (propagation over z=2 m). The multi-filamentation distribution exhibits a clear dependence with the gas species used. The following values have been taken for the simulation: K = 11, σK = 6.31 × 10−140 s −1 cm 22 W −11, n 2 = 2.3 × 1019 cm 2/W for N 2 and σK = 6.0 × 10−140 s −1 cm 22 W −11, n 2 = 1.74 × 1019 cm 2/W for Ar, τK = 70fs, ρ = 2.5 × 1019 cm −3, ρc = 1.8 × 1021 cm −3 [16–18].

Equations (1)

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i z ψ + 1 2 k 0 2 ψ + α k 0 n 2 ψ 2 ψ γ ψ 2 K ψ + i ν ψ 2 K 1 ψ = 0

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