Abstract

An end-pumped Nd:YLF laser was demonstrated, which delivered 60.3 W continuous-wave and more than 52 W Q-switched average power for all repetition rates from 5 to 30 kHz. To achieve this, an analytical solution to estimate and optimize the unsaturated gain in an end-pumped laser gain medium was derived. The approach presented here should open up the route for scaling end-pumped lasers to even higher power and energy levels.

© 2010 OSA

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2009 (2)

2008 (3)

N. U. Wetter, E. C. Sousa, F. A. Camargo, I. M. Ranieri, and S. L. Baldochi, “Efficient and compact diode-side-pumped Nd:YLF laser operating at 1053 nm with high beam quality,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(10), 104013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Li, Z. Ma, R. Haas, A. Schell, P. Zhu, P. Shi, and K. Du, “Diode-end-pumped double Nd:YLF slab laser with high energy, short pulse width, and diffraction-limited quality,” Opt. Lett. 33(15), 1708–1710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. H. Bernhardi, C. Bollig, M. J. D. Esser, A. Forbes, L. R. Botha, and C. Jacobs, “A single-element plane-wave solid-state laser rate equation model,” S. Afr. J. Sci. 104, 389–393 (2008).

2007 (1)

A. Dergachev, J. H. Flint, Y. Isyanova, B. Pati, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, and P. F. Moulton, “Review of Multipass Slab Laser Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 647–660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (3)

2001 (1)

W. A. Clarkson, “Thermal effects and their mitigation in end-pumped solid-state lasers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(16), 2381–2395 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd:YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Zuegel and W. Seka, “Upconversion and reduced 4F3/2 upper-state lifetime in intensely pumped Nd:YLF,” Appl. Opt. 38(12), 2714–2723 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E. A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3(BO3)4, CaWO4, andYLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68(1), 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. Dawes, H. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett. 23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion, lifetime quenching, and ground-state bleaching in Nd3+:LiYF4,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 203–211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

J. R. Ryan and R. Beach, “Optical absorption and stimulated emission of neodymium in yttrium lithium fluoride,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9(10), 1883–1887 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Lavi, S. Jackel, S. Tsadka, O. Levi, and R. Lallouz, “Comparison between Nd:YAG and Nd:YLF laser oscillators, end pumped by high brightness diode laser arrays,” Proc. SPIE 1971, 326–336 (1992).

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Asundi, A.

Bagnoud, V.

Baldochi, S. L.

N. U. Wetter, E. C. Sousa, F. A. Camargo, I. M. Ranieri, and S. L. Baldochi, “Efficient and compact diode-side-pumped Nd:YLF laser operating at 1053 nm with high beam quality,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(10), 104013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

Beach, R.

Bernhardi, E. H.

E. H. Bernhardi, C. Bollig, M. J. D. Esser, A. Forbes, L. R. Botha, and C. Jacobs, “A single-element plane-wave solid-state laser rate equation model,” S. Afr. J. Sci. 104, 389–393 (2008).

Blows, J. L.

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. Dawes, H. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bollig, C.

E. H. Bernhardi, C. Bollig, M. J. D. Esser, A. Forbes, L. R. Botha, and C. Jacobs, “A single-element plane-wave solid-state laser rate equation model,” S. Afr. J. Sci. 104, 389–393 (2008).

Botha, L. R.

E. H. Bernhardi, C. Bollig, M. J. D. Esser, A. Forbes, L. R. Botha, and C. Jacobs, “A single-element plane-wave solid-state laser rate equation model,” S. Afr. J. Sci. 104, 389–393 (2008).

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Camargo, F. A.

N. U. Wetter, E. C. Sousa, F. A. Camargo, I. M. Ranieri, and S. L. Baldochi, “Efficient and compact diode-side-pumped Nd:YLF laser operating at 1053 nm with high beam quality,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(10), 104013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Clarkson, W. A.

W. A. Clarkson, “Thermal effects and their mitigation in end-pumped solid-state lasers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 34(16), 2381–2395 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd:YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion, lifetime quenching, and ground-state bleaching in Nd3+:LiYF4,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 203–211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett. 23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Coluccelli, N.

Dawes, J.

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. Dawes, H. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dergachev, A.

A. Dergachev, J. H. Flint, Y. Isyanova, B. Pati, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, and P. F. Moulton, “Review of Multipass Slab Laser Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 647–660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Diart, R.

H. Zhang, D. Li, P. Shi, R. Diart, A. Shell, C. R. Haas, and K. Du, “Efficient, high power, Q-switched Nd:YLF slab laser end-pumped by diode stack,” Opt. Commun. 250(1-3), 157–162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Du, K.

D. Li, Z. Ma, R. Haas, A. Schell, P. Zhu, P. Shi, and K. Du, “Diode-end-pumped double Nd:YLF slab laser with high energy, short pulse width, and diffraction-limited quality,” Opt. Lett. 33(15), 1708–1710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Li, P. Shi, R. Diart, A. Shell, C. R. Haas, and K. Du, “Efficient, high power, Q-switched Nd:YLF slab laser end-pumped by diode stack,” Opt. Commun. 250(1-3), 157–162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dumas, P.

Esser, M. J. D.

E. H. Bernhardi, C. Bollig, M. J. D. Esser, A. Forbes, L. R. Botha, and C. Jacobs, “A single-element plane-wave solid-state laser rate equation model,” S. Afr. J. Sci. 104, 389–393 (2008).

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Flint, J. H.

A. Dergachev, J. H. Flint, Y. Isyanova, B. Pati, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, and P. F. Moulton, “Review of Multipass Slab Laser Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 647–660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Forbes, A.

E. H. Bernhardi, C. Bollig, M. J. D. Esser, A. Forbes, L. R. Botha, and C. Jacobs, “A single-element plane-wave solid-state laser rate equation model,” S. Afr. J. Sci. 104, 389–393 (2008).

Fornasiero, L.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E. A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3(BO3)4, CaWO4, andYLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68(1), 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Friel, G. J.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd:YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fu, X.

Galzerano, G.

Gong, M.

Guardalben, M. J.

Haas, C. R.

H. Zhang, D. Li, P. Shi, R. Diart, A. Shell, C. R. Haas, and K. Du, “Efficient, high power, Q-switched Nd:YLF slab laser end-pumped by diode stack,” Opt. Commun. 250(1-3), 157–162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haas, R.

Hanna, D. C.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd:YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion, lifetime quenching, and ground-state bleaching in Nd3+:LiYF4,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 203–211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett. 23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hardman, P. J.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd:YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion, lifetime quenching, and ground-state bleaching in Nd3+:LiYF4,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 203–211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett. 23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E. A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3(BO3)4, CaWO4, andYLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68(1), 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Isyanova, Y.

A. Dergachev, J. H. Flint, Y. Isyanova, B. Pati, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, and P. F. Moulton, “Review of Multipass Slab Laser Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 647–660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, S.

R. Lavi, S. Jackel, S. Tsadka, O. Levi, and R. Lallouz, “Comparison between Nd:YAG and Nd:YLF laser oscillators, end pumped by high brightness diode laser arrays,” Proc. SPIE 1971, 326–336 (1992).

Jacobs, C.

E. H. Bernhardi, C. Bollig, M. J. D. Esser, A. Forbes, L. R. Botha, and C. Jacobs, “A single-element plane-wave solid-state laser rate equation model,” S. Afr. J. Sci. 104, 389–393 (2008).

Kellner, T.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E. A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3(BO3)4, CaWO4, andYLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68(1), 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

Kück, S.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E. A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3(BO3)4, CaWO4, andYLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68(1), 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lallouz, R.

R. Lavi, S. Jackel, S. Tsadka, O. Levi, and R. Lallouz, “Comparison between Nd:YAG and Nd:YLF laser oscillators, end pumped by high brightness diode laser arrays,” Proc. SPIE 1971, 326–336 (1992).

Laporta, P.

Lavi, R.

R. Lavi, S. Jackel, S. Tsadka, O. Levi, and R. Lallouz, “Comparison between Nd:YAG and Nd:YLF laser oscillators, end pumped by high brightness diode laser arrays,” Proc. SPIE 1971, 326–336 (1992).

Levi, O.

R. Lavi, S. Jackel, S. Tsadka, O. Levi, and R. Lallouz, “Comparison between Nd:YAG and Nd:YLF laser oscillators, end pumped by high brightness diode laser arrays,” Proc. SPIE 1971, 326–336 (1992).

Li, D.

D. Li, Z. Ma, R. Haas, A. Schell, P. Zhu, P. Shi, and K. Du, “Diode-end-pumped double Nd:YLF slab laser with high energy, short pulse width, and diffraction-limited quality,” Opt. Lett. 33(15), 1708–1710 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Li, P. Shi, R. Diart, A. Shell, C. R. Haas, and K. Du, “Efficient, high power, Q-switched Nd:YLF slab laser end-pumped by diode stack,” Opt. Commun. 250(1-3), 157–162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Ma, Z.

McDonagh, L.

Meyn, J. P.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E. A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3(BO3)4, CaWO4, andYLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68(1), 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Möbert, P. E. A.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E. A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3(BO3)4, CaWO4, andYLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68(1), 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mooney, T.

Moulton, P. F.

A. Dergachev, J. H. Flint, Y. Isyanova, B. Pati, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, and P. F. Moulton, “Review of Multipass Slab Laser Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 647–660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nebel, A.

Omatsu, T.

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. Dawes, H. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Parisi, D.

Paschotta, R.

Pask, H.

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. Dawes, H. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(12), 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pati, B.

A. Dergachev, J. H. Flint, Y. Isyanova, B. Pati, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, and P. F. Moulton, “Review of Multipass Slab Laser Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 647–660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

Pollnau, M.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd:YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion, lifetime quenching, and ground-state bleaching in Nd3+:LiYF4,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 203–211 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Puth, J.

Ranieri, I. M.

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