Abstract

In this work we report the study of energy transfer between Nd3+ and Yb3+ ions in glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition at room temperature by using steady-state and time-resolved laser spectroscopy. The Nd3+→Yb3+ transfer efficiency obtained from the Nd3+ lifetimes in the single doped and codoped samples reaches 73% for the highest Nd3+ concentration. The donor decay curves obtained under pulsed excitation have been used to establish the multipolar nature of the Nd3+→ Yb3+ transfer process and the energy transfer microparameter. The nonradiative energy transfer is consistent with an electric dipole-dipole interaction mechanism assisted by energy migration among donors. Back transfer from Yb3+ to Nd3+ is also observed.

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  1. J. Llorca and V. M. Orera, “Directionally solidified eutectic ceramic oxides,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 51(6), 711–809 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Pardo, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, R. Cases, A. Larrea, and V. M. Orera, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3–0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 298(1), 23–31 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, S. García-Revilla, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, and V. M. Orera, “Broadband laser tunability of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic glass,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4382–4387 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. J. Weber, “Optical properties of Yb3+ and Nd3+ -Yb3+ energy transfer in YAlO3,” Phys. Rev. B 4(9), 3153–3159 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Lurin, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Energy transfer in a Nd3+-Yb3+ borate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 46(9), 1083–1092 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Parent, C. Lurin, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in glasses with composition close to LiLnP14O12 metaphosphate (Ln=La, nd, Yb),” J. Lumin. 36(1), 49–55 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, L. Cichosz, and B. Jezowska-Trzebiatowska, “Influence of temperature and acceptor concentration on energy transfer from Nd3+ toYb3+ and from Yb3+ to Er3+ in tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(3), 295–302 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Batalioto, D. F. Sousa, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Optical measurements of Nd3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorindogallate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 273(1-3), 233–238 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. F. de Sousa, F. Batalioto, M. J. V. Bell, S. L. Oliveira, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Yb3+ codoped fluoroindogallate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(7), 3308–3313 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Liégard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in a codoped metaphosphate glass as a model for Yb3+ laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 985–991 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, and M. Al-Saleh, “Spectroscopic study of Nd3+/Yb3+ in disordered potassium bismuth molybdate laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1247–1252 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Lupei, V. Lupei, A. Ikesue, and C. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and energy transfer investigation of Nd/Yb in Y2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(5), 1002–1010 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. J. Weber, D. C. Ziegler, and C. A. Angell, “Tailoring stimulated emission cross sections of Nd3+ laser glass: Observation of large cross sections for BiCl3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(6), 4344–4350 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. I. Burshtein, “Hopping mechanism of energy transfer,” Sov. Phys. JETP 35, 882–885 (1972).

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, S. García-Revilla, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, and V. M. Orera, “Broadband laser tunability of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic glass,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4382–4387 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, and M. Al-Saleh, “Spectroscopic study of Nd3+/Yb3+ in disordered potassium bismuth molybdate laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1247–1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Llorca and V. M. Orera, “Directionally solidified eutectic ceramic oxides,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 51(6), 711–809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

F. Liégard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in a codoped metaphosphate glass as a model for Yb3+ laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 985–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. A. Pardo, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, R. Cases, A. Larrea, and V. M. Orera, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3–0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 298(1), 23–31 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D. F. de Sousa, F. Batalioto, M. J. V. Bell, S. L. Oliveira, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Yb3+ codoped fluoroindogallate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(7), 3308–3313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

F. Batalioto, D. F. Sousa, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Optical measurements of Nd3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorindogallate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 273(1-3), 233–238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, L. Cichosz, and B. Jezowska-Trzebiatowska, “Influence of temperature and acceptor concentration on energy transfer from Nd3+ toYb3+ and from Yb3+ to Er3+ in tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(3), 295–302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

C. Parent, C. Lurin, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in glasses with composition close to LiLnP14O12 metaphosphate (Ln=La, nd, Yb),” J. Lumin. 36(1), 49–55 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

C. Lurin, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Energy transfer in a Nd3+-Yb3+ borate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 46(9), 1083–1092 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

M. J. Weber, D. C. Ziegler, and C. A. Angell, “Tailoring stimulated emission cross sections of Nd3+ laser glass: Observation of large cross sections for BiCl3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(6), 4344–4350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

A. I. Burshtein, “Hopping mechanism of energy transfer,” Sov. Phys. JETP 35, 882–885 (1972).

1971 (1)

M. J. Weber, “Optical properties of Yb3+ and Nd3+ -Yb3+ energy transfer in YAlO3,” Phys. Rev. B 4(9), 3153–3159 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Al-Saleh, M.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, and M. Al-Saleh, “Spectroscopic study of Nd3+/Yb3+ in disordered potassium bismuth molybdate laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1247–1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Angell, C. A.

M. J. Weber, D. C. Ziegler, and C. A. Angell, “Tailoring stimulated emission cross sections of Nd3+ laser glass: Observation of large cross sections for BiCl3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(6), 4344–4350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Arcangeli, A.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Azkargorta, J.

Balda, R.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, S. García-Revilla, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, and V. M. Orera, “Broadband laser tunability of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic glass,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4382–4387 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, and M. Al-Saleh, “Spectroscopic study of Nd3+/Yb3+ in disordered potassium bismuth molybdate laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1247–1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Batalioto, F.

D. F. de Sousa, F. Batalioto, M. J. V. Bell, S. L. Oliveira, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Yb3+ codoped fluoroindogallate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(7), 3308–3313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Batalioto, D. F. Sousa, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Optical measurements of Nd3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorindogallate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 273(1-3), 233–238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bausá, L. E.

D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bell, M. J. V.

D. F. de Sousa, F. Batalioto, M. J. V. Bell, S. L. Oliveira, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Yb3+ codoped fluoroindogallate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(7), 3308–3313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Batalioto, D. F. Sousa, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Optical measurements of Nd3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorindogallate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 273(1-3), 233–238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Liégard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in a codoped metaphosphate glass as a model for Yb3+ laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 985–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bonelli, L.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Burshtein, A. I.

A. I. Burshtein, “Hopping mechanism of energy transfer,” Sov. Phys. JETP 35, 882–885 (1972).

Caldiño, U.

U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cases, R.

J. A. Pardo, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, R. Cases, A. Larrea, and V. M. Orera, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3–0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 298(1), 23–31 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cichosz, L.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, L. Cichosz, and B. Jezowska-Trzebiatowska, “Influence of temperature and acceptor concentration on energy transfer from Nd3+ toYb3+ and from Yb3+ to Er3+ in tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(3), 295–302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

de Sousa, D. F.

D. F. de Sousa, F. Batalioto, M. J. V. Bell, S. L. Oliveira, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Yb3+ codoped fluoroindogallate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(7), 3308–3313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

F. Liégard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in a codoped metaphosphate glass as a model for Yb3+ laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 985–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, J.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, S. García-Revilla, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, and V. M. Orera, “Broadband laser tunability of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic glass,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4382–4387 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, and M. Al-Saleh, “Spectroscopic study of Nd3+/Yb3+ in disordered potassium bismuth molybdate laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1247–1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

García Solé, J.

U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

García-Revilla, S.

García-Solé, J.

D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gheorghe, C.

Golab, S.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, L. Cichosz, and B. Jezowska-Trzebiatowska, “Influence of temperature and acceptor concentration on energy transfer from Nd3+ toYb3+ and from Yb3+ to Er3+ in tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(3), 295–302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hagenmuller, P.

C. Parent, C. Lurin, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in glasses with composition close to LiLnP14O12 metaphosphate (Ln=La, nd, Yb),” J. Lumin. 36(1), 49–55 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Lurin, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Energy transfer in a Nd3+-Yb3+ borate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 46(9), 1083–1092 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hernandes, A. C.

F. Batalioto, D. F. Sousa, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Optical measurements of Nd3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorindogallate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 273(1-3), 233–238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ikesue, A.

Iparraguirre, I.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, S. García-Revilla, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, and V. M. Orera, “Broadband laser tunability of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic glass,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4382–4387 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, and M. Al-Saleh, “Spectroscopic study of Nd3+/Yb3+ in disordered potassium bismuth molybdate laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1247–1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jezowska-Trzebiatowska, B.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, L. Cichosz, and B. Jezowska-Trzebiatowska, “Influence of temperature and acceptor concentration on energy transfer from Nd3+ toYb3+ and from Yb3+ to Er3+ in tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(3), 295–302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Larrea, A.

J. A. Pardo, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, R. Cases, A. Larrea, and V. M. Orera, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3–0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 298(1), 23–31 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Le Flem, G.

C. Parent, C. Lurin, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in glasses with composition close to LiLnP14O12 metaphosphate (Ln=La, nd, Yb),” J. Lumin. 36(1), 49–55 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Lurin, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Energy transfer in a Nd3+-Yb3+ borate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 46(9), 1083–1092 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lebullenger, R.

F. Batalioto, D. F. Sousa, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Optical measurements of Nd3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorindogallate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 273(1-3), 233–238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liégard, F.

F. Liégard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in a codoped metaphosphate glass as a model for Yb3+ laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 985–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Llorca, J.

J. Llorca and V. M. Orera, “Directionally solidified eutectic ceramic oxides,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 51(6), 711–809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, A.

Lupei, V.

Lurin, C.

C. Parent, C. Lurin, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in glasses with composition close to LiLnP14O12 metaphosphate (Ln=La, nd, Yb),” J. Lumin. 36(1), 49–55 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Lurin, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Energy transfer in a Nd3+-Yb3+ borate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 46(9), 1083–1092 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Rodríguez, E.

U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Merino, R. I.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, S. García-Revilla, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, and V. M. Orera, “Broadband laser tunability of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic glass,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4382–4387 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Pardo, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, R. Cases, A. Larrea, and V. M. Orera, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3–0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 298(1), 23–31 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

F. Liégard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in a codoped metaphosphate glass as a model for Yb3+ laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 985–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nunes, L. A. O.

D. F. de Sousa, F. Batalioto, M. J. V. Bell, S. L. Oliveira, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Yb3+ codoped fluoroindogallate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(7), 3308–3313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Batalioto, D. F. Sousa, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Optical measurements of Nd3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorindogallate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 273(1-3), 233–238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oliveira, S. L.

D. F. de Sousa, F. Batalioto, M. J. V. Bell, S. L. Oliveira, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Yb3+ codoped fluoroindogallate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(7), 3308–3313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Orera, V. M.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, S. García-Revilla, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, and V. M. Orera, “Broadband laser tunability of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic glass,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4382–4387 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Llorca and V. M. Orera, “Directionally solidified eutectic ceramic oxides,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 51(6), 711–809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Pardo, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, R. Cases, A. Larrea, and V. M. Orera, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3–0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 298(1), 23–31 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pardo, J. A.

J. A. Pardo, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, R. Cases, A. Larrea, and V. M. Orera, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3–0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 298(1), 23–31 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Parent, C.

C. Parent, C. Lurin, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in glasses with composition close to LiLnP14O12 metaphosphate (Ln=La, nd, Yb),” J. Lumin. 36(1), 49–55 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Lurin, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Energy transfer in a Nd3+-Yb3+ borate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 46(9), 1083–1092 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Peña, J. I.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, S. García-Revilla, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, and V. M. Orera, “Broadband laser tunability of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic glass,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4382–4387 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Pardo, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, R. Cases, A. Larrea, and V. M. Orera, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3–0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 298(1), 23–31 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ramirez, M. O.

D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ramírez, M. O.

U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, L. Cichosz, and B. Jezowska-Trzebiatowska, “Influence of temperature and acceptor concentration on energy transfer from Nd3+ toYb3+ and from Yb3+ to Er3+ in tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(3), 295–302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sousa, D. F.

F. Batalioto, D. F. Sousa, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Optical measurements of Nd3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorindogallate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 273(1-3), 233–238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, D. C. Ziegler, and C. A. Angell, “Tailoring stimulated emission cross sections of Nd3+ laser glass: Observation of large cross sections for BiCl3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(6), 4344–4350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, “Optical properties of Yb3+ and Nd3+ -Yb3+ energy transfer in YAlO3,” Phys. Rev. B 4(9), 3153–3159 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ziegler, D. C.

M. J. Weber, D. C. Ziegler, and C. A. Angell, “Tailoring stimulated emission cross sections of Nd3+ laser glass: Observation of large cross sections for BiCl3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(6), 4344–4350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

F. Liégard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in a codoped metaphosphate glass as a model for Yb3+ laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 985–991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, “Efficient Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in Nd3+,Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 multicenter garnet crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, D. C. Ziegler, and C. A. Angell, “Tailoring stimulated emission cross sections of Nd3+ laser glass: Observation of large cross sections for BiCl3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(6), 4344–4350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. F. de Sousa, F. Batalioto, M. J. V. Bell, S. L. Oliveira, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopy of Nd3+ and Yb3+ codoped fluoroindogallate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(7), 3308–3313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

C. Parent, C. Lurin, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in glasses with composition close to LiLnP14O12 metaphosphate (Ln=La, nd, Yb),” J. Lumin. 36(1), 49–55 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Golab, L. Cichosz, and B. Jezowska-Trzebiatowska, “Influence of temperature and acceptor concentration on energy transfer from Nd3+ toYb3+ and from Yb3+ to Er3+ in tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(3), 295–302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Batalioto, D. F. Sousa, M. J. V. Bell, R. Lebullenger, A. C. Hernandes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Optical measurements of Nd3+/Yb3+ codoped fluorindogallate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 273(1-3), 233–238 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Pardo, J. I. Peña, R. I. Merino, R. Cases, A. Larrea, and V. M. Orera, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ and Nd3+ doped glasses with the 0.8CaSiO3–0.2Ca3(PO4)2 eutectic composition,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 298(1), 23–31 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

C. Lurin, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and P. Hagenmuller, “Energy transfer in a Nd3+-Yb3+ borate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 46(9), 1083–1092 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

R. Balda, J. Fernández, I. Iparraguirre, and M. Al-Saleh, “Spectroscopic study of Nd3+/Yb3+ in disordered potassium bismuth molybdate laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1247–1252 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

U. Caldiño, D. Jaque, E. Martín-Rodríguez, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+/Yb3+ resonant energy transfer in the ferroelectric Sr0.6 Ba0.4 Nb2O6 laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, “Optical properties of Yb3+ and Nd3+ -Yb3+ energy transfer in YAlO3,” Phys. Rev. B 4(9), 3153–3159 (1971).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Nd3+→Yb3+ energy transfer in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 68(3), 035118 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Mater. Sci. (1)

J. Llorca and V. M. Orera, “Directionally solidified eutectic ceramic oxides,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 51(6), 711–809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

A. I. Burshtein, “Hopping mechanism of energy transfer,” Sov. Phys. JETP 35, 882–885 (1972).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room temperature absorption spectrum of a codoped sample with 3 wt% of Nd2O3 and 2 wt% of Yb2O3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Room temperature emission spectra of Nd3+ and Yb3+ in the codoped samples together with the emission spectrum of Nd3+ ions in a single doped glass. The spectra are normalized to the 880 nm emission of Nd3+.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption and emission cross section of Yb3+ in the single doped sample.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral overlap between Nd3+ emission and Yb3+ absorption in the single doped samples.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Lifetimes of the 4F3/24I9/2 emission for the single doped samples (black) and codoped samples (pink) and Nd3+-Yb3+ energy transfer efficiency (blue) as a function of Nd3+ concentration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Logarithmic plot of the fluorescence decays of the 4F3/24I9/2 emission as a function of Nd3+ concentration in (a) single doped and (b) codoped samples.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental emission decay curve of level 4F3/2 for the codoped sample with 3 wt% of Nd2O3 and 2 wt% of Yb2O3 at room temperature and the calculated fit with Eq. (4) (solid line).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Room temperature emission spectra obtained for the codoped sample with 3 wt% of Nd2O3 and 2 wt% of Yb2O3 and the single doped glass with 2 wt% Yb2O3. The spectra are normalized to the Yb3+ emission.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Logarithmic plot of the fluorescence decays of the 2F5/22F7/2 emission of Yb3+ ions in the codoped samples for three different Nd3+ concentrations.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ se = λ p 4 β n 2 c I ( λ ) τ R I ( λ ) d λ
1 τ R = g f g i 8 π cn 2 N λ 0 2 α ( λ ) λ 2 d λ
η t = 1 τ N d Y b τ N d
I ( t ) = I 0 exp ( t τ 0 γ t W t )

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