Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated coherent beam combining using optical parametric amplification with a nonlinear crystal pumped by random-phased multiple-beam array of the second harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser at 10-Hz repetition rate. In the proof-of-principle experiment, the phase jump between two pump beams was precisely controlled by a motorized actuator. For the demonstration of multiple-beam combining a random phase plate was used to create random-phased beamlets as a pump pulse. Far-field patterns of the pump, the signal, and the idler indicated that the spatially coherent signal beams were obtained on both cases. This approach allows scaling of the intensity of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification up to the exa-watt level while maintaining diffraction-limited beam quality.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

2007 (2)

T. H. Loftus, A. Liu, P. R. Hoffman, A. M. Thomas, M. Norsen, R. Royse, and E. Honea, “522 W average power, spectrally beam-combined fiber laser with near-diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 32(4), 349–351 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, D. H. Beak, J. S. Shin, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Laser fusion driver using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by a self-density modulation,” Laser Part. Beams 25(02), 225–238 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, and D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2 J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2617–2627 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Random Phasing of High-Power Lasers for Uniform Target Acceleration and Plasma-Instability Suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(11), 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Andersen, T. V.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aoyama, M.

Arinaga, S.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Random Phasing of High-Power Lasers for Uniform Target Acceleration and Plasma-Instability Suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(11), 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Beak, D. H.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, D. H. Beak, J. S. Shin, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Laser fusion driver using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by a self-density modulation,” Laser Part. Beams 25(02), 225–238 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bohme, S.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bruckner, F.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

Chen, W.

Cheung, E. C.

Clausnitzer, T.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

Dong, J.

Donnelly, J. P.

Dubietis, A.

Eberhardt, R.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Epp, P.

Fan, T. Y.

Fujioka, K.

Goodno, G. D.

Goyal, A. K.

Harris, C. T.

Hoffman, P. R.

Honea, E.

Howland, D.

Huang, R. K.

Injeyan, H.

Jones, D. C.

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, and D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2 J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2617–2627 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

Kato, Y.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Random Phasing of High-Power Lasers for Uniform Target Acceleration and Plasma-Instability Suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(11), 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, Y.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Random Phasing of High-Power Lasers for Uniform Target Acceleration and Plasma-Instability Suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(11), 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

Kong, H. J.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, D. H. Beak, J. S. Shin, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Laser fusion driver using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by a self-density modulation,” Laser Part. Beams 25(02), 225–238 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. W.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, D. H. Beak, J. S. Shin, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Laser fusion driver using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by a self-density modulation,” Laser Part. Beams 25(02), 225–238 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. K.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, D. H. Beak, J. S. Shin, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Laser fusion driver using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by a self-density modulation,” Laser Part. Beams 25(02), 225–238 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liau, Z. L.

Limpert, J.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

Liu, C.

Loftus, T. H.

Long, W.

Lou, Q.

McClellan, M.

McNaught, S. J.

Mima, K.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Random Phasing of High-Power Lasers for Uniform Target Acceleration and Plasma-Instability Suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(11), 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Missaggia, L. J.

Miyanaga, N.

K. Ogawa, K. Sueda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, K. Tsuji, K. Fujioka, T. Kanabe, K. Yamakawa, and N. Miyanaga, “Controlling the phase matching conditions of optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification using partially deuterated KDP,” Opt. Express 17(10), 7744–7749 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Random Phasing of High-Power Lasers for Uniform Target Acceleration and Plasma-Instability Suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(11), 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Random Phasing of High-Power Lasers for Uniform Target Acceleration and Plasma-Instability Suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(11), 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Norsen, M.

Ogawa, K.

Peschel, T.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

Qi, Y.

Redmond, S.

Rockwell, D. A.

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, and D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2 J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2617–2627 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Roser, F.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Royse, R.

Sanchez-Rubio, A.

Schmidt, O.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J. S.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, D. H. Beak, J. S. Shin, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Laser fusion driver using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by a self-density modulation,” Laser Part. Beams 25(02), 225–238 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, R.

Sollee, J.

Sueda, K.

Sumida, D. S.

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, and D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2 J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2617–2627 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tamošauskas, G.

Thomas, A. M.

Tsuji, K.

Tsybin, I.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Turner, G. W.

Weber, M.

Wei, Y.

Weiss, S. B.

Wirth, C.

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

Yamanaka, C.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Random Phasing of High-Power Lasers for Uniform Target Acceleration and Plasma-Instability Suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(11), 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, J. W.

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, D. H. Beak, J. S. Shin, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Laser fusion driver using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by a self-density modulation,” Laser Part. Beams 25(02), 225–238 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, and D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2 J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2617–2627 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (1)

T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, T. V. Andersen, I. Tsybin, S. Bohme, T. Peschel, F. Bruckner, T. Clausnitzer, F. Roser, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, “Incoherent Beam Combining of Continuous-Wave and Pulsed Yb-Doped Fiber Amplifiers,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 15(2), 354–360 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 567–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Part. Beams (1)

H. J. Kong, J. W. Yoon, D. H. Beak, J. S. Shin, S. K. Lee, and D. W. Lee, “Laser fusion driver using stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugate mirrors by a self-density modulation,” Laser Part. Beams 25(02), 225–238 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Random Phasing of High-Power Lasers for Uniform Target Acceleration and Plasma-Instability Suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(11), 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the beam combining configuration pumped by multiple beams. WP: waveplate; PL: polarizer; EXP: beam expander; P1 and P2: prisms that split the pump beam; P3: prism for control of relative phase; RPP: random phase plate; AP: aperture; DM: dichroic mirror; GLP: Glan laser prism. The pump laser beam propagates through either a set of prisms or RPP depending on the experimental requirements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interferogram of the two pump beams obtained with a reference beam with uniform phase distribution and far-field pattern of the pump, the idler, and the amplified signal. The relative phase shift between the two pump beams is controlled by the prism (P3) to (a) 0, (b) π/2, (c) π, (d) 3π/2, and (e) 2π.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Strehl ratio of far-field pattern of the pump (closed square), amplified signal (closed circle), and idler (open triangle).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Near-field pattern of, (a) pump beam with random phase plate, and (b) its interferogram. Far-field pattern of, (c) the random-phased pump, (d) the idler, and (e) the signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Encircled energy of the amplified signal with respect to the aperture diameter measured in a unit of Fλ.

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