Abstract

Low-cost, high-capacity optical transmission systems are required for metropolitan area networks. Direct-detected multi-carrier systems are attractive candidates, but polarization mode dispersion (PMD) is one of the major impairments that limits their performance. In this paper, we report the first experimental analysis of the PMD tolerance of a 288Gbit/s NRZ-OOK Coherent Wavelength Division Multiplexing system. The results show that this impairment is determined primarily by the subcarrier baud rate. We confirm the robustness of the system to PMD by demonstrating error-free performance over an unrepeatered 124km field-installed single-mode fiber with a negligible penalty of 0.3dB compared to the back-to-back measurements.

© 2010 OSA

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References

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  1. R. E. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, A Bandwidth-Efficient Binary Transmission System,” AIEE Transactions 76, 723–728 (1958).
  2. W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Sanjoh, E. Yamada, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing using frequency/time domain filtering for high spectral efficiency up to 1bit/s/Hz”, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2002), ThD1.
  5. K. Takiguchi, M. Oguma, T. Shibata, and H. Takahashi, “Optical OFDM demultiplexer using silica PLC based optical FFT circuit”, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2009), OWO3.
  6. S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, and F. H. Peters, “Demonstration of CoWDM using a DPSK modulator array with injection-locked lasers,” Electron. Lett. 46(2), 150–152 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Cuenot, and F. C. G. Gunning, M. McCarthy, T. Healy, A.D. Ellis, “0.6Tbit/s capacity and 2bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency at 42.6 Gsymbol/s using a single DFB laser with NRZ coherent WDM and polarization multiplexing”, Proc. CLEO-Europe (2007), CI8–5-FRI.
  8. A.D. Ellis, I. Tomkos, A.K. Mishra, J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, P. Frascella, F.C.G. Gunning, “Adaptive Modulation Schemes”, Digest of LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (2009), TuD3.2.
  9. A. J. Lowery, S. Wang, and M. Premaratne, “Calculation of power limit due to fiber nonlinearity in optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Express 15(20), 13282–13287 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Healy, A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, B. Cuenot, and M. Rukosueva, “1 b/s/Hz Coherent WDM Transmission over 112 km of Dispersion Managed Optical Fiber”, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2006), JThB10.
  11. B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Amstrong, “Impact of PMD in Single-Receiver and Polarization-Diverse Direct-Detection Optical OFDM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(14), 2792–2799 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, and S. Chi, “Joint CD and PMD Compensation for Direct-Detected Optical OFDM Using Polarization-Time Coding Approach”, European Conference on Optical Communications (2009), Paper 2.3.2.
  13. K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. C. G. Gunning, T. Healy, and A. D. Ellis, “Dispersion tolerance of Coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(12), 1338–1340 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1168–1170 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Mayrock, and H. Haunstein, “PMD Tolerant Direct-Detection Optical OFDM System”, European Conference on Optical Communications (2007), Paper 5.2.5.
  17. P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, F. C. G. Gunning, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Transmission of a 288Gbit/s Ethernet Superchannel over 124km un-repeatered field-installed SMF”, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2010), OThD2.
  18. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2010

S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, and F. H. Peters, “Demonstration of CoWDM using a DPSK modulator array with injection-locked lasers,” Electron. Lett. 46(2), 150–152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Amstrong, “Impact of PMD in Single-Receiver and Polarization-Diverse Direct-Detection Optical OFDM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(14), 2792–2799 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. C. G. Gunning, T. Healy, and A. D. Ellis, “Dispersion tolerance of Coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(12), 1338–1340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1993

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1958

R. E. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, A Bandwidth-Efficient Binary Transmission System,” AIEE Transactions 76, 723–728 (1958).

Amstrong, J.

Athaudage, C.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Charlet, G.

K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Clabaugh, R. G.

R. E. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, A Bandwidth-Efficient Binary Transmission System,” AIEE Transactions 76, 723–728 (1958).

Devaux, F.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, and F. H. Peters, “Demonstration of CoWDM using a DPSK modulator array with injection-locked lasers,” Electron. Lett. 46(2), 150–152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. C. G. Gunning, T. Healy, and A. D. Ellis, “Dispersion tolerance of Coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(12), 1338–1340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gunning, F. C. G.

S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, and F. H. Peters, “Demonstration of CoWDM using a DPSK modulator array with injection-locked lasers,” Electron. Lett. 46(2), 150–152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. C. G. Gunning, T. Healy, and A. D. Ellis, “Dispersion tolerance of Coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(12), 1338–1340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haunstein, H.

C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Healy, T.

F. C. G. Gunning, T. Healy, and A. D. Ellis, “Dispersion tolerance of Coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(12), 1338–1340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hunsche, S.

C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, S. K.

S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, and F. H. Peters, “Demonstration of CoWDM using a DPSK modulator array with injection-locked lasers,” Electron. Lett. 46(2), 150–152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Junginger, B.

K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kerdiles, J. F.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lach, E.

K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lowery, A. J.

Moller, L.

C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mosier, R. E.

R. E. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, A Bandwidth-Efficient Binary Transmission System,” AIEE Transactions 76, 723–728 (1958).

Peters, F. H.

S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, and F. H. Peters, “Demonstration of CoWDM using a DPSK modulator array with injection-locked lasers,” Electron. Lett. 46(2), 150–152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Premaratne, M.

Renaudier, J.

K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. J. C.

Schuh, K.

K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, Y.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tran, P.

K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Veith, G.

K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

Xie, C.

C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

AIEE Transactions

R. E. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, A Bandwidth-Efficient Binary Transmission System,” AIEE Transactions 76, 723–728 (1958).

Bell Labs Tech. J.

K. Schuh, E. Lach, B. Junginger, G. Veith, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, and P. Tran, “8Tb/s (80x 107Gb/s) DWDM NRZ-VSB Transmission over 510km NZDSF with 1bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(1), 89–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, and F. H. Peters, “Demonstration of CoWDM using a DPSK modulator array with injection-locked lasers,” Electron. Lett. 46(2), 150–152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. C. G. Gunning, T. Healy, and A. D. Ellis, “Dispersion tolerance of Coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(12), 1338–1340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, and J. F. Kerdiles, “Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(12), 1937–1940 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Amstrong, “Impact of PMD in Single-Receiver and Polarization-Diverse Direct-Detection Optical OFDM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(14), 2792–2799 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

T. Healy, A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, B. Cuenot, and M. Rukosueva, “1 b/s/Hz Coherent WDM Transmission over 112 km of Dispersion Managed Optical Fiber”, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2006), JThB10.

M. Mayrock, and H. Haunstein, “PMD Tolerant Direct-Detection Optical OFDM System”, European Conference on Optical Communications (2007), Paper 5.2.5.

P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, F. C. G. Gunning, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Transmission of a 288Gbit/s Ethernet Superchannel over 124km un-repeatered field-installed SMF”, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2010), OThD2.

H. Sanjoh, E. Yamada, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing using frequency/time domain filtering for high spectral efficiency up to 1bit/s/Hz”, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2002), ThD1.

K. Takiguchi, M. Oguma, T. Shibata, and H. Takahashi, “Optical OFDM demultiplexer using silica PLC based optical FFT circuit”, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2009), OWO3.

B. Cuenot, and F. C. G. Gunning, M. McCarthy, T. Healy, A.D. Ellis, “0.6Tbit/s capacity and 2bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency at 42.6 Gsymbol/s using a single DFB laser with NRZ coherent WDM and polarization multiplexing”, Proc. CLEO-Europe (2007), CI8–5-FRI.

A.D. Ellis, I. Tomkos, A.K. Mishra, J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, P. Frascella, F.C.G. Gunning, “Adaptive Modulation Schemes”, Digest of LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (2009), TuD3.2.

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, and S. Chi, “Joint CD and PMD Compensation for Direct-Detected Optical OFDM Using Polarization-Time Coding Approach”, European Conference on Optical Communications (2009), Paper 2.3.2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

288Gbit/s CoWDM experimental set-up.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Left): RX sensitivity penalty versus fixed DGD for 41.25Gbit/s single channel (red circles) and for 288Gbit/s CoWDM (black squares). (Inset) Experimental setup for PMD tolerance evaluation. (Right): Received eye diagrams for subcarrier #4 for different DGD.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

124km BT Ireland field-installed link.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Received eye diagrams for subcarriers # 4, #5, #6 and #7 after transmission. (b) Measured BER curves against received total power for back-to-back (squares) and after transmission (triangles). (c) Required OSNR after 124km for each of the seven subcarriers.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 PMD tolerance comparison between different formats using fixed DGD values.

Metrics