Abstract

By monitoring the transmission of probe laser beam (also served as coupling laser beam) which is locked to a cycling hyperfine transition of cesium D2 line, while pumping laser is scanned across cesium D1 or D2 lines, the single-resonance optical pumping (SROP) spectra are obtained with atomic vapor cell. The SROP spectra indicate the variation of the zero-velocity atoms population of one hyperfine fold of ground state, which is optically pumped into another hyperfine fold of ground state by pumping laser. With the virtue of Doppler-free linewidth, high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), flat background and elimination of crossover resonance lines (CRLs), the SROP spectra with atomic vapor cell around room temperature can be employed to measure dressed-state splitting of ground state, which is normally detected with laser-cooled atomic sample only, even if the dressed-state splitting is much smaller than the Doppler-broaden linewidth at room temperature.

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  1. H. S. Moon, W. K. Lee, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double resonance optical pumping spectrum and its application for frequency stabilization of a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3965–3967 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. D. Yang, J. Y. Zhao, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Improvement of the spectra signal-to-noise ratio of cesium 6P3/2–8S1/2 transition and its application in laser frequency stabilization,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(8), 085111 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, and P. Violino, “Experimental determinations of the hyperfine structure in the alkali atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 49(1), 31–75 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Wieman and T. W. Hansch, “Precision measurement of the 1S Lamb shift and of the 1S-2S isotope shift of hydrogen and deutrium,” Phys. Rev. A 22(1), 192–205 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Chakrabarti, B. Ray, and P. N. Ghost, “Velocity selective optical pumping and repumping effects with counter and copropagating laser radiations for D2 lines of rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 42(3), 359–368 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. U. D. Rapol and V. Natarajan, “Doppler-free spectroscopy in driven three-level systems,” Eur. Phys. J. D 28(3), 317–322 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. H. Wang, H. J. Yang, Z. J. Du, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Autler-Townes doublet in novel sub-Doppler spectra with cesium vapor cell,” Chin. Phys. 15(1), 138–142 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Nakayama, “Theoretical analysis of Rb and Cs D2 lines in Doppler-free spectroscopic techniques with optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24(Part 1, No. 1), 1–7 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Banerjee and V. Natarajan, “Saturated-absorption spectroscopy: eliminating crossover resonances by use of copropagating beams,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1912–1914 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. J. Park, H. S. Lee, H. Cho, and J. D. Park, “Velocity-selective-optical-pumping spectroscopy of the 87Rb D2 line by using two copropagating laser beams,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33, 281–287 (1998).
  11. J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 51(1), 576–584 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. D. Yang, Q. B. Liang, J. He, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Narrow-linewidth double-resonance optical pumping spectrum due to electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043803 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. M. Zhao, X. B. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. G. Feng, C. Y. Li, and S. T. Jia, “High sensitivity spectroscopy of cesium Rydberg atoms using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 17(18), 15821–15826 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Li and M. Xiao, “Observation of quantum interference between dressed states in an electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 51(6), 4959–4962 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. F. Yelin, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, G. R. Welch, and M. D. Lukin, “Nonlinear optics via double dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 68(6), 063801 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Mitsunaga, T. Mukai, K. Watanabe, and T. Mukai, “Dressed-atom spectroscopy of cold Cs atoms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(12), 2696–2700 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Chang, W. Fang, Z. He, B. Ke, P. Chen, and C. Tsai, “Doubly dressed states in a ladder-type system with electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 053420 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. E. de Carlos Lopez and J. M. Lopez Romero, “Laser frequency stabilization using fm optical pumping spectroscopy,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 222–228 (2008).
  19. C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. Dupont-Roc, and G. Grynberg, Atom-photon interactions:basic processes and applications (Wiley & New York, 1992), Chap. 6.

2010 (1)

B. D. Yang, Q. B. Liang, J. He, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Narrow-linewidth double-resonance optical pumping spectrum due to electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. M. Zhao, X. B. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. G. Feng, C. Y. Li, and S. T. Jia, “High sensitivity spectroscopy of cesium Rydberg atoms using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 17(18), 15821–15826 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Yang, J. Y. Zhao, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Improvement of the spectra signal-to-noise ratio of cesium 6P3/2–8S1/2 transition and its application in laser frequency stabilization,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(8), 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

E. de Carlos Lopez and J. M. Lopez Romero, “Laser frequency stabilization using fm optical pumping spectroscopy,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 222–228 (2008).

2007 (2)

R. Chang, W. Fang, Z. He, B. Ke, P. Chen, and C. Tsai, “Doubly dressed states in a ladder-type system with electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 053420 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Chakrabarti, B. Ray, and P. N. Ghost, “Velocity selective optical pumping and repumping effects with counter and copropagating laser radiations for D2 lines of rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 42(3), 359–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

Y. H. Wang, H. J. Yang, Z. J. Du, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Autler-Townes doublet in novel sub-Doppler spectra with cesium vapor cell,” Chin. Phys. 15(1), 138–142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

U. D. Rapol and V. Natarajan, “Doppler-free spectroscopy in driven three-level systems,” Eur. Phys. J. D 28(3), 317–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, W. K. Lee, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double resonance optical pumping spectrum and its application for frequency stabilization of a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3965–3967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. F. Yelin, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, G. R. Welch, and M. D. Lukin, “Nonlinear optics via double dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 68(6), 063801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Banerjee and V. Natarajan, “Saturated-absorption spectroscopy: eliminating crossover resonances by use of copropagating beams,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1912–1914 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. J. Park, H. S. Lee, H. Cho, and J. D. Park, “Velocity-selective-optical-pumping spectroscopy of the 87Rb D2 line by using two copropagating laser beams,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33, 281–287 (1998).

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, “Observation of quantum interference between dressed states in an electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 51(6), 4959–4962 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. Nakayama, “Theoretical analysis of Rb and Cs D2 lines in Doppler-free spectroscopic techniques with optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24(Part 1, No. 1), 1–7 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

C. Wieman and T. W. Hansch, “Precision measurement of the 1S Lamb shift and of the 1S-2S isotope shift of hydrogen and deutrium,” Phys. Rev. A 22(1), 192–205 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, and P. Violino, “Experimental determinations of the hyperfine structure in the alkali atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 49(1), 31–75 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Arimondo, E.

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, and P. Violino, “Experimental determinations of the hyperfine structure in the alkali atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 49(1), 31–75 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, A.

Chakrabarti, S.

S. Chakrabarti, B. Ray, and P. N. Ghost, “Velocity selective optical pumping and repumping effects with counter and copropagating laser radiations for D2 lines of rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 42(3), 359–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R.

R. Chang, W. Fang, Z. He, B. Ke, P. Chen, and C. Tsai, “Doubly dressed states in a ladder-type system with electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 053420 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

R. Chang, W. Fang, Z. He, B. Ke, P. Chen, and C. Tsai, “Doubly dressed states in a ladder-type system with electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 053420 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cho, H.

S. J. Park, H. S. Lee, H. Cho, and J. D. Park, “Velocity-selective-optical-pumping spectroscopy of the 87Rb D2 line by using two copropagating laser beams,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33, 281–287 (1998).

de Carlos Lopez, E.

E. de Carlos Lopez and J. M. Lopez Romero, “Laser frequency stabilization using fm optical pumping spectroscopy,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 222–228 (2008).

Du, Z. J.

Y. H. Wang, H. J. Yang, Z. J. Du, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Autler-Townes doublet in novel sub-Doppler spectra with cesium vapor cell,” Chin. Phys. 15(1), 138–142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, W.

R. Chang, W. Fang, Z. He, B. Ke, P. Chen, and C. Tsai, “Doubly dressed states in a ladder-type system with electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 053420 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Z. G.

Gea-Banacloche, J.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ghost, P. N.

S. Chakrabarti, B. Ray, and P. N. Ghost, “Velocity selective optical pumping and repumping effects with counter and copropagating laser radiations for D2 lines of rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 42(3), 359–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hansch, T. W.

C. Wieman and T. W. Hansch, “Precision measurement of the 1S Lamb shift and of the 1S-2S isotope shift of hydrogen and deutrium,” Phys. Rev. A 22(1), 192–205 (1980).
[CrossRef]

He, J.

B. D. Yang, Q. B. Liang, J. He, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Narrow-linewidth double-resonance optical pumping spectrum due to electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

He, Z.

R. Chang, W. Fang, Z. He, B. Ke, P. Chen, and C. Tsai, “Doubly dressed states in a ladder-type system with electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 053420 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Inguscio, M.

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, and P. Violino, “Experimental determinations of the hyperfine structure in the alkali atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 49(1), 31–75 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Jia, S. T.

Jin, S.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kash, M. M.

S. F. Yelin, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, G. R. Welch, and M. D. Lukin, “Nonlinear optics via double dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 68(6), 063801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ke, B.

R. Chang, W. Fang, Z. He, B. Ke, P. Chen, and C. Tsai, “Doubly dressed states in a ladder-type system with electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 053420 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. B.

H. S. Moon, W. K. Lee, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double resonance optical pumping spectrum and its application for frequency stabilization of a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3965–3967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. S.

S. J. Park, H. S. Lee, H. Cho, and J. D. Park, “Velocity-selective-optical-pumping spectroscopy of the 87Rb D2 line by using two copropagating laser beams,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33, 281–287 (1998).

Lee, L.

H. S. Moon, W. K. Lee, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double resonance optical pumping spectrum and its application for frequency stabilization of a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3965–3967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W. K.

H. S. Moon, W. K. Lee, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double resonance optical pumping spectrum and its application for frequency stabilization of a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3965–3967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. Y.

Li, Y.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, “Observation of quantum interference between dressed states in an electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 51(6), 4959–4962 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Q. B.

B. D. Yang, Q. B. Liang, J. He, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Narrow-linewidth double-resonance optical pumping spectrum due to electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lopez Romero, J. M.

E. de Carlos Lopez and J. M. Lopez Romero, “Laser frequency stabilization using fm optical pumping spectroscopy,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 222–228 (2008).

Lukin, M. D.

S. F. Yelin, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, G. R. Welch, and M. D. Lukin, “Nonlinear optics via double dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 68(6), 063801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mitsunaga, M.

Moon, H. S.

H. S. Moon, W. K. Lee, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double resonance optical pumping spectrum and its application for frequency stabilization of a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3965–3967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

Nakayama, S.

S. Nakayama, “Theoretical analysis of Rb and Cs D2 lines in Doppler-free spectroscopic techniques with optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24(Part 1, No. 1), 1–7 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, V.

U. D. Rapol and V. Natarajan, “Doppler-free spectroscopy in driven three-level systems,” Eur. Phys. J. D 28(3), 317–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Banerjee and V. Natarajan, “Saturated-absorption spectroscopy: eliminating crossover resonances by use of copropagating beams,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1912–1914 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. D.

S. J. Park, H. S. Lee, H. Cho, and J. D. Park, “Velocity-selective-optical-pumping spectroscopy of the 87Rb D2 line by using two copropagating laser beams,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33, 281–287 (1998).

Park, S. J.

S. J. Park, H. S. Lee, H. Cho, and J. D. Park, “Velocity-selective-optical-pumping spectroscopy of the 87Rb D2 line by using two copropagating laser beams,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33, 281–287 (1998).

Rapol, U. D.

U. D. Rapol and V. Natarajan, “Doppler-free spectroscopy in driven three-level systems,” Eur. Phys. J. D 28(3), 317–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ray, B.

S. Chakrabarti, B. Ray, and P. N. Ghost, “Velocity selective optical pumping and repumping effects with counter and copropagating laser radiations for D2 lines of rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 42(3), 359–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

S. F. Yelin, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, G. R. Welch, and M. D. Lukin, “Nonlinear optics via double dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 68(6), 063801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C.

R. Chang, W. Fang, Z. He, B. Ke, P. Chen, and C. Tsai, “Doubly dressed states in a ladder-type system with electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 053420 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Violino, P.

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, and P. Violino, “Experimental determinations of the hyperfine structure in the alkali atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 49(1), 31–75 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. M.

B. D. Yang, Q. B. Liang, J. He, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Narrow-linewidth double-resonance optical pumping spectrum due to electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Yang, J. Y. Zhao, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Improvement of the spectra signal-to-noise ratio of cesium 6P3/2–8S1/2 transition and its application in laser frequency stabilization,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(8), 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Wang, H. J. Yang, Z. J. Du, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Autler-Townes doublet in novel sub-Doppler spectra with cesium vapor cell,” Chin. Phys. 15(1), 138–142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. H.

Y. H. Wang, H. J. Yang, Z. J. Du, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Autler-Townes doublet in novel sub-Doppler spectra with cesium vapor cell,” Chin. Phys. 15(1), 138–142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

Welch, G. R.

S. F. Yelin, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, G. R. Welch, and M. D. Lukin, “Nonlinear optics via double dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 68(6), 063801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C.

C. Wieman and T. W. Hansch, “Precision measurement of the 1S Lamb shift and of the 1S-2S isotope shift of hydrogen and deutrium,” Phys. Rev. A 22(1), 192–205 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, M.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, “Observation of quantum interference between dressed states in an electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 51(6), 4959–4962 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yang, B. D.

B. D. Yang, Q. B. Liang, J. He, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Narrow-linewidth double-resonance optical pumping spectrum due to electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Yang, J. Y. Zhao, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Improvement of the spectra signal-to-noise ratio of cesium 6P3/2–8S1/2 transition and its application in laser frequency stabilization,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(8), 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. J.

Y. H. Wang, H. J. Yang, Z. J. Du, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Autler-Townes doublet in novel sub-Doppler spectra with cesium vapor cell,” Chin. Phys. 15(1), 138–142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yelin, S. F.

S. F. Yelin, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, G. R. Welch, and M. D. Lukin, “Nonlinear optics via double dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 68(6), 063801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L. J.

Zhang, T. C.

B. D. Yang, Q. B. Liang, J. He, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Narrow-linewidth double-resonance optical pumping spectrum due to electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Yang, J. Y. Zhao, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Improvement of the spectra signal-to-noise ratio of cesium 6P3/2–8S1/2 transition and its application in laser frequency stabilization,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(8), 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Wang, H. J. Yang, Z. J. Du, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Autler-Townes doublet in novel sub-Doppler spectra with cesium vapor cell,” Chin. Phys. 15(1), 138–142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J. M.

Zhao, J. Y.

B. D. Yang, J. Y. Zhao, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Improvement of the spectra signal-to-noise ratio of cesium 6P3/2–8S1/2 transition and its application in laser frequency stabilization,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(8), 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X. B.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. S. Moon, W. K. Lee, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double resonance optical pumping spectrum and its application for frequency stabilization of a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3965–3967 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. (1)

Y. H. Wang, H. J. Yang, Z. J. Du, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Autler-Townes doublet in novel sub-Doppler spectra with cesium vapor cell,” Chin. Phys. 15(1), 138–142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (2)

S. Chakrabarti, B. Ray, and P. N. Ghost, “Velocity selective optical pumping and repumping effects with counter and copropagating laser radiations for D2 lines of rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 42(3), 359–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. D. Rapol and V. Natarajan, “Doppler-free spectroscopy in driven three-level systems,” Eur. Phys. J. D 28(3), 317–322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

S. J. Park, H. S. Lee, H. Cho, and J. D. Park, “Velocity-selective-optical-pumping spectroscopy of the 87Rb D2 line by using two copropagating laser beams,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33, 281–287 (1998).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

B. D. Yang, J. Y. Zhao, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Improvement of the spectra signal-to-noise ratio of cesium 6P3/2–8S1/2 transition and its application in laser frequency stabilization,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(8), 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Nakayama, “Theoretical analysis of Rb and Cs D2 lines in Doppler-free spectroscopic techniques with optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24(Part 1, No. 1), 1–7 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (6)

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Yang, Q. B. Liang, J. He, T. C. Zhang, and J. M. Wang, “Narrow-linewidth double-resonance optical pumping spectrum due to electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, “Observation of quantum interference between dressed states in an electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 51(6), 4959–4962 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Yelin, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, G. R. Welch, and M. D. Lukin, “Nonlinear optics via double dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 68(6), 063801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Wieman and T. W. Hansch, “Precision measurement of the 1S Lamb shift and of the 1S-2S isotope shift of hydrogen and deutrium,” Phys. Rev. A 22(1), 192–205 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. Chang, W. Fang, Z. He, B. Ke, P. Chen, and C. Tsai, “Doubly dressed states in a ladder-type system with electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 76(5), 053420 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mex. Fis. (1)

E. de Carlos Lopez and J. M. Lopez Romero, “Laser frequency stabilization using fm optical pumping spectroscopy,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 54, 222–228 (2008).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, and P. Violino, “Experimental determinations of the hyperfine structure in the alkali atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 49(1), 31–75 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. Dupont-Roc, and G. Grynberg, Atom-photon interactions:basic processes and applications (Wiley & New York, 1992), Chap. 6.

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