Abstract

We report phase-transparent waveband conversion with polarization insensitivity based on second harmonic (SH) wave pumped difference frequency generation (DFG) using multiple-quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 (QPM-LN) waveguides. Flexible waveband conversion is demonstrated over the entire C-band using a tunable DFB-LD array (TLA) as a pump source for a multiple-QPM-LN waveguide. The penalty free waveband conversion of 43 Gb/s return-to-zero differential quadrature phase-shift-keying (RZ-DQPSK) waveband signals is successfully achieved.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B(8), 1890–1902 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. J. Winzer and R. Essiambre, “Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4711–4728 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, “Multiple-quasi-phase-matched device using continuous phase modulation of χ(2) grating and its application to variable wavelength conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(12), 1540–1547 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Wu, W. R. Peng, V. R. Arbab, J. Wang, and A. E. Willner, “Tunable optical wavelength conversion of OFDM signal using a periodically-poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9177–9182 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, K. Kasaya, K. Tsuzuki, and Y. Tohmori, “High-power (40 mW) L-band tunable DFB laser array module using current tuning,” in Conference of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuE1.
  7. H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “0-dB wavelength conversion using direct-bonded QPM-Zn:LiNbOs ridge waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1049–1051 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, K. Yoshino, E. Yamazaki, and A. Takada, “Low crosstalk and variable wavelength conversion using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide module,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 519–520 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. Tomita, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, H. B. Song, and M. Asobe, “Apodized multiple quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 device for low-cross-talk waveband conversion,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 805–807 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, “Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fiber Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1040–1041 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, K. Yoshino, E. Yamazaki, and A. Takada, “Low crosstalk and variable wavelength conversion using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide module,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 519–520 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. R. Peng, V. R. Arbab, J. Wang, and A. E. Willner, “Tunable optical wavelength conversion of OFDM signal using a periodically-poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9177–9182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, “Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fiber Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1040–1041 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B(8), 1890–1902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, “Multiple-quasi-phase-matched device using continuous phase modulation of χ(2) grating and its application to variable wavelength conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(12), 1540–1547 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “0-dB wavelength conversion using direct-bonded QPM-Zn:LiNbOs ridge waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1049–1051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arbab, V. R.

Asobe, M.

I. Tomita, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, H. B. Song, and M. Asobe, “Apodized multiple quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 device for low-cross-talk waveband conversion,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 805–807 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, K. Yoshino, E. Yamazaki, and A. Takada, “Low crosstalk and variable wavelength conversion using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide module,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 519–520 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, “Multiple-quasi-phase-matched device using continuous phase modulation of χ(2) grating and its application to variable wavelength conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(12), 1540–1547 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “0-dB wavelength conversion using direct-bonded QPM-Zn:LiNbOs ridge waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1049–1051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chaban, E. E.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Christman, S. B.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R.

Fejer, M. M.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, H.

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B(8), 1890–1902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, H.

H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Komukai, T.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, “Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fiber Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1040–1041 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, H.

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, “Multiple-quasi-phase-matched device using continuous phase modulation of χ(2) grating and its application to variable wavelength conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(12), 1540–1547 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “0-dB wavelength conversion using direct-bonded QPM-Zn:LiNbOs ridge waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1049–1051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “0-dB wavelength conversion using direct-bonded QPM-Zn:LiNbOs ridge waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1049–1051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, “Multiple-quasi-phase-matched device using continuous phase modulation of χ(2) grating and its application to variable wavelength conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(12), 1540–1547 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oohashi, H.

H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peng, W. R.

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B(8), 1890–1902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, H. B.

I. Tomita, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, H. B. Song, and M. Asobe, “Apodized multiple quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 device for low-cross-talk waveband conversion,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 805–807 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, “Multiple-quasi-phase-matched device using continuous phase modulation of χ(2) grating and its application to variable wavelength conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(12), 1540–1547 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “0-dB wavelength conversion using direct-bonded QPM-Zn:LiNbOs ridge waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1049–1051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, “Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fiber Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1040–1041 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

I. Tomita, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, H. B. Song, and M. Asobe, “Apodized multiple quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 device for low-cross-talk waveband conversion,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 805–807 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, K. Yoshino, E. Yamazaki, and A. Takada, “Low crosstalk and variable wavelength conversion using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide module,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 519–520 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “0-dB wavelength conversion using direct-bonded QPM-Zn:LiNbOs ridge waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1049–1051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, “Multiple-quasi-phase-matched device using continuous phase modulation of χ(2) grating and its application to variable wavelength conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(12), 1540–1547 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, T.

H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takada, A.

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, K. Yoshino, E. Yamazaki, and A. Takada, “Low crosstalk and variable wavelength conversion using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide module,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 519–520 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, “Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fiber Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1040–1041 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, I.

I. Tomita, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, H. B. Song, and M. Asobe, “Apodized multiple quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 device for low-cross-talk waveband conversion,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 805–807 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Umeki, T.

I. Tomita, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, H. B. Song, and M. Asobe, “Apodized multiple quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 device for low-cross-talk waveband conversion,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 805–807 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, K. Yoshino, E. Yamazaki, and A. Takada, “Low crosstalk and variable wavelength conversion using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide module,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 519–520 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Willner, A. E.

Winzer, P. J.

Wu, X.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, “Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fiber Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1040–1041 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, E.

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, K. Yoshino, E. Yamazaki, and A. Takada, “Low crosstalk and variable wavelength conversion using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide module,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 519–520 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, K. Yoshino, E. Yamazaki, and A. Takada, “Low crosstalk and variable wavelength conversion using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide module,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 519–520 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, K. Yoshino, E. Yamazaki, and A. Takada, “Low crosstalk and variable wavelength conversion using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide module,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 519–520 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, “Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fiber Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1040–1041 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, “Multiple-quasi-phase-matched device using continuous phase modulation of χ(2) grating and its application to variable wavelength conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(12), 1540–1547 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Song, T. Tadanaga, T. Umeki, I. Tomita, H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, and M. Asobe, “High-quality grouped-wavelength conversion and dynamic switching using multiple-QPM LiNbO3 and TLA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “0-dB wavelength conversion using direct-bonded QPM-Zn:LiNbOs ridge waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1049–1051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun.

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B(8), 1890–1902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, K. Kasaya, K. Tsuzuki, and Y. Tohmori, “High-power (40 mW) L-band tunable DFB laser array module using current tuning,” in Conference of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuE1.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Phase-modulation function, (b) Theoretical phase-matching curve.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase matching curve of two modules.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of polarization-independent waveband converter. TLA: Tunable Laser-diode Array; QPM-LN: Quasi-Phase-Matched Lithium Niobate; PBS: Polarization Beam Splitter; EDFA: Erbium doped Fiber Amplifier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra of waveband signals and idlers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Waveband conversion spectra with different polarization states.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Configuration of BER experiments using 43 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER measurement result.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Eye diagrams. (a) Eye diagram of signal at 1535.8 nm (b) Eye diagram of idler at 1554.2 nm.

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