Abstract

We present the investigation of nonlinear mirror modelocking (NLM) of a bounce amplifier laser. This technique, a potential rival to SESAM modelocking, uses a nonlinear crystal and a dichroic mirror to passively modelock a Nd:GdVO4 slab bounce amplifier operating at 1063nm. At 11.3W, we present the highest power achieved using the NLM technique, using type-II phase-matched KTP, with a pulse duration of 57ps. Using type-I phase-matched BiBO, modelocking was achieved with a shorter pulse duration of 5.7ps at an average power of 7.1W.

©2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  2. P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. K. A. Stankov, “A Mirror with an Intensity-Dependent Reflection Coefficient,” Appl. Phys. B 45(3), 191–195 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  4. K. A. Stankov and J. Jethwa, “A new modelocking technique using a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Commun. 66(1), 41–46 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 441–445 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. Iliev, D. Chuchumishev, I. Buchvarov, S. Kurimura, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Passive modelocking of a Nd:GdVO4 laser by intracavity SHG in periodically-poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate”, OSA ASSP Conf. Proc. (2010)
  7. M. J. Damzen, M. Trew, E. Rosas, and G. J. Crofts, “Continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 grazing-incidence laser with 22.5 W output power and 64% conversion efficiency,” Opt. Commun. 196(1-6), 237–241 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Minassian, B. Thompson, and M. J. Damzen, “Ultrahigh-efficiency TEM00 diode-side pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 341–343 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. J. Farrell and M. J. Damzen, “High power scaling of a passively modelocked laser oscillator in a bounce geometry,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4781–4786 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. V. Magni, “Resonators for solid-state lasers with large-volume fundamental mode and high alignment stability,” Appl. Opt. 25(1), 107–117 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. Minassian, B. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100 W) of a diode-pumped TEM00 Nd:GdVO4 laser system” IEEE J. Sel. Topics in Q. Elec. 11, 621–625 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2007 (2)

P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. J. Farrell and M. J. Damzen, “High power scaling of a passively modelocked laser oscillator in a bounce geometry,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4781–4786 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100 W) of a diode-pumped TEM00 Nd:GdVO4 laser system” IEEE J. Sel. Topics in Q. Elec. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 441–445 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, and M. J. Damzen, “Ultrahigh-efficiency TEM00 diode-side pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 341–343 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

M. J. Damzen, M. Trew, E. Rosas, and G. J. Crofts, “Continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 grazing-incidence laser with 22.5 W output power and 64% conversion efficiency,” Opt. Commun. 196(1-6), 237–241 (2001).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

K. A. Stankov, “A Mirror with an Intensity-Dependent Reflection Coefficient,” Appl. Phys. B 45(3), 191–195 (1988).
[Crossref]

K. A. Stankov and J. Jethwa, “A new modelocking technique using a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Commun. 66(1), 41–46 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bao-shan, W.

P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Crofts, G. J.

M. J. Damzen, M. Trew, E. Rosas, and G. J. Crofts, “Continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 grazing-incidence laser with 22.5 W output power and 64% conversion efficiency,” Opt. Commun. 196(1-6), 237–241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Damzen, M. J.

D. J. Farrell and M. J. Damzen, “High power scaling of a passively modelocked laser oscillator in a bounce geometry,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4781–4786 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100 W) of a diode-pumped TEM00 Nd:GdVO4 laser system” IEEE J. Sel. Topics in Q. Elec. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, and M. J. Damzen, “Ultrahigh-efficiency TEM00 diode-side pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 341–343 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. J. Damzen, M. Trew, E. Rosas, and G. J. Crofts, “Continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 grazing-incidence laser with 22.5 W output power and 64% conversion efficiency,” Opt. Commun. 196(1-6), 237–241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Farrell, D. J.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hui-ming, T.

P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jethwa, J.

K. A. Stankov and J. Jethwa, “A new modelocking technique using a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Commun. 66(1), 41–46 (1988).
[Crossref]

Jie-guang, M.

P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ji-ying, P.

P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Long-sheng, Q.

P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
[Crossref]

Magni, V.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Minassian, A.

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100 W) of a diode-pumped TEM00 Nd:GdVO4 laser system” IEEE J. Sel. Topics in Q. Elec. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, and M. J. Damzen, “Ultrahigh-efficiency TEM00 diode-side pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 341–343 (2003).
[Crossref]

Minkovski, N. I.

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 441–445 (2004).
[Crossref]

Petrov, G. I.

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 441–445 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rosas, E.

M. J. Damzen, M. Trew, E. Rosas, and G. J. Crofts, “Continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 grazing-incidence laser with 22.5 W output power and 64% conversion efficiency,” Opt. Commun. 196(1-6), 237–241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Smith, G.

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100 W) of a diode-pumped TEM00 Nd:GdVO4 laser system” IEEE J. Sel. Topics in Q. Elec. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stankov, K. A.

K. A. Stankov, “A Mirror with an Intensity-Dependent Reflection Coefficient,” Appl. Phys. B 45(3), 191–195 (1988).
[Crossref]

K. A. Stankov and J. Jethwa, “A new modelocking technique using a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Commun. 66(1), 41–46 (1988).
[Crossref]

Thompson, B.

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100 W) of a diode-pumped TEM00 Nd:GdVO4 laser system” IEEE J. Sel. Topics in Q. Elec. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, and M. J. Damzen, “Ultrahigh-efficiency TEM00 diode-side pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 341–343 (2003).
[Crossref]

Trew, M.

M. J. Damzen, M. Trew, E. Rosas, and G. J. Crofts, “Continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 grazing-incidence laser with 22.5 W output power and 64% conversion efficiency,” Opt. Commun. 196(1-6), 237–241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Xiao-yu, M.

P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V. V.

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 441–445 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yong-gang, W.

P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

K. A. Stankov, “A Mirror with an Intensity-Dependent Reflection Coefficient,” Appl. Phys. B 45(3), 191–195 (1988).
[Crossref]

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, and M. J. Damzen, “Ultrahigh-efficiency TEM00 diode-side pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 341–343 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics in Q. Elec. (1)

A. Minassian, B. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100 W) of a diode-pumped TEM00 Nd:GdVO4 laser system” IEEE J. Sel. Topics in Q. Elec. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

K. A. Stankov and J. Jethwa, “A new modelocking technique using a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Commun. 66(1), 41–46 (1988).
[Crossref]

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, “Broadband nonlinear optical conversion of a high-energy diode-pumped picosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1-6), 441–445 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. J. Damzen, M. Trew, E. Rosas, and G. J. Crofts, “Continuous-wave Nd:YVO4 grazing-incidence laser with 22.5 W output power and 64% conversion efficiency,” Opt. Commun. 196(1-6), 237–241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

P. Ji-ying, M. Jie-guang, W. Yong-gang, W. Bao-shan, T. Hui-ming, Q. Long-sheng, and M. Xiao-yu, “High average power and high conversion efficiency continuous-wave modelocked Nd:YVO4 laser with semiconductor absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1135–1139 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

H. Iliev, D. Chuchumishev, I. Buchvarov, S. Kurimura, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Passive modelocking of a Nd:GdVO4 laser by intracavity SHG in periodically-poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate”, OSA ASSP Conf. Proc. (2010)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of bounce geometry laser, including a nonlinear mirror composed of a nonlinear crystal and dichroic output coupler
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Power curve for continuous-wave Nd:GdVO4 laser showing two distinct regions of stability.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Continuous-wave modelocking pulse train
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Beam profile of nonlinear mirror modelocked laser using KTP
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Autocorrelation of modelocked pulses with FWHM of 8.8ps; applying a sech2 deconvolution factor, this gives a pulse duration of 5.7ps.

Equations (2)

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R N L = ρ × { 1 tan h 2 ( ρ arc tan h η arc tan h η R 2 ω ρ ) }
ρ = η R 2 ω + ( 1 η ) R ω

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