Abstract

We propose highly nonlinear slot waveguides with flat and low dispersion over a wide wavelength range. Si nano-crystal and chalcogenide glass are considered as slot materials. Over a 244-nm bandwidth, dispersion of 0±0.16 ps/(nm∙m) is achieved in a silicon nano-crystal slot waveguide, with a nonlinear coefficient of 2874 /(W∙m). The As2S3 slot waveguide exhibits dispersion of 0±0.17 ps/(nm∙m) over a bandwidth of 249 nm, with a nonlinear coefficient 16 times larger than that of As2S3 rib waveguides and a nonlinear figure of merit three times larger than that of Si strip waveguides.

© 2010 OSA

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2009 (6)

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Engineering nonlinearities in nanoscale optical systems: physics and applications in dispersion-engineered silicon nanophotonic wires,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 162–235 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davis, S. Madden, A. Rode, D.-Y. Choi, M. Pelusi, F. Luan, and B. J. Eggleton, “Breakthrough switching speed with an all-optical chalcogenide glass chip: 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2182–2187 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Afshar V and T. M. Monro, “A full vectorial model for pulse propagation in emerging waveguides with subwavelength structures part I: Kerr nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2298–2318 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

M. D. Pelusi, V. Ta'eed, L. Fu, E. Maqi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Applications of highly-nonlinear chalcogenide glass devices tailored for high-speed all-optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 529–539 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. R. E. Lamont, B. Luther-Davies, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, “Supercontinuum generation in dispersion engineered highly nonlinear (γ = 10 /W/m) As2S3) chalcogenide planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14938–14944 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Di Falco, L. O'Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, W. M. J. Green, X. Chen, I.-W. Hsieh, J. I. Dadap, Y. A. Vlasov, and R. M. Osgood, “Conformal dielectric overlayers for engineering dispersion and effective nonlinearity of silicon nanophotonic wires,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2889–2891 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Ikeda, R. E. Saperstein, N. Alic, and Y. Fainman, “Thermal and Kerr nonlinear properties of plasma-deposited silicon nitride/ silicon dioxide waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12987–12994 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (8)

C. Koos, L. Jacome, C. Poulton, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon-on-insulator waveguides for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express 15(10), 5976–5990 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: modeling and applications,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Lamont, C. M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersion engineering of highly nonlinear As(2)S(3) waveguides for parametric gain and wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9458–9463 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ta’eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9205–9221 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hu, V. Tarasov, N. Carlie, N.-N. Feng, L. Petit, A. Agarwal, K. Richardson, and L. Kimerling, “Si-CMOS-compatible lift-off fabrication of low-loss planar chalcogenide waveguides,” Opt. Express 15(19), 11798–11807 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jágerská, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, J. Bolten, C. Moormann, T. Wahlbrink, J. Ctyroký, M. Waldow, and M. Först, “Dispersion properties of silicon nanophotonic waveguides investigated with Fourier optics,” Opt. Lett. 32(18), 2723–2725 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, “Two-photon absorption and Kerr coefficients of silicon for 850-2200 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, J. Zhang, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Dispersion of silicon nonlinearities in the near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

2005 (2)

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ruan, B. Luther-Davies, W. Li, A. Rode, V. Kolev, and S. Madden, “Large phase shifts in As2S3 waveguides for all-optical processing devices,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2605–2607 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

2001 (1)

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(13), 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthelemy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non-linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Ultrafast all-optical switching using highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4(4), 362–365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1969 (1)

J. J. Wynne, “Optical third-order mixing in GaAs, Ge, Si, and InAs,” Phys. Rev. 178(3), 1295–1303 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1958 (1)

Afshar V, S.

Agarwal, A.

Agrawal, G. P.

Alic, N.

Almeida, V. R.

Andrejco, M. J.

Anopchenko, A.

Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Ultrafast all-optical switching using highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4(4), 362–365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Baker, N. J.

Barrios, C. A.

Barthelemy, A.

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthelemy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non-linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Bindra, K. S.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(13), 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bolten, J.

Bookey, H. T.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(13), 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

Q. Lin, J. Zhang, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Dispersion of silicon nonlinearities in the near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyraz, O.

Bristow, A. D.

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, “Two-photon absorption and Kerr coefficients of silicon for 850-2200 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D. A. P.

M. D. Pelusi, V. Ta'eed, L. Fu, E. Maqi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Applications of highly-nonlinear chalcogenide glass devices tailored for high-speed all-optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 529–539 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carlie, N.

Cazzanelli, M.

Cecca, S. D.

Chen, X.

Choi, D. Y.

Choi, D.-Y.

Clausen, A. T.

Cohen, O.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ctyroký, J.

Dadap, J. I.

Daldosso, N.

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, C.

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthelemy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non-linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Degiorgio, V.

Delong, K. W.

Di Falco, A.

A. Di Falco, L. O'Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dulkeith, E.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fainman, Y.

Fang, A.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fauchet, P. M.

Q. Lin, J. Zhang, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Dispersion of silicon nonlinearities in the near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, J. D. Zhang, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Ultrabroadband parametric generation and wavelength conversion in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(11), 4786–4799 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedeli, J. M.

Feng, N.-N.

Ferraioli, L.

Finsterbusch, K.

Först, M.

Foster, M. A.

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4357–4362 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freude, W.

Fu, L.

M. D. Pelusi, V. Ta'eed, L. Fu, E. Maqi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Applications of highly-nonlinear chalcogenide glass devices tailored for high-speed all-optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 529–539 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Ta’eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9205–9221 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4357–4362 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galili, M.

Giordana, E.

Green, W. M.

Green, W. M. J.

Guider, R.

Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hak, D.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Houdré, R.

Hsieh, I. W.

Hsieh, I.-W.

Hu, J.

Ikeda, K.

Iqbal, M.

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jacome, L.

Jágerská, J.

Jalali, B.

Jarvis, R.

Jeppesen, P.

Jha, A.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(13), 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanamori, T.

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Ultrafast all-optical switching using highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4(4), 362–365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kar, A. K.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(13), 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L.

King, T. A.

Kolev, V.

Koos, C.

Krauss, T. F.

A. Di Falco, L. O'Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, K.

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Ultrafast all-optical switching using highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4(4), 362–365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lamont, M. R.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Le, H. Q.

Le Thomas, N.

Leneindre, L.

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthelemy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non-linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Li, W.

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

Liu, A.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Luan, F.

Lucas, J.

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthelemy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non-linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Luther-Davis, B.

Madden, S.

Madsen, N.

Malitson, I. H.

Manolatou, C.

Maqi, E.

M. D. Pelusi, V. Ta'eed, L. Fu, E. Maqi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Applications of highly-nonlinear chalcogenide glass devices tailored for high-speed all-optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 529–539 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

Monro, T. M.

Moormann, C.

Moss, D. J.

Mulvad, H. C.

Navarro-Urrios, D.

Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H. C.

O'Faolain, L.

A. Di Falco, L. O'Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Oxenløwe, L. K.

Painter, O. J.

Paniccia, M.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panoiu, N. C.

Pavesi, L.

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M.

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, V. Ta'eed, L. Fu, E. Maqi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Applications of highly-nonlinear chalcogenide glass devices tailored for high-speed all-optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 529–539 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petit, L.

Piredda, G.

Q. Lin, J. Zhang, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Dispersion of silicon nonlinearities in the near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pitanti, A.

Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poulton, C.

Quemard, C.

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthelemy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non-linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

Rode, A.

Rodney, W. S.

Rong, H.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rotenberg, N.

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, “Two-photon absorption and Kerr coefficients of silicon for 850-2200 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, Y.

Saifi, M. A.

Saperstein, R. E.

Schares, L.

Schmidt, B. S.

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4357–4362 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4357–4362 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smektala, F.

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthelemy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non-linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spano, R.

Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stegeman, G. I.

Ta’eed, V.

Ta'eed, V.

M. D. Pelusi, V. Ta'eed, L. Fu, E. Maqi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Applications of highly-nonlinear chalcogenide glass devices tailored for high-speed all-optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 529–539 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tarasov, V.

Tartara, L.

Turner, A. C.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4357–4362 (2006).
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A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, “Two-photon absorption and Kerr coefficients of silicon for 850-2200 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Wahlbrink, T.

Waldow, M.

Wherrett, B. S.

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(13), 1939–1941 (2001).
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Wynne, J. J.

J. J. Wynne, “Optical third-order mixing in GaAs, Ge, Si, and InAs,” Phys. Rev. 178(3), 1295–1303 (1969).
[CrossRef]

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Xiao-Li, Y.

Xu, J.

Xu, Q. F.

Yin, L.

Yu, J.

Yuan, Z.

Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
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Yue, Y.

Zhang, J.

Q. Lin, J. Zhang, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Dispersion of silicon nonlinearities in the near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021111 (2007).
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Zhang, L.

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. Di Falco, L. O'Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, “Two-photon absorption and Kerr coefficients of silicon for 850-2200 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(19), 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, J. Zhang, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Dispersion of silicon nonlinearities in the near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Bindra, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, B. S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(13), 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. D. Pelusi, V. Ta'eed, L. Fu, E. Maqi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Applications of highly-nonlinear chalcogenide glass devices tailored for high-speed all-optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 529–539 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, “Ultrafast all-optical switching using highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4(4), 362–365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthelemy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non-linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nature (2)

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature 441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. Zheng, M. Iqbal, and J. Liu, “Dispersion characteristics of SOI-based slot optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5151–5155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (16)

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Highly dispersive slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7095–7101 (2009).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. E. Lamont, B. Luther-Davies, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, “Supercontinuum generation in dispersion engineered highly nonlinear (γ = 10 /W/m) As2S3) chalcogenide planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14938–14944 (2008).
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Y. Ruan, W. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication and characterization of low loss rib chalcogenide waveguides made by dry etching,” Opt. Express 12(21), 5140–5145 (2004).
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Q. Lin, J. D. Zhang, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Ultrabroadband parametric generation and wavelength conversion in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(11), 4786–4799 (2006).
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K. Ikeda, R. E. Saperstein, N. Alic, and Y. Fainman, “Thermal and Kerr nonlinear properties of plasma-deposited silicon nitride/ silicon dioxide waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12987–12994 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davis, S. Madden, A. Rode, D.-Y. Choi, M. Pelusi, F. Luan, and B. J. Eggleton, “Breakthrough switching speed with an all-optical chalcogenide glass chip: 640 Gbit/s demultiplexing,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2182–2187 (2009).
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Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: modeling and applications,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ta’eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9205–9221 (2007).
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Z. Yuan, A. Anopchenko, N. Daldosso, R. Guider, D. Navarro-Urrios, A. Pitanti, R. Spano, and L. Pavesi, “Silicon Nanocrystals as an Enabling Material for Silicon Photonics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1250–1268 (2009).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Slot waveguide with silicon layers surrounding a highly nonlinear slot layer. (b) Dispersion profiles in 10-cm-long chalcogenide slot waveguides with different slot heights.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dispersion profiles in 10-cm-long chalcogenide slot waveguides with different (a) waveguide widths and (b) upper silicon heights.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

For chalcogenide slot waveguides, nonlinear coefficient γ and FOM are examined over wavelength with different (a) slot heights and (b) waveguide widths, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

For 10-cm Si nano-crystal slot waveguides, dispersion sensitivity changes with Hs .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

For 10-cm-long Si nano-crystal slot waveguides, (a) dispersion profiles change with slot height. (b). Dispersion profile red-shifts as lower silicon height increases.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Dispersion and nonlinearity comparison between the published and proposed waveguides

Metrics